Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) Education: A Catalyst for Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Nigeria (Published)
Equipping learners with the 21st century skills is the current pursuit of nations of the world wishing to maintain global leadership and cutting-edge economic competitiveness. These nations now see Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education as an option for equipping their up-coming generations with problem solving skills and potentials for becoming innovators and entrepreneurs of tomorrow. This paper explains the concept of Nigerian economic recession and its remote causes. It also explains the STEM education as a meta-discipline which is taught as an integrated subject abroad but is yet to take root in Nigeria. The author presents STEM education as the foundation for innovation, entrepreneurship and work place skill required to boost the economy of Nigeria so as to diversify her economy from oil dependence and combat youth unemployment. It concludes with suggestions of what Nigeria ought to do at this time to reposition STEM education to achieve economic recovery.
With the tremendous advancement in computer-assisted language learning (CALL), English language instructors have started an exciting journey of utilizing modern technological applications to equip students with the necessary tools to boost their language skills. The current study aimed at exploring the university English language instructors’ perceptions of the optimal use of technology in an EFL context as many teachers misconceive the philosophy behind the integration of technology and overestimate the value of using technology without considering its relevance, necessity and applicability. Therefore, Technology, Pedagogy and Content Knowledge (TPACK) model was used to investigate the instructors’ beliefs and practices relevant to language teaching through technology. Data were collected through a questionnaire and a semi-structured interview. One hundred and sixty-four English instructors, from different Saudi universities, participated in the study. The findings of the study revealed that instructors who merely seek the blind application of technology regardless of content, students’ needs, learning styles, and methodology will cease to be pedagogically effective. The findings will pave the way for reshaping the instructors’ teaching beliefs, practices and approach of integrating technology in an EFL class. The study highlighted the importance of developing the instructors’ technological skills that are needed to launch new applications and providing concrete examples of how to successfully integrate technology in language instruction.
Gender Metamorphoses in the Use of ICT Tools: A Case Study at Offinso College of Education (Published)
The role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education cannot be overemphasized, hence teachers as agents of education are expected to acquire the essential skills to help train the 21st century child to survive in the current competitive and technologically driven world. The study aimed at the impact of ICT on Male and Female student-teachers in Colleges of Education in Ghana. The Mixed research design which takes into consideration the various factors that influence ICT access and usage in Colleges of Education was used. It outlines the various factors that militate against successful integration of ICT tools in teaching and learning. The extent to which student-teachers are embracing technology in their learning have been analysed. The study used questionnaire and participatory observation of classroom activities to collect data from hundred and forty (140) Student-teachers at Offinso College of Education. The findings show no significant difference in access and usage of ICT tools among male and female student-teachers. The study revealed lack of technical support and maintenance as a significant impediment to the development of ICT in the College of education. However, there was no significant difference in access and use of ICT tool since student-teachers share similar backgrounds.
This paper invites the readers to rethink the relationship between online dispute resolution (ODR) and traditional dispute resolution mechanisms: alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and courts. To date, ODR has been viewed as a niche area, appropriate where traditional avenues are unavailable or inefficient. This paper explores the potential role of ODR even where traditional avenues for dispute resolution exist. In particular, the paper highlights the qualitative contribution ODR can have. Even where ODR is not employed as a means for resolving conflict, it can inspire change in the design of traditional means for dispute resolution. These traditional avenues have suffered from an accountability deficit and have tended to adopt rigid molds that resist learning and improvement. ODR, in particular due to its automatic recording of rich data on resolution communications in digital format, has the potential for enhancing both accountability and learning. The paper explores these qualities and suggests some of the ways in which traditional dispute resolution mechanisms could amend old habits and ingrained practices to strengthen their accountability and drive learning in the spirit of ODR.
Digitization entails the conversion of traditional library materials such as printed books and papers into digital formats where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This paper discussed digitization of library resources, process, and challenges at the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The article outlined the advantages of digitization and further revealed some hurdles that prevent effective digitization in Nigerian academic libraries with particular reference to FUTO library. These challenges include among others: inadequate funding, erratic power supply, lack of modern infrastructure, lack of skilled staff and nonchalant attitude of departments. Also, the paper explored efforts made so far by the management of FUTO library in addressing the challenges of digitization.
