Tag Archives: Performance

The Irish Theatre as Imaginative Space: A Vehicle and Venue for the Reconstruction of the Irish Identity (Published)

Current cultural and political changes have prompted the theatre to play a significant role in staging the transformations of the Irish identity. Over time, it has provided an impetus for expressions of the collective new self-image of the Irish. Re-inventing the self requires a manifestation of space and the production of space whether geographical, metaphorical or a physical stage representation. ‘Space’ has been utilised in Irish drama in terms of geographical location, cartography, social media, technology, immigration, and the theatre stage. Globalisation has also played a crucial role in terms of creating overlapping spaces and multiple belongings. This study will examine through Henri Lefebvre’s theory of space, how this type of spatial awareness manifests itself in Brian Friel’s Translations (1980); Martin McDonagh’s The Beauty Queen of Leenane (1996); Marina Carr’s By the Bog of Cats (1998); Michel Tremblay’s Solemn Mass for a Full Moon in Summer (2009) and Emma Donoghue’s adapted stage play Room (2017).

Keywords: Irish Drama; Spatial Theory; National Identity; Post-Colonialism; Theatre, Performance

Does Mind Mapping Enhance Learning (Published)

In a setting whereby, students of the English Department at the College of Basic Education are exposed to course materials across a number of courses, in a language other than their mother tongue, requiring them to read, comprehend and analyse, note taking gets extremely complicated. The current study focuses on such a complex dilemma, with its objective to find out whether mind mapping may successfully be used by our students in order to overcome their linguistic problems. For the purpose, fifty third/fourth year English language students were used as the study’s sample. The students were divided into two groups and trained to use two different note taking techniques. Later they were given a 10 MSCs, each followed by subjective response question: know, remember, guess. In addition, students were asked to write about their experience to obtain qualitative data. Findings of the study suggest a higher level of performance when the students learn their study material using MM as opposed to SNT. More positive attitudes in favour of MM were also elicited from their selection between the three responses (Know, Remember & Guess)

Keywords: Attitudes, EFL, Higher Education, Long-Term Memory, Mind Map (MM), Performance, Short-Term Memory, Standard Note Technique (SNT)

Determination of Combined Effects of Factors that Affect Performance Operatives in Manufacturing Industries, Using Minitab (Published)

This research work determines the degree of impact of some factors in their combined state and interactions effects on the performance of operatives (manufacturing workers) in manufacturing industries. Factors studied include: motivation, power, safety, maintenance, training, equipment and technology. Eighty-two manufacturing workers drawn from thirteen manufacturing Plastic Companies were used. Data were collected using work measurement technique (time studies) and questionnaire (tests studies). Software is used for the various analyses in the study. The software used was Minitab. Software tools used for various analyses in the study are: statistics, correlation, polynomial regression and response surface regression, while t – value, F- ratio, p – values, effect coefficient and variance of inflation factors (VIF) were used to test the hypotheses.  Results from the various statistical analyses were presented, studied and interpreted. The results showed that the identified factors have impact on the performance of the manufacturing workers in the plastic manufacturing industries. The fall in performance of manufacturing workers in plastic industries is due to these cumulative effects of factors. The magnitude of these effects of the combined and interactions on performance are 42.57% ( 0.15), 43.67% ( 0.1) and 43.67% ( 0.05). The effect reduces as confidence interval increases above 90%. The correlation coefficients of the factors to performance are all showing positive linear effects while the regression model coefficients some show negative effects. The models developed in quadratic shape factor are valid in predicting performance and their combined and interactions effects apparently providing information for controlling problems arising in manufacturing workers performance in industries in the South Eastern Nigeria and any other placeThis research work determines the degree of impact of some factors in their combined state and interactions effects on the performance of operatives (manufacturing workers) in manufacturing industries. Factors studied include: motivation, power, safety, maintenance, training, equipment and technology. Eighty-two manufacturing workers drawn from thirteen manufacturing Plastic Companies were used. Data were collected using work measurement technique (time studies) and questionnaire (tests studies). Software is used for the various analyses in the study. The software used was Minitab. Software tools used for various analyses in the study are: statistics, correlation, polynomial regression and response surface regression, while t – value, F- ratio, p – values, effect coefficient and variance of inflation factors (VIF) were used to test the hypotheses.  Results from the various statistical analyses were presented, studied and interpreted. The results showed that the identified factors have impact on the performance of the manufacturing workers in the plastic manufacturing industries. The fall in performance of manufacturing workers in plastic industries is due to these cumulative effects of factors. The magnitude of these effects of the combined and interactions on performance are 42.57% ( 0.15), 43.67% ( 0.1) and 43.67% ( 0.05). The effect reduces as confidence interval increases above 90%. The correlation coefficients of the factors to performance are all showing positive linear effects while the regression model coefficients some show negative effects. The models developed in quadratic shape factor are valid in predicting performance and their combined and interactions effects apparently providing information for controlling problems arising in manufacturing workers performance in industries in the South Eastern Nigeria and any other place

