Tag Archives: Utilization

Youtube on Utilization of Information on Contagious Diseases by Medical Students in Teaching Hospitals in Abia and Imo States (Published)

Medical students in teaching hospitals in Abia and Imo States are believed not to be influenced by YouTube on utilization of information on contagious diseases. To reveal whether they receive information on contagious diseases through YouTube is the bases for this study. The survey research method was adopted to investigate a total population of 709 medical students of the two teaching hospitals in Abia and Imo States respectively. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data for the research. Information were provided for the students to ascertain their level of agreement and the result shows that YouTube provides medical students with  information on the pattern of the infection/ spread, information on how to avoid contacting an infection, It gives them news on outbreak of contagious diseases and others. The paper therefore concludes that YouTube influences medical student’s utilization of information on contagious diseases.

Keywords: Abia State, Contagious, Diseases, Imo State, Information, Medical Students, Utilization, YouTube

Utilization of Family Planning Services Among Women of Child Bearing Age (15-45 Years) From 2011 To2013 in Calabar South Local Government Area Of Cross River State-Nigeria (Published)

High fertility and lack of proper family planning had resulted in large population growth rate in the country. One of the most effective ways to address population growth and achieve larger sustainable development goals is to increase access to sustainable free voluntary family planning services (Disu, 2012).  This study therefore seeks to assess utilization of family planning services among women of child bearing age in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State-Nigeria. To achieve this purpose of the study, three research questions were raised to guide the study.  Retrospective study design was used.  Records of 398 women who were attending family planning clinics in selected four primary health facilities from 2011 to 2013 were used, and structured checklist was developed.  Data collected were analysed using tables and simple percentage.  The results of the study showed that about 145 (36.4%) number of women utilized family planning in 2013.   Oral method of contraceptive was mostly used by the women, indicating 46 (35%), and that family planning is mostly used by women with about 3-4 children which accounted for 122 (31%) of the women.  The result also showed that a large proportion of the women were influenced by friends to utilize family planning services which amounted to about 185 (46%).  Non-acceptance of family planning by husbands showing 294 (73.9%) was the main factor hindering utilization.  It was recommended that mass mobilization and creation of awareness should be carried out to sensitise the people on public acceptance of family planning to break taboos, myths and misconceptions about family planning services especially by husbands to control rapid population growth in the study area.

Keywords: Child Bearing, Family Planning, Utilization, services

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Facilities for the Teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional facilities and material for the effective teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State technical colleges. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. It was a survey research design and the entire population of Basic Electricity technical teachers together with their SSII and SSIII students with a total of 150 were used.  Due to this size of the population no sampling was carried out. Instrument for data collection was a structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of stability 0.86. The questionnaire were distributed by hand and also collected back after completion with the help of three research assistants. Frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question one while mean ratings were used to answer the second research question. The hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics. The findings revealed that many vital facilities and materials are not available while some available ones are not even effectively utilized for the teaching of Basic electricity. It was therefore recommended that all stake-holders should contribute financially and materially to enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity.

Keywords: Availability, Basic Electricity, Instructional Materials, Teaching, Utilization

Feasibility of Thermosyphon Solar Water Heating System Utilization in Beauty and Hairdressing Salons in Nigeria (Published)

Beauty and Hair Dressing Salon business in Nigeria relies heavily on electricity utilisation for water heating and production. But, electricity is erratic and epileptic and, not readily available. This means that alternative energy source must be sought for. In this study, the feasibility of providing needed electricity supply for hot water production with Thermosyphon Solar Water Heater (TSWHs) is presented. An experimental setup in which TSWH technology with 1.44m2 flat plate solar collector was designed, fabricated and tested under weather conditions of Minna for three months. Data for the design and fabrication of the test system (quantity of hot water and temperature requirements) wer

Keywords: Beauty, Hairdressing Salon, Solar Energy, Thermosyphon, Utilization, Water Heating

