Post-Test Learning Result After Using Teaching Learning on Negotiation Text Based on Problem For X Grade Students At Senior High School 19 Medan (Published)
Teaching material of negatiation text writing developed contains theory and the steps in writing negatiation text adapted with the student’s environment, the examples of negotiative text, visual picture about negotiative text closing to students’life, so it more interest and can motivate the students to write. In this research, researcher designs the teaching material namely module that is valid used by teacher and students in learning process based on student’s characteristic and potensial in the school. teaching material based the form is differentiated into four types, namely printed teaching material, listening teaching material, audio visual teaching material and interactive teaching material. The use of teaching material of negotiation text based on problem is more effective to improve student’s learning. It shows that the result of student’s learning taught uses the module developed higher than the student’s result that is not taught by using module or only text book at Senior High School 19 Medan, Indonesia.
The study investigated “influence of school location on student’s attitude towards mathematics and basic science”. It adopted survey design. One research question and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. One hundred and sixty six (166) students formed the sample of this study, two (2) validated and reliable instruments namely Mathematics and Basic Science Achievement Test (MBSAT) and Students Location Test (SLT) were used to collect data for this study. Analysis of the data results showed that; there was no significant difference in the mean performance scores between urban and rural school students with positive attitude towards mathematics and basic science using the independent t-test analysis. Based on these findings, some suggestions and recommendations were made on the need for students to develop positive attitude towards the study of mathematics and basic science despites a student location. This is because attitude is a good predictor of academic performance particularly in mathematics and basic science.
Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)
This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.
This work examined the readability of prose passages for Junior Secondary School II students reading to learn prose in order to ascertain the suitability of the text to the learners proficiency level. Eight (8) secondary schools were selected in Oyo State. Four (4) representing those in rural areas while the remaining four (4) represented the schools in urban areas. From each of the schools, fifty (50) subjects were randomly selected; totaling four hundred (400) subjects. Three research questions were formulated and cloze test was used as the main instrument for data collection. The findings revealed that the text recommended for the students is not suitable enough because majority of them read at frustration level. It was recommended that stakeholders should always select appropriate reading materials taking into consideration the cultural neutrality of the text and the standardized contemporary language; publishers and writers should use standardized readability formulas to grade texts and teachers should teach reading in line with other communication skills in order to assist the students in acquiring a wide range of vocabulary needed for reading a text.
Principals’ Administrative Skills and Proper Conduct Of Examination among Students in Uyo Education Zone of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)
The study was carried out to examine principals’ administrative skills and proper conduct of examination in Uyo Education Zone of Akwa Ibom State. In order to achieve this purpose, three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The ex-post facto research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised 86 principals and 2838 teachers in secondary schools in Uyo Education Zone of Akwa Ibom State. The sample of this study comprised 878 respondents comprising 26 principals and 852 teachers representing 30% of the population of principals and teachers. Multi-stage sampling technique was used for this selection. The two instruments namely “Principals’ Administrative Skills Questionnaire for Teachers (PASQT)”and “Examination Misconduct Questionnaire for Principals (EMQP)” were used for data collection. R-value and R2 value of simple linear regression were used for answering the research question while the F-ratio was used for testing the hypotheses. Each of the hypotheses was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that principals’ communication skills, school plant management skills as well as supervisory skills relate to proper conduct of examination among senior secondary school students. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Principals should be exposed to effective communication through seminars, workshops and conferences such that they can communicate to both staff and students in a way that they will understand what is expected of them, as well as the consequences of their involvement in examination misconduct among others.
Correlates of Dyscalculia and Learning Outcome in Mathematics among SSII Students in Obudu, Cross River State-Nigeria (Published)
Dyscalculia brings about different types of learning disorder which affects individuals (students) at various levels of learning. It enables the students, educators and guidance to determine inabilities, phobia, anxiety and develop compensatory mechanism for under developed areas. This paper deals with correlates of dyscalculia and learning outcome in Mathematics among SSII students in Obudu, C.R.S- Nigeria. Types of dyscalculia like; sequential, verbal, practognostic and operational dyscalculia are discussed. Tips on how to reduce dyscalculia are listed in the work. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 200 students was randomly drawn for the study. Data generated were subjected to statistical analysis using Pearson product moment correlation analysis at 0.05 level of significant. Results obtained show among others that dyscalculia significantly correlates with students learning in mathematics. Based on this it was recommended among others that students should engage in practice, extra-time, graphicalized their work and evaluate their work.
