Production of Liquid Bio-Fuel From Cassava Peel Using Pilot Scale Plant

Abstract

Liquid fuel creation from inexhaustible sources could be utilized as a part of transportation now that there is an expanding request worldwide because of constant consumption of petroleum derivative and developing worry for natural security. The objective is to produce liquid fuel from cassava peel, determine the quantity of the liquid fuel produced from cassava peels and make necessary recommendations. The materials used for the production of the liquid fuel are Cassava peels, H2SO4 (Tetraoxosulphate (vi) acid) and Water and the cassava peels that was collected in a polythene bag from cassava market, waste dump site at Orita Challenge Ibadan, Oyo State was washed with cleaned water thoroughly and all extraneous materials were removed, samples of cassava peel were then weighed on weighing balance to determine the weight of each quantity after peeling which were chopped into smaller pieces and were transferred into pretreatment chamber where volume of tetraoxosulphate(vi) acid was added and were thoroughly mixed for about 30 minutes before heating was applied in the fermenter chamber after the slurry have been pumped into the fermenter chamber. The heating process took place for another one hour, and then the steam  passing through the condenser was cooled before collection at 78oC. Afterwards, its mass and volume of the liquid fuel produced were determined. At the end of this study, the Mass of cassava peels increase ranges from 1kg to 5kg sample, volume of water ranges from 5000ml to 9000ml, amount of concentrated H2SO4 ranges from 35.00ml to 55.00ml, moisture content ranges from 24.00% to 28.00%, temperature ranges from 74.50oC to 78.50oC, which shows that increase in the mass of cassava peels, volume of water, amount of concentrated H2SO4, moisture content and temperature leads to increase in the quantity of liquid bio-fuel produced. The result above shows that the lowest volume of the liquid fuel was obtained from 0.91kg of the sample in 1hr 30 minutes while the highest volume of bio-fuel was obtained from 4.85kg of the sample, at 1hr 50 minutes and time of production leads to increase in the quantity of liquid fuel produced. It is then concluded that the more liquid bio-fuel is produced when the fermentation process of cassava peels are done using concentrated Tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid than making use of cultured living organism as enzymes to speed up the rate of chemical reaction which may occur for days before fuel can be produced and recommended use of pilot scale plant for biomass production of liquid fuel instead of using laboratory methods for bio-fuel production which takes longer time.

Keywords: Cassava Peel, Fermenter, Liquid fuel, Pilot Scale

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 19-29 (Download PDF)

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