Availability and Utilization of Internet Facilities among Undergraduate Students of Colleges of Education Nigeria (Published)

The National Policy of Nigeria (2014), recognizes the important role of ICT (internet) in the modern world hence the launching of ICT driven project known as Schoolnet. The study examined availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of the Colleges of Education, Ikere Ekiti as a case study. Descriptive design research of the survey type was used to collect data. Five research questions were raised while four hypotheses were postulated for the study. The population consisted of all the undergraduate students of College of Education, Ikere –Ekiti and the sample was made up of 180 male and female students selected through simple random sampling techniques. The instrument for the study was a questionnaire tagged availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of colleges of education (AUIFAUS). The study revealed that the facilities were not adequately available hence the low utilization. Poor electric power supply was the major hindrance. The findings also showed that internet usage was not gender sensitive but students from high social economic background used internet more frequently than those from poor economic background.  It was therefore recommended that both the government and the college authority should ensure that internet facilities and regular power supply are made available for students’ use.        

Keywords: Availability, Colleges of Education. Internet facilities, Undergraduate Students, Utilization

Utilization of Low Cost Technology: A Catalyst for Reducing Postharvest Fish Losses in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)

The need for the development of fish preservation and processing machinery and techniques for effective fish handling, harvesting, processing and storage can never be over-emphasized especially now that aquaculture production is on the increase in Nigeria. With Low Cost Technology (LCT), and better processing practices, fresh fish can be processed as desired without any significant loss of its quality. Hence, this study assessed utilization of low cost technology: a catalyst for reducing postharvest fish losses in Lagos State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 353 fish processors as sample size for this study. Data obtained were analyzed with both descriptive and inferential statistics. Result of the study showed that majority (63.7%) of the respondents were between 31 – 50 years of age, predominantly female (93.8%), married (70.3%), had formal education (77.9%) and belonged to Fish Processors Association (74.2%). The average household size and experience in fish processing were 7 people and 19.2 years respectively. Estimated income from processed fish ranged from 20,000 – 40,000/week. Result also revealed that extended drum oven (90.9%) was predominant and often used by the respondents. However, red clay oven (58.6%), brick kiln (52.4%) and government model kiln (41.1%) are available but not used by the respondents. Respondents got training and capacity building on fish processing technique and preservation (83.0%), hazard prevention and safety training (79.0%), record keeping (71.4%) and quality fish sourcing (67.7%) mainly through their Fish Processors Association. Furthermore, major challenges undermining fish processing and utilization of LCT are lack of fund from the commercial banks (80.3%), poor road network (79.0%), lack of training by extension personnel (74.2%) and epileptic power supply (77.9%). In addition, result of chi-square indicated that significant relationship existed between socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and utilization of low cost technology (χ2 = 12.91, p < 0.05). Fish Processors Association (χ2 = 16.05, p < 0.05). Training and capacity building have significant association with utilization of low cost technology (χ2 = 13.79, p < 0.05). Constraints impeded the utilization of LCT and was positively significant (t = 2.87, p = 0.004). The study concluded that despite the advantages of LCT in reducing PHL and increasing income from processed fish it was not utilized by the respondents in the study area. It was therefore recommended that there should be more awareness and enlightenment on merits of LCT by the extension officers, fish experts and media to facilitate its adoption and utilization among fish processors in the study area.

Keywords: Catalyst, Fish, Low Cost Technology, Postharvest Losses, Utilization

Knowledge and Utilization of Prostate Cancer Screening Services among Male Civil Servants in Iseyin Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Cancer related morbidity and mortality continues to pose grave health challenge to men globally with increasing prevalence especially in developing countries. Presently prostate cancer has been reported to have a prevalence level of 11% in Nigeria which is considered alarming. Developing strategies to forestall increasing incidence and prevalence are vital to reducing the deleterious effects prostate cancer on health and national developmental efforts. Research oriented strategies are considered potent measures to achieving this goal thus making research into factors associated with prostate cancer an important endeavour. It is against this background that this study was designed to examine knowledge and utilization of prostate cancer screening services among civil servants in Iseyin LGA of Oyo State, Nigeria. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study and data were collected using a self developed and validated questionnaire with a reliability of 0.86 Cronbach alpha. Collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Findings showed that respondents have low level of knowledge and low utilization level of prostate cancer screening services. Findings also identified cost, accessibility, work schedule and some fads like negative effect on sexual activities as perceived factors militating against the utilization of prostate cancer screening services. Addressing the identified issues using education as a tool among others were recommended.

