Circumlocution and Pleonasm in Iraqi EFL Learners’ Written Contexts


The study deals with circumlocution and as  two used speech- figures by Babylon and Al- Qadisiya  EFL university learners, at the third stage, in written contexts. It aims at finding the reasons behind their use of circumlocution and pleonnasm, finding out which learners of these two universities utilize circumlocution and pleonasm more, pinpointing the most frequently utilized type of circumlocution and pleonasm and finding out which one(s) of Griceon- maxims is(are) violated when circumlocution and pleonasm are present. Hence, it is hypothesized that Babylon  and Al- Qadisiya learners make use of circumlocution and pleonasm  to  overcome the gaps found when writing, Al- Qadisiya learners use circumlocution and pleonasm more  than Babylon ones, complex over simple circumlocution and subject pleonasm are  the most used types of circumlocution and pleonasm and  the quantity and manner maxims are violated when using circumlocution and pleonasm. To achieve the study- aims, a literature review about Cirumlocution and pleonasm would be presented. Also, the study follows the literature review as a model with Grice’s (1989) Studies in the Way of Words whereby circumlocution is analysed pragmatically. At the end, the conclusions verify the hypotheses.

Keywords: Circumlocution, Written Contexts and Iraq EFL.

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 24-39 (Download PDF)

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