Tag Archives: Performance

The Influence of Job Stressor to Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan – Indonesia (Published)

This study was conducted to examined the influence of job stressors to performance of nurses  who work in Hospital. Participants were 150 nurses working at hospital. Nurse job stressors were measured using six indicators of job stressors, namely: intrinsic condition of employment, role in the organization, career development, labor relations, organizational structure and climate, and the interface work / home, while the performance of nurse is measured using five indicators, namely: nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Our Findings showed that work stressor have significant influence to performance of nurses.

Keywords: Job Stressors, Nurse, Performance, Syndrome

Employee Engagement and Performance of Selected Private Universities in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)

In the present turbulent and unpredictable Nigerian business environment, the non-availability of employee voice in some private universities in Delta State has made employee turnover intention a major problem. The broad objective of the study is to determine the relationship that exists between employee engagement and performance of selected private universities in Delta State, while the specific objective is to ascertain the extent to which employee voice affects turnover intention of employees in the selected private universities in Delta State. Survey research design was adopted for the study, a total population of 254 employees in the selected private universities was used for the study, and the Taro Yamane sampling technique was used in selecting the sample size of 155 employees. The data collection tool employed by the researchers was the questionnaire, while the analysis of the data was done using the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient analysis. The findings revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between employee voice and turnover intention of employees in the selected private universities in Delta State. Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that when employees have a voice on matters that affects them in the organisation, it increases employees desire to stay in such organisation. The researchers however recommended that management of private universities should provide an avenue through which employees can express their opinions on matters that affects them.

Keywords: Employee Engagement, Employee Voice, Performance, Turnover Intention

The Influence of Job Stressor to Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan – Indonesia (Published)

This study was conducted to examine the influence of job stressors to performance of nurses who work in Hospital. Participants were 150 nurses working at hospital. Nurse job stressors were measured using six indicators of job stressors, namely: intrinsic condition of employment, role in the organization, career development, labor relations, organizational structure and climate, and the interface work / home, while the performance of nurse is measured using five indicators, namely: nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Our Findings showed that work stressor have significant influence to performance of nurses.

Keywords: Job Stressors, Nurse, Performance, Syndrom

Academic Motivation and Performance of Junior High School Students in Ghana (Published)

The study examined academic motivation and academic performance of Junior High School (JHS) students in Ghana. Differences between the academic motivation of male and female students as well as between students from urban and rural schools were examined.  Participants were 756 male and 714 female JHS 2 students randomly selected from 24 Junior High Schools through stratified random sampling using gender and location as criteria for stratification. Two research instruments, the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) with a Cronbach Alpha Reliability Coefficient of 0.75 and Achievement Tests in Mathematics, English Language, Social Studies and Integrated Science were used to collect data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-tests were used in analyzing the data. The results showed a positive relationship between academic motivation and academic performance of JHS students.  While the results showed a statistically significant difference between the academic motivation of students in schools in urban and rural areas, there was difference between the academic motivation of male and female students. It was recommended that teachers, parents and all those concerned with the education of children should put in place psychological processes that are intended to boost the ego of students thereby making them have an inner feeling of satisfaction when they accomplish academic tasks.

Keywords: Academic Motivation, Ghana, Junior High School, Performance, Students

The Impact of Working Capital Management on Corporate Performance: Evidence from Listed Non-Financial Firms in Ghana (Published)

Working Capital Management (WCM) plays a significant role in the successful operation of businesses due to its significant effect on corporate profitability and liquidity. This study empirically examines the impact of working capital management on the performance of non-financial firms in Ghana. Using secondary data of five listed non-financial firms for the period 2010-2015, the Random effect model was employed to establish the relationship that exists between the various components of working capital management and firm performance and whether these WCM components impact significantly on firm performance. The results show that average payment period and current ratio have a positive relationship with firm performance. Average collection period, inventory turnover, cash conversion cycle, and firm size on the other hand have a negative relationship with firm performance. However, only average collection period, average payment period, cash conversion cycle, and current ratio are found to have a significant impact on firm performance. The study recommends that managers of non-financial firms in Ghana should formulate sound working capital management policies that will enable firms to deal with liquidity challenges and enhance their performance.

Keywords: Non-financial firms, Performance, Working Capital Management

The Ex-post Evaluation of Investments in Accounting Information System: The Role of Content, Context and Process (Published)

Investments in Accounting Information System (AIS) play an important supporting role in most sectors of the economy. This study was designed to answer the question related to the roles of contextual factors, namely «content », « context» and « process» on the ex-post evaluation of investments in information technology. The model was tested using survey data collected from 269 companies. The results of analyzing structural equation support the proposed model and highlights positive and significant relationship of AIS investment and business performance of the companies. The same the analysis multiple groups also show the important moderating role of «content» , «context» and «process» on the relationship between AIS investments and business performance.