Contextual Factors’ Moderating Effect on Internal Audit Function and Business Performance Relationship in Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria (Published)
The paper focused on the moderating effect of corporate culture, size and technology on the relationship between Internal Audit function and Business Performance. Thirty-two (32) quoted manufacturing companies constituted the study sample. Data collection was done by means of questionnaire. Pearson’s partial correlations, aided by the statistical package for social sciences was adopted for the analysis of data. It was found that corporate culture and organizational technology positively moderates the influence of internal audit function on business performance whereas, regarding organizational size it was found that it does not influence the relationship between internal audit function and business performance. In conclusion, the more manufacturing firms’ culture place increasing value on accountability, the more their internal audit function positively influence business performance. Also, the more sophisticated and audit oriented the manufacturing firms’ technology tends to be the more internal audit function tends to positively impact on business performance. It was recommended that firms should encourage corporate values to guide employee behaviour on issues of accountability and transparency and manufacturing companies should procure modern technological infrastructure that enhances audit function and tracking of intended and unintended derivations’ and wrong usage and misrepresentations in business operations.
This paper is an effort to explore the impact of technology in the context of Teaching English to Students of Other Languages (TESOL). At first, it analyzes the background of the evolving field of technology in English language teaching. Second, it delineates the growth of English through technology. Third, it explains the various necessities of technology in teaching English. After that, it highlights the possible disadvantages of technology. Next, it explains the importance of striking a balance between technology and traditional teaching and learning. Finally, the researcher concludes that a judicious and balanced use of technology can procure the desired pedagogic outcome in the TESOL classroom.
Markets and Language Policy in Saudi Arabia: How the English Language Can Contribute to the Success of the Saudi Vision 2030 (Published)
Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 is a major transformation plan built around three themes: “a vibrant society, a thriving economy, and an ambitious nation” (Vision 2030). The proposed economy requires an education system aligned with market needs. This can only happen if the vision recognizes that long-term economic growth in the twenty-first century is mostly knowledge-based (Kearney and Young, 1995). Here the researcher provides an overview of the potential for English language to contribute to the success of the Saudi Vision 2030. To achieve this, I review the literature addressing the economy during the industrial age and its transition to a knowledge-based economy. Also, I review the current state of language education in Saudi Arabia. Based on the findings, the researcher proposes that language education in Saudi Arabia will need to be improved and that language policy in education in Saudi Arabia is restructured, with focus on the financial markets
Skills in Basic Science and Technology for Local Technology and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria (Published)
With the broad search for skills to drive the home grown local technology in developing countries like Nigeria, Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) in the new Curriculum for Basic Science and Technology, encourages teachers to lead their students to identify entrepreneurial skills in Basic Sciences. This study is one of the efforts to determine such skills in Basic Sciences and Technology for Local technology and entrepreneurship. The research took place in one of the biggest cities in a flourishing State in Nigeria with 120 students (30 each), randomly selected from four secondary schools. The validated prime instrument for the descriptive survey design was questionnaire. The data was analyzed using inferential statistics. The researcher made recommendations that could answer the usual local and global question of “Where next is technology driving the local entrepreneurial?”
Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.
Review Of Operational Constraints Responsible For Benue Cement Company’s Inability to Achieve Strategic Business Mission and Objectives (Published)
This study is a critical review to determine the operational constraints responsible for Benue Cement Company Plc’s inability to achieve its strategic business mission/objectives, which led to its takeover by Dangote Cement Plc as its subsidiary plant. The research method adopted is an analytical, historical and descriptive survey analysis. Primary and secondary sources of data were used for the study. The instrument use for data collection was a five point Likert scale questionnaire designed to meet the research objectives for the study. 308 participants were used for the study. Analyses of data and result from literature and empirical reviews suggests that: BCC Plc had these operational constraints: low capacity utilization, weak liquidity, erratic public power supply, higher prices of petroleum products, re-capitalization, high operating and distribution cost; inability to meet customer demand ; production and distribution inefficiency, inadequate spare parts, raw materials scarcity, management inability to manage its business opportunities and threats, incessant plant breakdown, which resulted in occasional shift in brand preference . The research conclude that BCC Plc’s management lacked good sense of urgency in managing the company’s operations to survive, grow, remain competitive and profitable to achieve strategic business mission and objectives in its business operations.
