Tag Archives: Technology

Markets and Language Policy in Saudi Arabia: How the English Language Can Contribute to the Success of the Saudi Vision 2030 (Published)

Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 is a major transformation plan built around three themes: “a vibrant society, a thriving economy, and an ambitious nation” (Vision 2030). The proposed economy requires an education system aligned with market needs. This can only happen if the vision recognizes that long-term economic growth in the twenty-first century is mostly knowledge-based (Kearney and Young, 1995). Here the researcher provides an overview of the potential for English language to contribute to the success of the Saudi Vision 2030. To achieve this, I review the literature addressing the economy during the industrial age and its transition to a knowledge-based economy. Also, I review the current state of language education in Saudi Arabia. Based on the findings, the researcher proposes that language education in Saudi Arabia will need to be improved and that language policy in education in Saudi Arabia is restructured, with focus on the financial markets

Keywords: Education Policy, Industiral Age, Knoweldge-Based Economy, Language and Markets, Technology, Vision 2030

Skills in Basic Science and Technology for Local Technology and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria (Published)

With the broad search for skills to drive the home grown local technology in developing countries like Nigeria, Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) in the new Curriculum for Basic Science and Technology, encourages teachers to lead their students to identify entrepreneurial skills in Basic Sciences. This study is one of the efforts to determine such skills in Basic Sciences and Technology for Local technology and entrepreneurship. The research took place in one of the biggest cities in a flourishing State in Nigeria with 120 students (30 each), randomly selected from four secondary schools. The validated prime instrument for the descriptive survey design was questionnaire. The data was analyzed using inferential statistics. The researcher made recommendations that could answer the usual local and global question of “Where next is technology driving the local entrepreneurial?”

Keywords: Basic Science, Entrepreneurship, Skills, Sustainable Development, Technology, local technology

Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)

This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what  are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.

Keywords: Curriculum, Evaluation, Modernisation, Science, Social Studies, Students, Technology, University

Review Of Operational Constraints Responsible For Benue Cement Company’s Inability to Achieve Strategic Business Mission and Objectives (Published)

This study is a critical review to determine the operational constraints responsible for Benue Cement Company Plc’s inability to achieve its strategic business mission/objectives, which led to its takeover by Dangote Cement Plc as its subsidiary plant. The research method adopted is an analytical, historical and descriptive survey analysis. Primary and secondary sources of data were used for the study. The instrument use for data collection was a five point Likert scale questionnaire designed to meet the research objectives for the study. 308 participants were used for the study. Analyses of data and result from literature and empirical reviews suggests that: BCC Plc had these operational constraints: low capacity utilization, weak liquidity, erratic public power supply, higher prices of petroleum products, re-capitalization, high operating and distribution cost; inability to meet customer demand ; production and distribution inefficiency, inadequate spare parts, raw materials scarcity, management inability to manage its business opportunities and threats, incessant plant breakdown, which resulted in occasional shift in brand preference . The research conclude that BCC Plc’s management lacked good sense of urgency in managing the company’s operations to survive, grow, remain competitive and profitable to achieve   strategic business mission and objectives in its business operations.

Keywords: Benue Cement Company Plc, Capacity Utilization, Operations, Strategic Business Mission, Technology, theory of Constraints

The Influence of Access to Finance and Government Policies on the Growth of Small and Micro-Enterprises Growth in Kenya (Published)

Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries and Kenya in particular face numerous challenges in their path to growth and expansion. Despite the many startups and government effort to improve the regulatory and institutional framework in Kenya, most SMEs do not evolve into medium enterprises. This paper sought to determine influence of access to finance and government policies on the growth SMEs in Kenya. The research design employed in this study was the descriptive cross sectional design that used a purposive survey. The study targeted SMEs situated in Nairobi City and operating in four sub-sectors of the economy namely: transportation and storage; accommodation and services activities; information and communication; financial and insurance activities; and professional, scientific and technical activities. A total of 395 SMEs were sampled using stratified technique and response rate registered was 88.1%. Primary data were collected through questionnaires administered on owners and managers of SMEs by the researcher by way of structured interviews. Data analysis procedures were carried out and the data coded before running the initial summaries in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Chi-square test of association at a 5% level of significance was used to explore the relationship between variables. The study found out that, access to finance is a critical factor in the establishment, development and growth of the SME sector. The financial system although relatively developed in Kenya is still skewed towards the established businesses. Despite the focus on policy on development of SMEs, it was found out that, government policies had the least influenced on the growth of SMEs. Consequently, there is need for review of the banking capital requirement rules to allow more banks to operate in the market. There should be use of the established mobile money technology platforms to allow individuals to directly purchase treasury bills for transparency in the financial market. This will have a positive impact on the interest spread and allow cheaper credits to private sector especially the SME sector. There is need for specialized financial institutions funded by government and development partners that will house all the government special funds destined for the SME sector.

