Tag Archives: Research

The Relationship between Research and Development Alliance and Competitive Advantage of the Kenya Commercial Bank, Eldoret Branch (Published)

Strategic alliance relationship continues to be one of the leading business strategies. It is driven majorly by increasing competition in the global market. It is also increasingly becoming popular in the business world. The research sought to establish the relationship between strategic alliances and competitive advantage at the Kenya Commercial Bank. Based on the study, this paper explores the extent to which research and development alliance influences competitive advantage at the KCB. The rationale for carrying out the research was to provide evidence-based practice for KCB and other banks as they engage in strategic alliances. The study adopted a correlational survey research design. It targeted a population of 75 respondents. The sample size comprised 63 respondents selected using random sampling technique. Data was collected using a questionnaire. The data obtained from the questionnaires were coded, organized and analysed using descriptive statistics specifically employing frequency and percentages to analyse closed-ended questions while mean and standard deviation was used to analyse the five point Likert questions. Hypotheses were tested to determine the relationship between research and development alliance and competitive advantage of KCB. The research results revealed that that there was a significant relationship between research and development alliance and competitive advantage (p=0.000). The study concluded that the Kenya Commercial Bank has gained competitive advantage as a result of entering into research and development alliances with various partners across different industries. Therefore, the study recommended that KCB should continue partnering with other commercial banks and organizations through research in order to increase its market share. The paper is significant as it identifies ways in which banks can exploit research and development alliance to provide customers with quality needs-based services and achieve competitive advantage in the banking industry.

Keywords: Alliance, Competitive Advantage, Development, Eldoret, Kenya Commercial Bank, Research

Structure Equation Modeling Basic Assumptions and Concepts: A Novices Guide (Published)

The modern tools and techniques of research make the decision making easy. The present study focused on structure equation modeling (SEM) technique of research. SEM is one of widely recognized technique in research. This paper outlined basic working of SEM its modeling criteria, assumptions and concepts. A brief idea about second generation structure equation modeling was described in the paper. This study will allow the readers to develop understanding of SEM and its applications in different fields.

Keywords: Assumptions, Concepts, Research, Second Generation, Structure Equation Modeling

Domestic-International Collaborative Research Model To Enlarge The Roles Of Chinese Language Education To Support Indonesia-China Relations (Published)

Indonesia-China relations is growing in last decade and Chinese language learning is one of the structure. Chinese language learning spread out in term of number of institute and learners beyond ethnicity in Indonesia. This growth, has big potential to enhance Chinese language learning out of its core learning as language, to the cooperation with other institutes. This article focuses to the opportunity to enlarge the roles of Chinese language learning in Indonesia through collaborative research between Indonesian and Chinese researchers. It is important in the context to support Indonesia-China bilateral relations, particularly to strengthening mutual understanding among society in two countries through publication of research which covers both academic and non-academic communities including publication in Bahasa Indonesia and Chinese so it could be accessed by general public. Chinese language learning has important role not only in the context of language learning but also as important tool for common activity in two countries

Keywords: Chinese Language, Collaboration, Cooperation, People-To-People (PtoP), Research

Advancing the Igbo Language using elements of knowledge management (KM); The role of Academics in South-Eastern Nigerian Universities (Published)

Universities in the South-Eastern part of Nigeria have become the focal point of enlightenment for its people who predominantly speak the Igbo language. In the contemporary Nigerian society, universities manifest their increasing importance in the face of a failing academic system in a Federal Nigeria that has failed to advance the Igbo language. This paper argues that the elements of knowledge management (KM) can be used by academics to advance the Igbo language which has steadily become a dying language. Academics in South-Eastern Nigerian Universities where the Igbo language is spoken are in an advantageous position to advance this language given the advances in communication technology and opportunities for research collaboration. This paper further advocate developing a good research infrastructure in the Igbo language centered on the socio-cultural views of the Igbo society using elements of knowledge management will go a long way to advance and promote the Igbo language

Keywords: Igbo Language, Knowledge Management, Linguistics, Nigeria, Research

Constructivism Philosophical Paradigm: Implication for Research, Teaching and Learning (Published)

The constructivism philosophical paradigm is an efficient tool that can yield many benefits when implemented in the carrying out of research in diverse field of study as well as in undertaking teaching and learning activities at any educational level. There was the need to adopt the qualitative research’s powerful tool thus, document analysis to present a literature review on the subject to enlighten researchers and teachers of the great imports, rich and useful information that they can glean from this vibrant paradigm of philosophy. The paper projects, how researchers can be coached with this philosophical paradigm in their selection of research design, instrumentation, theoretical framework and data analysis procedures. It recommends viable instructional strategies that teachers can employ for instructing learners in the constructivist approach. The paper contends strongly that the constructivism philosophical paradigm provides a firm foundation for researches, especially in humanities, education and other behavioral researches while maximizing students’ learning outcomes when employed in teaching and learning activities.

Keywords: Constructivism, Education, Instructional Strategies, Philosophy, Research

Structure Equation Modeling Basic Assumptions and Concepts: A Novices Guide (Published)

The modern tools and techniques of research make the decision making easy. The present study focused on structure equation modeling (SEM) technique of research. SEM is one of widely recognized technique in research. This paper outlined basic working of SEM its modeling criteria, assumptions and concepts. A brief idea about second generation structure equation modeling was described in the paper. This study will allow the readers to develop understanding of SEM and its applications in different fields.

