Tag Archives: Teaching

Plan Implementation in Teaching-Learning Observations: Management Implications for Diagnostic Supervision of Secondary Schools in Calabar, Nigeria (Published)

Instructional leadership may affect much innovation only if plan implementation can be properly monitored for improved educational outcomes and expectations. Therefore, this study explored plan implementation in Teaching-Learning Observations (TLOs) and its implications for diagnostic supervision of secondary schools in Calabar, Nigeria. The justification of this study was to determine the power of prediction of instructional plan design and plan monitoring on qualitative teacher education programme for professionalism. A descriptive survey design study was adopted with two research hypotheses to guide the investigation. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 200 teachers out of 590 teachers. Data was collected using researcher designed questionnaire. Percentages, population t-test and multiple regression analysis were applied to statistically analyze data collected. Results obtained revealed that instructional plan implementation could determine the magnitude of teaching-learning observations in the secondary schools studied. It was concluded that proper plan design and plan monitoring were critical conditions which could guarantee better educational outcomes and professionalism. It was recommended that participatory effort should be encouraged among teachers to maintain critical path of quality instructional service delivery for the achievement of diagnostic supervision.

Keywords: Diagnostic, Learning, Plan, Supervision, Teaching

Contribution Of Information Communication Technology To Effective Teaching And Learning Of Agricultural Science In Some Selected Public And Private Secondary Schools In Ibadan North East Local Government In Oyo State (Published)

This study investigates contribution of information communication technology to effective teaching and learning of agricultural science in some selected public and private secondary schools in Ibadan North East Local Government in Oyo State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted and a total population of one hundred (100) students and twenty (20) teachers; fifty (50) students from Ten (10) of the public and private secondary schools respectively and Ten (10) teachers from Ten of the public and private schools were randomly selected for the study. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect information and a simple percentage and frequency count was used to analyses the collected data also the 4 point likert scale analysis was used to identify various contribution of ict to effective teaching and learning of agricultural science among both the teachers and students in the study area. The results of the findings showed that the use of computer technology in teaching and learning of agricultural science makes the subject more simple, understandable and improves the understanding of the students. It also revealed that students do not have adequate access to Information and Communication Technology ( ICT)  facilities in their schools except on their phones. Furthermore, the finding showed that majority of the private secondary schools are using computer technology effectively. In-service training on the use of computer technology and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) should be organized for the teachers and students in public secondary schools by the government.

Keywords: Agricultural Science, Ibadan, Information Communication Technology, Learning, Nigeria, Public and Private Secondary Schools, Teaching

Teaching English as a Foreign Language: The Case of Saudi Arabia (Published)

This paper aims to describe English language teaching as a foreign language in Saudi Arabia. It highlights the nature of the curriculum, teaching procedures and materials. The paper critically reviews the teaching methods, qualifications in addition to concepts related to culture and society.

Keywords: English, Learning, Method, Saudi Arabia, Teaching

Second Language Learning and Teaching: Literature Review (Published)

English nowadays is becoming a second language in many countries over the world. This paper tries to provide a description of the concept English language teaching and learning. The paper reviews different methodologies of teaching English in the education system.   

Keywords: English, Learning, Method, Teaching

Application of Stress, Rhythm and Intonation in the Speech of Erei-English Bilinguals (Published)

The study investigated the handling of the supra-segmental features among Erei speakers of English. A survey questionnaire was administered to 150 respondents in selected secondary schools under study. The subjects were grouped by age into three: 10-12 years, 13-15 years and 16 years and above. Two research questions were formulated to direct the course of the study. Data were analysed in five sections through the application of four gradable items: SA – strongly agree, A – agreed, D – disagreed and SD – strongly disagreed. Findings showed that the prosodic features such as stress, rhythm and intonation are the basis for intelligibility than the individual segments, but the teaching of the features received less attention in the class as well as the teachers in the study did not have a good command of the prosodic features in their spoken English. The provision of well-designed curriculum and syllabus, oral textbooks with targeted supra-segmental features, well-equipped libraries and language laboratories, the introduction of radio and television language programmes and on-the-job training and retraining of teachers in spoken English were suggested to help solve the problem of intelligibility among the Erei people as L2 users of English in Nigeria.   

