Gender Differences in English Language and Science Related Subjects in the Context of Higher Education in Thailand (Published)
This study was conducted at a university in the surrounding areas of Bangkok to cross-compare academic performances between female (n = 406) and male (n = 496) students in both English language skills and GPA scores in science-based subjects. 902 second-year students were selected from four separate faculties to examine the interaction of the gender variable across a broader spectrum of academic backgrounds; faculty subgroups were clustered accordingly: business studies (n = 315), engineering (n = 317), computer science (n = 178) and veterinary medicine (n = 92). T-tests calculations indicated that female students’ level of attainment was significantly higher in both academic spheres: English (females: 56.85, males: 47.87; [sig: p = <0.05]); GPA (females: 70.5, males; 63.75; [sig: p = <0.05]). Furthermore, according to faculty subgroup comparisons, females consistently outperformed their male counterparts in both English language and science related subjects, and also outnumbered their male peers in the top-100 achievers in both domains.
School Culture: Implication to Academic Performance of the Students in Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines school subculture; implication to the academic performance of the students in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. However, many students are ignorance of join the negative subculture .Yet, there is no ways for them to come out from deadly subculture, because they have made vowed that they should stay with their members forever. Similarly, the cause’s negative subculture were thoroughly examined and also the effects are critical discussed while implication of negative subculture were well explained. Indeed, many students in tertiary institutions were the victims of deadly bad groups in Nigeria tertiary institutions.
Impact of Tuition on Students’ Performance in National Examinations: Views of Secondary School Teachers and Principals in Eldoret North, Kenya (Published)
In Kenya, the demand for good results and the ever-pressing need to complete the syllabus continues to drive schools to introduce holiday and private tuition. This is despite the government ban on tuition programmes. The aim of the study was to document the views of teachers and head teachers on the impact of holiday and private tuition on the performance of students in Eldoret Sub-County, Kenya. The study targeted 300 students, 60 teachers and 30 head teachers from a total of 30 secondary schools. Teachers and head teachers’ perceptions on holiday and private tuition were described, interpreted and analysed by use of descriptive statistics. The study used the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examination results for 2011 as a basis for analysis of students’ performance. The results were obtained from District Education Office and candidates mean grades from KNEC website. Purposive sampling was used to select schools that offered holiday tuition and Form Four students who had undergone holiday or private tuitions. Data was collected using document analysis and a questionnaire. The data was then analysed using descriptive statistics. Based on the results, the head teachers and teachers expressed support for holiday and private tuition in and out of schools. It was recommended that the Teachers’ Service Commission should introduce stringent work performance contracts for teachers every term to complete the termly syllabus within the time frame scheduled. All head teachers in both public and private schools should be compelled to sign a memorandum of understanding with the TSC/Ministry of Education guaranteeing that school facilities under their jurisdiction will never be used for the purposes of holiday and private tuition during holidays
The importance of accounting information system in any organisation, especially the small and medium scale enterprises cannot be over emphasised. The accounting information systems employed by SMEs are very crucial to their performances. Due to lack of accounting information, SMEs however, make wrong decisions. In light of this problem, this study sought to determine the effect of accounting system on the performances of SMEs in Nigeria. The population of this study consists of the Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Festac – Town, Lagos. Data were extracted from 154 questionnaires administered with 80% retrieval success. The hypotheses were formulated and tested using regression analysis at 5 per cent level of significance (0.05).The data were analysed and interpreted using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found accounting information system having a significant positive effect on SMEs performance. In conclusion, accounting information systems employed by the managers/owners of SMEs were found to have contributed positively to their decisions and performances. We therefore recommended that users of accounting information should take cognizance of the quality of accounting information systems provided so as to aid their performance.