The study examined academic motivation and academic performance of Junior High School (JHS) students in Ghana. Differences between the academic motivation of male and female students as well as between students from urban and rural schools were examined. Participants were 756 male and 714 female JHS 2 students randomly selected from 24 Junior High Schools through stratified random sampling using gender and location as criteria for stratification. Two research instruments, the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) with a Cronbach Alpha Reliability Coefficient of 0.75 and Achievement Tests in Mathematics, English Language, Social Studies and Integrated Science were used to collect data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-tests were used in analyzing the data. The results showed a positive relationship between academic motivation and academic performance of JHS students. While the results showed a statistically significant difference between the academic motivation of students in schools in urban and rural areas, there was difference between the academic motivation of male and female students. It was recommended that teachers, parents and all those concerned with the education of children should put in place psychological processes that are intended to boost the ego of students thereby making them have an inner feeling of satisfaction when they accomplish academic tasks.
Health Education and its Relation with Health Knowledge among College Students in Kuwait (Published)
College is considered one of the important means for health education attainment. Thus, having a profound impact on student’s health, attitude, and behavior. In this study, we assesse and examine the relation of health education intervention with health knowledge and behavior, some these disruptive behaviors include smoking, drugs, injury, disease, individual abuse, stress, mental and emotional health among students of different colleges under PAAET (The Public Authority for Applied Education & training). These colleges are (college of Health Science’s, Nursing, Technological Studies, Basic Education, Business Studies). Besides these colleges, there are numbers of training institutes such as: (The higher Institute of Telecommunication and Navigation, Nursing institute, Secretarial and Office Administration Institute). We also want to inspect the relation between health education, health behavior, and attitude of college students regarding, their age, sex, and education level. Never the less, to elevate health knowledge of these students, in giving them a better healthy lifestyle for their coming future.
Demystifying the Blame Game in the Delays of Graduation of Research Students in Universities in Ghana: The Case of University for Development Studies (Published)
Research students` thesis is a fundamental component of the University life after completion of their course work. Post graduate research students of the University for Development Studies (UDS) are expected to complete their programme within two years and three years for masters and PhD regular respectively but are mostly not able to do so due to delays in thesis write-up. Since its inception, the University has made strides in graduate studies. Regrettably however, graduate students have consistently complained of not graduating on record time. This has been a source of worry with the resultant blame games as to who actually contributes to the delays in thesis completion and graduation. The foregoing debate is the underlying motivation for this article as it tries to bring to the fore the reasons behind the delays of research students in not graduating on record time in UDS. This study adopted qualitative case study methods to collect and analyze data. Post graduate research students; delayed from graduation, continuing students, supervisors/administrators and graduated research students constituted respondents for this paper. Primary and secondary sources of data were employed for the study. Purposive sampling was adopted to sample 25 participants spread across gender, type of programme and mode of study. Findings revealed that successful completion of the thesis work had a direct bearing on a harmonious relationship built on trust, cooperation and hard work between the student and supervisor. Also, it was found out that supervisors were assigned more students to be supervised than they could have sufficient time and attention for. On the other hand, research students were found to combine work with their studies that limited the time they spent on their thesis thereby leading to the delay completion and graduation. The study therefore concluded that both students and supervisors contributed to the delay in graduation of research students in the university. The researchers recommended that enrolment into post-graduate programmes in the university should be reduced to match the number of qualified and experienced lecturers/supervisors available for graduate studies so as to make supervision of research work more manageable and that management of the university should sanction students who by their own making fail to graduate on record time from their programmes.
Purpose: This research paper aims to examine the Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning. Design/Methodology/Approach: Keeping in view the objectives the University Motivated Environment factors has been taken. The study sample of 300 students randomly selected from different departments of Albaha university. The use of the likert scale and a questionnaire containing 35 items related to the university motivated factors were used to measure the impact. Popular statistical T-test ANOVA was applied by using SPSS software highlighting more detailed findings of the study. Findings: The results shows that students are not satisfied with the university motivated learning environment because the services and support provided by the university related to Library, Computer, Parking, Cafeteria, Bus, Air Conditioning, Sports, Lab equipments, Cleanliness, Light, Guidelines, Track Complaints, Website, Internet Wi Fi environment, Training and placement, Update curriculum according to need of Industry, Scholarships, Sufficient number of staff to serve students, Recruiting staff according to the need of students, etc are not proper or given which affect students learning environment. Statistical analysis shows that Hypotheses is accepted in all cases. Originality/value – The value of this research is that the university will improve the services from which students are not satisfied.
