This paper investigates the cross-cultural perception towards traditional birth control ; practices (TBCPs) between Yoruba and Igede indigenes in Obafemi-Owode Local Government Area of Ogun State.This was a comparative cross-sectional survey of 120 respondents of (60) from Yoruba and (60) from Igede indigenes in Obafemi-Owode Local Government, selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected by interview guide and analysed using frequency count, mean and standard deviation, t-test and multiple regression.The mean household size for Yoruba, 5 persons was higher than that of Igede indigenes, 4 persons. More respondents among Igede (63.3%) than among Yoruba indigenes (61.7%) currently use herbs as traditional birth control practices (TBCPs). More respondents among Igede (98.3%) than among Yoruba indigenes (91.7%) chose inadequate funds as factors affecting the use of TBCPs. More respondents among Yoruba (96.7%) than among Igede indigenes (90.0%) chose inherited charm books as sources of information on TBCPs. More respondents among Yoruba indigenes ( =4.95) than among Igede indigenes ( =4.87) had the perception that TBCPs is cheaper in most cases than the modern method. The result of the hypothesis shows that there is a significant relationship between household size (β=-0.575, p≤0.05) and perception towards Traditional Birth Control Practices.This study found that the perception that TBCPs is an alternative method to modern contraceptives is higher among the respondents in the Local Government Area. These findings have implications for public health policies and programs, especially at the grass-root.
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