Performance Evaluation of Chinese Companies across Various Sectors in Bangladesh Business and Built Environment (Published)
Bangladesh is a country with about 168million people with a GDP growth of 6.5% 2004. This is due to its market-based economy which is the 43rd largest in the world in nominal terms, and 30th largest by purchasing power parity. With its geographical location, economic and population fundamentals, it has attract foreign direct investment (FDI) allowing it full participation in regional and continental development partnerships with its neighbors especially China. China viewed Bangladesh as a crucial and vital partner to its regional development plans especially to its land locked western region. These led to Chinese companies entering the Bangladesh economic sectors to invest and execute projects. However, these Chinese companies must take (or have taken) into cognizance the labour laws, the available & the level of human capacity, the business terrain, the cultural ramifications of the Bangladesh workforce, also the priorities and dynamic government policies. These will influence the performances and overall success of collaborations across various sectors. The study evaluated the performances of Chinese Companies across Various of Bangladesh. It also provides a summary of the main findings in line with the research problem and the research aim. The literature reviewed led to identification of the twelve sectors. The evaluations and assessment show that the performance of Chinese companies across the twelve sectors varies accordingly and that they have a very good performance across eight sectors and satisfactorily / fair across four sectors. These performances are influenced by the levels of collaborations of Bangladeshi people, government and country towards the Chinese companies across various sectors. Altogether, and over some time will lead to better understanding of each other’s work habit, culture, barriers and differences that may will boost the performances of the Chinese companies in future collaborations.
Role of Technological Integration in Supply Chain Corroboration on Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Kenya (Published)
The main purpose of the paper was to assess role of technological integration on performance of manufacturing firms. The target population of the study were managers or equivalent from Six (6) departments that is Procurement, finance, legal, stores, human resource and quality control because they are directly concerned with supply chain. The study adopted the use of a questionnaire and a document analysis as the main research instrument. The study adopted both quantitative and qualitative approaches, implying that both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were employed. Quantitative data collected from the document analysis was analyzed statistically using the Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS version 22). The study tested the significance hypothesis at 95% confidence level using regression techniques. The findings on the effect of technology integration revealed that technological integration has a positive and significant effect on firm performance, 0.731, p < 0.05. Thus, technology integration as concept of supply chain collocation is key determinants of performance of manufacturing firms. Firms are thus encouraged to invest in enhancing coordination efforts through utilization of cost-effective technologies. In addition, the investments should also be used to address the integration of technology.
The study examined marketing determinants and teachers’ job performance in University of Calabar – Nigeria. The objective of the study was to survey marketing determinants that can influence teachers’ job performance in University of Calabar. The study adopted survey research design. The population of the study was 124 academic staff of Faculty of Management Sciences and the sample size was 95 obtained by Taro Yamane method. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between processes and teachers’ job performance, and there is a significant relationship between physical evidence and teachers’ job performance in the University of Calabar – Nigeria. The study recommended that federal government and relevant agencies as well as University management ensure prompt and timely payment of all financial benefits of teachers to boost teachers’ morale and improve welfare thereby ensuring job satisfaction to promote performance. Teachers should be provided with physical enabling environment to motivate teachers to put in the best for the system.
Impact of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) On the Performance of Deposit Money Banks (DMBS) In Abuja (Published)
This study examines the impact of Customer Relationship Management on the performance of Deposit Money Banks in Abuja. The study investigates how CRM variables such as customer attraction, customer satisfaction and customer retention impact on the performance of Deposit Money Banks. The study adopted a survey research method where data was collected using questionnaires administered to both employees and customers of the ten randomly selected DMBs in Abuja made up of the 341 Population of the study. Taro Yamane Sample Size formula was used to determine the sample size (184). Out of the 184 copies of questionnaires that were distributed, 175 representing 95.1 % response rate were retrieved and used for analysis. As part of the method of data analysis, Pearson Correlation and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) was used to test the formulated hypotheses in line with the objectives of the study. The major finding reveals that, “there is significant relationship between Customer Relationship Management and performance of Deposit Money Banks in Abuja”. It was recommended that Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Nigeria’s North-Central sub-region should improve on Customers’ attraction activities in order to achieve deeper market penetration which will help in attracting more customers to strengthen their competitive positions. The study concluded that DMB’s should adopt CRM since it contributes significantly to their performance.
