Global competition in business has forced most production sectors to realign their strategies to achieve competitive advantage. In flour producing companies in Kenya, the problem of broad production has been in place and as advanced technology takes its roots in Africa, there has been an increasing demand for quality output by the industry; which can be achieved by effective adoption of various production systems. The paper sought to assess the effects of lean production on organizational performance. The study was designed determine the elements of lean production, effect of lean production systems on product quality, strategies for waste reduction and the challenges of adopting lean production. The study adopted a descriptive research design. Data The study found out improving management style and involving all employees at all levels, as well as better inventory management leads to a more efficient practice of lean production. Material management and physical distribution are positively related and are therefore critical determinants of successful lean production practice within the organization. With a response rate of 75% the study concluded firms should adopt the use of lean production system as a means to improved performance.
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