The Impact of Learning Motivation Strategy on the Academic Achievement of the Southern Ghor District Students in English Language (Published)
This study aims at identifying the impact of learning motivation strategy on the academic achievement of the Southern Ghor District students in English language as well as the response of the Southern Ghor students to new and unfamiliar learning strategies and the identification of the Southern Ghor district teachers use of modern learning strategies. The population of the study was represented by the secondary stage students of the Southern Ghor district where a random sample of (50) students was chosen from that population. Of the most important results produced by the study was the existence of statistically significant effect of using learning motivation strategies on the academic achievement of the students. The study presented several recommendations most importantly holding educational training courses for the secondary stage teachers explaining the significance of learning motivation and ways of stimulating their students for learning through the available strategies which fit in the surrounding environment of their schools
An Approach to Understand the Internal Enrollment Criteria of Students’ For Higher Education in Private Universities of Bangladesh (Published)
The main objective of this research is to identify the internal enrollment criteria of students for higher education at private universities in Bangladesh. A structured questionnaire was used to survey the opinions of 1,000 students who are enrolled at various private universities in Bangladesh. The researchers conducted various statistical analyses such as descriptive statistics, chi-square test and multiple regression to analyze the survey responses and identified a number of key findings pertinent to the internal enrollment criteria of students at private universities. The study reveals that the common factors of students’ enrollment are teaching quality, instruction medium, campus size, campus location, resident facilities, transport facilities, canteen facilities, and separate common room facilities and so on for students.
Plagiarism Is A Crime: Towards Academic Integrity in Higher Educational Institutions in Ghana (Published)
Admittedly, students’ academic plagiarism comes in different forms. Surprisingly, little is known about the most common form of student’s plagiarism due to inadequate research. This study was aimed to fill this knowledge gap by empirically examined the most common forms of students’ academic plagiarism in the Wa municipality of Ghana. The choice of the study sitting was influenced by the increasing educational activities in the area. The population of the study comprised of all tertiary students in the municipality. The positivist (quantitative) research design was deployed. Convenience sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents. Data for the study were elicited from both primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires were the main interment used in gathering primary data. The constructs for the questionnaires were adopted from Sentleng and King (2012) which was modified to address the objectives of the study. The data were analyzed with the aid of Predictive Analytics Software (PASW). The results were presented using Means (M), Standard Deviations (SD), Relative Important Index (RII) and Chi-square Test. The study revealed the most frequent forms of students plagiarism as follows: Invented or altered data (M=4.16, SD= 0.9), Writing an assignment for your friend (M=4.10, SD=0.9),Copy a text without acknowledgement (M=4.05, SD=1.3), Submitted someone’s work without their permission (M=3.41, SD=1.4), Paraphrased without acknowledging the source (M=2.41, SD=1.7), Summarizing a text without acknowledgement (M=2.73, SD=1.4).Chi-square Test revealed that there is a significant difference between Gender and age of students (χ2 -value = 17.98, df =3, p-value<0.05). Moreover, there is significant difference between religion and age (χ2 -value = 6.55, df =3, p-value=0.05). It is concluded that the most common forms of plagiarism among the students were paraphrased without acknowledging the source (Patchworks), Copy a text without acknowledgement, Invented or altered data (Sham),imitating friends work (Pastiches) and. Training on academic writings need to be intensified.
The Impact of Informational Influence for Reference Groups on Student Selection of Private Universities in Jordan (Published)
The present study is an effort to explore the impact of informational influence for reference groups on students’ selection of private universities in Jordan. To achieve this aim, a survey was constructed and conducted to collect the required data from students. About 480 questionnaires were distributed at two private universities in Amman. Descriptive analysis, test of reliability, factors analysis, and regression analysis were used in this study. The findings of the study show that three factors were produced by factor analysis as follows; family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders. These three factors were used in regression analysis; results show that family and relatives, friends and opinion leaders influence the students’ selection of private universities
Extent of Hand Washing Practice among Secondary School Students in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)
High incidence of diarrhoeal diseases has been noted among secondary school students in Nigeria. The place of contaminated hands in the transmission of these diseases especially living quarter with close proximity like schools has been observed. These diseases can be prevented if students wash their hands with running water and soap. This cross-sectional survey was designed to determine to what extent secondary school students in Ebonyi State practice proper handwashing. The sample comprised 420 male and female students in both junior and senior classes selected through a multi-sampling method from government schools, located in both urban and rural area of the Ebonyi State were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 3-point scaled, 18-item self-structured questionnaire eliciting responses on extent of handwashing with soap and running water in 15 situations requiring handwashing. Face validation of the instrument was obtained by the judgement of 5 experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha, which yielded 0.862 reliability coefficient. The copies of the questionnaire were distributed among the students at an agreed upon time with the school by trained research assistance. The extent of handwashing practice was determined using the criterion means of 2.01-3.0 as high extent, 1.01-2.0 as low extent and 0.1-1.0 as very low extent. T-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The extent of handwashing was found to be low among secondary school students with a mean score of 1.31. It was found that male students practice handwashing significantly higher than their female counterparts and that there was no significant difference in handwashing practice of student by level of study of students and by location of residence of the students. The findings of the study have implications for the handwashing campaign in Nigeria, the health of the students, method of health education and hygiene education curriculum development. Recommendations were made which included that handwashing be promoted using the mass media, improvement on hygiene education curriculum and its delivery and provision of handwashing facilities for schools to concretize learning.
