Tag Archives: Social Studies

Unmasking the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction in the Teaching and Learning of Social Studies in Cross River State College of Education Akamkpa, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

In this study, comparative analysis of Computer assisted instruction and traditional (lecture) method of teaching and learning Social Studies in College of Education Akamkpa, Cross River State was investigated. The objective of the study was to determine if there is a significant difference in the effects of the treatment and control groups as measured by the pretest and posttest. The population of the study was a class of Sixty (60) College students in Social Studies taught with the use of CAI and another class of Sixty (60) students taught with the use of the traditional (lecture) method. There was no sampling since the entire population was used. The research method used was quasi –experimental, non-equivalent control group design. The statistical tool was the t-test. The researchers made used of the CD-ROM prepared to serve as the teaching medium for the experimental group. A 10-item questionnaire was also used to seek the opinion of the students on the effectiveness of both teaching methods (CAI and traditional). The findings of the study revealed that the achievement posttest of the treatment group has higher estimated marginal values than the control group. The result of the study also showed that the combination of CAI and collaborative work improves teaching and learning. Despite the limitation of the study being conducted in one classroom, with one teacher and Sixty (60) students, the result cannot be generalized to other schools. Conclusively, it was recommended among others that teachers should attempt to be ICT complaint to enhance their chances of using CAI innovative in teaching Social Studies

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Computer Assisted Instruction, Lecture Method, Social Studies

Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice; Teachers’ Utilization of Instructional Resources in Teaching Social Studies in Basic Schools in West Mamprusi District in Northern Region, Ghana (Published)

This research work examines the extent of teachers’ utilization of instructional resources in teaching Social Studies in Basic Schools. The study also examines the various instructional resources that can be utilized by Social Studies teachers’ for teaching purposes within West Mamprusi District in Northern Region, Ghana. The researcher used qualitative method for data collection and analyzing. The researcher elicited information from respondents using structured interviews. The research focused on Basic Schools within West Mamprusi District. Two research questions were formulated for the research. The descriptive research design was used for the study. The targeted population consisted of head teachers, teachers and pupils in basic schools within West Mamprusi District. Ten (10) Basic Schools were randomly selected for the study. Twenty (20) Social Studies teachers and twenty (20) pupils, two (2) each were selected from the ten (10) schools using purposive sampling. All head teachers from the ten (10) basic schools were also interviewed. The study found out that teachers do not use instructional resources in the teaching of social studies from the interviews conducted. The causal factors for not using instructional resources in teaching from the interviews include; waste of time in preparing and organizing instructional resources to teach a particular topic, difficulty to obtain and expensive to buy by either the teacher or school, financial constraints, teachers lack of identification of materials and human resources, lack of knowledge by the teacher of what type of raw materials and resource persons to rely on for use in order to enhance the learning capacities of his/her students, and teachers basing their lack of instructional resource use to their many years of experience in teaching the subject.  Based on the findings, recommendations were made that Social Studies teachers need to be given orientation on the need to always teach the subject using instructional resources through in-service training, workshops, and seminars, Ghana Education Service and Parent Teacher Association (PTA) should support schools in terms of procuring the needed instructional resources to enhance the teaching of Social Studies, Teachers should also be initiative and creative enough to improvise their own instructional resources within the environment to promote effective teaching and learning to enhance students understanding, and internalization and application of lesson content,  The government must take the lead in terms of financial and production of these resources for all schools, The education resource  centers  of the country  should   also be commissioned  to identify, relocate, collect, store and distribute instructional materials and ideas to institutions of learning ,Such resource centers should have  a common directorate and research unit, which  will help coordinate its activities  and  seek  ways of improving  its services.

Keywords: Citizenship Education, Effective teaching of Social Studies, Instructional resources, Resource centers, Social Studies, Utilization, basic schools

The Status of Social Studies in Nigeria’s Educational Scaffolding (Published)

The main crux of this paper is to draw the attention of all social studies practitioners, researchers, students of our discipline – social studies and others, to the fact that social studies in Nigeria’s education system is not the preserve of the Universal Basic Education level schools. This is undoubtedly an integral part of it. However, there is more to it than is ordinarily perceived.