Keywords: Accounting Information System (AIS), Content, Context, Performance, Process

Frequency of On-Job Training (Ojt) Of Administrative Staff Atmmust: A Human Resource Practice and Promotional Tool for Organizational Performance (Published)

Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) is one of the institutions that sponsors its administrative staff to a variety of trainings, including on-job training programs. The university’s Human Resource Development (HRD) policy of On-Job Training (OJT) aims at ensuring that staff can cope with the dynamics of a competitive higher education environment. Like most public universities, once trained, an employee would require to be placed in a job that requires the newly acquired knowledge and skills. However, in most organizations, non-placement of trained employees persists.  This phenomenon leads to high turnover as they leave to look for positions that suit their training elsewhere. Those employees that do not leave may under-perform due to a feeling of under-utilization or non-recognition.  This paper is an investigation into the frequency of OJT in the institution and how this relates to individuals’ current jobs as well as transformation to their future appointments and promotions. The study employed a case study design and targeted 149 administrative staff. Since the target population was small, census sampling approach was used thus it formed the sample size. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically while quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using percentages and frequency distribution techniques. The results revealed that most staff often attend OJT and indicated quite a number having received training while on their current job.

Keywords: Behaviour change., Knowledge, Non-placement, On Job Training, Performance, Skills

Training and Development in Lokoja Local Government Council Kogi State, Nigeria 2003-2009 (Published)

The centrality of effective training and development to the efficiency of any organization can hardly be overemphasized. This paper empirically evaluated the effectiveness of training and development programmes in enhancing the job performance of Lokoja Local Government Council personnel from 2003-2009. The study adopted the systematic approach to training, as well as its concomitant derivatives such as the frequency, timing, equity and relevance of training programmes, as benchmarks for effective training and development. Data for this study were generated from both primary and secondary sources. Also, the responses generated from the randomly selected respondents were analyzed using simple cross tabulation and percentages. The paper found that the glaring absence of the systematic approach to training is at the root of the numerous obstacles that beset training and development programmes in Lokoja Local Government Council. It strongly recommended, inter alia, the need to incorporate training needs assessments and training evaluations into the configuration of training and development activities in Lokoja Local Government Council.

Keywords: Human resource, Local Government Council, Performance, training and development

La gouvernance des PME familiales au Tchad : une performance améliorée par les caractères familiaux plus que par les facteurs d’altruisme (Published)

La présente recherche s’intéresse aux liens entre la gouvernance et performance des PME familiales au Tchad. L’étude porte sur 182 PME familiales tchadiennes appartenant à des secteurs d’activités variés. L’enquête repose sur une méthode hypothético-déductive. Les résultats de ce travail montrent que l’impact de la gouvernance sur la performance est significatif. Une Analyse en Composantes Principales (ACP) dégage des facteurs spécifiques en trois groupes de variables gouvernance, altruisme et caractères familiaux. La régression factorielle par degré de significativité respectif et d’importance des facteurs montre que les facteurs relations et délégations,  le formalisme de la gouvernance, relations internes (au groupe familial et de management), formations et expériences et conflits professionnels structurent la relation gouvernance-performance de ces PME. Enfin, l’impact de la variable altruisme sur la performance est non significatif, contrairement aux attentes issues de la revue de littérature. La portée de ces résultats est finalement discutée.

 

Keywords: Entreprise familiale, Entreprise informelle, Entreprise non familiale, Gouvernance, Intendance, PME, Performance, Tchad.

Frequency of On-Job Training (OJT) Of Administrative Staff At MMUST: A Human Resource Practice and Promotional Tool for Organizational Performance (Published)

Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) is one of the institutions that sponsors its administrative staff to a variety of trainings, including on-job training programs. The university’s Human Resource Development (HRD) policy of On-Job Training (OJT) aims at ensuring that staff can cope with the dynamics of a competitive higher education environment. Like most public universities, once trained, an employee would require to be placed in a job that requires the newly acquired knowledge and skills. However, in most organizations, non-placement of trained employees persists.  This phenomenon leads to high turnover as they leave to look for positions that suit their training elsewhere. Those employees that do not leave may under-perform due to a feeling of under-utilization or non-recognition.  This paper is an investigation into the frequency of OJT in the institution and how this relates to individuals’ current jobs as well as transformation to their future appointments and promotions. The study employed a case study design and targeted 149 administrative staff. Since the target population was small, census sampling approach was used thus it formed the sample size. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically while quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using percentages and frequency distribution techniques. The results revealed that most staff often attend OJT and indicated quite a number having received training while on their current job.