Keywords: Barrier, Education, Knowledge, Prostate Cancer, Screening, Utilization

Knowledge and Utilization of Prostate Cancer Screening Services among Male Civil Servants in Iseyin Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Cancer related morbidity and mortality continues to pose grave health challenge to men globally with increasing prevalence especially in developing countries. Presently prostate cancer has been reported to have a prevalence level of 11% in Nigeria which is considered alarming. Developing strategies to forestall increasing incidence and prevalence are vital to reducing the deleterious effects prostate cancer on health and national developmental efforts. Research oriented strategies are considered potent measures to achieving this goal thus making research into factors associated with prostate cancer an important endeavour. It is against this background that this study was designed to examine knowledge and utilization of prostate cancer screening services among civil servants in Iseyin LGA of Oyo State, Nigeria. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study and data were collected using a self developed and validated questionnaire with a reliability of 0.86 Cronbach alpha. Collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Findings showed that respondents have low level of knowledge and low utilization level of prostate cancer screening services. Findings also identified cost, accessibility, work schedule and some fads like negative effect on sexual activities as perceived factors militating against the utilization of prostate cancer screening services. Addressing the identified issues using education as a tool among others were recommended.

Keywords: Barrier, Education, Knowledge, Prostate Cancer, Screening, Utilization

Use of Electronic Information Resource Databases among Lecturers and Postgraduate Students in University Libraries in South-South Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of this study is to find out the utilization of electronic information resource databases in University libraries in South-South, Nigeria. 6 (six) research questions and 4 (four) hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The survey design was employed. The population of the study was made up of 1,421 lecturers and 922 postgraduate students. Data collection was done through the use of questionnaire titled Utilization of Electronic Information Resource Databases in University Libraries (UEIRDUL).The research questions were analyzed using percentages, while z-test proportion of difference of significance was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. It was found that lecturers and postgraduate students in the federal and state university libraries use different types of EIR database. The level of usage of EIR databases by lecturers and postgraduate students in the federal and state university libraries in South-South, Nigeria was generally high as most of them indicated that they use these resources frequently for their academic activities. The proportion of lecturers and postgraduate students in the federal and state universities that use the EIR databases for different purposes do not differ significantly. It was recommended among others that librarians in both universities should identify non users of the EIR databases and effective steps should be taken to encourage them to use the databases.

Keywords: EIR databases, Libraries, Nigeria, Universities in South-South, Utilization

The Levels of Deployment, Utilization and Job Performance of Teachers in the Public Senior Secondary Schools in Edo State (Published)

A central concern is that teachers are the bedrock upon which the attainments of the objectives of the programmes in the school system are based.  Adequate deployment and utilization enhances their job performance. This study had the broad objective to investigate the Levels of Deployment, Utilization and Job Performance of Teachers in the Public Senior Secondary Schools in Edo state, Nigeria from the customers’ perspective. The specific objectives were to determine the level of deployment of graduate teachers in Edo State public senior secondary schools and to identify the level of deployment of graduate teachers in the different teaching subjects in Edo State public senior secondary schools. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was made up of 3366 graduate teachers deployed to 306 public secondary schools in the 18 local government areas as at 2010/2011. A sample size of 396 graduate using multi –stage randomly selected procedure determination from a finite population. Questionnaires were distributed to the filled and returned. Validity of the instrument was measured using content validity, and this was done by experts from the academia. Internal consistency was done using Cronbach alpha coefficient test statistic to test the reliability of the instrument, yielding a coefficient of 0.78. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson product moment correlation at 5% probability level of significance and regression analysis with charts for illustrations. The findings indicated that: There is low deployment and uneven distribution of graduate teachers to public schools. Also, poor utilization of these teachers was very obvious. Thus, the study concluded that job performance would be very low. The study therefore recommended that government should carry out an analysis to fill areas of scarcity, rationalize distribution of teachers and ensure there is a balance in deployment. This will create a fair system of graduate teachers in both urban and rural areas especially in mathematics and English subjects.

