Regular availability of antiretroviral (ARV) medicines at health facility (HF)-level has been a challenge in effective HIV management in Nigeria. Despite a stabilised flow of ARV medicines in axial warehouses, there are documented reports of regular stockouts of HIV medicines in HFs. Existing research suggests there are identifiable and avoidable factors responsible for stockout of ARVs at service delivery sites. These factors include needed data to support ARV distribution. This article explored the relationship between ARV availability and logistics data quality in HFs in Nigeria’s Nasarawa State. Data from the Logistics Management Coordination Unit (LMCU) in the State Ministry of Health was used to perform the research analysis. Cross-sectional study design was used to analyze data from 71 HFs that provided comprehensive HIV management services between the period of November 2014 to October 2015. In each of the six reporting cycles analyzed, some HFs experienced stockout of ARVs and there were records of incomplete bimonthly reports submitted to LMCU. There was a statistically significant association between data quality and ARV stockout at HF-level. These HFs may be central in ensuring regular availability of ARVs for patients. Their capability to control data quality is then a key enabler in their ability to control pull commands in the ARV supply chain.
Citation: Amom Tor-Anyiin and Paul Davis (2022) Data Quality, Supply Chains, and the Distribution of Vital Medicines: Antiretroviral Drugs Availability in Nasarawa State, Nigeria, European Journal of Logistics, Purchasing and Supply Chain Management, Vol.10 No.2, pp.67-80
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