Keywords: Assumptions, Concepts, Research, Second Generation, Structure Equation Modeling

Unpacking the State Of Human Capital in African Universities – The Case of Zimbabwe (Published)

This paper sought to establish the state of Human capital (HC) in selected public universities in Zimbabwe in terms of prevalence of senior academics such as associate professors and professors as well as the impact on the academic and economic development of the universities and the country at large. A good number of key literary sources were consulted on which the theoretical underpinnings of the paper were grounded. A sample of five state universities was chosen. Convenient sampling was adopted whereby the universities were chosen on the basis of availability of quality and completeness of data on the university website. Data was collected on the qualifications and grade of faculty deans and department chairpersons, and lecturing staff from the universities’ websites. All in all, the study covered a total of 18 faculties and 77 departments. The results of the study showed that there was a serious absence of senior academics in selected universities compared to their counterparts in the region and that this was having a negative impact on the quality of the universities’ academic and economic activities.

Keywords: : Human Capital, Professor, Research, Senior Academics, University

The Relevance and Significance of Correlation in Social Science Research (Published)

As important as statistics in the social sciences are, their application to real life situation has been minimal. Many scientific discoveries of great importance would have been impossible if scientists had only conceived of the world in terms of certainty. In many situations studied by scientists, and most certainly in all situations studied in social sciences, researchers can at best identify and measure imperfect associations between variables. Drawing largely from secondary sources, this paper examined the relevance and significance of correlation in social science. Findings showed that correlation is indispensable especially in studies that require the understanding of certainty and the degree to which variables show a mutual association.

Keywords: Correlation, Research, Variable, statistics

Demystifying Probability Sampling designs in Research (Review Completed - Accepted)

The purpose of this paper is to improve the quality of published research papers by demystifying the concept of probability sampling designs in research. The paper describes how to decide and present probability sampling designs in research and how to determine the sample size. It was motivated by the observation that, researchers in published journal articles guided by quantitative methods either present misconceptions of probability sampling or are silent about the sampling design. The study is guided by qualitative methodologies. Data was collected by documentary analysis of research and mathematics textbooks as a basis for the ideal concept of probability sampling designs and determination of sample size. This was followed by an analysis of a purposive sample of 57 research papers in 9 different journals, 45 dissertations by masters’ students and 92 research projects submitted by undergraduate students. These were analyzed for their presentation of probability sampling. The study found that, researchers and students are not including how they established the sample size. They confused random sampling for any haphazard activity associated with selecting participants. They are not sure of the conditions under which simple random sampling, systematic sampling, stratified sampling and cluster sampling must be applied.  Population analysis in terms of variable distribution is missing. In addition, their descriptions of how the sampling is done (process) needs improvement. These errors are traced to research methods textbooks which are not presenting probability sampling techniques clearly for novice researchers. This study recommends that probability sampling is suitable when the total population is known. Simple random sampling should be applied when the variable is uniformly distributed. Systematic sampling is proper when the variable follows a linear dependency. Stratified sampling is appropriate when the variable is in strata and cluster sampling is fitting when variables emerge in groups. Sample size can be determined from table provided. An illustrative example is included for researchers’ and students’ discussion

Keywords: Probability, Research, Research Methods, Sampling

Service Innovation and Competitive Advantage (Published)

Service Innovation suggests how the concept of service can be improved which is already in practice. This can be either refined competence in customer relations, channel of distribution or innovation in technology or it can be combination of all three. Investing in the development of both physical and non-physical components of products and services available for sale can lead to enhanced business prospects, ultimately ensuring success.

This paper attempts to indentify core ingredients of service innovation and their impact on Online B2B industry in attaining competitive advantage with a resource based view. The difference found in organizational performance in the context of Online Business can be partially explained by Information Technology, Human Resource Management, Research & Development and strategic alliances practices and policies.

Furthermore, the research also attempts to establish how proper implementation of Human Resource Management practices, experienced adoption of Information Technology and IT-enabled services, well connected and inform Research and development can all together render greater service innovation opportunities whereas strategic alliance is the mediocre variable which requires lots of efforts to impact positively on service innovation.


Keywords: Competitive Advantage, Development, Human Resources, Information Technology, Research, Service Innovation, Strategic Alliances

The Constraints Faced by Staff in Effective Communication in Kenyan Public Universities (Published)

This study was conducted at Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology.It was designed to investigate the constraints faced by Staff ineffective Communication in Kenyan public universities.The study specifically investigated the constraints faced by staff in effective communication in theKenyan Public Universities.Literature was reviewed in relation to the above stated objective. The study sample was drawn from MMUST and involved both academic and administrative staff. The sample size was one hundred and fifty two (152) which represents 77.6% of the target population. Stratified random sampling techniques based on the respondents job descriptions were used. The instruments for data collection involved use of questionnaires and information from secondary data materials for instance the University Act of 2007 and the employee survey findings of 2006. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The major findings revealed that MMUST staff had experienced constraints in effectively communicating to other members of staff. The study identified the constraints faced by the MMUST staff in conveying messages citing lack of adequate working equipment and office space. The study therefore, recommended that MMSUT develops appropriate communication policies to curb the communication based problems affecting the university.

Keywords: Barrier, Channel, Constraints, Influence, Organization, Research, Teaching, communication

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