Keywords: Deployment, Job Performance, Utilization, teachers and Public schools

Skills Improvement Needs of Lecturers in the Utilization of selected Weather Instruments for Instructional Delivery in Tertiary Institutions in North-East Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of the study was to determine the skill improvement needs of lecturers in the utilization of weather instruments for effective teaching of students of agriculture in tertiary institutions in North-East, Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Four research questions guided the study. The study was carried out in North-East, Nigeria. The population of the study was 219 respondents comprising of 17 Lecturers of Agricultural Education, 9 Lecturers of Soil Science, 8 Lecturers of Geography in Universities and 185 Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education. The entire population constituted the sample for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire named “Utilization of Weather Instruments Questionnaire” (UWIQ). Five experts validated the instrument and was trial-tested. A Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.83 was obtained indicating that instrument was reliable to elicit information for the work. Two hundred and nineteen copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents by six trained research assistants in the six States of North-East, Nigeria. The entire questionnaire was retrieved. The data collected were analyzed using weighted mean and improvement need index (INI) to answer the 4 research questions. It was found that all the 64 skill improvement needs identified in the utilization of weather instruments were needed by Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education. The result revealed that Lecturers of Agricultural Education need skill improvement on the following items: 19 skills on utilizing Stevenson Screen, 16 skills on utilizing Thermo-hygrograph, 20 skills on utilizing Maximum and Minimum Thermometers and 10 skills on utilizing Sunshine Recorder. Based on these findings, it was recommended that: Lecturers of Agricultural Education should seek for ways of improving their skills in utilizing weather instruments; Administrators of Colleges of Education should support and approve study leave for Lecturers of Agricultural Education to attend workshops, seminars and conferences on utilization of weather instruments; Skill acquisition organizations should package the finding of the study into capacity building programmes for re-training both Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education and teachers of Agriculture Science in Secondary Schools in North-East, Nigeria.

Keywords: Improvement, Skills, Tertiary Institutions, Utilization, Weather Instruments

Utilization of Local Journals by Academic Staff in Nigerian Universities: A Critical Review (Published)

Utilisation of local journal by academic staff of Nigerian universities is an academic obligation that cannot be overlooked because it is an academic task that must be done for academic, teaching, learning, research and self-development purposes. The objectives of the study include the assessment of the level of the utilisation of local journals, proliferation of local journals, identify the problems confronting academic staff in accessing and utilising local journals, recommends possible solution to the identified problems. The research instruments used for the study were questionnaire, observation and interview. One hundred and eighty-five (185) copies of questionnaires were distributed while one hundred and twenty (120) copies were retrieved and found useful representing 64.9 percent.  The methodology used for data analysis was simple percentage and summation weighted index (SWI). The results revealed that frequency usage of local journal was 37.8percent while42.3 percent have access to local journals.  Please write a deductive summary of your major findings here instead of reporting data! Local journals continue to be an important source of information for academic staff in Nigeria. However, there is proliferation of local journals to the detriment of quality intellectual contents. It was recommended that peer reviewers should be encouraged, make space for advertisement like seminars, workshop, conferences etc, and reviewers should improve their review process for prompt publication

Keywords: Academic Staff, Utilization, information sharing., international journals, local journals, third world journals

