In the Age of Technology: Legal Protection for Personal Health Information in Nigeria

Abstract

The need to protect the personal health information of individuals has become a global phenomenon. This is based on the duty of confidentiality that healthcare providers owe patients in general of which Nigeria is not an exception. Gradually, doctors and health workers have begun to embrace electronic record keeping of patients’ records and the old case note is giving way to electronic forms of record and storage. Thus, personal health information has become another type of electronically stored information that is capable of processing and manipulation by computers. This paper appraises the state of personal health information protection under Nigerian law by looking at the legislative provisions that guarantee protection for personal data especially in the healthcare sector.  It examined the constitutional guarantee of the right to privacy, the National Health Act, 2014 and the Nigeria Data Protection Regulations, 2019. A brief attempt was made to look at the legal basis for data protection in the United Kingdom and also a peek into the United States Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The paper observed in a conclusion that the laws appear to be a good start up towards the security of personal health information

Keywords: Confidentiality, Data protection, Healthcare, Personal Health Information, Technology


Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 88-101 (Download PDF)

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