Demystifying the Blame Game in the Delays of Graduation of Research Students in Universities in Ghana: The Case of University for Development Studies (Published)
Research students` thesis is a fundamental component of the University life after completion of their course work. Post graduate research students of the University for Development Studies (UDS) are expected to complete their programme within two years and three years for masters and PhD regular respectively but are mostly not able to do so due to delays in thesis write-up. Since its inception, the University has made strides in graduate studies. Regrettably however, graduate students have consistently complained of not graduating on record time. This has been a source of worry with the resultant blame games as to who actually contributes to the delays in thesis completion and graduation. The foregoing debate is the underlying motivation for this article as it tries to bring to the fore the reasons behind the delays of research students in not graduating on record time in UDS. This study adopted qualitative case study methods to collect and analyze data. Post graduate research students; delayed from graduation, continuing students, supervisors/administrators and graduated research students constituted respondents for this paper. Primary and secondary sources of data were employed for the study. Purposive sampling was adopted to sample 25 participants spread across gender, type of programme and mode of study. Findings revealed that successful completion of the thesis work had a direct bearing on a harmonious relationship built on trust, cooperation and hard work between the student and supervisor. Also, it was found out that supervisors were assigned more students to be supervised than they could have sufficient time and attention for. On the other hand, research students were found to combine work with their studies that limited the time they spent on their thesis thereby leading to the delay completion and graduation. The study therefore concluded that both students and supervisors contributed to the delay in graduation of research students in the university. The researchers recommended that enrolment into post-graduate programmes in the university should be reduced to match the number of qualified and experienced lecturers/supervisors available for graduate studies so as to make supervision of research work more manageable and that management of the university should sanction students who by their own making fail to graduate on record time from their programmes.
Purpose: This research paper aims to examine the Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning. Design/Methodology/Approach: Keeping in view the objectives the University Motivated Environment factors has been taken. The study sample of 300 students randomly selected from different departments of Albaha university. The use of the likert scale and a questionnaire containing 35 items related to the university motivated factors were used to measure the impact. Popular statistical T-test ANOVA was applied by using SPSS software highlighting more detailed findings of the study. Findings: The results shows that students are not satisfied with the university motivated learning environment because the services and support provided by the university related to Library, Computer, Parking, Cafeteria, Bus, Air Conditioning, Sports, Lab equipments, Cleanliness, Light, Guidelines, Track Complaints, Website, Internet Wi Fi environment, Training and placement, Update curriculum according to need of Industry, Scholarships, Sufficient number of staff to serve students, Recruiting staff according to the need of students, etc are not proper or given which affect students learning environment. Statistical analysis shows that Hypotheses is accepted in all cases. Originality/value – The value of this research is that the university will improve the services from which students are not satisfied.
The Impact of Learning Motivation Strategy on the Academic Achievement of the Southern Ghor District Students in English Language (Published)
This study aims at identifying the impact of learning motivation strategy on the academic achievement of the Southern Ghor District students in English language as well as the response of the Southern Ghor students to new and unfamiliar learning strategies and the identification of the Southern Ghor district teachers use of modern learning strategies. The population of the study was represented by the secondary stage students of the Southern Ghor district where a random sample of (50) students was chosen from that population. Of the most important results produced by the study was the existence of statistically significant effect of using learning motivation strategies on the academic achievement of the students. The study presented several recommendations most importantly holding educational training courses for the secondary stage teachers explaining the significance of learning motivation and ways of stimulating their students for learning through the available strategies which fit in the surrounding environment of their schools
An Approach to Understand the Internal Enrollment Criteria of Students’ For Higher Education in Private Universities of Bangladesh (Published)
The main objective of this research is to identify the internal enrollment criteria of students for higher education at private universities in Bangladesh. A structured questionnaire was used to survey the opinions of 1,000 students who are enrolled at various private universities in Bangladesh. The researchers conducted various statistical analyses such as descriptive statistics, chi-square test and multiple regression to analyze the survey responses and identified a number of key findings pertinent to the internal enrollment criteria of students at private universities. The study reveals that the common factors of students’ enrollment are teaching quality, instruction medium, campus size, campus location, resident facilities, transport facilities, canteen facilities, and separate common room facilities and so on for students.