Keywords: Capital, Government Policies, SME, Technology

Improving Teaching of English Language through ICT for National Curriculum Consciousness: Limitations of Teachers in Nigeria (Published)

In Nigeria today, almost all human endeavours have imbibed the culture of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to boost the process of activities, but education sector is yet to optimally utilize the multidimensional opportunities inherent in computer use in pedagogy as it is done mostly in the western world. This review has identified the use of computer by developing software to teach English language contents. Teachers’ motivation has also been located as one of the indices that can improve teachers’ utilization of ICT facilities to achieve the pedagogical goals. Lack of existing localised programme and software plus dearth of computer in Schools, coupled with insufficient knowledge of computer use among practitioners have been identified as limiting factors to the use of ICT by Teachers. It is recommended that the training and retraining of teachers on ICT is very pertinent in achieving optimal goal of ICT utilization among teachers in Nigerian Schools.

Keywords: English Language, Information, Technology, communication

Modern Roles of Saudi Teacher in Developing Higher-Order Thinking Skills among Learners for Meeting the Challenges of the Age of Technology and Knowledge Explosion (Published)

The present study aimed to identify the modern roles of Saudi teacher in the development of higher-order thinking skills to meet the challenges of the age of technology and knowledge explosion. To achieve the study objectives, the descriptive-survey method was adopted. Two questionnaires were prepared: The first one measure higher-order thinking skills that should be developed among learners to meet the challenges of the age of technology and knowledge explosion and the second measures the modern roles for the Saudi teacher to develop higher-order thinking skills. The tools were applied to (216) teachers from Abha. The study showed that the most important challenges are the speed of the production of knowledge, the spread of technology as well as the speed and intensity of the exchange of information and knowledge and the growing knowledge of electronic control and globalization, cultural and national identity, and changing the concepts and methods of human life. The participants agreed on all higher-order thinking skills that should be developed among learners. The participants’ agreement on all modern roles of the Saudi teachers for the development of higher-order thinking skills was high. There are no statistically significant differences at the significant level (0.05) between the means of responses attributed to the variables of (gender- specialization- years of experience- qualification- the educational stage)

Keywords: Challenges, Technology, knowledge explosion, teacher roles, thinking

A Case for Government-Industry Policy on Inventory Management Technology for Enhanced Productivity and GDP Growth Rate in Nigeria (Published)

Today’s development is not possible without advanced technology. In the area of manufacturing, technology is quickly changing the way in which stock is handled and controlled for enhanced productivity. Sophisticated information gathering systems can track items from the purchase order to the final customer on the sales chain. Automation can dramatically impact all phases of inventory management, including counting, monitoring, recording and retrieval of items, storage location; recording changes to inventory; and anticipating inventory needs, including inventory handling requirements. The manufacturing and retail industries, worldwide, have created standards to take advantage of new technologies and computerized systems such as the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), barcodes, vending machines, warehouse technology management system, etc. All these provide accurate inventory information on a constant basis thus, enhance organisation’s productivity and increase its competitive edge over companies that are slow to take advantage of these new technologies. Finding the position of Nigerian manufacturing firms in this equation was the major focus of the study. Results indicated poor performance. Based on that, a case for government-industry policy framework that will make it mandatory for manufacturers in Nigeria to use technology-based inventory management system for enhanced productivity and GDP growth was made by the authors.

Keywords: GDP growth, Industry Policy, Inventory Management, Productivity, Technology

Taking Proactive National Development In Its Strides: A Speculative Peep At Emerging Trends In Science And Technology Education As A Sure Panacea (Published)

This paper seek to make a brief account on the nature of Basic Science and Technology, it equally has interest in a systematic exposition of selected issues in integration in order to shed light into dangerous and treacherous concepts and solicit support for the reasons not beyond “a productive and reliable science and technology for national development”.

Keywords: Education, Emerging Trends, National Development, Science, Technology

Technology in Classrooms: Tools, Advantages, Barriers, Attitudes and Resources Limitation (Published)

This paper provides a roadmap to the use of technology in classrooms. The paper gives a clear understanding of technology use in classroom education. Moreover, the paper explains the main advantages of technology for both students and teachers in addition to barriers faced by them and their attitudes toward using technology.

 

Keywords: Classroom, Technology

Overview of Technology Use in Middle School Education (Published)

This paper gives an overview of technology use in middle school education. The paper provides a clear understanding of technology integration and educational technology. The paper answers the question of why to use the technology in middle schools. Moreover, it tells about the effective use of technological devices and the best teaching practices when it comes to technology. Finally, with all the advantages technology brings to middle school, the paper also highlights the disadvantages of using technology.

