Prevalence and Outcome of Cardiovascular Disease among Admitted Patients in State Tertiary Health Facility, Southwest, Nigeria

Abstract

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are major causes of morbidity and disabilities globally with high prevalence in developing countries including Nigeria. Therefore, this study employed a retrospective research survey to determine the prevalence and outcome of cardiovascular diseases among admitted patients in medical wards, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Southwest, Nigeria. The objectives of this study are to: determine the prevalence of CVD among admitted patients; find out the outcome of CVD among admitted patients. This study was a 5years retrospective descriptive study of consecutive adult patient with diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases admitted into male and female medical wards, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, a tertiary health facility in Osun state Nigeria, between January 2014 and December 2019. Data that were extracted from admission and discharge register include age, sex, date of admission, diagnosis, and date of discharge or death, outcome of management and complications. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed 23.1% prevalent rate of cardiovascular disease which was found to be high among males than females. Cardiovascular diseases discovered in the study area were hypertensive heart disease, congestive cardiac failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, ischeamic and hemorrhagic stroke. The study further revealed that majority of the patients improved and discharged home. In conclusion, cardiovascular diseases were observed to be high in the study area with high prevalence among male patients aged 60 – 69 years. It is therefore recommended that early detection, prompt management should be ensured, appropriate preventive measure such as regular exercise, diet regulation and regular check-up should be encouraged to reduce complications, need for hospital admission and improve outcome of cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Nigeria, Prevalence, Southwest, admitted patients, cardiovascular disease, state tertiary health facility

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 62-74 (Download PDF)

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