The Effect of Acculturation through Ethnic Identity on Self- Adaptation of Punjabi Teenagers at the Age of 15-18 Years in Medan City, Indonesia

Abstract

This research aims to obtain a model of influence of acculturation of integration, separation and assimilation through the unexamined search and achieved ethnic identity against the self-adaptation of Punjabi teenagers at age of 15 – 18 years in Medan city. The hypothesis of this research is the influence of acculturation of integration, separation and assimilation through unexamined, search and achieved ethnic identity to the self-adaptation of Punjabi teenagers at age 15 – 18 years old in Medan city. This research uses quantitative approach in the form of descriptive explanatory with causal relationship design. The research subjects are the 88 Punjabi teenagers at age of 15 – 18 years old in Medan City which are obtained by snowball sampling technique. The data collection instruments are acculturation scale, ethnic identity and self-adaptation. The data of this research are collected by using questionnaires arranged in the form of ordinal scale with Likert scale model. The data have been obtained, analyzed by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), which is conducted in two ways, namely testing the measurement model through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) analysis technique, and testing of structural model through Partial Least Square (PLS) through the Smart – PLS software program. The result of hypothesis testing shows that the effect of acculturation of integration, separation and assimilation through unexamined, search ethnic identity , and the achievement have an effect on the self adaptation of Punjabi teenagers at the age of 15-18 years in Medan city. The effect models of integration acculturation, separation and assimilation through the unexamined, search, and achieved ethnic identity against self adaptation of Punjabi teenagers at the age of 15-18 year in Medan City proved to have suitability of theoretical model with empirical data.

Keywords: Self Adaptation; Acculturation; Ethnic Identity; Punjabi Tribe


Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 29-46 (Download PDF)

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