The purpose of this correlational study was to investigate the relationship between various possible components of L2 skill GPA. In theoretical terms, the objective of the study was on examining the explanatory power of the g factor of general intelligence versus multiple intelligences theory through a correlation of five aspects of L2 competence with GPA among a sample of 94 Kuwaiti students of English as an L2. The study was guided by five research questions: (1) Is there a statistically significant effect of intelligence on GPA? (2) Is there a statistically significant effect of aptitude on GPA? (3) Is there a statistically significant effect of personality on GPA? (4) Is there a statistically significant effect of motivation and attitude on GPA? (5) Is there a statistically significant effect of beliefs on GPA? Utilizing an odds ratio approach in which the comparison groups were (a) students who failed and students who did not fail, (b) students who excelled and students who did not excel, and (c) students who achieved at least average performance and students who did not achieve at least average performance, no statistically significant relationships were found between GPA and any of these predictors. The results were discussed in terms of their support for multiple intelligences theory, and some recommendations for future research were made
The Effects of Cohabitation on Academic Performance of the Students in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria (Published)
This paper examines the effects of Cohabitation on Academic Performance of the students in higher institution in Nigeria. However, it also determined the major types of cohabitation which existed many years in higher institutions such as Polytechnics, Colleges of Education and Universities. It also explained the effects of Cohabitation on the Students’ Academic Achievement in higher institutions in Nigeria where the students practice it among their partners. Similarly, it is critically examined the common reasons why the students cohabitating on campuses. Yet, it emphasized the implication of cohabitation on the students’ academic performance in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
The study determined the relationship between effective communication and employee performance. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study and the total population of the study were 142 respondents. The simple random sampling technique was used to select the participants. Data gathered were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The result of the analysis revealed that there was significant relationship between effective communication and employee performance. It was therefore concluded that organizations should endeavour to make effective communication an essential strategy in achieving high employee performance.
Analysing Dependent Variables with Multiple Surrogates in Financial Performance Research (Published)
Accounting and finance-based researchers often use multiple surrogates to capture the properties of a dependent variable (DV) when studying its predictive relationship with predictors. This often fail to directly connect the study results with the major objective of the research. This paper compares the existing practice with a plausible and less complicated alternative. Using logistic regression, the study converted the a priori expectations of 30 Ph.D research theses in finance and accounting with four dependent surrogates into a probabilistic log values and compared them with the individual surrogate performance on the one hand and the surrogates geometric mean on the other hand. While the geometric mean revealed close connection with the theses’ probabilistic expectations (β = .278, t(30) = .695, R2 = .077, p > .10), the individual surrogates results showed singular and combined significant differences with the theses’ a priori expectations (Adj. R2 = .0291, F(4, 25) = 22.598, p < .05). The paper recommends unifying multivariate DVs with geometric means for better conclusion in financial performance relational studies.
The Impact of Effective Strategic Sourcing On Operational Efficiency Case of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital [Kath] (Published)
This paper examined empirically the “impact of effective strategic sourcing on operational efficiency in healthcare delivery of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH). Exact survey-based research methodology was implemented to examine the research questions and Data was gathered utilizing three arrangements of polls regulated to 40 tolerant parental figures (medical caretakers, clinicians and specialists), 12 senior doctor’s facility managers, and 13 procurement officers. The concentrate plainly exhibits that strategic sourcing assumes a key part in an association’s business operations and puts more noteworthy accentuation on adding to the sourcing chief’s business capability. Incessant stock outs of drugs were affirmed, the effects of which on medicinal services delivery went from death of patients, deterioration of restorative states of patients, clinic congestion, to exchange of patients to other healing facilities. These stock outs were credited to: disappointment by a ‘legislature established supplier’ to satisfy medication requests; delays by procurement staff; and withholding of funds by donors. It is therefore suggested that a strategic movement from single sourcing to strategic sourcing keeping in mind the end goal to guarantee efficiency in operations to turn away the determined medication stock outs openly doctor’s facilities.
Studying the Effect of Leadership Styles on the Business Performance of SMES in South-Eastern Region (Published)
This study aims to explore the effect of leadership styles on the business performance of SMEs in South-Eastern region. The research result is a science evident for managers to improve the business performance. The researcher surveyed 250 managers of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and answered 12 questions but 212 samples processed. The primary sources of data collected from July 2017 to November 2018 in South-Eastern region. Simple random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), which used for multiple linear regression and using partial least squares method. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. In addition, the findings of the study have two factors affecting the business performance of SMEs in South-Eastern region with significance level 0.05.
