Tag Archives: Secondary School

Relationship between Self-Concept and Attitude towards Solving Algebraic Problems among Secondary Schools Students in Sokoto State, Nigeria (Published)

Developing a positive self-concept is one of the most fundamental goal of success in life. This usually has to begin starting from early childhood to school years. This study therefore, investigated the relationship between self-concept and attitude towards solving algebraic problems among secondary school students in Sokoto state, Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study employed descriptive survey design. A sample of 377 senior secondary two (SSII) students was drawn from the population through proportionate random sampling technique. Two instruments were used in the study: self-concept scale (SCS) and Attitude towards Solving Algebraic Problem Scale (ASAPS). The instrument was content validated by Subject Matter Experts (SME). The reliability coefficients of SCS and ASPS were 0.77 and 0.79 respectively determined through Cronbach alpha technique for internal consistency. The findings of the study revealed that there was a significant relationship between students’ self-concept and their attitude towards solving algebraic problems. Findings also showed that there was no significant difference in male and female students’ attitude towards solving algebraic problems. It was therefore, suggested among others that teachers should give adequate and sufficient attention to developing positive self-concept in students.

Keywords: Algebra, Problem Solving, Secondary School, Self-Concept, Students

Analysis of Maintenance Culture in Public Primary and Secondary Schools in Edo State (Published)

This paper investigated the maintenance culture of public primary and secondary school in Edo State. The main objective of the study was to examine the causes of poor maintenance culture of public primary and secondary schools buildings in Edo state. To guide the study three research questions were raised and answered and descriptive research design was adopted for the study. A research designed questionnaire titled, “Analysis of maintenance culture in public primary and secondary schools in Edo State” was used to collect relevant data from respondents. The Cronbach alpha was use to test for the internal consistency of the items in the questionnaire.  It gave an acceptable reliability of . The data obtained were analysed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation. The result indicated that, poor funding by state government, the effect of the poor value system of the community members around the school environment, and poor school management were the causes of poor maintenance culture of public primary and secondary school building in Edo State. It was therefore concluded that, the government should expedites action on funding and also create public awareness on the importance of maintaining school building.  The paper recommended that, government should set up supervisory committee who will pay pertinent attention, and manage public primary and secondary school buildings in the state.

Keywords: Maintenance Culture, Primary School, Secondary School, public schools

Assessment of Secondary School Science Teachers’ Knowledge of Climate Change in the South East Nigeria, For Inclusion in the Secondary School Curriculum. (Published)

The study assessed the Secondary School Teachers’ knowledge of climate change in the SouthEast Nigeria, for its inclusion in the Secondary School curriculum. The study adopted a survey design with a sample size of 1100 respondents drawn from the five states of the South East Nigeria. Five research questions and one null hypothesis guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire containing sixty one (61) items, which was subjected to reliability test using Cronbach Alpha statistics. It yielded a coefficient index of 0.83. Mean and Standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the hypothesis. The results of the findings showed that the secondary school science teachers in the SouthEast Nigeria possess high level awareness and knowledge of topics on climate change, it effect on human beings, animals, plants, environment and the causes. Also there was unanimous  agreement by the Secondary School Science teachers that climate change studies should be included in the secondary school curriculum. Based on the findings the following recommendations were made: Nigeria Government should develop syllabi on climate change and include it in  the secondary school curriculum, train and retrain Secondary School Science Teachers, and develop Teachers’ guide books. The researchers equally recommended that Government of Nigeria can adopt or adapt the contents of Climate Change highlighted in this study.

Keywords: Climate, Secondary School, Teacher, climate change and curriculum.

