The environment is a very important component necessary for the existence of both man through agriculture. Agriculture is one of the oldest and global sources of human livelihood. Producing food, transportation, and energy for teeming population has led to large and widespread increases in the use of synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizers and fossil fuel combustion, resulting in a leakage of N into the environment as various forms of air ,soil and water pollution. Information for the paper was through secondary data, in which principles of green chemistry, impact of pesticides and inorganic fertilizers were discussed with the confirmation of negative impacts through their applications in agriculture. Sustainable Agricultural Applications in Green Chemistry was discussed and bio-pesticides and bio-fertilizers were recommended as an alternative tools . Green Chemistry aims not only for safer products, less hazardous consequences to the environment, saving energy and water, but includes broader issues which can promote in the end Sustainable Development. The beginning of green chemistry is frequently considered as a response to the need to reduce the damage of the environment by man-made materials and the processes used to produce them.
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