Keywords: Education System, Educational, Nigeria, Scaffolding, Social Studies

Social Studies Teaching Resources in the 21st Century (Published)

Social Studies teaching resources have improved overtime since its inception in the 1950s to address the social problems in Nigeria. Classroom activities which was formally centered on the use of blackboards and passed-on notebooks, have graduated to the use of computer based systems such as power points and projectors, e-book reader, to online schooling. This paper identified and discussed Social Studies Teaching Resources in the 21st Century. The paper looked briefly at the concept of Social Studies as an integrated field of study which focuses on man in his environments with view to sensitizing man with the symbiotic relationships between him and his environment. Also went further to discuss deeply on multimedia resources in the 21st century classroom known as iTunes-U which is the current developmental resources for educators to share and gain teaching resources on a global scale. To get access to primary resources and find inspiration for enhancing teaching and learning with technology, that can link social studies teachers to the internet, through the iBook store and App store that can enable social studies teachers to gather materials. This write up also looked at the meaning of instructional materials, types of instructional resources that can be used for the effective teaching Social Studies in the 21st Century

Keywords: 21st Century., Social Studies, Teaching Resources

Evaluation of the Impact of Science, Technology and Modernisation in Social Studies Curriculum on University Students (Published)

This study was designed to evaluate the impact of Social Studies course – “Science, Technology and Modernisation”, how it can be best delivered and learnt by university students. The novelty research was devised to ascertain how effective out-of-door activities and classroom interactive teaching and learning will have on students learning performance. The course is meant to develop in learners an attitude of re-examining society from the point of view of developments in science, technology and modernity. Four hundred students were involved in the study. Students were asked to answer pre-instructional, instructional and post instructional course questions. Unstructured interviews were also used for clarification of issues raised by students. The pre-instructional course questions were: (1) what do you know about “Science”, “Technology” and “Modernisation”?; and (2) what are the ideal teaching and learning techniques you will wished to be adopted in the classroom? The instructional course questions were: (1) what are your prospects for the course of study; and (1) what are the challenges you encountered during teaching and learning?. The post instructional course questions were: (1) what are the strengths of the teacher and the learners?; and (2) what  are the achievements from the course of study?. These processes were employed to elicit responses from the students. Interpretative analytical approach was adopted to analyse the data collected. It was concluded that there was a strong consensus among students that the ideal participatory teaching and learning method, techniques and strategies they suggested to be used were later precluded by them. It was also revealed that majority of students were not in tune with the purely interactive and participatory lesson delivery approach. Based on the findings, the study recommended that favourable classroom atmosphere must be created, coupled with enforced cooperative teaching and learning techniques to enhance participation of students. Also, in order to ensure effective retention of concepts taught, students must be exposed to concrete and technological materials to practicalised the teaching of Social Studies. Educational / field trip should be incorporated in the teaching of Social Studies, especially when teaching the concepts “Science and Technology”. This will help students probe into issues concerning science and technology by using their observational, manipulative and investigative skills.

Keywords: Curriculum, Evaluation, Modernisation, Science, Social Studies, Students, Technology, University

Achievement Motivation towards Social Studies on Students’ Academic Achievement in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This research examined Achievement motivation towards Social Studies on students’ academic achievement in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A sample of six hundred and seventy-three (673) students was randomly selected for the study. The instruments for data collection were the Achievement Motivation towards social Studies Questionnaire (AMTOSSQ) and Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT) developed by the researchers which were subjected to validation by experts in measurement and evaluation and psychology. The reliability estimates of the instruments were established through the split-half reliability method and it associate Spearman Brown prophesy formula. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was adopted to test the hypothesis at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that achievement motivation towards Social Studies on students’ academic achievement has a significant positive relationship in the subject. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that students should develop high achievement motivation towards social studies and other subjects as this will manifest in higher academic achievement and vice versa.