Keywords: Factorial Indices and Regression Models., Industries, Manufacturing Workers, Performance

Motivation and Teachers’ Performance in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State (Published)

This study investigated motivation and teachers’ performance in selected secondary schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design of an ex-post facto type. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire tagged “Teachers’ motivation and  performance in secondary schools”. The questionnaire was validated and the Cronbach’s alpha was 0.81 while the reliability was confirmed at 0.78 using a split-half correlation coefficient. Research questionnaires were administered to two hundred (200) teachers that were randomly selected from four major (4) administrative zones in LGA but only one hundred and eighty-seven (187) were adequately filled and used in the analysis. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regression statistical methods. The findings of this study reveal a significant positive relationship between teachers’ job performance and motivation in ensuring quality education in secondary schools (r = .567; p>.05). The study also indicated that reward system, professional training and development, work situational factors accounted for 10.4%, 29.1%, and 13.9% respectively of the variance in the motivation of teachers in public secondary schools. It was therefore concluded that the importance of motivation in the day-to-day performance of teachers cannot be overemphasized, especially when it comes to being rewarded for a job done and being happy on the job. It was recommended that for higher performance as well as for employees to have sense of belonging, Management must introduce Management By Objective (MBO) approach so that all staff will take part and be able to contribute meaningfully to the development of the organization.

Keywords: Development, Performance, Reward system, Teachers, Training, Work Situation

Effects of Quality Management Practices on Performance of Kenyan Universities (Published)

The university education sector in Kenya has become very attractive due to changes in the environment. Quality has become an essential business strategy for all sectors and the implementation of quality management practices has become popular. In actual fact, quality management is an integrative management strategy aimed at the continuous improvement of universities performance. The purpose of this study is to establish the effects of quality management practices on performance of Kenyan universities. Deming’s theory of quality management provided a theoretical basis for the study. The study adopted explanatory survey research design. The target population was the employees of public and private universities from which 321 respondents were selected using stratified random sampling techniques. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics Pearson correlations and structural equation modelling. The study unveiled that employee involvement in the university activities, leadership commitment and continuous improvement and customer focus have a significant effect on the university performance. Top management should facilitate employees for any successful implementation of quality management practices. The study recommended that universities operating in Kenya should embrace quality management system to improve their performance.

Keywords: Customer Focus, Employee Involvement, Leadership Commitment, Performance, Quality Management Practices, Universities

Effect of Cross-Functional Information Sharing On Supply Chain Agility of Cosmetics Manufacturing Firms in the County Government of Nairobi, Kenya (Published)

Supply Chain Agility is widely regarded as a critical element that affects firms’ competitiveness at the strategic level. This is because firms with Supply Chain Agility have better performance in responding to unforeseen events. The purpose of this study, was to assess the effect of Cross Functional Information Sharing on Supply Chain Agility of Cosmetics Manufacturing firms in the County Government of Nairobi. Cross Functional Information Sharing is generally considered an enabler of a firm’s Supply Chain Agility. Information Sharing has significant effects on the performance of Cosmetics Manufacturing Firms. These trends have led to expanding the scale of procurement and reducing operating and purchase costs in order to improve the responsiveness of the supply chain. Relational View theory, Resource Based View Theory and Stategy, Structure and Performance Theory was adopted in the study. Cross-sectional survey research design was used in the study. The target population of the study was 714 employees working in the Cosmetic Manufacturing Firms in the County Government of Nairobi, Kenya. A sample of 256 was selected from the target population using a Multi Stage Sampling Technique. Both descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyse the collected data. The results indicates that there is a positive and statistically significant correlation between Cross Functional Information Sharing and Supply Chain Agility (r=.582, p < 0.01). This is a clear indication that any effort to improve the communications channels making it more informative will lead to an increase in supply chain agility. Therefore the study concludes that Cross functional information sharing is a pertinent factor as it affects the Supply Chain Agility of Firms. With the growing technological advances and the emergence of the global information infrastructure, firms should possess the suitable competitive inter-organisational informational systems to enable them to achieve the rapid and effective response to the customer needs and changing expectations

