Actions of people lead to environmental degradations which in turn affect human growth and development. Human actions arise out of human’s perception of the environment as a resource for satisfying human needs. This reveals that environmental problems are behavior problems. The paper therefore recommends environmental education as a tool for making Nigerian citizens environmental literate which would engender action and activities that will lead to environmental sustainability in Nigeria. It concludes that environmental education organized in formal, non-formal and informal contexts should be taken seriously in order to make the citizens environmentally literate.
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