The Palestinian Short Story between 1944 and 1967: Beginning, Commencement and Approaches

Abstract

The events of Nakba in 1948, when the Palestinians lost their homelands paralyzed every intellectual movement including literature. Scholars and writers fled the country and emerging writers did not find ready models or patterns they could duplicate or learn from. Their short stories relied on offering life concerns, circumstances and social conditions like poverty, human relations, change of customs and traditions under the influence of new social conditions and sales or confiscation of land. What dried the fountains of writing even more was the military rule imposed on Arabs by the Israeli authorities after the establishment of Israel. It constituted a considerable burden on the population and had a clear negative effect on various spheres of the Arabs’ life in Israel. With the help and guidance of the Israeli Communist Party, the only political organization that stood in the face of Government policy and practices including the military rule, some Palestinians intellectuals and patriots, writers managed to pursue their writing activities and struggle. What helped energized Palestinian literature was the engagement of Iraqi Jewish writers merged with the Arab writers in the fields of poetry and story and had extensive accomplishments in translation from and to Arabic. Subsequently, new signs began to appear in the path of the Arabic short story in Israel, in line with the general trend emerging in the Arab society. One of the most important features was the emergence of new trends endorsed by storywriters. Of these trends the major ones were The Romantic Approach, the Realistic Approach, The social Realistic and the Ideological Committed Literature and the Symbolical Approach.

Keywords: Iraqi Jewish Writers, Literary Trends and Approaches, Nakba, Palestinian Short Fiction, and Military Rule, the Israeli Communist Party


Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 42-58 (Download PDF)

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