Genre-based studies offer an insight to linguistic researchers as well as EFL, ESP teachers which can be used in instruction. This study sought to identify the rhetorical structures of Patient Information Leaflets (PILs). This research is a genre analysis that aimed at identifying the macro- and micro-structure of PILs; 30 PILs were analyzed. The microstructure analysis was done at two levels of move and step. The analysis is done based on Swales’ (1990) model. The overall macro- and micro-structure of PIL is recognized. The results of the analysis indicated that PILs are composed of 17 sections, and each section has its own particular move-step framework.
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