Keywords: Motivation, Social Studies, Students’ Academic, Tertiary Institutions

Contestation of Ethnic Identity in Forming Ethno-territorial in Pakpak Bharat Regency, North Sumatra (Published)

The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.

 

Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

Maintaining Discipline in a Social Studies Classroom (Published)

The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.

Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

The Status of Social Studies In Nigeria’s Educational Scaffolding (Published)

The main crux of this paper is to draw the attention of all social studies practitioners, researchers, students of our discipline – social studies and others, to the fact that social studies in Nigeria’s education system is not the preserve of the Universal Basic Education level schools. This is undoubtedly an integral part of it. However, there is more to it than is ordinarily perceived.

 

Keywords: Educational Scaffolding, Nigeria, Social Studies

Social studies teachers and students attitudes toward cooperative learning method in junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt (Published)

The study investigated social studies teachers and students attitudes toward Cooperative Learning Method (CLM) in Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) in Port Harcourt Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 240 JSS II students with an average age of 12 years and 11 social studies teachers participated in the study.  Two validated 10-item instruments, Students Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (SATCLMS) and Teachers Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (TATCLMS) were used for data collection. The test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the instruments to obtain reliability indices of 0.78 and 0.86 for SATCLMS and TATCLMS respectively. Two research questions guided the exploration. Percentages and frequency were used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study were that both teachers and students had positive attitudes towards CLM, however, teachers had more positive attitudes toward CLM than the students. It was recommended among others that teachers of social studies should adopt the CLM in their instructions in the classroom so as to impact on the attitudes of the students.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, Social Studies, Student, Teacher, attitude, junior secondary school

Cooperative Learning Method and Junior Secondary Students’ Attitude towards Citizenship Education in Social Studies in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

The study explored the effect of cooperative learning method on the Junior secondary students’ attitude towards citizenship education in social Studies Port Harcourt local Government area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was adopted. A total of 240 students participated in the study. There were 120 students in the experimental and control groups respectively. A validated 10-item instrument titled Students Attitude towards Citizenship Education Scale (SATCES) was used for data collection. In order to establish the reliability of the instrument used in this research work, the test- retest method was used to obtain r = 0.82 as the reliability index of SATCES. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Line graph, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions whereas paired sample t-test and ANCOVA were used to test the hypotheses at .05 alpha level. The findings were that cooperative learning method significantly influenced students attitudes towards citizenship education, there was a significant main effect of treatment on the students’ attitude towards citizenship education. The study recommended among others that teachers of social studies should always adopt CLM in the teaching of the subject for the enhancement of the attitudes of the students.

Keywords: Citizenship Education, Cooperative learning method, Social Studies, attitude, junior secondary students’

Examination of ICT Compliance and Utilization for Curriculum Delivery among Social Studies Teachers In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought profound changes to almost all aspects of life, including educational practices. The role of ICT in the development of knowledge is widely recognized. This study investigated how teachers’ Compliance and Utilization of ICT impact on their curriculum delivery in Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and answered in this study. The study adopted survey design. The population of this study is 681 social studies teachers in 2015/2016 academic year, from where a total of 204 respondents were sampled. A 16-item instrument titled “ICT Compliance and Utilization Assessment Questionnaire” (ICUAQ) developed by the researcher and validated by experts in the Faculty of Education, University of Uyo was used for data collection with a reliability coefficient of 0.81, established through a correlation analysis. Data generated based on the research questions were analyzed with descriptive statistics using percentage. Findings revealed that social studies teachers show noncompliance attitudes towards ICT, measured in terms of acceptance of ICT training, and accessing ICT resources. The study revealed that teachers make less use of ICT in terms of frequency in the use of ICT in lesson preparations, teaching and learning. Based on the findings, the study concluded that objective of ICT in education in Nigeria has not been met, and that social studies teachers are yet to derive the benefits of ICT in curriculum delivery. Consequently, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders such as Parents Teachers Association (PTA) and Old Students should liaise with schools to determine the training needs of staff members and help them to organize appropriate training programmes.

