The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Families as Presented in Hard Times


This paper investigates the Industrial Revolution’s impact on families as presented in Hard Times novel. The researcher will discuss the main components and features of the families in Britain at that time, in which Charles Dickens represented them in different types as Gradgrind’s family, Bounderby’s family, Stephan’s family, and Cecelia’s family. These families represent the typical sort of family at that time with its features and their problems they face such as getting a divorce, getting drunk, and family disintegration in general. In addition to the reoccurrence of money motif being a capitalist at the expense of the family bonding as represented between Mr. Gradgrind and his daughter Louisa.

Keywords: Charles Dickens, Literature, hard times novel, industrial revolution, novel

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 91-93 (Download PDF)

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