Plagiarism Is A Crime: Towards Academic Integrity in Higher Educational Institutions in Ghana (Published)
Admittedly, students’ academic plagiarism comes in different forms. Surprisingly, little is known about the most common form of student’s plagiarism due to inadequate research. This study was aimed to fill this knowledge gap by empirically examined the most common forms of students’ academic plagiarism in the Wa municipality of Ghana. The choice of the study sitting was influenced by the increasing educational activities in the area. The population of the study comprised of all tertiary students in the municipality. The positivist (quantitative) research design was deployed. Convenience sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents. Data for the study were elicited from both primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires were the main interment used in gathering primary data. The constructs for the questionnaires were adopted from Sentleng and King (2012) which was modified to address the objectives of the study. The data were analyzed with the aid of Predictive Analytics Software (PASW). The results were presented using Means (M), Standard Deviations (SD), Relative Important Index (RII) and Chi-square Test. The study revealed the most frequent forms of students plagiarism as follows: Invented or altered data (M=4.16, SD= 0.9), Writing an assignment for your friend (M=4.10, SD=0.9),Copy a text without acknowledgement (M=4.05, SD=1.3), Submitted someone’s work without their permission (M=3.41, SD=1.4), Paraphrased without acknowledging the source (M=2.41, SD=1.7), Summarizing a text without acknowledgement (M=2.73, SD=1.4).Chi-square Test revealed that there is a significant difference between Gender and age of students (χ2 -value = 17.98, df =3, p-value<0.05). Moreover, there is significant difference between religion and age (χ2 -value = 6.55, df =3, p-value=0.05). It is concluded that the most common forms of plagiarism among the students were paraphrased without acknowledging the source (Patchworks), Copy a text without acknowledgement, Invented or altered data (Sham),imitating friends work (Pastiches) and. Training on academic writings need to be intensified.
The Impact of Informational Influence for Reference Groups on Student Selection of Private Universities in Jordan (Published)
The present study is an effort to explore the impact of informational influence for reference groups on students’ selection of private universities in Jordan. To achieve this aim, a survey was constructed and conducted to collect the required data from students. About 480 questionnaires were distributed at two private universities in Amman. Descriptive analysis, test of reliability, factors analysis, and regression analysis were used in this study. The findings of the study show that three factors were produced by factor analysis as follows; family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders. These three factors were used in regression analysis; results show that family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders influence the students’ selection of private universities
Extent of Hand Washing Practice among Secondary School Students in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)
High incidence of diarrhoeal diseases has been noted among secondary school students in Nigeria. The place of contaminated hands in the transmission of these diseases especially living quarter with close proximity like schools has been observed. These diseases can be prevented if students wash their hands with running water and soap. This cross-sectional survey was designed to determine to what extent secondary school students in Ebonyi State practice proper handwashing. The sample comprised 420 male and female students in both junior and senior classes selected through a multi-sampling method from government schools, located in both urban and rural area of the Ebonyi State were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 3-point scaled, 18-item self-structured questionnaire eliciting responses on extent of handwashing with soap and running water in 15 situations requiring handwashing. Face validation of the instrument was obtained by the judgement of 5 experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha, which yielded 0.862 reliability coefficient. The copies of the questionnaire were distributed among the students at an agreed upon time with the school by trained research assistance. The extent of handwashing practice was determined using the criterion means of 2.01-3.0 as high extent, 1.01-2.0 as low extent and 0.1-1.0 as very low extent. T-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The extent of handwashing was found to be low among secondary school students with a mean score of 1.31. It was found that male students practice handwashing significantly higher than their female counterparts and that there was no significant difference in handwashing practice of student by level of study of students and by location of residence of the students. The findings of the study have implications for the handwashing campaign in Nigeria, the health of the students, method of health education and hygiene education curriculum development. Recommendations were made which included that handwashing be promoted using the mass media, improvement on hygiene education curriculum and its delivery and provision of handwashing facilities for schools to concretize learning.