Keywords: Bilinguals, Erei-English, Intelligibility, Rhythm, Speech, Stress, Teaching

Post-Test Learning Result After Using Teaching Learning on Negotiation Text Based on Problem For X Grade Students At Senior High School 19 Medan (Published)

Teaching material of negatiation text writing developed contains theory and the steps in writing negatiation text adapted with the student’s environment, the examples of negotiative text, visual picture about negotiative text closing to students’life, so it more interest and can motivate the students to write. In this research, researcher designs the teaching material namely module that is valid used by teacher and students in learning process based on student’s characteristic and potensial in the school. teaching material based the form is differentiated into four types, namely printed teaching material, listening teaching material, audio visual teaching material and interactive teaching material. The use of teaching material of negotiation text based on problem is more effective to improve student’s learning. It shows that the result of student’s learning taught uses the module developed higher than the student’s result that is not taught by using module or only text book at Senior High School 19 Medan, Indonesia.

Keywords: Negotiation Text, Post-Test Learning, Students, Teaching

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Facilities for the Teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional facilities and material for the effective teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State technical colleges. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. It was a survey research design and the entire population of Basic Electricity technical teachers together with their SSII and SSIII students with a total of 150 were used.  Due to this size of the population no sampling was carried out. Instrument for data collection was a structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of stability 0.86. The questionnaire were distributed by hand and also collected back after completion with the help of three research assistants. Frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question one while mean ratings were used to answer the second research question. The hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics. The findings revealed that many vital facilities and materials are not available while some available ones are not even effectively utilized for the teaching of Basic electricity. It was therefore recommended that all stake-holders should contribute financially and materially to enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity.

Keywords: Availability, Basic Electricity, Instructional Materials, Teaching, Utilization

Multicultural Education and Process of Teaching and Learning of Dance in Indonesia (Published)

The goal of this paper is to explore and offer a form of multicultural education through the teaching and learning of dance in Indonesia. The result of the study reveals that the teaching and learning of dance can form multicultural characters as well as humanized character like stated in previous research (Sutiyono, 2010). This formation of character is important along with the rising number of conflict and violence in Indonesia. On the rising violence and conflict, People often blame education which is believed that it fails to cope with the problem. Education fails in building multicultural generation. In the other hands,  Indonesia has potential cultures to be explored into countless heritage. This paper explores ideas on the potential of teaching and learning of dance to be used to build multicultural education in Indonesia.

Keywords: Learning, Teaching, arts, dance, multicultural education

Availability and Utilization of Instructional Facilities for the Teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the availability and utilization of instructional facilities and material for the effective teaching of Basic Electricity in Ebonyi State technical colleges. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. It was a survey research design and the entire population of Basic Electricity technical teachers together with their SSII and SSIII students with a total of 150 were used.  Due to this size of the population no sampling was carried out. Instrument for data collection was a structured and validated questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of stability 0.86. The questionnaire were distributed by hand and also collected back after completion with the help of three research assistants. Frequency counts and percentages were used to answer research question one while mean ratings were used to answer the second research question. The hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics. The findings revealed that many vital facilities and materials are not available while some available ones are not even effectively utilized for the teaching of Basic electricity. It was therefore recommended that all stake-holders should contribute financially and materially to enhance the effective teaching of basic electricity.

 

Keywords: Availability, Basic Electricity, Instructional Materials, Teaching, Utilization

Teaching Metacognitive Skills for the Promotion of Self-Regulated Learning among Secondary School Students in Nigeria (Published)

The dwindling good performances of students in both private and public examinations call for a serious concern among every individual especially the stakeholders in the education sector. More worrisome is the yearly poor performances of students in public examinations in all subjects. The remedy for this situation is by employing the metacognitive skills. The students need to be taught the metacognitive skills to help them regulate their learning. Metacognition is higher order level of thinking that aids learning. The three skills involved in metacognition: planning, monitoring and evaluation when effectively taught will in no small measure promote self-regulated learning that will enhance students’ performances in all examination. It is against this backdrop that this study is carried out to highlight the importance of teaching metacognitive skills to promote self-regulated learning among secondary school students in Nigeria.