Keywords: Competitiveness, Cross-Functional Information Sharing, Performance, Supply Chain Agility

Empirical Investigation of Assessment of Influence of Reward System on Health Worker Job Performance (Published)

This study is examines the influence of reward on worker job performance using health sector as a reference. It is a research based on primary data collected using a structured questionnaire. The influence of reward system on worker performance was analyzed using Ordinary Least Square Regression Analysis Method. The study revealed that there is a positive relationship between reward and worker performance. The study recommended that (1) the employer of labour need to constantly review the reward packages to their employee and allow it to reflect their contribution to the organization. (2) The economic situation of Nigeria has changed drastically in recent time such that cost of living has shut up drastically, employer is expected to pay a reward that reflect changes in economic situation in Nigeria (3) With the present global economic trend, most employers of labour need to realize that for their organizations to compete favourably, employee performance is a key factor and their wellbeing must be of paramount important to them.

Keywords: Health Sector, Job, Labour, Performance, Reward, workers

Roadmap to Strategic Planning: Definitions, Practices, and Relationship with Performance (Published)

The need for strategic planning is, today, more critical than ever before. Strategic planning enables the organization to form strategy, make decisions, assign resources, and manage programs safely, effectively, and efficiently. Accordingly, this paper will explain the main concepts and definitions related to strategic planning, generally, its practices and relationship with performance

Keywords: Performance, Performance Relationship, Strategic Planning

Performance of Goats Fed Bovine Rumen Content and Wheat Offal as Supplement to Groundnut Haulms (Published)

The experiment was conducted out to determine the performance of goats fed bovine rumen content-wheat offal as supplement to groundnut haulms. Four (4) goats with average weight of 16.63kg were used for the study. The animals were weighed and randomly assigned to four (4) dietary treatments in a 4*4 Latin square design (LSD) with 4 periods.  . The experimental diets were A= 100% rumen content (control), B=75% rumen content + 25%wheat offal, C= 50% rumen content + 50% wheat offal and D=25% rumen content + 75% wheat offal. Groundnut haulms were fed ad-libitum as the basal diet. Results showed variation (P<0.05) in the dry matter intake and Feacal output (g/day) among all the treatments. The digestibility of Crude Protein (CP) and Organic matter (OM) were not influenced (P>0.05) by supplementation with rumen content-wheat offal. There were significant (P<0.05) differences in Dry matter, Ether extract, Crude Fibre and dry matter digestibility between the treatments. Urinary nitrogen was higher for treatment B, there were no variations (P>0.05) between  and there was a significant (P<0.05) difference Nitrogen intake, feacal nitrogen and nitrogen retained among the treatment groups. In conclusion, for better performance in the live weight gain of goats, treatment D=25% rumen content and 75% wheat offal with groundnut haulms diet should be taken into cognisance.

Keywords: Goats, Performance, Rumen content mixture, goat

Stakeholder Role in Safety Culture and Safety Performance of Construction: A Conceptual Model (Published)

Project management in the Saudi Arabian construction industry is an activity complicated by the current widespread lack of a mature organisational safety culture, which results in a high incidence of serious and fatal accidents, making it difficult to deliver project objectives. This article addresses this major problem.  This research is therefore an attempt to verify the causal relationships and interactions between stakeholder involvement, safety culture, and safety performance in the construction industry, thus providing a better understanding, in turn, may improve safety. To achieve this objective, a conceptual model was developed to enable empirical research via responses to a questionnaire will distribute to construction organisations. The model provided in this study is a systematic approach to assess the safety culture of construction organisations and to guide them in self-assessments. The research contributes to the literature pertaining to assessments of stakeholder involvement and safety culture. Furthermore, it offers a valuable tool to government bodies and regulatory agencies for assessing their efforts in improving safety culture

Keywords: Management, Performance, Policy, Safety Culture

The Influence of Innovativeness on the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Eldoret Town, Kenya (Published)