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Facilities for the Teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional facilities and material for the effective teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State technical colleges. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. It was a survey research design and the entire population of Basic Electricity technical teachers together with their SSII and SSIII students with a total of 150 were used.  Due to this size of the population no sampling was carried out. Instrument for data collection was a structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of stability 0.86. The questionnaire were distributed by hand and also collected back after completion with the help of three research assistants. Frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question one while mean ratings were used to answer the second research question. The hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics. The findings revealed that many vital facilities and materials are not available while some available ones are not even effectively utilized for the teaching of Basic electricity. It was therefore recommended that all stake-holders should contribute financially and materially to enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity.

 

Keywords: Availability, Basic Electricity, Instructional Materials, Teaching, Utilization

Utilization of Biology Laboratory Equipment and Students’ Academic Performance in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The paper focused on Utilization of biology laboratory equipment and students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. One null hypothesis was formulated. Literature was reviewed accordingly. Ex-post facto research design was adopted and a sample of four hundred and ninety (490) biology students was used for the study. Checklist on utilization of biology laboratory equipment and Bio achievement Test were the instruments used for data collection. To test the hypothesis, one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed. The hypothesis was subjected to testing at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that utilization of Biology laboratory equipment significantly influenced students’ academic performance in Biology. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended among others that Supervisors and inspectors from the Ministry of Education should strictly monitor the frequency of use of laboratory equipment by both teachers and students. This will ensure a hitch free utilization of the available science laboratory equipment in teaching and learning of Biology and such process will encourage students to do science of biology instead of learning about it.

Keywords: Laboratory equipment, Student Performance, Utilization

Determination of the Effect of Agro-Inputs Utilization on Yield and Income of Community-Based Natural Resource Management Rice Farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study determined the effect of agro-inputs utilization on yield and income of community-based Natural Resource Management Programme (CBNRMP) Rice Farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria.  The specific objectives of the study were to: assess the socio-economic characteristics of rice farmers under CBNRMP, identify the agro-inputs made available to rice farmers through their service providers, etc.  Data were obtained from primary and secondary sources for the purpose of this study. The results revealed that 70% of the respondents were males, 40% of the respondents were within the age range of 41-51years.  Majority (90%) of the respondents were married, 85% of the respondents have formal education and majority of the respondents belong to farmers’ cooperatives.  The t-test analysis of the effects of agro-inputs utilization on yield and income of CBNRMP rice farmers were significant. Increased government supports for mobilization of rice farmers for participation and sustained provision of agro-inputs were therefore recommended.

Keywords: Agro-Inputs, Income, Utilization, Yield

Medical Textiles in Government Hospitals (Published)

This study assessed the medical textiles in hospitals in Abakaliki Urban, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The study ascertained the availability and the utilization of medical textiles in government hospitals in the area of study. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 800 staff of the two government hospitals in area of study. Stratified sampling technique was used to arrive at 160 respondents used for the study. Questionnaire was used for data collection and data collected was analyzed using frequency and mean. Finding include that medical textiles are not enough in the government hospitals and medical textiles are not also effectively utilized in the area of study. It was recommended that medical personnel in the area of study should insist on provision of proper and enough medical textiles before working and that the government should provide antimicrobial protection for the workers in the hospitals.

