Factors Affecting English Instruction of Grade 7 K To 12 Curriculum As Perceived By High School English Teachers of the Division of Quirino


Education constantly grows with the growth of humanity. The curriculum in the  Educational system of the Philippines  has been altering  for the changing times of generation. Unlike other countries that have 12-year basic education, the Philippine basic education has the least number of curricular years these recent years. Six years elementary and four years secondary. This recent decade, the country’s educational system has been suffering from various feedbacks, specifically when it failed to cater to the needs of the Filipino students.To keep abreast with  the demand of  the world’s  changing technology, the  education curriculum   in the Philippines tried to  keep in pace with the global trends. Finally, for the school year 2012-2013, the K to 12 basic education curriculum  was  finally implemented in the Philippines.  Relevant to the teaching of  English as one of the core subject in this curriculum, the overall goal of the  Secondary Education Curriculum is to develop a functionally literate Filipino who can effectively   adjust  to various communication situations. Generally, the dual goal of the English Curriculum is to develop the leaners’ communicative and  literary competence. Upon the implementation of the new curriculum in the country, English learning packages of the English 7 class  has become the common instructional materials in the entire Philippines.  The use of modules and learning packages   in Grade 7  K to 12  basic education curriculum becomes  the tailored instructional technique   that may  suit best to the students’ ability. Gone are those days when teachers dominate the classroom routine. As the twenty- first century approaches, the demand for better teachers and better quality instructions gets higher. As curriculum alters, instructional materials call for innovations because teaching- learning  process is a matter of personal response. This study   assessed   the factors affecting  English instruction of Grade  7   K   to 12   Curriculum   as   perceived by the   respondents along the  following  factors :module  factor, teacher factor, student  factor, school  factor ,and  parent factor. This study  dealt with the following objectives : (1) determine the profile of the teachers in  terms  of gender, age,civil status, number of years  teaching  English subject, and ethnicity; (2 )detect  how  the respondents  perceived the various factors affecting  English  Instruction of Grade  7  K to 12  Curriculum in the Division of  Quirino along  module  factor ,teacher  factor, student factor, school factor ,  and parent   factor ( 3 ) detect the significant differences on the respondents’ perceptions for  each factor that affects instruction when they are grouped by their profile. The researcher  made  use of  structured questionnaires to obtain the necessary information and other data needed in the research. Interviews among the teacher respondents were also done   to verify the answers to the questionnaires. The following  were the highlights of the study: (a)  Majority of the   English teacher respondents were females, married  and  have started taking up units in  their master’s degree. Majority of the teacher respondents were  Ilocanos whose majority of age are  within the  range of 30- 39. In terms of their experience as English teachers, majority of the grade 7 teachers have been teaching within the range of 1-5 years. (b) The respondents’  perception on the factors affecting English instruction  in the K to 12 Curriculum  is  “much affected ” in terms of  module factor, teacher factor, student factor, and parent factor; whereas, the school factor  “moderately affects”  the English instruction. (c ) There are  significant differences  on the perception of the English teachers on the  factors affecting English instruction in the Grade 7 K to 12 Education Curriculum  when they are grouped according to their age, and number of years in teaching. (d) There are no significant differences  on the perceptions  of the English teachers on the  factors affecting English instruction in the Grade 7 K to 12 Education Curriculum  when they are grouped according to their gender, civil status, educational attainment,  and their ethnicity.


Keywords: Descriptive Research, English instruction, K to 12 basic Education Curriculum, Philippines

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 49-68 (Download PDF)

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