This study deals with the Psycho-Political relationship between the Abrahamic cousins, namely Jews and Arabs, from the end of the Ottoman period until 1949. The absent of socio-political wisdom or rational decisions led to the “incredible story” of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict 1914-49. However this paper aims to investigate the separatism attitude in the Palestinian-Israeli mentality: “culture” or “reaction”?, the principles of peaceful coexistence and religion role in peace-building between humans, the co-existence, co-operation and trust between Palestinians and Jews from Ottoman empire till establishing of Israel, the road for hatred and war between Israelis and Palestinians, and the British, Israeli and Palestinian target till the 1948 war; “peaceful coexistence” or “apartheid”? Finally, this paper concludes that the conflict between the Palestinian and Israelis has classified and marked by unsteady cases. The start point between them was coexisted (partially peacefully with some fears), after that turned into hatred (because of various extremist and bloody actions), after that both of them preferred the separatism attitude. Then it followed by the war between them and expulsion policy from the land by the hand of one of them toward the other side, to become finally apartheid (by separation wall) between both forever.
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