Keywords: Metacognitive Skills, Nigeria, Self-Regulated Learning, Teaching, secondary school students

The Yemba Language (Cameroon): 90 Years of Tone Orthography (Published)

Yemba is one of the Cameroonian national languages that has been taught and written for 90 years. From a diachronic perspective, a lot of efforts have been made regarding the standardisation of this language, particularly the tone orthography. Despite achievements related to the awareness of the tonal phenomenon, the graphic representation of tones and the routes to handle the tone orthography, there remains a real challenge on the issue, namely designing efficient standard spelling norms. More so, important lessons can be drawn from the historical review of tone orthography in the Yemba language.

Keywords: Linguistic Research, Orthography, Teaching, Tone, Yemba

Teaching of Listening Skills in Kiswahili Language: Instructional Strategies Used By Secondary Schools Teachers in Wareng Sub-County, Kenya (Published)

This study investigated the influence of the instructional process on the teaching and acquisition of listening skills in Kiswahili language. Based on the study, this paper examines the type of instructional strategies used by secondary school teachers in the teaching of listening skills in Kiswahili language. The study was based on two theories, the theory of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) as advanced by Widdowson in 1978 and the Top-down theory propounded by Mendelsohn in 1995. A sample of 13 secondary schools was purposively selected from a total of 41 secondary schools in Wareng’ Sub-County. Thirteen (13) teachers and 130 Form Two learners of Kiswahili formed the study sample. The study was a descriptive survey since it set out to discover, describe and interpret existing conditions focusing on secondary school teachers of Kiswahili and Form Two learners. The research instruments used to collect data were two sets of interview schedules and an observation schedule. The 13 teachers were interviewed whereas the 130 learners participated in Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). Moreover, 13 Kiswahili lessons were observed and tape-recorded. Tape-recording was used to record data during observations while note taking was used during the focus group discussions and one-on-one interviews. Analyzed data was presented using frequency tables, percentages, graphs and charts. The study revealed that poor teaching strategies used in the teaching process contribute heavily to poor levels of acquisition of listening skills. In view of the findings, the study recommends that teachers of Kiswahili should build into their classrooms listening activities that have as much of the characteristics of real life listening as possible. In particular, there should be a purpose for listening that should be known before the listening activity commences. This paper is significant in that it seeks to provide impetus for Kiswahili language educators, teacher trainers, curriculum designers and the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) to re-examine their policies on teaching listening skills.

Keywords: Instructional Strategies, Kenya, Kiswahili language, Listening Skills, Teachers, Teaching

Factors Affecting the Inculcation of Moral Behaviour in Youths within Families in Ohaozara Local Government Area Ebonyi State (Published)

The study focused on the factors affecting the inculcation of moral behaviour in youths within families in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The objectives of the study focused on ascertaining how socio-economic factors, modern technology, environment and peer group influence affect the inculcation of moral behaviours in youths in Ohaozara Local Government Area. Four research questions guided the study. Two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using chi-square. The area of the study was Ohaozara local government area of Ebonyi state. The population of the study was made up of nine thousand, nine hundred and eight parents. The sample size of the study was two hundred and fifty parents drawn randomly from the three communities in Ohaozara Local Government Area. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions.  Findings of the study revealed that moral decadence affects students’ academic performance. It also revealed that good guidance and counseling are good strategies for restoring morality among youths within families. The following recommendations were made; 1. Parents should check the environment in which they raise their children as environment affects the moral behaviour of youths. 2. There should be adequate and proper home training for children in the society. 3. The youths’ access to modern technology should be monitored by parents.