Attitude of Botho University Sports Management Students towards the Sports Management Programme: A Critical Analysis and Reflection (Published)
The narrative on attitudes of students and how these attitudes shape and define how students behave in a learning situation has been a subject of heightened discussion in many academic fora. Studies show that how people react or respond to something is more often than not motivated by their attitude towards it. Literature is also abound with information related to attitudes of students towards sport and physical activity but very little if any of such literature captures issues of attitudes of university students towards Sports Management. This study therefore examined the attitudes of Botho University (BU) Sports Management students towards their sport management programme and causative factors to such attitudes. All students (N = 33) in the department of Sports Management were selected to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire that employed a 5-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 22. Results of the study showed that Sports Management students had very positive attitudes towards their programme and this was due to among others, state of the art resources they used for learning, a conducive learning environment at the university with technology that supports learning.
The study aimed to explore the students’ body image and its relation with self-esteem. The study sample consisted of 300 students (148 males and 152 females). In order to collect data, two instruments were used: Body image scale (28 items) and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (10 items). SPSS was used to analyze the data; means, standard derivations, and t-test were used. The results indicated that the Body Image and Self-Esteem of Isra’ University students were low; there was a positive relationship between body image and self-esteem; females were found to be less satisfied with their body image, and there was a significant statistical difference in the relationship between body image and self-esteem, in favour of males.
Effects of Services Quality on Customer Satisfaction: A Case from Private Hostels in Wa-Municipality of Ghana (Published)
The aim of this was to examine the influence of Hostel Services Quality on Student’s Satisfaction in the University of Development Studies (UDS) within the Wa-municipality of Ghana. A cross sectional quantitative research design was employed. The target populations of the study were predominately students in private hostels. Whopping 300 students were randomly sampled to participate in the study. The questionnaires were adopted from the SERQUA Model. Both primary and secondary data were employed in the study. The data were analyzed with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The study had revealed that overall the model used in this study was acceptable ANOVA was significant (p-value < 0.05). The study also revealed that, taking all the other factors constant at zero; a unit change in tangibility will bring 0.054 change in students satisfaction, a unit change in assurance will bring 0.318 a unit change in reliability will bring 0.342 in customer satisfaction, a unite change in responsiveness will bring 0.096 change in students satisfaction and finally, a unit change in empathy will bring 0.381 change in students satisfaction. It is concluded that hostel management should paid attention to the legitimate discontent among the students to improve efficiency in order to prevent massive switching rate in the long run when supply exceed demand in this business.
Management of Students’ Personnel Services and Sustainable Secondary Education in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between management of students’ personnel services and sustainable secondary education. The study area was Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State Nigeria. Two null hypotheses were formulated to direct the study. The survey design was adopted for the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to sample seven hundred and ten (710) senior secondary two (SS II) students from a population of 6131 students for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 4-point response type scale, developed by the researchers and titled “Management of Students’ Personnel Services and Sustainable Secondary Education Questionnaire (MSPSSSEQ)”. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.78 using Cronbach alpha reliability method. The data collected were analyzed using Pearson’s product moment correlation statistics and the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that management of students’ personnel guidance/counseling and recreational services significantly correlated with sustainable secondary education. Premised on the findings of the study, it was concluded that the provision and effective management of students’ personnel guidance/counseling and recreational services had a positive impact on sustainable secondary education in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. It was therefore recommended among others that both the government and school administrators should work together to provide essential facilities for effective management of students’ personnel services to enhance sustainable secondary education.