Keywords: Behaviour change., Knowledge, Non-placement, On Job Training, Performance, Skills

Performance Assessment of Secondary School Counsellors in Counselling: Anambra And Enugu States of Nigeria in Focus (Published)

The study sought to determine the performance assessment of counsellors in counselling as a school guidance service in Nigerian secondary schools. One research question and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the descriptive survey study. The population of the study was 47010 respondents out of which multistage sampling technique was used to select a sample of 739 respondents, being 45 supervisors and 675 SS II students. A 4 point researcher made 7 items questionnaire tagged Performance Assessment of School Counsellors in Counselling (PASCIC), with a reliability index of 0.73, Cronbach alpha was used to elicit responses after which 720 copies were duly filled and returned. Mean and t-test at 0.05 level of significance were used to test the research question and the hypothesis respectively. Findings reveal that Nigerian counsellors, in the face or all odds are proficient in counselling  which  would be  traceable to  cultures and traditions of  counselling  by  elderly people  in  Nigeria to the  younger  ones.  

Keywords: Assessment, Counsellors, Performance, School – Guidance and Counselling

Marketing Strategies and the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the impact of three marketing strategies (product quality, marketing communication and relationship marketing) on the performance of selected Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The study was motivated by the fact that SMEs in Akwa Ibom State find themselves in a competitive environment and may not know which marketing strategy is effective in improving their business performances. The study adopted the survey method. 240 questionnaires were issued to SMEs in the three senatorial districts of the State. This formed the sample of the study. The data obtained was analysed using Pearson Product Moment correlation analysis which was computed electronically by the use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21. The study revealed that there is a significant impact of product quality strategy and relationship marketing strategy on the profitability and increased market share of SMEs in Akwa Ibom State. The study recommends that SMEs should invest so much in product quality rather than in advertisement as this would enhance the firm’s profitability. Also, the customers should be valued and treated as kings as cordial relationship between firm and customers results in the increase of the organizations market base.

Keywords: Marketing Communications, Marketing Strategies, Performance, Relationship Marketing, Small Medium Enterprises, product .quality

Training and Development in Lokoja Local Government Council Kogi State, Nigeria 2003-2009 (Published)

The centrality of effective training and development to the efficiency of any organization can hardly be overemphasized. This paper empirically evaluated the effectiveness of training and development programmes in enhancing the job performance of Lokoja Local Government Council personnel from 2003-2009. The study adopted the systematic approach to training, as well as its concomitant derivatives such as the frequency, timing, equity and relevance of training programmes, as benchmarks for effective training and development. Data for this study were generated from both primary and secondary sources. Also, the responses generated from the randomly selected respondents were analyzed using simple cross tabulation and percentages. The paper found that the glaring absence of the systematic approach to training is at the root of the numerous obstacles that beset training and development programmes in Lokoja Local Government Council. It strongly recommended, inter alia, the need to incorporate training needs assessments and training evaluations into the configuration of training and development activities in Lokoja Local Government Council.

Keywords: Human resource, Local Government Council, Performance, training and development

Improving Teaching of Christian Moral Education in Secondary Schools in South East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria through Commitment in Teachers’ Behaviour (Published)

Nigerian society exhibits symptoms of serious moral decay. There is consequently widespread concern about the moral predicament in the nation. This paper is an attempt to investigate how commitment in teachers’ behaviour could improve the teaching of Christian moral education in secondary schools in the southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. South-east geopolitical zone is the area of study and the population comprised of all the Christian Moral Education teachers in the states that make up the zone. 300 teachers were selected out of 967 Christian Moral Education teachers in the area using purpose sampling technique. Fixed response questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. Mean was used to analyze data. Result show-cased that the teaching of Christian Moral Education could be improved through commitment in teachers’ behaviour. Based on the findings, the study stresses that a greater percentage of the work of improving the teaching of Christian moral education lies in the hands of the teachers as commitments in teachers’ behaviour becomes a necessity of immediacy and paramount. This however forms the contribution of the study.

Keywords: Christian Moral Education, Commitment, Improving, Performance, Teachers’ Behaviour.

