Microfinance and Performance of Micro and Small Enterprises; Does Training Has an Impact (Published)
Access to finance is considered as very important for gaining high performance of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs). Yet it has been observed that despite the availability of access to finance the performance of several MSEs is poor, which is a major hurdle in the growth rate of MSEs. The purpose of this study was to find the difference in certain performance indicators of MSEs who owners have been given training against those whose owners have never been given any kind of training. In order to conduct study survey research has been conducted and a sample of 384 MSEs was selected on simple random basis. The findings revealed that all the performance indicators including sales increase, income increase, assets increase, employment increase, and meeting household expenses have shown a significant difference among the two groups. The findings of the study are very important for the policy makers and the people who are involved in microfinance industry.
Studying the Training Quality and Students’ Satisfaction towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution: A Case of Lac Hong University (Published)
The 4.0 Industrial revolution has grown tremendously throughout the world affecting all sectors and fields of social life. Besides, the training of knowledge and skills for employees is also very different. Previously, LHU trained in-depth technical a branch, but now the boundaries between the branches are becoming increasingly blurred and interdisciplinary tendencies have become associated with information technology becoming popular. Therefore, the article objective is to study the training quality and students’ satisfaction towards the industry 4.0 at Lac Hong University, Dong Nai province, Vietnam. The research results surveyed 400 students who are studying at LHU and answered 20 questions. The primary sources of data collected from July 2017 to March 2018 at LHU and simple random sampling technique. Hard copy distributed among 7.000 students of LHU. In addition, the researchers have statically results about the training quality and students’ satisfaction.
Conceptual Study of Value Curve in Knowledge Sharing of Organizational Training and Education (Published)
The knowledge sharing is the core of knowledge management in organizational training and education, but we pay few attentions to the value of knowledge sharing in the past. This research aims at some confuse idea related to knowledge sharing, then we propose more explicit knowledge value categorization, and infer the hypothesis of the value of knowledge owner curve. The main contribution of present study is to classify the value in knowledge sharing process into the knowledge value and knowledge owners’, and explaining what the value of organization increased is come from knowledge owner decrease, finally knowledge owner value can be divided into expert’s power value and the value of sharing will and ability. Put these two above values together, the knowledge owner value becomes a concave upward curve. It is to say the value of knowledge owner is under the influence of expert’s power and descend in the early stage, and then raising thereafter because this sharing will and ability are predicted to get applauses. The present study proposed related hypotheses, it still have to carry on some testing to verify in the future. However these hypotheses still show some new concept of value in the subject of the knowledge sharing currently, it enable us to find different thinking. We hope the results of present study can suggest a better way to encourage knowledge sharing according to different viewpoints of value of organizational training and education in the future.
The purpose of this study to check the impact of human resource management (HRM) practices on employee’s performance in the sports industry Sialkot, Pakistan. The techniques were used for collection of data is random sampling. A questionnaire was adopted and distributed to the employee’s of sport industry Sialkot, Pakistan. To create link the human resource management practices with employee’s performance. For analysing the data the correlation and regression was applied. At the end we have to see that human resource management (HRM) practices (compensation, training, employee involvement, and performance appraisal have positive impact on employee’s performance. Evidence showed that human resource management (HRM) practices (independent variable) contributed positive impact on employee’s performance (dependent variable).
Gender Differences on Medical Students’ Perception of Peer Tutoring Learning Strategy on Clinical Skills Training At Macarthur Clinical Skills Laboratory (MCSL) (Published)
The study investigated medical students’ perception of peer tutoring learning strategy on clinical skills training at Macarthur Clinical Skills Laboratory (MCSL) during their Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM) sessions. It adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study was 98 medical students, 66 of these students were randomly selected .Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The instrument titled Peer Tutoring and Clinical Skills Training (PTCST) was used to collect data and a reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha. Data was collected after exposing the students to clinical skills practical sessions for two weeks. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation and the null hypotheses were tested using independence sample t-test. The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference between male and female medical students’ responses on their perception on the influence of peer tutoring on clinical skills training during Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM); irrespective of their gender, practicing among classmates enhanced their retention of the basic clinical do –steps, build up their confidence level as well as determined their proficiency level through the instant feedbacks. It was also revealed that during this practice sessions the medical students were sensitive to their gender differences and wished to maintain their dignity during clinical skills practical sessions. The researchers therefore recommends that Peer tutoring learning strategy should be adopted in clinical education while a chaperon should be made available for students during clinical skills practical sessions.
