Human resource and strategic management is one of the most important requirements for the sustenance of an economy, whether at micro or macro levels. It is a must for any society, country or even enterprise that wishes to survive under complex challenges of a dynamic as well as globalized world. The objective of this study was to examine human resources and strategic management for sustainable development in Nigeria drawing specifically from Akwa Ibom State experience. The study adopted a historical and descriptive research drawing data mostly from secondary sources. The study revealed that Akwa Ibom state government is committed to training its workforce in the critical areas of need such as science, technology and engineering as a core area for sustainable development. The study further revealed that where human resources capital are not strategically managed, it would stalled any meaningful development in the state. The study therefore recommended that the training and retraining of workforce in the state should be focus mostly on the critical areas of science, technology and engineering as against the present emphasis on general administration. Also, the workforce so train should be strategically managed to enhance sustainable development in the state.
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