The Influence of Access to Finance and Government Policies on the Growth of Small and Micro-Enterprises Growth in Kenya (Published)
Small and Micro Enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries and Kenya in particular face numerous challenges in their path to growth and expansion. Despite the many startups and government effort to improve the regulatory and institutional framework in Kenya, most SMEs do not evolve into medium enterprises. This paper sought to determine influence of access to finance and government policies on the growth SMEs in Kenya. The research design employed in this study was the descriptive cross sectional design that used a purposive survey. The study targeted SMEs situated in Nairobi City and operating in four sub-sectors of the economy namely: transportation and storage; accommodation and services activities; information and communication; financial and insurance activities; and professional, scientific and technical activities. A total of 395 SMEs were sampled using stratified technique and response rate registered was 88.1%. Primary data were collected through questionnaires administered on owners and managers of SMEs by the researcher by way of structured interviews. Data analysis procedures were carried out and the data coded before running the initial summaries in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Chi-square test of association at a 5% level of significance was used to explore the relationship between variables. The study found out that, access to finance is a critical factor in the establishment, development and growth of the SME sector. The financial system although relatively developed in Kenya is still skewed towards the established businesses. Despite the focus on policy on development of SMEs, it was found out that, government policies had the least influenced on the growth of SMEs. Consequently, there is need for review of the banking capital requirement rules to allow more banks to operate in the market. There should be use of the established mobile money technology platforms to allow individuals to directly purchase treasury bills for transparency in the financial market. This will have a positive impact on the interest spread and allow cheaper credits to private sector especially the SME sector. There is need for specialized financial institutions funded by government and development partners that will house all the government special funds destined for the SME sector.
Improving Teaching of English Language through ICT for National Curriculum Consciousness: Limitations of Teachers in Nigeria (Published)
In Nigeria today, almost all human endeavours have imbibed the culture of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to boost the process of activities, but education sector is yet to optimally utilize the multidimensional opportunities inherent in computer use in pedagogy as it is done mostly in the western world. This review has identified the use of computer by developing software to teach English language contents. Teachers’ motivation has also been located as one of the indices that can improve teachers’ utilization of ICT facilities to achieve the pedagogical goals. Lack of existing localised programme and software plus dearth of computer in Schools, coupled with insufficient knowledge of computer use among practitioners have been identified as limiting factors to the use of ICT by Teachers. It is recommended that the training and retraining of teachers on ICT is very pertinent in achieving optimal goal of ICT utilization among teachers in Nigerian Schools.
Modern Roles of Saudi Teacher in Developing Higher-Order Thinking Skills among Learners for Meeting the Challenges of the Age of Technology and Knowledge Explosion (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the modern roles of Saudi teacher in the development of higher-order thinking skills to meet the challenges of the age of technology and knowledge explosion. To achieve the study objectives, the descriptive-survey method was adopted. Two questionnaires were prepared: The first one measure higher-order thinking skills that should be developed among learners to meet the challenges of the age of technology and knowledge explosion and the second measures the modern roles for the Saudi teacher to develop higher-order thinking skills. The tools were applied to (216) teachers from Abha. The study showed that the most important challenges are the speed of the production of knowledge, the spread of technology as well as the speed and intensity of the exchange of information and knowledge and the growing knowledge of electronic control and globalization, cultural and national identity, and changing the concepts and methods of human life. The participants agreed on all higher-order thinking skills that should be developed among learners. The participants’ agreement on all modern roles of the Saudi teachers for the development of higher-order thinking skills was high. There are no statistically significant differences at the significant level (0.05) between the means of responses attributed to the variables of (gender- specialization- years of experience- qualification- the educational stage)
A Case for Government-Industry Policy on Inventory Management Technology for Enhanced Productivity and GDP Growth Rate in Nigeria (Published)
Today’s development is not possible without advanced technology. In the area of manufacturing, technology is quickly changing the way in which stock is handled and controlled for enhanced productivity. Sophisticated information gathering systems can track items from the purchase order to the final customer on the sales chain. Automation can dramatically impact all phases of inventory management, including counting, monitoring, recording and retrieval of items, storage location; recording changes to inventory; and anticipating inventory needs, including inventory handling requirements. The manufacturing and retail industries, worldwide, have created standards to take advantage of new technologies and computerized systems such as the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), barcodes, vending machines, warehouse technology management system, etc. All these provide accurate inventory information on a constant basis thus, enhance organisation’s productivity and increase its competitive edge over companies that are slow to take advantage of these new technologies. Finding the position of Nigerian manufacturing firms in this equation was the major focus of the study. Results indicated poor performance. Based on that, a case for government-industry policy framework that will make it mandatory for manufacturers in Nigeria to use technology-based inventory management system for enhanced productivity and GDP growth was made by the authors.