Adequacy of Workshop Facilities in Colleges of Education (Technical) For Training of Trade Teachers of Technical Colleges in North Eastern States of Nigeria (Published)
The purpose of the study was to determine the adequacy of workshop facilities to facilitate effective teaching and learning process in Colleges of Education (Technical) in north eastern States of Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. The research adopted a descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe States of Nigeria. The population of this study consisted of forty-five (45) workshop instructors. Data were collected through the use of checklist and questionnaire. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.76. The findings showed that Workshops space in Colleges of Education (Technical) in North eastern States of Nigeria were inadequate.. Most of the equipment, tools, and machines available in the colleges were not enough to cater for increasing population of students’ enrolment. The study recommended that the Federal and States owned Colleges of Education (Technical) should be provided with adequate workshops and training facilities to cater for the increasing students’ population. This will in turn promote teaching and learning.
Training and Development Strategies: Approaches for Performance Enhancement in Goal Oriented Firms. (A Survey of Commercial Banking Firms in Nigeria) (Published)
This research paper is a critical analysis of Training and Development Strategies; as approaches for performance enhancement in goal oriented firms with emphasis on Twenty-one commercial banking firms in Nigeria. This study adopted simple empirical survey method or quasi-experimental method which places premium on survey of sample. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection were utilized in a bid to attain the necessary result. Five point Likert rating scale questionnaire were used in obtaining the opinions and views from respondents (i.e. Strongly Agree, SA (5), Agree, A (4), Undecided, U (3), Disagree, D (2), And Strongly Disagree, SD (1)). For secondary sources of data textbooks, journals, and annual reports of 21 commercial banking firms’ and stock exchange fact book, were used. The sample size for the study is 398 derived from the employee population of 21 commercial banking firms totaled of 64, 846 as at January, 2017. This was determined using Taro-Yamane’s formulae. Bartlett’s test of Sphericity and Kaiser-Meyer Oikin measure of sampling adequacy, construct validity test determination and Cronbach Alpha for reliability test determination was applied in this study. Bowley’s Allocation formula was applied in determining the individual commercial banking firms sample size. Multiple Regression test was used in processing the three (3) formulated hypotheses. The study findings revealed that Training and Development Strategies adopted by commercial banking firms in Nigeria for employees have positive relationship on productivity of the banking firms. Again, Training and Development have enhanced employee’s skills acquisition and knowledge base of employees. The last finding showed that training and development programme/strategies have impacted on organization employees by modifying their behaviors and their work attitudes to conform to set standard and norms of the commercial banks for service delivery and sound operations. The study recommendations are that, executive management of the commercial banking firms in Nigeria should also ensure that operational analysis, organizational analysis, individual analysis is periodically carried out to determine training and development needs in areas of skills inadequacy, knowledge gap, attitude and behavioral aspects to warrant proper Training and Development hence customers of the banks needed to be treated with absolute care in order to attract higher market share and profits by banks. Again, the study recommended emphasis on e-product s training for commercial banking firms in Nigeria to enhance sustainability and competitive advantage hence this will enhance growth in a positive direction especially in this era of globalization.
