The object of research is Eco-Tourism in protectad areas and its Sustainable Development Challenges. It should be noted that national parks and protected areas have huge potential for ecotourism development. Its goal is to conserve ecosystems and create environmental awareness between people. Sustainable tourism means the duty of the society to provide the protection and maintenance of the environment for the future generations.We should realize what does ecologically sustainable environment means for the development of tourism and what part in this case plays eco-tourism as one of the main part of the development of the sustainable tourism. So, as to provide sustainable economy for tourism, tourist sustainability is needed. During the sustainable development of tourism the resources should be used so as to satisfy economic, social and esthetic needs, but at the same time maintain the originality of the country. The main biological variety of the environment and the main tourist systems, the stable development of tourism should provide social, cultural, ecological and economical criteria of harmonic mixture, which will give us not only maintenance of natural and cultural resources, but will become the predominance of their development and renovation.
Sustainable Tourism Development In Egypt: Peroposed Sustainable Integrated Design Matrix Study (Published)
The government hasn’t provide the required development projects patterns up till now؛ that can achieve urban sustainable tourism development in Egypt, so a distinctive quality and touristic feature can be found. As the importance of the regional and urban planning clear on one hand, and the development of tourism on the other hand to make good use of the multi and varied tourism fundamentals and to keep for the tourism, the historical and the environmental characteristics of tourism development areas in Egypt؛ where sustainability of urban tourism development can be achieved. The research aims to find out the role of integrated development projects in achieving plans and projects of urban development and sustainable tourism for achieving the most appropriate criteria standards recommendations which must be provided in these projects, achieving its sustainability. The study relied on several approaches (1) Descriptive approach (2) Deductive Methodology (3) Casestudy approach. The study found out the failure reasons of achieving urban sustainability for tourism development projects in Egypt. It also found out the feasibility of these integrated tourism development projects in the urban tourism development in Egypt and its role in achieving sustainable development through a methodology for measuring the most important elements for their success.
Keywords: Geographical Differences, Integrated Tourism Development Projects, Planning, Political Decision-Making, Regional Planning, Regions Problems, Sustainable tourism, Urban Development Indicators, Urban Settlements, resources
SERVICE QUALITY LEVEL AND THE PERCEPTION OF CUSTOMERS: A STUDY ON NIJHOOM TOURS – A 5* RATED TRAVEL AND TOURISM COMPANY IN BANGLADESH (Published)
The study investigates and measure the service quality level of Nijhoom – through SERVQUAL-model statements that means that we measure customer expectations and customer perceptions and make a comparison between different areas of service given by the organization. (Parasuraman et al, (1990), to do this Five-Point Likert Scale has been used to survey on tourists. The study actually reveals the state of service quality level and the customer perception on this service and whether the service quality level, its standard and customer perceptions are able to increase market share in the industry and be able to make a strong brand image. The current study aims to analyze the performances of The Nijhoom Tours by focusing on the SERVQUAL dimensions. The main purpose of the study is to measure the service quality level of customers and their perceived value of the services given by the Nijhoom Tours. The study also has the objective to find out and analyze the service gaps.as well as on the basis of service gaps and other findings, a comprehensive recommendations will be given. The study found that different service quality and dimensions bound customers to perceive service quality differently and its service quality level is moderate though it is leading company in the country. So the company should analyze the customer expectations first and then it should make a diagram so that the company can give the best services to the customers
Keywords: Competitive Advantage. Customer expectations, Customer perceptions, Customers’ Satisfaction, Public-Private Partnership, SERVQUAL-model., Service Quality Dimension, Sustainable tourism, Tourists Behavioral Patterns
Tradeoff Between Tourism and Environment: A Case Study of Kashmir Valley (Review Completed - Accepted)
Kashmir is not any rich oil producing or highly privatized metropolitan business state, but its ecology is its economy, it sustains the major clan of livelihood. The outcomes of the analysis show that the Valley Kashmir has a tremendous potential to absorb tourism, but at the same time the results propose that tourists should not be allowed beyond the carrying capacity of the area which means to promote sustainable tourism. The study focuses biophysical carrying capacity which deals with the extent to which the natural environment is able to tolerate external interference. Environmental degradation increases the vulnerability of people in Kashmir to natural disasters. The impact of environmental degradation threatens the basis for growth of tourism industry and livelihoods of people of Kashmir today and in the future. Considering the Kashmir valley which is primarily a mountainous region and hence an entirely sensitive area, significantly negative impacts are produced by even the slightest negative aspects attached with tourism industry operating in Kashmir. The environment should be used such that the future generation may not inherit pollution and resource depletion but instead reap the benefits. Environmental gains cannot be ignored as they do not provide direct income and tangible wealth. For increasing human welfare we have to set environment at priority.
Tourism Product Development, a Strategy of Managing Plastic Solid Waste in Dandora, Nairobi, Kenya (Published)
Contemporary art tourism is new in Kenya but it is considered as old as tourism itself because for centuries many societies had already given much appreciation for the arts and culture. Recycling of plastic materials is being encouraged because of the negative effects plastic products do have on the environment all over the world. The objective of the study is to find out whether contemporary art as a form of sustainable new tourism product will help in managing plastic waste at Dandora dumpsite in Nairobi, Kenya. The study looked at new tourism product development and the importance of innovation in establishing tourism products in Kenya. A semi structured questionnaire and interviews were used to collect data from representative stakeholders. The results indicated that plastic waste affects the lives of many negatively and recommends sustainable measures of contemporary art by recycling the plastic waste