The study investigated the influence of entrepreneurial intensity on performance of small and medium enterprises in Eldoret town, Kenya. Based on the study this paper examines how innovativeness influences the performance of SMEs in Eldoret town. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. It targeted all the SMEs in Eldoret town. Systematic sampling technique was adopted to select a sample of 100 SME owners/managers to be involved in the study. The collected data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics was presented in form of percentages, frequencies, pie charts and graphs. Pearson correlation was employed to test the hypotheses of the study. The findings showed that innovativeness as a dimension of entrepreneurial intensity had strong positive correlation with the performance of SMEs in Eldoret town. Therefore, it was recommended that the government should play a role in offering short courses to induct the business owners and expose them to advanced techniques in innovation.

Keywords: Eldoret Town, Innovativeness, Kenya, Medium Enterprises, Performance, Small

Reengineering the Nigerian Civil Service for Optimum Performance: The Path Not Taken (Published)

Civil Service anywhere in the world plays a very significant role in transforming government policies and programmes into reality. In most developing countries in general and Nigeria in particular the performance of Civil Service in discharging its duties is quite below expectation even after many reforms and restructuring had been carried out. The work identified and discussed what needs to be done for optimum performance of the Civil Service in Nigeria. It examined human and environmental factors that hindered Nigeria Civil Service from realization of its intended goals. The work is of the view that the attainment of optimum performance by the Civil Service in Nigeria is predicated upon the level of commitment and fidelity by the leading operator of the service. The work relied on secondary source and observation to gather the data that were used in this work. The work recommended among others that for Nigerian Civil Service to attain optimum performance there must be vigorous and sustained campaign to make propriety the prime mood of the nation’s culture.

Keywords: Civil service, Nigeria, Performance, Propriety

The Influence of School Leadership on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Performance in Private Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan (Published)

Educational institutions have a significant impact on the future of a nation thus the school leadership are inevitably charged with the role of motivating and supporting teachers to enthusiastically work towards the realization of school objectives (educational objectives). This paper examines the influence of school leadership on teachers’ job satisfaction and performance. The study employed a survey design that was performed in private schools in Yei town, South Sudan. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents.  Ten private schools were selected in the town from which 10 head teachers were considered for the study and a random sample of 100 teachers from each of the 10 schools. Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 12.0. Regression analysis was performed to establish the relationships among the variables. Leadership was found to influence teachers’ job satisfaction and performance in their respective private primary schools.

Keywords: Employee Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Leadership, Performance, Private Schools

The Influence of Job Stressor to Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan – Indonesia (Published)

This study was conducted to examined the influence of job stressors to performance of nurses  who work in Hospital. Participants were 150 nurses working at hospital. Nurse job stressors were measured using six indicators of job stressors, namely: intrinsic condition of employment, role in the organization, career development, labor relations, organizational structure and climate, and the interface work / home, while the performance of nurse is measured using five indicators, namely: nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Our Findings showed that work stressor have significant influence to performance of nurses.

Keywords: Job Stressors, Nurse, Performance, Syndrome

Employee Engagement and Performance of Selected Private Universities in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)

In the present turbulent and unpredictable Nigerian business environment, the non-availability of employee voice in some private universities in Delta State has made employee turnover intention a major problem. The broad objective of the study is to determine the relationship that exists between employee engagement and performance of selected private universities in Delta State, while the specific objective is to ascertain the extent to which employee voice affects turnover intention of employees in the selected private universities in Delta State. Survey research design was adopted for the study, a total population of 254 employees in the selected private universities was used for the study, and the Taro Yamane sampling technique was used in selecting the sample size of 155 employees. The data collection tool employed by the researchers was the questionnaire, while the analysis of the data was done using the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient analysis. The findings revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between employee voice and turnover intention of employees in the selected private universities in Delta State. Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that when employees have a voice on matters that affects them in the organisation, it increases employees desire to stay in such organisation. The researchers however recommended that management of private universities should provide an avenue through which employees can express their opinions on matters that affects them.