Individual Attributes Mechanics in the Effect of Life Skills Training on Behaviour Modification of Juvenile Delinquents in Eldoret and Kakamega Rehabs (Published)
There is a growing concern with the growth and prevalence of Juvenile delinquents (JD) in rehabilitation centres in Kenya. Juvenile delinquency has become an intricate social problem that significantly influences all members and processes of a social structure. In January 2016, Eldoret Juvenile Remand Home alone had 155 juveniles which is its full capacity. It is against this background that this study examined psychotherapeutic interventions in behaviour modification of JD and recommended measures that would increase the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic interventions in rehabilitation centers of JDs in Kenya. The purpose of the study was establish effect of life skills training and behaviour modification of juvenile delinquents in Eldoret and Kakamega rehabs. The area of study was Eldoret and Kakamega rehabs. The study adopted Glaser Psychological Reality Theory on Maladaptive Behaviour and Merton Functional Theory of Juvenile Delinquency as the theoretical framework. Further a conceptual framework was also used in the study. The study used descriptive and explanatory research survey designs. The target population was comprised of delinquents in Kakamega and Eldoret Rehabs, administrators, trainers and counselors in the rehabs and probation officers. A sample size of 149 respondents comprising of 127 JD, 13 trainers, 5 probation officers, 2 counselors and 2 administrators of the Eldoret and Kakamega rehabs participated in the study. Saturated sampling catered for the delinquents, probation officers, rehab administrators and trainers. Research instruments that were used in this study included questionnaires, interview schedule and document analysis. A Pilot study was carried out to ascertain validity and reliability of the instruments and a reliability coefficient of 0.7 was deemed acceptable. Descriptive statistical tools and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Study findings showed that life skills training had a positive and significant effect on behaviour modification. This implies that life skills training is an important tool in bringing discipline among juvenile delinquents and for overall rehabilitation programmes which can enhance behaviour modification. There is therefore need for psychotherapeutic intervention at both individual and group level for delinquents so that they can change their behaviour. There is thus need for life skill training so as to reduce violence, aggression, and destructive behaviour in adolescents. Thus there is need for psychotherapeutic interventions for behaviour modification of delinquents in Kenyan rehabilitation centers.
Relevance of Experiential Learning in the Training of Extension Agents in Nigeria: A Proposal (Published)
Extension agents have been described as essential backbones for extension services. The efficiency of the activities of extension agents as multi-purpose staff is determined by the quality of the training received. In other words, for extension agents to excel in service delivery opportunities must be given for training and retraining in the current trends and issues experientially in extension work. It is against this background that this paper proposes the kind and the nature of training for Nigerian extension workers. To this end, the paper examines the nature of extension work, role and qualities of extension agents, overview of extension agents training in Nigeria with a view to determining the kind of training that will facilitate their work as multi-purpose change agents. The paper concludes that curriculum of Adult and Non-formal Education in Nigerian higher institution of learning should reflect current trends in extension services and be made relevant to the real life situation to enable extension agents discharge their responsibilities as multi-purpose workers. Also opportunities for retraining through seminars, conferences, workshops, etc should be made available to practising extension workers.
In the rural areas of Pakistan, farmers mostly use their family labor including women for production of crop. Rural women are very active in diverse agricultural activities (i.e. pre-harvest, post-harvest). Women from poor households engage in a variety of income-generating and expenditure-saving activities. They are twice as likely as men to be involved in agriculture related activities. Pakistani rural women lagging behind as compared to other developed country women due to many reasons like lack of training programme about new techniques of crop production, lack of resources, little support by agricultural extension services etc. Therefore, the present study is designed to assess the training needs of the rural women in crop production Karor Lal Eson, District Layyah, which will be helpful for extension organizations to develop their future strategies for rural women. A sample of 120 female respondents was selected randomly from Tehsil Karor Lal Eson, District Layyah through multistage random sampling technique. The results of the study revealed that a large majority (70.8%) of the respondents were illiterate. A simple majority (50.8%) of the respondent spent 2 to 4 hours in land preparation and sowing practices. While about one-fifth (19.2%) of the respondents spent 2 to 4 hours in broad casting of seed/fertilizer. However, in crop production activities including broadcasting of seed/fertilize (mean= 3.35), plant protection (mean= 3.52), thinning (mean= 2.84) and grading of seeds (mean= 2.81) they were less competent and need to educate and train about these tasks.
Motivation and Teachers’ Performance in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State (Published)
This study investigated motivation and teachers’ performance in selected secondary schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design of an ex-post facto type. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire tagged “Teachers’ motivation and performance in secondary schools”. The questionnaire was validated and the Cronbach’s alpha was 0.81 while the reliability was confirmed at 0.78 using a split-half correlation coefficient. Research questionnaires were administered to two hundred (200) teachers that were randomly selected from four major (4) administrative zones in LGA but only one hundred and eighty-seven (187) were adequately filled and used in the analysis. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regression statistical methods. The findings of this study reveal a significant positive relationship between teachers’ job performance and motivation in ensuring quality education in secondary schools (r = .567; p>.05). The study also indicated that reward system, professional training and development, work situational factors accounted for 10.4%, 29.1%, and 13.9% respectively of the variance in the motivation of teachers in public secondary schools. It was therefore concluded that the importance of motivation in the day-to-day performance of teachers cannot be overemphasized, especially when it comes to being rewarded for a job done and being happy on the job. It was recommended that for higher performance as well as for employees to have sense of belonging, Management must introduce Management By Objective (MBO) approach so that all staff will take part and be able to contribute meaningfully to the development of the organization.
