Armed Herdsmen Group Cohesion and Invasion of the Southern Kaduna Region of Nigeria: A Reflection of the Social Thoughts of Ibn Khaldun on Social Change (1332 – 1339 C.E)

Abstract

The research is on armed herdsmen group cohesion, and the invasion of southern Kaduna, Nigeria: A reflection of the social thoughts of Ibn Khaldun. A sample of 90 respondents drawn from the three local government areas affected by the activities of armed herdsmen was used for the study. The questionnaire was used as a major instrument for the collection of primary data from respondents; in-depth interviews were conducted to stimulate further information from respondents. Secondary data was sourced from books, journals, newspapers, and online peer-reviewed documents. The routine activity theory was adopted to explain armed herdsmen activities in the Southern Kaduna region of Kaduna State. Findings suggest that the invasion of Southern Kaduna in groups of over a hundred armed herdsmen was successfully done due to their high-level sense of group cohesion and social solidarity, while their activities have been reported to be on the increase, the invasion and attacks are on weekly and daily basis. Their methods of attacks include killings, shootings, and burning of farmlands and houses amongst others, with dangerous weapons including guns, machetes and arrows, while their major mode of entry into the communities is through the use of motorcycles. The study recommends that government should be more proactive in tackling this menace and become more committed through the provision of superior firearms and ammunition to security agencies and increase the number of security forces deployed in the affected communities to combat the phenomenon successfully.

Citation: Musa Emmanuel Umaru, Nalong Henry Yale, Victoria Nendirmwa Madueke, Aretha Rekiya Samuel, Caleb Akinniran  Akintunde , Okwuchi Chioma  Obioma , Dongnaan Belynda Gurumyen (2022) Armed Herdsmen Group Cohesion and Invasion of the Southern Kaduna Region of Nigeria: A Reflection of the Social Thoughts of Ibn Khaldun on Social Change (1332 – 1339 C.E), British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 10, pp.34-50

Keywords: Invasion, armed herdsmen, group cohesion, social change, social thoughts, southern Kaduna

DOI: https://doi.org/10.37745/bje.2013/vol10n103450

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 34-50 (Download PDF)

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