Radiological Impacts of NORM and Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbon in Petroleum Industry Process on Marine Ecosystem at the Red Sea, Egypt

Abstract

This study was designed to realized the hazardous effects on marine ecosystem,and assess the impacts of (NORM) 238U, 232Th, and 40K radioactivity and Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in petroleum industry at red sea coastline in  Abu Zenima  and Abu Rudeis sites. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) individuals Naphthalene, Acenaphthalene, Acenaphthylene, Fluorene, phenanthrene and Fluoranthene were analysed with HPLC with fluorescence detection for sea water, sediments and marine organisms Bivalves , coral reef and starfish. HPGe gamma ray spectrometric technique used for measured  The238U, 232Th, and 40K radioactivity concentration in sea water, sediments and marine organisms Bivalves , coral reef and starfish in both Abu Zenima  and Abu Rudeis sites. The data revealed an increase in the 238U, 232Th, and 40K and (PAHs) individuals for sea water, sediments and marine organisms Bivalves , coral reef and starfish  in Abu Zenima  and Abu Rudeis sites respectively as   compared to  international maximum allowable concentrations. On the other hand,238U, 232Th, and 40K and (PAHs) individuals for sea water, sediments and marine organismsBivalves , coral reef and starfish were recorded higher concentration levels in Abu Zenima sitesthan Abu Rudeis sites. The data revealed an increase in concentration of  (NORM) 238U, 232Th and 40K and PAHs  individuals  for starfish  and coral reef than bivalves marine organisms for both Abu Zenima and Abu Rudeis sites respectively as compared to  international maximum allowable concentrations.

Keywords: Marine Ecosystem, NORM, Petroleum Industry, Radiological Impacts, poly Aromatic Hydrocarbon


Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 26-42 (Download PDF)

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