Training Of Human Resources and Job Satisfaction (Published)
This paper presents the results of a quantitative survey conducted in 278 primary school teachers (teachers and kindergarten teachers) in the prefecture of Ilias with the aim of exploring their views on the impact of training on job satisfaction. In addition, it was investigated whether these views differ according to gender, age, seniority, marital status, specifity (primary school teacher or kindergarten teacher), type of employment relationship (permanent, deputy) and service area (urban area, suburban area, rural area). Τhe research results showed that the majority of participants recognize the contribution of training to job satisfaction mainly indirectly. It is also worth mentioning that a great percentage of the respondents of the survey answer in a neutral way on several items of the questionnaire (neither agree nor disagree). These views appear to be statistically significantly different, on the basis of most predefined variables.
Investigation of the Views of Administrative Officials on the Necessity of Their Participation in Training Programs (Published)
This paper attempts to investigate the views of the administrative officials of the Municipality of Larissa on their participation in training programs relating to their competencies. In specific, it investigates whether they consider training necessary, the reasons why they choose to be trained and the issues in which they feel they need to be trained. The analysis of the findings highlights, first of all, the great need for training officials. The most important reasons are considered to be the acquisition of new knowledge and skills and the addressing of shortcomings, to allow them to solve problems of their daily working life. As regards the subjects covered by the training, they primarily select programs related to the organisation and administration of local government services and to the interpretation of the legislative framework.
The Influence of Education and Training on Employee Working Productivity at PT. Nusantara IV Kebun Marjandi (Published)
The Influence of Education and Training on Employee working productivity at PT. Nusantara IV Kebun Marjandi is a study with a sample of 30 people who are determined randomly. The problems in this research are: Do education and training have a significant effect on work productivity? And the research purposes: 1. to find out the effect of education on the work productivity of the employees, 2. to find out how the effect of training on the employees’ work productivity. The research hypothesis: 1. Education affects the work productivity of the employees, 2. The training has a significant effect on the work productivity of the employees, 3. Education and training have significant effect on the work productivity of the employees. Multiple regression technique is used to analyze the data. From the research results, it is found that education and training have a significant effect on the work productivity of the employees. Work productivity is 68% explained by education and training, while the remaining 32% is explained by other factors which are not included in the model.
The current trend in human resource management underlines the main role of a leader in motivating employees and helping them develop in the respective skills and talents. Researches and studies in the field of human resource management and organizational culture have indicated that effective and successful leaders are those who are exceptional motivators and coaches. In this paper the researcher defines coaching, identifies its skills, techniques, tools, objectives in addition to the major differences and similarities with other approaches such as counselling and mentoring.
Some Solutions Developing the High Quality Human Resources of the Education and Training in Dong Nai Province (Published)
Education and training play an essential role in the preservation, development and continuation of human civilization. In the era of scientific and technological revolution nowadays, education and training are becoming the main motive force for the developmental acceleration and considered as a determining factor for the success or failure of a nation in international competitions and for the success of each individual in his life… The purpose of this study is to Systematize theoretical issues related to the development of high quality human resources.; to analyze the current situation of human resources development is the staff of teachers and pupils in Dong Nai province in recent years; to propose some solutions to develop high quality human resources is the contingent of teachers and pupils in Dong Nai province in the coming time. The study results showed that the researcher had survey and research on the quality of human resources in Dong Nai province, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the quality of human resources. Data collected from 2013 to 2014 for the teachers and pupils in Dong Nai province. In addition, the researcher had some groups of solutions mainly aim at developing high quality human resources in the field of education and training in Dong Nai province.
The Effectiveness of Training on Time Management Skill Due To Relaxation Techniques upon Stress and Achievement among Mutah University Students (Published)
The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a training program on time management skills due to relaxation techniques upon stress and achievement among a sample of students in Mutah University. The subjects of this study were assigned randomly into two groups: an experimental group which consisted of (38) students who received the training program and a control group which consisted of (37) students who did not receive any kind of training. The stress scale and achievement scores were kept for both groups; before and after exposing to the program. To test the hypotheses of the study; means, standard deviations and Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) were computed. The results revealed significant differences between the means of the two groups on the total scores of stress in favor of experimental group, which indicated the effectiveness of the training program in reducing the level of stress, while there is no effect for the groups upon achievement. Furthermore, the results show no significant differences in the effect of gender or the interaction between gender and treatment. (Keywords: time management, stress, relaxation, achievement and college students).
