DIPLOMATIC METHODS OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION (A CASE STUDY OF ECOWAS)

Abstract

The work examines Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Diplomatic methods of conflict resolution in West Africa. The objectives is to ascertain how effective these methods have been utilized in resolving conflicts in West Africa with a view of making appropriate recommendations based on research findings on how best to employ these methods by the community. The work adopted the doctrinal methodology of research, mainly primary and secondary sources such as: textbooks, official documents from ECOWAS, periodicals and internet resources. The work observed that these methods were successfully used to restore peace in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Togo, Cote d’ivoire, Guinea Bissau, Senegal and Gambia. Thus, the methods are useful in settlement of disputes and should be encouraged because the decision is reached by the parties themselves and enforcement of such agreement may be easier. The current use of council of elders on ad-hoc basis for peaceful resolution of conflicts is not sufficient. The ECOWAS should establish Commission of Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration as it will serve as a reminder to disputants that there is still the last opportunity to resolve their differences. Those to be appointed mediators should have good track records in terms of high level work experience and character; be endowed with negotiating skills and able to bring about peace and reconciliations that can be employed in potential conflict situations.

Keywords: Conflict Resolution, Diplomatic Methods, Ecowas


Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 27-42 (Download PDF)

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