Keywords: Classroom, Education, Technology

Assessment of Digital Economic Trade on Consumer (Published)

Increasing volumes of e-trade contribute to motivation of consumers to obtain commodities and services in electronic space. At the same time, upsurge of e-trade determines rising scopes of shadow economy in respect of favorable conditions for traders and service providers to operate in e-space evading taxpaying. The purpose of the article is to identify the factors of digital shadow consumption. In order to fulfill the defined purpose, the empirical research – survey of consumers (e-trade participants) – was performed. The research of the scientific literature has revealed that thus far the problem of consumers’ participation in digital shadow economy has been basically analyzed focusing on the impact of e-payment systems on shadow economy. Nevertheless, the rapid spread of e-services determines the changes in the concept of shadow economy itself. It remains indistinct which features indicate whether economic activities performed in e-space should be accounted or not. Widely exploited e-spaces such as social network platforms, alternative future currencies, e-trade systems, cyber computer games or online gambling terminals generate turnover of real money (or its electronic equivalent), which is not officially accounted. The problem raised in this article is highly topical for Lithuania, where online networks as well as mobile connection systems are comparatively advanced (with reference to the data of Lithuanian Department of Statistics, the number of households possessing a computer and the Internet access made over 65% in 2013). Intense exploitation of advanced IT technologies and online networks is considered as a breeding ground for generation of digital economy, a part of which is presumed to be digital shadow. The results of the research have revealed that the most significant factors of digital shadow consumption include lower prices of products and services in digital black markets, unfavorable economic situation in the country, technological advancement, IT advantages, time saving obtaining a product/service in the local market and lack of opportunities to obtain a desired product in the local market. The majority of the consumers neither verify the status of a trader nor request (or not always request) purchase confirmation documents, which highly contributes to motivation of an illegal trader to maintain e-activities unregistered, this way escaping revenue taxation.

 

Keywords: Consumer, E-trade, Economic, Electronic, Market, Technology

Current Issues and Challenges in the Acquisition of Office Technology and Management Skills (Published)

It is a well-established fact that advances in technology has affected different professions with a view to meet global trends in higher productivity, speed, networking and excellent packaging. Accomplishing the routine tasks with machines is known as automation. Hence this paper accesses how secretaries have used as a panacea to accelerate their success in the workplace. Their basic activities affected includes: reprography, word processing, organization of meetings amongst others. The paper revealed certain products of automation like: printing, book keeping, payroll, forms management. It also highlighted major challenges of lack of funds, insecurity as having bedeviled office automation. Recommendations made included that secretaries and office technology managers should constantly be retrained to sharpen their equipment handling capacity. It was therefore concluded that it was inevitable for business concerns to continue these changes to enable their secretaries reshape their products to meet global standards.

Keywords: Acquisition, Management Skills, Office, Technology

Government-Industry Policy on Inventory Management Technology for Enhanced Productivity and GDP Growth Rate in Nigeria (Published)

Today’s development is not possible without advanced technology. In the area of manufacturing, technology is quickly changing the way in which stock is handled and controlled for enhanced productivity. Sophisticated information gathering systems can track items from the purchase order to the final customer on the sales chain. Automation can dramatically impact all phases of inventory management, including counting, monitoring, recording and retrieval of items, storage location; recording changes to inventory; and anticipating inventory needs, including inventory handling requirements. The manufacturing and retail industries, worldwide, have created standards to take advantage of new technologies and computerized systems such as the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), barcodes, vending machines, warehouse technology management system, etc. All these provide accurate inventory information on a constant basis thus, enhance organisation’s productivity and increase its competitive edge over companies that are slow to take advantage of these new technologies. Finding the position of Nigerian manufacturing firms in this equation was the major focus of the study. Results indicated poor performance. Based on that, a case for government-industry policy framework that will make it mandatory for manufacturers in Nigeria to use technology-based inventory management system for enhanced productivity and GDP growth was made by the authors.

Keywords: GDP growth, Industry Policy, Inventory Management, Productivity, Technology

Uses of Information and Communication Technology in Teaching and Learning of Clothing and Textiles in Ebonyi State University (Published)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the uses of information and communication technology in teaching and learning. Clothing and textile in Ebonyi State University Abakiliki, Nigeria. Two specific objectives with two null hypotheses guided the study. Design of the study was a survey. The population consisted of 106(10 staffs and 96 students of Home Economics Education). There was no sampling because the population was manageable. Questionnaire was used for data collection while frequency and mean statistics where used to analyze the data. Result revealed that I.C.T such as computer and projectors are not used in the teaching and learning of clothing and textile in Ebonyi State University Abakiliki. There is no significant difference between mean level of staff and students of Home Economics education on the uses of computer and projector in teaching and learning of clothing and textile in the area of study. It was recommended among others, that there should be at least one computer and data projector in each classroom and the entire classrooms should be equipped with smart boards.

