In this study, a statistical survey on small scale domestic livestock production of households in Unwana, Nigeria was carried out. The community was first partitioned into eight enumeration demarcation areas (EADs), two EADs were selected by simple random sampling method. Primary data were then collected from the selected areas (a two – stage sampling method). Data obtained were analyzed using sampling estimation theory to ascertain the actual population of livestock reared in the community, again, the chi- square goodness of fit test showed that fowls, goats and sheep are the most kept livestock among the households with estimated population of 56,790, 117,090 and 30240 respectively. The research recommended a modernized method of livestock keeping to maximize production. Engaging veterinary doctors to improve on the animal healthcare, productivity, food safety and safer environment. The work also observed that training of local livestock keepers and incentives from government will ensure a well-developed sector.
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