Keywords: Behaviour, Families, Moral, Teaching, Youth

Preponderance of ICT in Fine Art (Visual Art) Teaching And Learning In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of human endeavours. The impact of ICT on various fields of human endeavour such as medicine, tourism, business, law, banking, engineering and architecture over two or three decades has been enormous. But when one looks at the field of education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence of ICT and far less change than other fields have experienced. In other words, though ICT has begun to have presence in education, its impact has not been as extensive as in other fields (Collins, 2002). Education is a social oriented activity, and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Garrison and Anderson (2003) opine that the application of ICTs in the teaching-learning process can enhance the quality of education in several ways such as increasing learner motivation and engagement, facilitating the acquisition of basic skills, and enhancing teacher training. Since Fine Art is one of the major subjects being offered at all levels of education; that is the primary, secondary and tertiary institutions, its relevance and sustenance in the 21st century requires the adequate application of ICTs like video tapes, television and multimedia computer software that combine text, sound and colorful moving images which can be used to provide challenging and authentic content that will not only engage the student in the learning process but as well make learning concrete.

Keywords: Fine (Visual) Art, ICT, Learning, Preponderance, Teaching

Status of Teaching Pre-Vocational Subjects in the Junior Secondary School Level (Agricultural Science and Home Economics) (Published)

This work assessed the status of teaching pre-vocational subjects in junior secondary school level. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The population of the study was 2916, while the sample for the study was 215 pre-vocational teachers and agricultural science and home economics students. The study was carried out in Afikpo Education Zone Ebonyi State. Four purposes of study and two hypotheses guided the study. The instrument used for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire. The instrument was validated by 3 experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined by the use of cronbach alpha, and the reliability coefficient was 0.84. the data for the study was collected by the researchers and the research assistants. Research Question 1 and 2 were analysed using percentages while research question 3 and 4 were analysed using mean and standard deviation and the hypotheses were tested using t-test statistics. Based on the analysis, the following findings emanated among others; 92% of the teachers were qualified, the school administrations co-operates in teaching of pre-vocational subjects, instructional materials were available for teaching of pre-vocational subjects. It was recommended among others that the teachers should adopt demonstration and project methods instead of story methods in teaching of pre-vocational subjects.

Keywords: Junior Secondary Schools, Pre-Vocational Subjects, Status, Teaching

Development of a Computer-Aided Instruction for Effective Teaching of Electrical and Electronic Devices at Nigeria Certificate in Education Technical Level in North Eastern Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of this study was to develop a Computer-Aided instruction (CAI) for teaching Electrical and Electronic Devices at N.C.E. level in North Eastern Nigeria. A flowchart for the CAI was developed by describing the steps in words and representing them by symbols. Connections between events were represented by lines with arrowheads to show the direction or order in which they occur. The CAI was developed and written in visual Basic.Net (VB, NET) targeting the .Net framework 3.5. The user interface was developed using Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF). Procedural programming was used and the CAI was tested by using it to teach an experimental group (S1), while control group (S2) was taught using lecture method. The results obtained from the two groups were then compared. Two research questions and one null hypothesis guided the study. A population of 268 students was used. A total of 80 students formed the sample for the study. A purposive sampling technique was used. A researcher-made achievement test (RMAT) was used as instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by five experts and pilot tested outside the study area in order to establish its reliability. Reliability coefficient of 0.92 was obtained for the RMAT. The mean was used to answer research question two. Z-test was employed to test the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17 was used for the data analysis. Results of the study revealed that there was variation between the mean scores of students taught Electrical and Electronic Devices at N.C.E. II level using CAI and students taught using lecture method. The null hypothesis was rejected, indicating that there was a significant difference between the mean achievement of students taught Electrical and Electronic Devices at N.C.E. II level using CAI and students taught Electrical and Electronic Devices at N.C.E. II level using lecture method. Students taught using CAI performed better than the students taught using lecture method. The CAI was found to be effective in teaching Electrical and Electronic Devices at N.C.E. II level. It was recommended that lecturers of electrical and electronics technology at N.C.E. level be encouraged to use CAI in teaching N.C.E. II Electrical and Electronic Devices.