Extent of Hand Washing Practice among Secondary School Students in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)

High incidence of diarrhoeal diseases has been noted among secondary school students in Nigeria. The place of contaminated hands in the transmission of these diseases especially living quarter with close proximity like schools has been observed. These diseases can be prevented if students wash their hands with running water and soap. This cross-sectional survey was designed to determine to what extent secondary school students in Ebonyi State practice proper handwashing. The sample comprised 420 male and female students in both junior and senior classes selected through a multi-sampling method from government schools, located in both urban and rural area of the Ebonyi State were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 3-point scaled, 18-item self-structured questionnaire eliciting responses on extent of handwashing with soap and running water in 15 situations requiring handwashing. Face validation of the instrument was obtained by the judgement of 5 experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha, which yielded 0.862 reliability coefficient. The copies of the questionnaire were distributed among the students at an agreed upon time with the school by trained research assistance. The extent of handwashing practice was determined using the criterion means of 2.01-3.0 as high extent, 1.01-2.0 as low extent and 0.1-1.0 as very low extent. T-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The extent of handwashing was found to be low among secondary school students with a mean score of 1.31. It was found that male students practice handwashing significantly higher than their female counterparts and that there was no significant difference in handwashing practice of student by level of study of students and by location of residence of the students. The findings of the study have implications for the handwashing campaign in Nigeria, the health of the students, method of health education and hygiene education curriculum development. Recommendations were made which included that handwashing be promoted using the mass media, improvement on hygiene education curriculum and its delivery and provision of handwashing facilities for schools to concretize learning.

Keywords: Gender, Handwashing, Hygiene, Location, Secondary School, Students, practice

Gender and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Social Studies in Abakaliki Urban Of Ebonyi State (Published)

The study focused on gender and academic achievement of secondary school students in Social Studies. Two research questions such as; what is the effect of gender on students’ mean achievement, and effect of teachers’ gender on the mean achievement of male and female students and null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of this study comprised of three thousand four hundred seventy-nine (3,479) Junior Secondary School II (JSS II) students selected from all the secondary schools in Abakaliki urban of Ebonyi State. The instrument used for data collection was Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT), data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for all research questions, and analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the mean achievement score of female secondary school students was higher than the mean achievement scores of male students. The findings of the study also revealed that: male and female secondary school students taught Social Studies by male teachers obtained higher mean scores than male and female students taught Social studies by female teachers and female students taught Social studies by male teacher performed better than masculine students taught Social Studies by male teacher and vice versa. The study also reviewed that there are significant different in the mean achievement of secondary school students in Social Studies based on gender. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended that Social Studies teachers should re-assess their classroom instructional practice because there is a need for them to shift from instructional practice that will give the students equal opportunities to excel in instructional activities.

Keywords: Gender, Secondary School, Students’ Achievement and Social Studies

Tense And Aspect In The Era Of Competence-Based English Language Teaching in Cameroon’s Secondary Schools (Published)

This paper seeks to show the significance that should be given to tense and aspect as central grammatical features attached to the verb phrase, on the postulate that if tense and aspect are not mastered by the learners of English, in particular and the languages in general, they never build an acceptable sentence in the target language. Analysing the challenges that a French-speaking learner of English in particular can face with tense and aspect, the hypotheses were verified through two tests for 180 students in four secondary schools in Dschang. It became obvious that the target population had a serious problem with tense and aspect. Now what place should be given to tense and aspect in a new era where knowing the language is pushed to the background but not suppressed, and acting effectively with the language is the new order of the day?

Keywords: Aspect, Competence, Errors, Language Teaching, Secondary School, Tense

Investigating the Availability and the Extent of Use of Instructional Materials by Secondary School Chemistry Teachers in Nigeria (Published)

This study focused on level of utilization of available instructional materials, teacher made instructional materials and the obstacles faced by the chemistry teachers during improvisation of the teacher made instructional materials in Ebonyi State secondary schools.397 chemistry teachers from the 212 government owned secondary schools in Ebonyi State formed the population. Because of the small size of the population, no sampling was done. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection; it was validated by 3 experts from Science Education Department, one expert from Measurement and Evaluation and the other 2 from chemistry education. The reliability of the instrument was determined to be 0.81. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. 3 research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The 3 research questions were answered using mean statistics while the hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance using the z-test statistics. The findings revealed that teachers are not utilizing effectively the available instructional materials in their teaching, the chemistry teachers are not making enough efforts in improvisation of those instructional materials that are not available and that the teachers faced obstacles such as lack of fund and skill for the improvisation of instructional materials. Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made a number of recommendations that would help the teachers in their instructional delivery.