Taking Proactive National Development In Its Strides: A Speculative Peep At Emerging Trends In Science And Technology Education As A Sure Panacea (Published)
This paper seek to make a brief account on the nature of Basic Science and Technology, it equally has interest in a systematic exposition of selected issues in integration in order to shed light into dangerous and treacherous concepts and solicit support for the reasons not beyond “a productive and reliable science and technology for national development”.
Technology in Classrooms: Tools, Advantages, Barriers, Attitudes and Resources Limitation (Published)
This paper provides a roadmap to the use of technology in classrooms. The paper gives a clear understanding of technology use in classroom education. Moreover, the paper explains the main advantages of technology for both students and teachers in addition to barriers faced by them and their attitudes toward using technology.
This paper gives an overview of technology use in middle school education. The paper provides a clear understanding of technology integration and educational technology. The paper answers the question of why to use the technology in middle schools. Moreover, it tells about the effective use of technological devices and the best teaching practices when it comes to technology. Finally, with all the advantages technology brings to middle school, the paper also highlights the disadvantages of using technology.
Assessment of Digital Economic Trade on Consumer (Published)
Increasing volumes of e-trade contribute to motivation of consumers to obtain commodities and services in electronic space. At the same time, upsurge of e-trade determines rising scopes of shadow economy in respect of favorable conditions for traders and service providers to operate in e-space evading taxpaying. The purpose of the article is to identify the factors of digital shadow consumption. In order to fulfill the defined purpose, the empirical research – survey of consumers (e-trade participants) – was performed. The research of the scientific literature has revealed that thus far the problem of consumers’ participation in digital shadow economy has been basically analyzed focusing on the impact of e-payment systems on shadow economy. Nevertheless, the rapid spread of e-services determines the changes in the concept of shadow economy itself. It remains indistinct which features indicate whether economic activities performed in e-space should be accounted or not. Widely exploited e-spaces such as social network platforms, alternative future currencies, e-trade systems, cyber computer games or online gambling terminals generate turnover of real money (or its electronic equivalent), which is not officially accounted. The problem raised in this article is highly topical for Lithuania, where online networks as well as mobile connection systems are comparatively advanced (with reference to the data of Lithuanian Department of Statistics, the number of households possessing a computer and the Internet access made over 65% in 2013). Intense exploitation of advanced IT technologies and online networks is considered as a breeding ground for generation of digital economy, a part of which is presumed to be digital shadow. The results of the research have revealed that the most significant factors of digital shadow consumption include lower prices of products and services in digital black markets, unfavorable economic situation in the country, technological advancement, IT advantages, time saving obtaining a product/service in the local market and lack of opportunities to obtain a desired product in the local market. The majority of the consumers neither verify the status of a trader nor request (or not always request) purchase confirmation documents, which highly contributes to motivation of an illegal trader to maintain e-activities unregistered, this way escaping revenue taxation.
Current Issues and Challenges in the Acquisition of Office Technology and Management Skills (Published)
It is a well-established fact that advances in technology has affected different professions with a view to meet global trends in higher productivity, speed, networking and excellent packaging. Accomplishing the routine tasks with machines is known as automation. Hence this paper accesses how secretaries have used as a panacea to accelerate their success in the workplace. Their basic activities affected includes: reprography, word processing, organization of meetings amongst others. The paper revealed certain products of automation like: printing, book keeping, payroll, forms management. It also highlighted major challenges of lack of funds, insecurity as having bedeviled office automation. Recommendations made included that secretaries and office technology managers should constantly be retrained to sharpen their equipment handling capacity. It was therefore concluded that it was inevitable for business concerns to continue these changes to enable their secretaries reshape their products to meet global standards.