A Qualitative Analysis of Needs and Facilities of Special Students Available at Graduation/Post Graduation Level (Published)
All over the world we can see different type of individuals in the educational journey. Some are mentally sharp, average or below average. At the same time we have seen people with physical impairment who are pursuing at their path of education with a lot of courage and motivation. Yet in developing countries like Pakistan special students are facing many problems in their Academic process because of lack of primary resources as well as lack of implementation of policies which especially made to facilitate them. Present research was aim to identify the lack of special resources in academic process of visually impair students, which can facilitate them towards a better education at graduate and post graduate level. Twenty five (N=25) visually impaired students were purposefully selected. Nineteen were from Karachi University and rests of the six were from IDA RIEU welfare association deaf and blind school and college. A semi-structured interview was conducted, where participants were asked about 1- their current issues regarding available academic resources or problems they face in their academic process 2- provided resources by the institution 3- possible solutions of their problems. Along with prevalence of the different problems and available facilities (checked by their frequencies and percentages) the qualitative analysis of the interviews showed that available resources are not satisfactory for the facilitation of academic process of visually impair students in both private and Govt. graduate and post graduate institutions
Effects of Charts with Demonstrative and Collaborative Instructional Approaches in Students’ Achievement on Mensuration (Published)
This study investigated the possible effects the use of charts might have on students’ understanding of the concept of mensuration using demonstration and collaborative instructional approaches. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The quasi-experimental research design was employed to conduct the study. A sample of 105 drawn from a population of 800 senior secondary school two students in Okrika Local Government Area of Rivers State Nigeria. The instrument used to collect data was Test on Understanding of the Concept of Mensuration (TUCM). TUCM was validated and the KR-20 formula was used to establish a reliability of .86. The research questions were answered descriptively using mean, standard deviation, and graph while the hypotheses were tested inferentially at .05 level of significance using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The result showed that students taught using demonstration instructional approach with chart understood the concept of mensuration better than those taught with collaborative approach with chart. There was also a significant difference between the mean gain of students taught using demonstration approach with chart and those taught using collaborative approach with chart. There was no significant difference between male and female students’ understanding of the concept of mensuration when taught with chart using demonstration and collaborative approaches. It was recommended among others that mathematics teachers should teach mensuration with charts using demonstration approach.
Residential Differences in Suicide Ideation through Physiological Effects of Electric Current among Secondary School Students in South East Nigeria (Published)
The study was designed to determine residential differences in suicide ideation through physiological effects of electric current among secondary school students in South east Nigeria. The cross-sectional survey research design was used to study 520 secondary students in the area under survey. A self-constructed suicide ideation inventory (SII) was used for the study. The SII consisted of 35 items which was grouped into six ideation areas. Face validity of the instrument was determined by five experts in psychology and health education. The reliability of the inventory yielded a Cronbach Alpha internal consistency coefficient of 0.89. This index was considered high enough based on Ogbazi and Okpala’s (1994) criteria of 0.60 acceptable for good instruments. Out of 520 copies of the questionnaire administered, 513 representing about 98.7% return rate, were used for analysis. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were used to analyze the data. While mean was used to describe the data; standard deviation was used to determine how the responses of the respondents vary and t-test statistic was used to analyze data in order to ascertain the differences in suicide ideation between the two categories of students. A mean of 2.50 and above was regarded as potentially dangerous suicide ideation and a mean below 2.50 was regarded potentially not dangerous. The results showed that students living in the rural area have a lower suicide ideation score than the students living in the rural area. However, no significant difference was found in the suicide ideation scores between students living in urban and rural areas. Health education intervention is required to further reduce the suicide ideation of both categories of students.
Internet is a new technology in Nigeria that is desirable to be used among secondary school students. Students are in love with internet because any kind of information on any topic is available on the internet. With fast and vast information exchange occasioned by globalization, efforts are being made towards providing caution on students’ use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and internet in particular. This study aims at analyzing the use of internet among secondary school students in Nigeria. The paper discusses the following correlates – internet as a concept, characteristics of secondary school students, problems of adolescents, positive and negative effects of internet use among students and the strategies to reduce the negative effects of internet use.