Field Trip and Students’ Performance in Environmental Studies: The Case of Noun Bayelsa Study Centre, Yenagoa (Published)

Field trip is undertaken within most earth sciences and professions. More than a set of skills, environmental research is a way of thinking and examining critically the various aspects of our physical environment. It is a habit of questioning about what you do in your environment, and empirical examination to find answers to environmental problems, with a view to instituting appropriate changes for a more environmental friendly habitat. This study is therefore aimed at x-raying the imperatives of Field Trip in Students studying various aspects in Environmental Sciences. The study adopted reconnaissance survey, observation, assessment of field trip report and interview methods. It specifically examines works of students of the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) Yenagoa study center. The findings of the study among other issues discovered that students who undergo field trip during their course of studies acquire more knowledge and better equipped in their chosen discipline. Useful recommendations were made to guide students on further field trips so as to enrich their knowledge on Environmental issues.

Keywords: Environmental Studies, Field Trip, NOUN, Performance

Motivation a Catalyst for High Performance: Case Study of University of Port Harcourt Choba Port Harcourt, Nigeria. (Published)

The study x-rayed motivation as catalyst for high performance in a context of University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Motivation as a two edged sword was explained, as 79% of the workforce were highly dissatisfied with management not fulfilling her motivational promise of extra one month salary, is capable of generating industrial unrest-strike action and negative attitude to work. Analyzed graduands’ performance for academic sessions 2011-2014, showed that out of 13393 graduands only 0.3 %( 38) and 18 %( 2383) made 1st class and 2nd class upper division respectively. While 64.3 %( 8612) graduated with 2nd class lower division. Based on this analysis, we documented that employees’ performance is average, to improve this output (quality graduates), 56.8% and 65% of respondents out of 400 selected as a sample size through stratified sampling technique strongly agree that unconventional promotion and social activities respectively will improve their performance.   

Keywords: Employee, Motivation, Performance, Remuneration, Unfulfilled Promises

A Comparison between Two Test Item Formats: Multiple-Choice Items and Completion Items (Published)

This study aimed at investigating the influence of item formats upon students’ performance and item psychometric characteristics. The students of evaluation and measurement 68 students were chosen to collect the data, 2 test format were applied; Multiple Choice items test and Completion items test. The results indicated that students performance was effected by the type of the  test items, female students’ performed higher than male students’ on the 2 forms, and the psychometric characteristics of the test were found to be affected by test format.

Keywords: Item, Item Format, Performance, Psychometric Characteristics, Test

¬The Influence of Leadership Styles on Organizational Performance in Nigeria (Published)

The leadership style scale developed by Simon Oates (2011) was adopted and 84 usable response obtained. The predictor variable was Leadership Style [Democratic, Autocratic and laissez faire] and the criterion variable was firm’s performance. Crobach alpha > 0.9 using one way Anova etc. It was found that managers with democratic inclinations account for more variance in performance than autocratic and laissez faire. The implication of this and the result obtained are discussed in terms of national and individual interest and possible desirable changes.

Keywords: Autocratic, Laissez Faire and Democratic, Leadership, Performance

The Behavior of the Managers to Human Resources as a Factor in Building a Good Organizational Climate (Published)

The modern working conditions with the application of a number of daily changes that create conditions for growth and development of the organization, imply the need for “healthy” organizational climate that is characterized by motivated employees that consider their jobs as a challenge rather than as a process which tires you and is seen as an obligation. Treating the human resources by managers as intellectual capital, which is the organizational wealth by which the organization develops its competitiveness in the market, is the dominant factor based on which is built the sense of total commitment and belonging of the individual in the organization, which is becoming recognizable in the environment by the attitude of the individual towards its work experience as pleasure and not as an imposed obligation that must be realized. This condition can be achieved if the directors have developed managerial, and leadership skills that are necessary condition for building a working climate in which the employee will be treated as a resource that is in the center of the organization.

Keywords: "healthy" organizational climate, Intellectual Capital, Motivation, Performance, leadership behavior

Training and Development in Lokoja Local Government Council Kogi State, Nigeria 2003-2009 (Published)

The centrality of effective training and development to the efficiency of any organization can hardly be overemphasized. This paper empirically evaluated the effectiveness of training and development programmes in enhancing the job performance of Lokoja Local Government Council personnel from 2003-2009. The study adopted the systematic approach to training, as well as its concomitant derivatives such as the frequency, timing, equity and relevance of training programmes, as benchmarks for effective training and development. Data for this study were generated from both primary and secondary sources. Also, the responses generated from the randomly selected respondents were analyzed using simple cross tabulation and percentages. The paper found that the glaring absence of the systematic approach to training is at the root of the numerous obstacles that beset training and development programmes in Lokoja Local Government Council. It strongly recommended, inter alia, the need to incorporate training needs assessments and training evaluations into the configuration of training and development activities in Lokoja Local Government Council.

Keywords: Human resource, Local Government Council, Performance, training and development

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