Keywords: Curriculum, Education, ICT, Nigeria, Social Studies, Teacher, Training

Students’ Academic Achievements in Social Studies: Any Peer Group Influence? (Published)

This work used the causal-comparative research design to explore the relationship between peer group influence and students’ academic achievements in Social Studies. The sample comprised 160 Junior Secondary School (JSS) IIIA students randomly selected from ten out of nineteen secondary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two instruments were used: The Peer Group Influence Assessment Questionnaire (PGIAQ) on a 4-point Likert and a 50-item multiple choice questions in Social Studies. The instruments were trial-tested and a reliability coefficient of 0.87 obtained. Data generated were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis (r) at 0.05 level of significance. The result permitted the conclusion that there was a significant positive relationship between peer group influence and students’ academic achievements in Social Studies. This underscores the need to study group dynamics from the point of view of the development of students whose needs are, in the main, related to group living. This finding instructs parents, guardians and caregivers to keep a close watch on the companies their children and wards keep as such surely impact significantly on the academic performances of the affected children.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Group, Influence, Peer-Group, Social Studies

Effects of Individualized Instructional Method on Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Social Studies (Published)

The study investigated effects of individualized instructional method on secondary school students’ achievement in Social Studies. Two research questions and null hypotheses. The design of the study was quasi-experimental research design and the area of the study was Onueke education zone of Ebonyi State. The population of the study comprised two thousand seven hundred and ninety-three (2,793) junior secondary school two (JSS II) students drawn from public secondary schools in Onueke education zone of Ebonyi State. The instrument used for data collection was Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT), data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for all research questions, and analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the mean achievement scores of secondary school students taught Social Studies using individualized instructional method was higher than the mean achievement scores of those taught Social Studies using conventional methods, female secondary school students taught Social Studies using individualized instructional method obtained higher mean scores than male students taught Social studies using conventional method. The findings of the study also revealed that there were significant effects of individualized instructional method on mean achievement of students in Social Studies in urban and rural secondary schools in Onueke education zone. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended that Social studies teachers should re-assess their classroom instructional practice because there is a need for them to shift from instructional practice, which makes learners passive listeners to the practice that engages learners actively in the instructional processes.

Keywords: Individualized Instructional Method and Students’ Achievement, Social Studies

Teachers Perception on Ways of Improving the Teaching of Social Studies in Onueke Education Zone (Published)

This study investigated Teachers perception on ways of improving the teaching of Social Studies in Onueke Education Zone. The purpose of the study was to specifically ascertain teaching techniques that could improve the teaching of Social Studies in Onueke Education Zone, find out if some evaluation techniques could improve the teaching of Social Studies. The design of the study was a descriptive survey research. The population of the study comprised 100 Social Studies teachers in Onueke Education Zone. Two research questions and two hypotheses were designed and tested to guide the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled “teachers perception on ways of improving the teaching of Social Studies (TPWITSS) in Onueke Education Zone. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and chi-square (X2). Findings from the investigation revealed that respondents accepted all items on the questionnaire significantly improve the teaching of Social Studies, evaluation techniques significantly improve the teaching of Social Studies.