Management Training and Development: A Leadership Strategy to Performance Management and Job Satisfaction in Kenyan Universities (Published)
Kenya’s university lecturers are generally highly educated. Their capacity to carry out their mandate effectively and their recognition as essential assets to society and world – class institutions depend on their training, experience, commitment and quality of their productivity (Republic of Kenya, 2007). Specific mechanisms ought to be put in place to address the lecturers’ wellbeing, to ensure their motivation, retention and productivity. The author of this paper opines that university management is tasked with the responsibility of facilitating their staff training and development in order to bridge any existing gaps or shortcomings and sharpen their skills. The rationale for training in the work context being to better hone the abilities or skills of the individual and satisfy the short and long term manpower requirements of the organisation. This paper thus focuses on management training and development as a strategic tool to performance management and job satisfaction among Kenyan universities. The study employed convergent parallel mixed methods design with census, random and systematic sampling techniques to select the respondents. Purposive sampling was also used to select information-rich cases. A target population of 2,773 members of university management and lecturers in the chartered public and private universities with their main campuses in Rift Valley Region of Kenya was considered from which a sample of 605 participants was obtained. Questionnaires, interview and document analysis guides were used for data collection. Qualitative data was thematically analysed while quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent-samples t-test, One-way ANOVA and regression coefficients, with the use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. The study found that training and development exhibited the strong association with lecturers’ job satisfaction and performance management in the selected Kenyan Universities. For attainment of higher levels of job satisfaction and performance, the study recommended enhancement of training and development programmes in the Universities.
Training and Development Strategies on Employee Commitment in Kenya: Quantitative Analysis Approach (Published)
Employee training is intended to provide an opportunity for advancement and may be perceived as the organization values their employees and their sense of self-worth, therefore will result to building a stronger affective commitment. Thus also resulting to a function of close psychological attachment to the organization and its goals, (McElroy, 2001). The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of employee training and development strategies on employee commitment. The research hypotheses for the study were; Ho1 training and development opportunities have no significant effect on employee commitment. The study employed a case study research design that was conducted at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital. The target population was three thousand two hundred (3200) respondents were targeted because that was the group highly affected by commitment and turnover issues in the organisation. A sample size of 340 was extracted from the target population and the sampling techniques used were stratified sampling. Data was analyzed using Multiple regression analysis was performed to test the hypothesized relationships. Based on the observed correlation results, training and development (β = 0.134, p<0.05) indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between employee training and development opportunities and employee commitment. This implies that the perceived empowerment of employees by the hospital was likely to impact positively on their commitment to the hospital.
The Effectiveness of the Training Programs on Employees performance: An empirical study at private sector companies in Saudi Arabia (Published)
Human resource is the lynchpin of any organization; either non-profit or profit oriented. Without people, an organization cannot exist. Attention on the people and the meeting of their needs is important to achieve corporate objectives.In this rapidly changing world, the management and achievement of employee’s performance is gradually become more challenging and multi-tasking in an organization. There are continuous efforts and strategies lying down by many organizations to accomplish their objectives and also achievements of excellence by gaining competitive advantage. On the other hand employees are required to be creative, competent, innovative, flexible, and trained enough to handle the information effectively. Performance of employees is affected by different factors at work place. Job performance assesses whether a person performs a job well. Employee performance indicates the effectiveness of employee’s specific actions that contribute to attain organizational goals.This study aim to investigate the effectiveness of the training programs on employee’s performance at Saudi Arabia’s private sector. The study is an analytical study in order to find out the effectiveness of the training programs on employee performance. The researcher designed and distributed 250 questionnaire forms where he retrieved 230 forms and excluded 30 forms due to the lack of information which means overall sample is 200. The result indicated that all the variables are positively correlated to each other also the total average value for domain reality of training was 3.47 which fall in the range of Likert scale between (3.41- 4.20), which also reflect the respondents agree with private sector companies provide effective training programs matching up with their expectations however there are some respondents disagreed about the comprehensiveness of training material and trainer motivate their trainees.The total average value for domain role of training programs for improving the employee’s performance