Keywords: Availability, Hospital Protection, Medical Textile, Utilization

Availability and Utilization of Facilities of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme of Technical Colleges in North-East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the availability and utilization of Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme of technical colleges in the North-East Geo-political Zone of Nigeria. Two purposes of study were examined. Two research questions were answered and two hypotheses were tested. The population of the study was 808, made up of 24 principals, 58 teachers, 18 workshop attendants and 708 students. The study chose 40% of the population as the sample for the study, which stood at 398, made up of 10 principals, 26 teachers, 10 workshop attendants and 352 students. A structured questionnaire collected data from respondents. It was validated by five experts. A trial test using the test re-test method established the coefficient of stability of the instrument which stood at 0.94. After the administration of the instrument, 440 valid copies were obtained, made up of 10 principals, 22 teachers, 10 workshop attendants and 308 final year students. Analysis of the results was carried out on the valid copies of the instrument. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The analysis of variance was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study showed that equipment, tools and measuring instruments were moderately available. They included conduit bending machine, battery charger, direct-on-line starter, Allen keys, A.C. meters, rheostat, installation varnish and capacitors. Consumable materials were highly available. They included ceiling roses, cables wiring nails and resistors. Students’ level of utilization of equipment, tools and consumable materials during practical lessons was of moderate performance. Students’ level of utilization of measuring instruments during practical lessons was low in 12 out of 15 measuring instruments. On the whole, students’ level of utilization of measuring instruments during practical lessons was of low performance. A significant difference did not exist, at the chosen probability level, in the mean responses of principals, teachers and workshop attendants on the extent to which facilities for the Electrical Installation and Maintenance Works Programme were available. At a 0,05 level of significance, there was no significant difference in the mean responses of teachers, workshop attendants and students on the level of utilization of consumable materials by students during practical lessons. The study suggested among others, an improvement in facilities supply and an increase in students’ practical activities for enhanced performance.

Keywords: Availability, Installation, Maintenance, Programme, Utilization, facilities

TRANSPORT COST AND THE USE OF FAMILY PLANNING AS A PREVENTIVE AND PROMOTION HEALTH CARE STRATEGIES IN RURAL AKWA IBOM STATE OF NIGERIA (Published)

The study was designed to ascertain the effects of transport cost on the use and continuous use of family planning services in rural Akwa Ibom State. To achieve the purpose, two hypotheses were formulated. Data were collected from a representative sample size of 952 respondents who were women aged 15-49 years. Simple percentages were used in data analysis while Chi-square (X2) and Phi-Coefficient (ɸ) were used in testing the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results show that there were significant relationships between transport cost and use and continuous use of family planning services in the study area. The implications of the findings were discussed and strategies for combating the effects of transport cost on utilization of family planning services in rural Nigeria in general and the study area in particular were suggested.

Keywords: Cost, Health, Preventive, Promotive, Rural, Transport, Utilization

UTILIZATION OF ADULT CONTINUING EDUCATION PROGRAMMES FOR SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. (Published)

The purpose of this paper is to examine adult continuing education programmes for sustainable national development in Nigeria. The paper analyzes how adult continuing education programmes could be utilized for sustainable national development. In spite of Nigeria’s affluence in human and material resources, it is still being classified among countries with high level of illiteracy and poverty; it is also being classified as a developing country. This paper x-rays sustainable national development and makes a case for adult continuing education as a veritable means for achieving it. The paper concludes with some far reaching recommendations as a way forward; one of which is that the three tiers of government – federal, state and local, should allocate appropriate funds to adult education and they should as well empower the poor masses at the grassroot because we cannot achieve sustainable development where we have a nation where majority of the adult population are illiterates.

Keywords: Adult Continuing Education Programme, National development and Sustainable National Development., Sustainable Development, Utilization

Effect of Timber Resource Processing on the Edibe-Edibe Creek in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study examines the quality of water and the variation in the physical and chemical properties of water in the Edibe-edibe Creek. It also looked at the microbial characteristics of the Creek. The data for the study were derived from direct field observation, sampling measure in situ measure and laboratory analysis. The phypico-chemical parameters as well as the bacteriological parameters were analysed the laboratory using various instruments. The result of the analysis revealed that: except for electrical conductivity, PH and iron, all other parameters were on the increase from station one to two. However, nitrate had the same values in both, Station one and two. The biological analysis also revealed that the parameters had an increase value from station one to two. Generally, it was discovered that the water in this Creek is not good for domestic purposes because of the availability of nitrate and the acidic nature of the water.

Keywords: Creek, Parameters, Resource, Timber, Utilization

  • Our Journal Publishing Partners