Environmental Disclosure and Financial Performance of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria


Citation: Junaidu Muhammad Kurawa and  Kabiru Shuaibu (2022)Environmental Disclosure and Financial Performance of Listed Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 2, pp.31-51

This study examines the influence of environmental disclosure (ED) on financial performance of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria from 2013-2020. A sample of seventy-six (76) companies listed as non-financial was drawn from the population of one hundred and thirteen (113) companies. Audited annual reports and accounts were used for data extraction. The analysis was done using descriptive statistics and multiple regressions. Explanatory research designed was adopted in the study to find out the influence of ED on financial performance. Variables used include the ED measured using ordinal coding scheme based on GRI guidelines (G4) focusing on environmental prevention expenditure disclosure(EN40), Waste disposal, emission treatment and remediation cost disclosure (EN41), Prevention and environmental management cost disclosure (EN 41) used as proxies for independent variable and financial performances’ accounting and market based measures proxy by earnings per share and Tobin’s Q was used as the dependent variable. Robustness tests such as multicollonearity test, heteroscedasticity test, normality test and Hausman specification test were conducted to validate the results. The study revealed that there is positive significant relationship between EPED, WDCD, PMCD and EPS while negative with TQ of listed Nigerian non-financial companies. The study therefore, recommends that the management of listed non-financial companies in Nigeria should create awareness on the importance of EPED, WDCD, PMCD and the other benefit that can be derived by a company and investors as a result of engaging in environmental activities as this may create good relationship between the company and the environment and consequently will improve financial performance. And also professional accounting bodies in Nigeria like the ICAN and the ANAN should key into introducing environmental and sustainability reporting into their mandatory professional education programs as this is a contemporary issue in accounting development this will help accountants to be trained on environmental accounting and reporting.


Keywords: Board size, EPS, Environmental Disclosure, Tobin's Q, firm leverage, firm size

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37745/ejaafr.13/vol10no1pp.31-51

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 31-51 (Download PDF)

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