Keywords: Chemistry, Education, Instructional Materials, Secondary School

Alternative Sources of Financing Secondary Education in Ebonyi State by the School Administrators (Published)

In discussing this topic, Ocho (2005) defined education and the need for education. Okanamiri (2002) also defined education financing as a branch of knowledge that deals with important examination of the cost and expenditure in the production of education services. Various alternative sources of financing secondary education according to various authorities were explained to include: PTA, proceeds from the school farm, Donations, Endowments, Community Involvement, Fund raising activities, Old Students Associations etc. Conclusion and recommendation were made

Keywords: Education, Finance, Secondary School

Keeping Of Teachers’ Records and Principals’administrative Effectiveness in Akwa Ibom State Secondary Schools, Nigeria. (Published)

The study examined the relationship between keeping of teachers’ records and administrative effectiveness of principals in public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee of Akwa Ibom State. One research question was raised and a corresponding null hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Expost facto research design was used, because the variables were not manipulated. The population consisted of 14 principals in the 14 public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee. All the 14 principals were used as purposive sample for this research. A researcher developed instrument titled Keeping of Teachers’ Records and Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire (KTRAEQ)’was used for data collection. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using cronbach Alpha method and the reliability coefficient of 0.743 was obtained, implying that the instrument was adequate to measure what it was meant for. Simple linear regression statistic was used to answer the research question and to test the hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between keeping of financial records, teachers’ records, students’ records and administrative effectiveness of principals of public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee. It was concluded that principals should always ensure that teachers’ records are accurately and adequately kept and updated for immediate and future use. It was recommended based on the findings of the study among others that, the ministry, state secondary education board, as well as the Local Education Committees should inspect schools regularly to ensure that school principals keep teachers’ records up-to-date.

Keywords: Administration, Education, Nigeria, Secondary School, Teacher

The Challenges Facing Secondary School Principals as Human Resource Managers (HRMS) In Line of Duty: A Case of Nandi County, Kenya (Published)

UNESCO (1996) notes that education systems nearly everywhere are managed poorly and administered inefficiently. Despite the enormous expectations of school principals, many are not fully prepared for the task. The headship of secondary schools in Kenya is usually a product of the teaching force. Teachers, who have spent a minimum of ten years in service, are usually appointed as principals and deputy principals of secondary schools. Thus years of experience remain the major yardstick for appointment into the position of principal as opposed to relevant skills and qualifications. This paper seeks to identify the many challenges faced by Principals as HRMs in performing their roles. The target population was 140 secondary school principals drawn from Nandi County. Census sampling was used to select the study sample. Data collection was done using self-administered questionnaire. Coding of responses was done using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS). The paper points out that: empowerment of the staff, team management and career development among others, as challenges resulting from inadequate training. The study recommends introduction of HRM courses in Teacher Training Colleges.

Keywords: Challenge, Human Resource Managers, Principals, Roles, Secondary School

EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AND STUDENT’S PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS (Published)

The present study was conducted at Lucknow District in Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of this study is to document how being perform in extra-curricular activities can influence development in academics, social skills, and high school completion. In this paper we study the possible influence of extracurricular activities on student’s performance of eighth-and ninth graders. 120 students of age group between 13 to 16 years comprised the sample of the study. Self made questionnaire for school students were administered. Data was analyzed in term of percentage and t-test analysis. The statistical analysis revealed that all the 6 types of extracurricular activities, viz. Yoga, Horse riding, Sport activities, Dance, Music and Indoor and outdoor activities together showed significant role in some extracurricular activities and Student’s performance of Government and Private School. Students who participate in extracurricular activities generally benefit from the many opportunities afforded them. Benefits of participating in extracurricular activities included having better grades, having higher standardized test scores and higher educational attainment, attending school more regularly, and having higher a higher self concept. Those who participate in out-of-school activities often have higher grade point averages, a decrease in absenteeism, and an increased connectedness to the school. Finally, we discuss the possible influence of extracurricular activities on student’s performance and whether such participation is advisable.