This paper examines the impact of procrastination on students’ academic performance of secondary school in Nigeria. Similarly, it shows the causes of procrastination among the students. Yet, the types of procrastination are examined and also the effects of procrastinations and implication of procrastination on students’ academic performance are properly discussed and why students procrastinate is thoroughly explained.
The paper reviews existing literature on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to ascertain the level of corporate social responsibility activities that will enhance the performance/profitability of businesses in Nigeria. It revealed that the success of an organization depends on the extent to which the organization is capable of managing its relationship with key groups, such as financial and stakeholders, but also customers, employees, and even communities or societies. Stakeholders must be considered in the decision making process of the organization. CSR is a concept that includes many different activities and actions which businesses have to involve themselves in for the purpose growth sustainability and growth of businesses. Businesses that voluntarily participates in local community development, such as providing the community with donations, assisting them with projects and sharing some of its profit with the community, helps to increase the business profitability in the long-run.
Risk Management, Risk Concentration and the Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated the effect of risk management and risk concentration on the performance of Deposit Money banks in Nigeria for the period 1997 to 2016. The study adopted credit risk, liquidity risk and capital adequacy risk as proxies for risk management/concentration, and return on assets as the measure for performance of Deposit Money banks. Secondary data was collected from the annual financial statements of listed banks and the Nigerian Stock Exchange fact book. The study employed multiple regression technique based on the E-views 7 software for analysis of data. The results of the analysis indicated that credit risk and liquidity risk had positive and significant effect on return on asset, while capital adequacy risk had negative and insignificant effect on return on asset. The study concluded that risk management/concentration affected the performance of banks in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommended that the management of banks should establish sound lending policies, adequate credit administration procedure, and effective and efficient machinery to monitor the lending function in line with established guidelines. Also, the character and financial statement of the borrower must be properly scrutinized and a careful evaluation of the customer’s credit worthiness be carried out before extending loan facilities to potential borrowers.
The study examined academic motivation and academic performance of Junior High School (JHS) students in Ghana. Differences between the academic motivation of male and female students as well as between students from urban and rural schools were examined. Participants were 756 male and 714 female JHS 2 students randomly selected from 24 Junior High Schools through stratified random sampling using gender and location as criteria for stratification. Two research instruments, the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) with a Cronbach Alpha Reliability Coefficient of 0.75 and Achievement Tests in Mathematics, English Language, Social Studies and Integrated Science were used to collect data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-tests were used in analyzing the data. The results showed a positive relationship between academic motivation and academic performance of JHS students. While the results showed a statistically significant difference between the academic motivation of students in schools in urban and rural areas, there was difference between the academic motivation of male and female students. It was recommended that teachers, parents and all those concerned with the education of children should put in place psychological processes that are intended to boost the ego of students thereby making them have an inner feeling of satisfaction when they accomplish academic tasks.
Recently, there have been concerns about the attitude of some secretaries or administrative assistants in various organisations across Ghana and this has been blamed on several factors. This study subjects the types of leadership styles to productivity of secretaries or administrative assistants in the public sector in Ghana. The study adopted quantitative approach and survey as a research design. This enabled the researchers to take primary data from large number of respondents. It was found out that Leadership is not attached to a particular style but uses a style that may fit the situation or circumstance they face. Many secretaries and administrative assistants are aware of the competences needed to perform their role. However, these competences are not in use or exhibited by this category of employees. Autocratic leadership style does not necessary lead to high turnover and absenteeism, low productivity and distortion of communication.
The study sought to analyse the effect of road asset management (RAM) on performance of road agencies in Kenya. The study was guided by stakeholder theory and it posited a conceptual framework in which road assets management was the independent variable, road agency performance the dependent variable. A correlation survey design was employed to find out the relationships between the study variables.A purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study and data was collected using structured questionnaire. Results showed that RAM was a positive and significant predictor of road agency performance in Kenya and it accounted for 81.7% of variance in performance of the road agencies in Kenya.The study concluded that RAM contribute significantly to road agency performance and recommends that RAM should be integrated in the policies of road agencies in Kenya in order to realize better condition of roads in Kenya in the long run.