Role of Technological Integration in Supply Chain Corroboration on Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Kenya (Published)
The main purpose of the paper was to assess role of technological integration on performance of manufacturing firms. The target population of the study were managers or equivalent from Six (6) departments that is Procurement, finance, legal, stores, human resource and quality control because they are directly concerned with supply chain. The study adopted the use of a questionnaire and a document analysis as the main research instrument. The study adopted both quantitative and qualitative approaches, implying that both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were employed. Quantitative data collected from the document analysis was analyzed statistically using the Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS version 22). The study tested the significance hypothesis at 95% confidence level using regression techniques. The findings on the effect of technology integration revealed that technological integration has a positive and significant effect on firm performance, 0.731, p < 0.05. Thus, technology integration as concept of supply chain collocation is key determinants of performance of manufacturing firms. Firms are thus encouraged to invest in enhancing coordination efforts through utilization of cost-effective technologies. In addition, the investments should also be used to address the integration of technology.
The Influence of Job Stressor and Sprituality to Work Stress and Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital Medan – Indonesia (Published)
The purpose of this research was to examined the influence of job stressors perceived by nurses, nurse’s level of spirituality to work stress and performance of nurses who work in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan and construct a theoretical model that can describe the influence of endogenous variables to exogenous variables. This research was conducted in January 2014 until July 2015, which starts from a preliminary survey to the making of research reports. The number of samples in this study as many as 150 people. Methods of data collection using questionnaires. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of the model is done by using AMOS 21.0. Results showed that: job stressors and spirituality have significant effect on work stress and performance of nurses, as seen from the suitability of Goodness of Fit (GoF ) on Structural Equation Modeling.
Analysis of Managerial Factors on the Performance of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Manufacturing Sector in Ho Chi Minh City- Vietnam. (Published)
This paper was conducted by qualititative and quantititative approach, and the primary data was collected from SMEs in manufacturing sector in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The main objectives of this study is to analyze the factors affecting the SMEs’ performance in manufacturing industry in Ho Chi Minh City. In the first stage, the authors applied the deep-interview to the experts to discover the factors in contemporary management based on the management theories effecting on the performance of Vietnamese SME(s) in HCMC. In the second stage, the researcher used the quantitative approach to collect data from 200 people who work in the Vietnamese SMEs in manufacturing sector in HCMC. In general, in these factors, the most affecting factor to SMEs in the manufacturing sector in HCMC, Vietnam was Organizational Commitment, next was Business Planning, Controlling, and final one was Strategy Implementation. In conclusion, H1, H2, H3, H4 for the theorical research model were accepted.
A Descriptive Analysis of the Influence of Entrepreneurial Orientation Dimensions On the Performance of SMEs in Kenya (Published)
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in the world economy. They contribute substantially to income output and employment. Indeed, they dominate the world business. In spite of this, studies have failed to identify and assess the corporate entrepreneurship dimensions that lead to good performance, especially in Kenya. As such, based on a study of SMEs in Kenya, this paper examines the relationships that obtain between Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) and firm performance among SMEs. Specifically, the study sought to find out the effect of entrepreneurial innovativeness, risk-taking and proactiveness on firm performance. The study was guided by the resource based view (RBV), contingency theory, theories of entrepreneurship and the marketing theory. It adopted explanatory research design using a census sample with the target population being all the top 536 medium sized firms between 2006 and 2013. Data was collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s bivariate correlation, multiple regression and moderated regression analysis. Results revealed that entrepreneurial innovativeness, risk taking and proactiveness have a direct positive relationship with performance of SMEs. From the findings, the study recommended the need to intensify initiatives that encourage a better understanding of EO dimensions in boosting firms’ competitive positions and superior performance; firms should be more entrepreneurial in order to attain superior performance and survive the intensively competitive market environment. They should continuously innovate, especially through new product development, being first to enter the market with new products and in the use of creative new solutions that lead them to be recognized by competitors as leaders in innovation. SME owners/managers also need to enhance their risk-taking behaviour by encouraging staff to take risks with new ideas, make effective changes to their products and be willing to accept at least moderate levels of risk, engage in risky investments and have the courage to seize new opportunities, even if this may involve great financial risks
Sumsel Babel Bank (BSB) is a regional bank that is demanded to be Bank Regional Champion (BRC) in its own region. The tight competition in the bank industry caused BSB to have the proper strategy to face and win the competition. This study aims to identify performance of BSB, analyze internal and external factors that affect the performance, and formulate the strategy to improve performance of BSB to be a BRC in the region using descriptive method, Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) Matrix, External Factor Evaluation (EFE) Matrix, SWOT Matrix and Architecture Strategy. There were 12 alternative strategies chosen as BSB’s performance improvement strategy based on the result of SWOT Matrix. Based on Architecture Strategic results, the sequence of strategies for the next five years starting from improving the quality of human resources and IPO for additional capital. This strategy is expected to improve BSB performance.
