This article examines that in every organization, the aim of every manager is to see that productivity is enhanced and efficiency attained. The means of achieving this goal hinges on many factors but for the purpose of this study we will look into capacity building as a tool for increase in productivity in the public sector organisation in Nigeria. It cannot be over emphasized in these modern management system where there are changes in information system and globalization. This trend has made the public sector organizations realize the very importance of human capital development these days. The origin of training and staff development in Nigeria dated back to 1970. Before this time, training and development had been going on in Nigeria without notice. It has brought to limelight at the 14th Annual General Meeting of Nigeria Employer Consultative Association (NECA) in December, 1970. When Chief Anthony Enahoro, the then federal commissioner for labour and productivity commented on the importance of role of employers in training their employees.
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