Attitude of Botho University Sports Management Students towards the Sports Management Programme: A Critical Analysis and Reflection (Published)
The narrative on attitudes of students and how these attitudes shape and define how students behave in a learning situation has been a subject of heightened discussion in many academic fora. Studies show that how people react or respond to something is more often than not motivated by their attitude towards it. Literature is also abound with information related to attitudes of students towards sport and physical activity but very little if any of such literature captures issues of attitudes of university students towards Sports Management. This study therefore examined the attitudes of Botho University (BU) Sports Management students towards their sport management programme and causative factors to such attitudes. All students (N = 33) in the department of Sports Management were selected to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire that employed a 5-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 22. Results of the study showed that Sports Management students had very positive attitudes towards their programme and this was due to among others, state of the art resources they used for learning, a conducive learning environment at the university with technology that supports learning.
The study aimed to explore the students’ body image and its relation with self-esteem. The study sample consisted of 300 students (148 males and 152 females). In order to collect data, two instruments were used: Body image scale (28 items) and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (10 items). SPSS was used to analyze the data; means, standard derivations, and t-test were used. The results indicated that the Body Image and Self-Esteem of Isra’ University students were low; there was a positive relationship between body image and self-esteem; females were found to be less satisfied with their body image, and there was a significant statistical difference in the relationship between body image and self-esteem, in favour of males.
Effects of Services Quality on Customer Satisfaction: A Case from Private Hostels in Wa-Municipality of Ghana (Published)
The aim of this was to examine the influence of Hostel Services Quality on Student’s Satisfaction in the University of Development Studies (UDS) within the Wa-municipality of Ghana. A cross sectional quantitative research design was employed. The target populations of the study were predominately students in private hostels. Whopping 300 students were randomly sampled to participate in the study. The questionnaires were adopted from the SERQUA Model. Both primary and secondary data were employed in the study. The data were analyzed with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The study had revealed that overall the model used in this study was acceptable ANOVA was significant (p-value < 0.05). The study also revealed that, taking all the other factors constant at zero; a unit change in tangibility will bring 0.054 change in students satisfaction, a unit change in assurance will bring 0.318 a unit change in reliability will bring 0.342 in customer satisfaction, a unite change in responsiveness will bring 0.096 change in students satisfaction and finally, a unit change in empathy will bring 0.381 change in students satisfaction. It is concluded that hostel management should paid attention to the legitimate discontent among the students to improve efficiency in order to prevent massive switching rate in the long run when supply exceed demand in this business.
Management of Students’ Personnel Services and Sustainable Secondary Education in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between management of students’ personnel services and sustainable secondary education. The study area was Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State Nigeria. Two null hypotheses were formulated to direct the study. The survey design was adopted for the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to sample seven hundred and ten (710) senior secondary two (SS II) students from a population of 6131 students for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 4-point response type scale, developed by the researchers and titled “Management of Students’ Personnel Services and Sustainable Secondary Education Questionnaire (MSPSSSEQ)”. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.78 using Cronbach alpha reliability method. The data collected were analyzed using Pearson’s product moment correlation statistics and the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that management of students’ personnel guidance/counseling and recreational services significantly correlated with sustainable secondary education. Premised on the findings of the study, it was concluded that the provision and effective management of students’ personnel guidance/counseling and recreational services had a positive impact on sustainable secondary education in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. It was therefore recommended among others that both the government and school administrators should work together to provide essential facilities for effective management of students’ personnel services to enhance sustainable secondary education.
A Qualitative Analysis of Needs and Facilities of Special Students Available at Graduation/Post Graduation Level (Published)
All over the world we can see different type of individuals in the educational journey. Some are mentally sharp, average or below average. At the same time we have seen people with physical impairment who are pursuing at their path of education with a lot of courage and motivation. Yet in developing countries like Pakistan special students are facing many problems in their Academic process because of lack of primary resources as well as lack of implementation of policies which especially made to facilitate them. Present research was aim to identify the lack of special resources in academic process of visually impair students, which can facilitate them towards a better education at graduate and post graduate level. Twenty five (N=25) visually impaired students were purposefully selected. Nineteen were from Karachi University and rests of the six were from IDA RIEU welfare association deaf and blind school and college. A semi-structured interview was conducted, where participants were asked about 1- their current issues regarding available academic resources or problems they face in their academic process 2- provided resources by the institution 3- possible solutions of their problems. Along with prevalence of the different problems and available facilities (checked by their frequencies and percentages) the qualitative analysis of the interviews showed that available resources are not satisfactory for the facilitation of academic process of visually impair students in both private and Govt. graduate and post graduate institutions