Keywords: Employee Engagement, Employee Voice, Performance, Turnover Intention

The Influence of Job Stressor to Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan – Indonesia (Published)

This study was conducted to examine the influence of job stressors to performance of nurses who work in Hospital. Participants were 150 nurses working at hospital. Nurse job stressors were measured using six indicators of job stressors, namely: intrinsic condition of employment, role in the organization, career development, labor relations, organizational structure and climate, and the interface work / home, while the performance of nurse is measured using five indicators, namely: nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Our Findings showed that work stressor have significant influence to performance of nurses.

Keywords: Job Stressors, Nurse, Performance, Syndrom

Academic Motivation and Performance of Junior High School Students in Ghana (Published)

The study examined academic motivation and academic performance of Junior High School (JHS) students in Ghana. Differences between the academic motivation of male and female students as well as between students from urban and rural schools were examined.  Participants were 756 male and 714 female JHS 2 students randomly selected from 24 Junior High Schools through stratified random sampling using gender and location as criteria for stratification. Two research instruments, the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) with a Cronbach Alpha Reliability Coefficient of 0.75 and Achievement Tests in Mathematics, English Language, Social Studies and Integrated Science were used to collect data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-tests were used in analyzing the data. The results showed a positive relationship between academic motivation and academic performance of JHS students.  While the results showed a statistically significant difference between the academic motivation of students in schools in urban and rural areas, there was difference between the academic motivation of male and female students. It was recommended that teachers, parents and all those concerned with the education of children should put in place psychological processes that are intended to boost the ego of students thereby making them have an inner feeling of satisfaction when they accomplish academic tasks.

Keywords: Academic Motivation, Ghana, Junior High School, Performance, Students

The Impact of Working Capital Management on Corporate Performance: Evidence from Listed Non-Financial Firms in Ghana (Published)

Working Capital Management (WCM) plays a significant role in the successful operation of businesses due to its significant effect on corporate profitability and liquidity. This study empirically examines the impact of working capital management on the performance of non-financial firms in Ghana. Using secondary data of five listed non-financial firms for the period 2010-2015, the Random effect model was employed to establish the relationship that exists between the various components of working capital management and firm performance and whether these WCM components impact significantly on firm performance. The results show that average payment period and current ratio have a positive relationship with firm performance. Average collection period, inventory turnover, cash conversion cycle, and firm size on the other hand have a negative relationship with firm performance. However, only average collection period, average payment period, cash conversion cycle, and current ratio are found to have a significant impact on firm performance. The study recommends that managers of non-financial firms in Ghana should formulate sound working capital management policies that will enable firms to deal with liquidity challenges and enhance their performance.

Keywords: Non-financial firms, Performance, Working Capital Management

The Ex-post Evaluation of Investments in Accounting Information System: The Role of Content, Context and Process (Published)

Investments in Accounting Information System (AIS) play an important supporting role in most sectors of the economy. This study was designed to answer the question related to the roles of contextual factors, namely «content », « context» and « process» on the ex-post evaluation of investments in information technology. The model was tested using survey data collected from 269 companies. The results of analyzing structural equation support the proposed model and highlights positive and significant relationship of AIS investment and business performance of the companies. The same the analysis multiple groups also show the important moderating role of «content» , «context» and «process» on the relationship between AIS investments and business performance.

Keywords: Accounting Information System (AIS), Content, Context, Performance, Process

Frequency of On-Job Training (Ojt) Of Administrative Staff Atmmust: A Human Resource Practice and Promotional Tool for Organizational Performance (Published)

Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) is one of the institutions that sponsors its administrative staff to a variety of trainings, including on-job training programs. The university’s Human Resource Development (HRD) policy of On-Job Training (OJT) aims at ensuring that staff can cope with the dynamics of a competitive higher education environment. Like most public universities, once trained, an employee would require to be placed in a job that requires the newly acquired knowledge and skills. However, in most organizations, non-placement of trained employees persists.  This phenomenon leads to high turnover as they leave to look for positions that suit their training elsewhere. Those employees that do not leave may under-perform due to a feeling of under-utilization or non-recognition.  This paper is an investigation into the frequency of OJT in the institution and how this relates to individuals’ current jobs as well as transformation to their future appointments and promotions. The study employed a case study design and targeted 149 administrative staff. Since the target population was small, census sampling approach was used thus it formed the sample size. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically while quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using percentages and frequency distribution techniques. The results revealed that most staff often attend OJT and indicated quite a number having received training while on their current job.

Keywords: Behaviour change., Knowledge, Non-placement, On Job Training, Performance, Skills

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