Keywords: Clothing, Information, Technology, Textiles, communication

Perceptions of Teachers on the Use of Computers to Teach Mathematical Hyperbolic Graphs at Grades 10 To 12 (Published)

This study explores the perceptions of teachers on the use computers in the teaching and learning of graphs in Mathematics. A comprehensive review of extant literature showed that there are multiple benefits of using computers in the study of Mathematics. This qualitative study involved the soliciting of research data from participating teachers through use of the interview schedule. 9 teachers integrating computers in teaching were purposively selected from the sampled schools owing to their possession of rich information for the treatise. Findings indicated that learners and teachers enjoy using computers in the teaching and learning of Mathematics. The study recommends that the Ministries of Higher Education and Basic Education collaborate to ensure computers are integrated in all possible subjects, to particularly benefit Mathematics as a subject and that teaching Mathematics using computers be an established culture from early grades.

Keywords: Computer, Hyperbolic Graph, Mathematics, Technology

Intelligent Building Design and Sustainable Architectural Technology for National Transformation (Published)

Africans have lived intelligently for centuries and this is no less evident in their intelligent abodes which for all intent and purposes served its usefulness as shelter from the elements and functional space and also as a safe and comfortable environment for the body and by extension the mind / soul, therefore it would be wrong to see the temporary nature of many traditional buildings as epitomizing an unstable, and unsure society. For many societies, survival was dependant on preserving a delicate balance of forces and treading and re-treading a path worked out empirically over many generations. Each generation had to reassert the way and pass on the method to the next. This paper intends to lightly examine the demonstrations of intelligent building (design) by Africans in the past and attempt to show a careful selective emulation of such practices from the past can hopefully contribute toward National Transformation or at least the dawning of a National transformation agenda. This may allow us a nation an opportunity to look inward, backward and innately at the lessons of the past to enable us project to the future in order to deal with the present.

Keywords: Intelligent, Intelligent Building Design, National, Technology, Transformation

Correlates of Internet Use among Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)

Internet is a new technology in Nigeria that is desirable to be used among secondary school students. Students are in love with internet because any kind of information on any topic is available on the internet. With fast and vast information exchange occasioned by globalization, efforts are being made towards providing caution on students’ use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and internet in particular. This study aims at analyzing the use of internet among secondary school students in Nigeria. The paper discusses the following correlates – internet as a concept, characteristics of secondary school students, problems of adolescents, positive and negative effects of internet use among students and the strategies to reduce the negative effects of internet use.

Keywords: Education, Globalization, Internet, Nigeria, Students, Technology

Negative Impacts of Technology in Nigerian Society (Published)

Technology has been evolving since the foundation of the world, from the mastery of fire by man to supercomputers, the electronics and nuclear weapons of the twenty first century and the most recent includes the print, telephone and the internet. These recent technologies have improved communications on a global scale in various areas such as advanced economy, development of destructive weapons, unwanted by-products, and privacy encroachment. Questions have been raised on whether technology improves the society or worsens its existence. This paper investigated the opinion of people on the age range who mostly use modern technology about the negative effects of technology on Nigerian society. The study used questionnaire to gather data from students of higher institution in Rivers State. These students come from different states of the federation, thus making the sample representative of Nigerian society. It was discovered that the problem is technological addiction which leads to isolated generation, over reliance, and obsession. This paper argued that over usage of modern technology or inappropriate usage yields negative effects on the user and advised that users should be self-disciplined when using them.

Keywords: Addiction, Internet, Mobile Phone, Negative effect, Social Network, Technology

The Effects of Globalization on Nigerian Youths and the Economy (Published)

The style of information dissemination throughout the world this time has made the word globalization a common process of bringing the whole world together. As it stands now the information of any event at any part of the world gets to Nigeria or any other part of the world in a very short time. Therefore globalization has come to improve the process of communication and advancement in technology. The fast movements of goods and services, economic liberalism, scientific inventions and discoveries have reduced the large world to a global village. Nigeria as a developing country cannot shy away from globalization, since the country has been exposed to both the negative and positive effects of globalization. The objective of this article is to identify the effects of globalization on the Nigerian youths and the economy. It recognized the good opportunities of globalization, and suggests ways of eliminating the negative effects of globalization. The author reviewed existing literatures on the concepts of globalization and development

Keywords: Economy, Globalization, Nigeria, Productivity, Technology, Youth

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