Keywords: Improving, Nigeria, Perception, Social Studies, Teachers, Teaching

Social Studies Education and the Need for Value-Based Education in Nigeria (Published)

Values throughout the world are a universal concept. Nigeria as a pluralistic society is characterized by many goals and sets of values. The social, political, economic and religious institutions associated with this society are made up of many diverse groups. Each of these groups has its individual rules and values. The rules and values of these institutions very often conflict, yet many people continue to see the society as having a set of values. However, the conflict between the rules and values which characterize the various institutions in a given social framework collectively substantiate and constitute enough evidence as to the pluralistic nature of many modern societies ‘Nigeria’. Value-based education in Nigeria has been identified as the main condition for the growth and sustainable development of any nation of the world. With particular reference to these conflicting values in pluralistic society like ours Social Studies education has a critical role to play to actualize this dream. The paper therefore is beamed at exploring: the changing role of education and implication for values and versa, objectives of value-based education in the modern context, types of values, the role of Social Studies in inculcating value-based education, Social Studies education and spatial dimension of value-based education, Social Studies education and cognitive, and affective dimension of value-based education, Social Studies education and character based-education, Social Studies teacher’s function as a model for value development, the Nigerian core values and some recommendations were made.

Keywords: Education, Nigeria, Social Studies, Society, Value-Based Education

The Role of Social Studies in the Promotion of Inter-Ethnic Understanding Among the People of Nigeria (Published)

Social studies education is a field of study that inculcates in the individual the ability to cope with various life problems. The paper therefore examines social studies education in the context of its importance to Nigeria’s philosophical goals as a nation, the objectives of social studies education in the school system and how they can be used to achieve inter-ethnic understanding among the people of Nigeria. Promotion of value awareness, teaching of basic level of social studies for good citizenship education, tolerance, peaceful co-existence for a proper inter-ethnic understanding among the people of Nigeria are proffered in the study.

Keywords: Inter-Ethnic Understanding, Nigeria, Promotion, Role, Social Studies

The Effect of Using Metacognitive Strategies for Achievement and the Trend toward Social Studies for Intermediate Schools Students in Saudi Arabia (Published)

This study aims at determining the effect of metacognitive strategies in achievement and trend towards social studies for students of intermediate schools in Hafer Al Batin City in Saudi Arabia. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the study uses sample consisting of (40) One-Grade male students selected by purposeful sampling In” tahfiidh al Quran School.” The sample of the study was divided into two groups such that the experimental group consisted of (20) students who studied using the traditional method. The results of the study showed statistically significant differences in the achievement and trend towards social studies. From the research findings, the study gives recommended actions that Hafer Al Batin City stakeholders should apply in order to achieve the best in their educational system

Keywords: Achievement, Metacognitive Strategies, Social Studies, the Trend

STUDENTS’ INTEREST IN SOCIAL STUDIES AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA (Published)

This research examined students’ interest in social studies and academic achievement in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A sample of seven hundred and fifty-three (753) students was randomly selected for the study. The instruments for data collection were the Students’ Interest in social Studies Questionnaire (SISSQ) and Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT) developed by the researchers were subjected to validation by experts in measurement and evaluation. The reliability estimate of the instruments was established through the split-half reliability method and it associate Spearman Brown prophecy formula. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was adopted to test the hypothesis at.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that students’ interest in social studies significantly relate to their academic achievement in the subject. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that teachers/facilitators should explain all subject matter in away that each student can comprehend in order to arouse their interest in the subject among others.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Cross River State, Nigeria, Social Studies, Students’ Interest, Tertiary Institutions

SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION ON SOME DETERMINANTS OF STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES (Published)

The focus of this study was on secondary school teachers’ perception on some determinants of students’performance in Social studies. Three research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated by the researchers that guided the study. The design of this study was descriptive survey research design aimed at eliciting information from the respondents on factors that determine students performance in secondary schools and the population of the study comprised 115 secondary school teachers teach Social studies in Abakaliki education zone. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire and data were analzed using mean and standard deviation for all reseach questions and t-test statistical tool was used for testing the null hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that government related factors, teachers’ related factors and students’ factors are some determinants of students’ performance in Social studies. The researchers reommended based on the findings that only competent and qualified Social studies teachers should be employ to teach the subject in secondary schools

Keywords: Perception, Secondary School Teachers’, Social Studies, Students performance

  • Our Journal Publishing Partners