Keywords: Government school, Lucknowdistrict, Private school, Secondary School, Students performance, extracurricular activities

LEVEL OF CLASS, GENDER TYPE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL AND NIGERIA ADOLESCENTS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR (Published)

The study examined secondary school adolescent’s sexual behavior in Gboko, Benue State Nigeria. A total of 488 Nigeria adolescents took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The safe sex behavior scale was used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested at alpha level of 0.05 using independent t-test. The first hypothesis established a significant difference between junior and senior secondary school adolescents on sexual behavior (t(df=486) = 2.88; p<.05), and there was a significant difference between male and female secondary school adolescents on sexual behavior (t(df=478) = 1.65; p<.05). Also significant difference was found between Nigerian day and boarding students on sexual behavior (t(df=486) = 1.56; p<.05) Based on the findings, level of class of secondary school, Gender and type of school in Nigeria play important role in Adolescent sexual behavior and therefore it was recommended that proper guidance counseling and sex education should be given to adolescents on sexual behavior.

Keywords: Gender, Level of Class, Nigeria Adolescents, Secondary School, Sexual Behavior

LEVEL OF CLASS, GENDER, TYPE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL AND NIGERIA ADOLESCENTS SEXUAL BEHAVIOR (Published)

The study examined secondary school adolescent’s sexual behavior in Gboko, Benue State Nigeria. A total of 488 Nigeria adolescents took part in the study. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The safe sex behavior scale was used for data collection. Three hypotheses were tested at alpha level of 0.05 using independent t-test. The first hypothesis established a significant difference between junior and senior secondary school adolescents on sexual behavior (t(df=486) = 2.88; p<.05), and there was a significant difference between male and female secondary school adolescents on sexual behavior (t(df=478) = 1.65; p<.05). Also significant difference was found between Nigerian day and boarding students on sexual behavior (t(df=486) = 1.56; p<.05) Based on the findings, level of class of secondary school, Gender and type of school in Nigeria play important role in Adolescent sexual behavior and therefore it was recommended that proper guidance counseling and sex education should be given to adolescents on sexual behavior.

Keywords: Adolescents, Gender, Nigeria, Secondary School, Sexual Behavior

Assessment of Flooding On the Secondary School Students in Ogba / Egbema / Ndoni Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study assesses the effects of flooding on the Secondary School Students in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria, which occurred in October 2012. Data of this study were obtained from questionnaires, interview, personal observation, and newspaper report. A total of 90 respondents, drawn from residents in flood prone areas, were sampled for this study. Survey method was used in the analysis of data. The result of analysis showed that floods in Omoku occurred mostly at the event of rainfall intensity and amount and especially at rainy season but this particular flood occurred in October 2012 after the main rainy season (August/September). Factors other than rainfall identified to substantially influenced flooding in the study are: lack of good drainage network, dumping of wastes / refuse in drainage and water channels, topographic characteristics, overflowing of riverbanks, low infiltration due to high water table and degree of built up areas leading to increased runoffs, and climate changes. Despite the flood hazards, occupants in flood prone area have remained on the basis of no alternative, cultural ethnic affinity, schools, family home, place where students stayed used to flooding as the whole area suffered from flooding nature of occupation, and cheaper houses to rent, animals, and farm lands which will lead to hunger in the future in those affected areas, personal properties and public infrastructures also suffered all forms of flood damages. Flood mitigation measures also include river rechannelisation, raising school foundations, use of sand bags bridges and neighbor community efforts. Public enlightenment and necessary legislation and enforcement are recommended to checkmate activities aiding flooding

Keywords: Flooding, Ndoni LGA, Ogba Egbema, Secondary School

  • Our Journal Publishing Partners