Keywords: Computer Aided Instruction; Effective, Development, Electrical and Electronics Technology, N.C.E. Programme., Teaching

Status of Teaching Pre-Vocational Subjects in the Junior Secondary School Level (Agricultural Science and Home Economics) (Published)

This work assessed the status of teaching pre-vocational subjects in junior secondary school level. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The population of the study was 2916, while the sample for the study was 215 pre-vocational teachers and agricultural science and home economics students. The study was carried out in Afikpo Education Zone Ebonyi State. Four purposes of study and two hypotheses guided the study. The instrument used for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire. The instrument was validated by 3 experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined by the use of cronbach alpha, and the reliability coefficient was 0.84. the data for the study was collected by the researchers and the research assistants. Research Question 1 and 2 were analysed using percentages while research question 3 and 4 were analysed using mean and standard deviation and the hypotheses were tested using t-test statistics. Based on the analysis, the following findings emanated among others; 92% of the teachers were qualified, the school administrations co-operates in teaching of pre-vocational subjects, instructional materials were available for teaching of pre-vocational subjects. It was recommended among others that the teachers should adopt demonstration and project methods instead of story methods in teaching of pre-vocational subjects.

Keywords: Junior Secondary Schools, Pre-Vocational Subjects, Status, Teaching

Impediments to Effective Improvisation of Instructional Materials for Teaching Electrical Installation Works In Ebonyi State Technical Colleges (Published)

This study investigated the impediments to effective improvisation of instructional materials for teaching Electrical Installation Works (EIW) in Ebonyi State Technical Colleges. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study with a population of 192. Sampling was not carried out because the population was manageable. Thirty item structured questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Three experts established the face validity of the instrument while 0.95 was its reliability coefficient obtained through test-re-test method with Pearson Product Moment Correlation to ensure its measures of stability. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while students t-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed thirteen critical impediments resulting from EIW teachers’ characteristics and seventeen critical impediments due to environmental and situation forces surrounding EIW programme implementation. It was then recommended that Ebonyi State Government should ameliorate these impediments urgently to forestall their consequences.

Keywords: Effective, Electrical, Impediment, Improvisation, Installation work, Teaching, Technical College

Effect of Using Spreadsheet in Teaching Quadratic Functions on the Performance of Senior High School Students (Published)

The study employed a quasi-experiment design to evaluate the effect of using Spreadsheet Instructional Method as compared to a Conventional Method on students’ performance in quadratic functions. Lessons delivered with both approaches employed a guided discovery; a mix of direct instruction and hands-on activities in a context in which mathematics learning have been deep-rooted in teacher-centred approaches of teaching. Interviews and teacher made achievement test were used to collect data from senior high school students in Ghana. Data was analysed using paired sample t-test and analysis of covariance for the achievement test whereas interviews were transcribed and coded using data reduction technique. The study showed that the Spreadsheet Instructional Method served a useful pedagogical approach, impacted more on the students’ performance and has the potential of improving teaching and learning mathematics in Senior High schools. The use of the spreadsheet made lessons more practical and interesting; gave students greater opportunities to verify results and make links between spreadsheet formula, quadratic functions and graphs. In spite of its potential, the study recognized that for spreadsheet to be effective in teaching mathematical concepts, a mix of direct instruction and hands-on activities should guide the lesson development and delivery.

Keywords: Education, Quadratic Functions, Spreadsheet, Students, Teaching

Teachers Perception on Ways of Improving the Teaching of Social Studies in Onueke Education Zone (Published)

This study investigated Teachers perception on ways of improving the teaching of Social Studies in Onueke Education Zone. The purpose of the study was to specifically ascertain teaching techniques that could improve the teaching of Social Studies in Onueke Education Zone, find out if some evaluation techniques could improve the teaching of Social Studies. The design of the study was a descriptive survey research. The population of the study comprised 100 Social Studies teachers in Onueke Education Zone. Two research questions and two hypotheses were designed and tested to guide the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “teachers perception on ways of improving the teaching of Social Studies (TPWITSS) in Onueke Education Zone. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and chi-square (X2). Findings from the investigation revealed that respondents accepted all items on the questionnaire significantly improve the teaching of Social Studies, evaluation techniques significantly improve the teaching of Social Studies.

Keywords: Improving, Nigeria, Perception, Social Studies, Teachers, Teaching

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