Teacher as Mediator in the EFL Classroom: A Role to Promote Students’ Level of Interaction, Activeness, and Learning (Published)
Versus to old, traditional approaches and methods of teaching a language, recent and new approaches of teaching and learning a foreign language have focused on providing a learner-centred environment in which learners can have more control over their learning process and more autonomy on how to accomplish tasks and activities. This article highlights the position and role of the teacher as a mediator and the types of responsibilities he/she should take to successfully play this role and guarantee an interactive and interesting learning to the students.
Effect of Using Spreadsheet in Teaching Quadratic Functions on the Performance of Senior High School Students (Published)
The study employed a quasi-experiment design to evaluate the effect of using Spreadsheet Instructional Method as compared to a Conventional Method on students’ performance in quadratic functions. Lessons delivered with both approaches employed a guided discovery; a mix of direct instruction and hands-on activities in a context in which mathematics learning have been deep-rooted in teacher-centred approaches of teaching. Interviews and teacher made achievement test were used to collect data from senior high school students in Ghana. Data was analysed using paired sample t-test and analysis of covariance for the achievement test whereas interviews were transcribed and coded using data reduction technique. The study showed that the Spreadsheet Instructional Method served a useful pedagogical approach, impacted more on the students’ performance and has the potential of improving teaching and learning mathematics in Senior High schools. The use of the spreadsheet made lessons more practical and interesting; gave students greater opportunities to verify results and make links between spreadsheet formula, quadratic functions and graphs. In spite of its potential, the study recognized that for spreadsheet to be effective in teaching mathematical concepts, a mix of direct instruction and hands-on activities should guide the lesson development and delivery.
Students’assessment of Institutional Leaders’ Effectiveness in Promoting Peace Culture In Public Universities In Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This survey-designed study focused on students’ assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture in public universities in Cross River State. One research question and two hypotheses were isolated to give direction to this investigation. 3256 final year undergraduate students in the two public universities in the state constituted the population. Stratified random sampling technique was used to draw 326 of them to form the sample size. “Peace Culture Promotion Effectiveness Questionnaire (PCPEQ)” developed by the researchers was used for data collection. Data collected were analysed using Descriptive Statistics (mean rating), Population t-test of single mean and Independent t-test statistical techniques. Results obtained indicated that institutional leaders are most effective in promoting participatory communication and free flow of information and least effective in promoting peer mediation in public universities as indicators of peace culture. Students’ assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture in public universities is significantly low. Students’ university affiliation has no significant influence on their assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture, with state university students having a slight edge over their federal university counterparts in their assessment of institutional leaders’ effectiveness in promoting peace culture. It was concluded that though institutional leaders are rated low, yet very effective in promoting certain aspects of peace culture.
Developing Common Core Themes to Integrate Environment and Climate Change Education into Teaching and Learning Biology in Vietnamese Secondary Schools (Published)
This paper examined the development of common core themes to integrate environment and climate change education into teaching and learning Biology in Vietnamese Secondary Schools. In the framework of this paper, we propose a system of core topics in environment and climate change education with the following basic content: Environmental air, Environmental Water, Biological environment, Environmental Soil, Environmental Socio-economy. In conclusion it is necessary to develop the system of core themes that make connections between different subjects in order to solve the common problem arising from the real world, as “Thèmes de convergence” now being implemented in France.
Guidance and Counselling: A Creativity for Promoting Sustainable Well Being and Adjustment of Secondary School Students in Nigeria. (Published)
The Nigerian education system adopted guidance and counselling as a school service programme meant to promote well being and optimal adjustment of learners. Its scope covers all aspects that enhance student’s excellent academic performances, preparation for and adaptations into vocations, and abilities meant for use in resolving personal, social and psychological problems. It emphasizes self direction and clear definition of purpose meant to actualize life skills for growth and development of learners in and out of school. Its importance in schools cannot therefore be over emphasized. It follows therefore that among other counselling techniques used in group dynamism, peer group counselling technique appears to among others, be good modalities for championing the means of creating the sustainable students’ well being and adjustment. Guidance and counselling should therefore be supported to cater accordingly for the stated purpose.