The study investigated family variables and health of women of reproductive Age in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital of Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve these objectives, two null hypotheses were formulated from the independent variable namely; family size and educational background to guide the study while relevant literatures were empirically and theoretical reviewed. Anderson behavioural model and quality and quantity tradeoff theory were used as the theoretical background. Using the survey design and the purposive sampling technique, 100 questionnaires were administered on 50 respondents each from women of reproductive age seeking ante-natal and post-natal healthcare services in UCTH. Using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Statistical Technique to run the hypothesis, the findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between family variables and health of women of reproductive age and that educational background significantly influences the health of women of reproductive age. It was therefore recommended amongst others that, health policy makers should design and strengthen better family reduction programmes that would be well targeted and result in a remarkable decrease in maternal health challenges.
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