The Correlation Between the Need for Achievement, Self-Esteem, Locus of Con¬trol, Habit in Studying, Parents’ Support and Learning Environment in the Class with Underachievement of Students at Senior High School in Medan, Indonesia


The objectives of this research are (1) to describe and to explain the correlation between the need for achievement, self–esteem, locus of control, habit in studying , parents’ support and learning environment in the class as their contri­bution to the under­achievement students, (2) to find a set of variables from among those that are under study, that are most efficient in explaining of under­achievement students. This study is descriptive correlational in nature. The study was undertaken in 8 (eight) general high schools in Medan  that constituted the sample of the study. The research subjects are all underachievers that totaled to 114 students. The data were colleted through surveys using questionnaires, scales, inventories, and formats that are administered to student. The data  obtained through surveys were analysed using a descriptive technique and multiple-regression with Stepwise. The results of analysis are drawn: (1) the underachievers were found to be low in need for achieve­ment, self-esteem, tend to be internal in locus of control, have poor learning habit, low parental support, and poor learning environment in the class was found to be moderately strong with a multipe R of 0,544 (p≤0,05), with an effective contribution of 29,6%. (2) the most efficient set of independet variable in predicting of the under­achievement students  consisted of parental support, need for achieve­ment, learning envi­roment in class, and locus of control, wict could explain 27,40% of the variance in the under­achievement students. Based on the conclusions drawn, some suggestions are proposed as folows: (1) through appropriate design of learning environments, in faciliting the inculcation of  impedent learnes that are able not only to respond convergent ques­tion, but also have the habit to explore alterntive solutions, and even to reshape problems before attempting to solve them, with the full backing of appropriate school culture, (2) the existence of one or more factors other than those that are invetigated in this study that could explain of underachievers which should be further pursued

Keywords: Achievement, Learn¬ing Habits, Parents Sup-port, Selfesteem, locus of control

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 52-58 (Download PDF)

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