The study was designed to determine residential differences in suicide ideation through physiological effects of electric current among secondary school students in South east Nigeria. The cross-sectional survey research design was used to study 520 secondary students in the area under survey. A self-constructed suicide ideation inventory (SII) was used for the study. The SII consisted of 35 items which was grouped into six ideation areas. Face validity of the instrument was determined by five experts in psychology and health education. The reliability of the inventory yielded a Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficient of 0.89. This index was considered high enough based on Ogbazi and Okpala’s (1994) criteria of 0.60 acceptable for good instruments. Out of 520 copies of the questionnaire administered, 513 representing about 98.7% return rate, were used for analysis. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were used to analyze the data. While mean was used to describe the data; standard deviation was used to determine how the responses of the respondents vary and t-test statistic was used to analyze data in order to ascertain the differences in suicide ideation between the two categories of students. A mean of 2.50 and above was regarded as potentially dangerous suicide ideation and a mean below 2.50 was regarded potentially not dangerous. The results showed that students living in the rural area have a lower suicide ideation score than the students living in the rural area. However, no significant difference was found in the suicide ideation scores between students living in urban and rural areas. Health education intervention is required to further reduce the suicide ideation of both categories of students.
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