Perspectives on Effects of Teacher Turnover on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools In Gem Sub-County, Kenya (Published)
Teacher turnover poses a threat to the education sector by limiting or reducing the availability of qualified teachers to undertake teaching services. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of teacher turnover on students’ academic performance from the perspectives of head-teachers, teachers and students in secondary schools in Gem Sub-County, Siaya County. The research design was a descriptive survey research design. The study estimated the effects of teacher turnover in 14 secondary schools out of 42 secondary schools in Gem sub-county. This involved 14 head-teachers, 163 teachers and 371 students. To obtain the sample of the study, stratified random sampling was used. Data was collected using questionnaires document analysis guide and interviews. The data was analyzed using frequency distribution tables, measures of central tendency and percentages. The main factors of turnover reported in the study were resignation for non-teaching jobs or further studies, poor working conditions, poor transport system, social security, poor medical services, maternity commitments and school policies. The main effects of turnover reported were teacher shortage, poor syllabus coverage, impact on student’s academic performance, disruption of teaching, learning and school planning, increased workload and reputation of the school. It is therefore necessary that controlling agencies should address themselves about this turnover and restore to schools the quality and dignity intended for them. This calls for an adoption of programmes geared towards the achievement of objectives, standardization of entry behaviours and discipline on the job.
The Irish Theatre as Imaginative Space: A Vehicle and Venue for the Reconstruction of the Irish Identity (Published)
Current cultural and political changes have prompted the theatre to play a significant role in staging the transformations of the Irish identity. Over time, it has provided an impetus for expressions of the collective new self-image of the Irish. Re-inventing the self requires a manifestation of space and the production of space whether geographical, metaphorical or a physical stage representation. ‘Space’ has been utilised in Irish drama in terms of geographical location, cartography, social media, technology, immigration, and the theatre stage. Globalisation has also played a crucial role in terms of creating overlapping spaces and multiple belongings. This study will examine through Henri Lefebvre’s theory of space, how this type of spatial awareness manifests itself in Brian Friel’s Translations (1980); Martin McDonagh’s The Beauty Queen of Leenane (1996); Marina Carr’s By the Bog of Cats (1998); Michel Tremblay’s Solemn Mass for a Full Moon in Summer (2009) and Emma Donoghue’s adapted stage play Room (2017).
Does Mind Mapping Enhance Learning (Published)
In a setting whereby, students of the English Department at the College of Basic Education are exposed to course materials across a number of courses, in a language other than their mother tongue, requiring them to read, comprehend and analyse, note taking gets extremely complicated. The current study focuses on such a complex dilemma, with its objective to find out whether mind mapping may successfully be used by our students in order to overcome their linguistic problems. For the purpose, fifty third/fourth year English language students were used as the study’s sample. The students were divided into two groups and trained to use two different note taking techniques. Later they were given a 10 MSCs, each followed by subjective response question: know, remember, guess. In addition, students were asked to write about their experience to obtain qualitative data. Findings of the study suggest a higher level of performance when the students learn their study material using MM as opposed to SNT. More positive attitudes in favour of MM were also elicited from their selection between the three responses (Know, Remember & Guess)
Determination of Combined Effects of Factors that Affect Performance Operatives in Manufacturing Industries, Using Minitab (Published)
This research work determines the degree of impact of some factors in their combined state and interactions effects on the performance of operatives (manufacturing workers) in manufacturing industries. Factors studied include: motivation, power, safety, maintenance, training, equipment and technology. Eighty-two manufacturing workers drawn from thirteen manufacturing Plastic Companies were used. Data were collected using work measurement technique (time studies) and questionnaire (tests studies). Software is used for the various analyses in the study. The software used was Minitab. Software tools used for various analyses in the study are: statistics, correlation, polynomial regression and response surface regression, while t – value, F- ratio, p – values, effect coefficient and variance of inflation factors (VIF) were used to test the hypotheses. Results from the various statistical analyses were presented, studied and interpreted. The results showed that the identified factors have impact on the performance of the manufacturing workers in the plastic manufacturing industries. The fall in performance of manufacturing workers in plastic industries is due to these cumulative effects of factors. The magnitude of these effects of the combined and interactions on performance are 42.57% ( 0.15), 43.67% ( 0.1) and 43.67% ( 0.05). The effect reduces as confidence interval increases above 90%. The correlation coefficients of the factors to performance are all showing positive linear effects while the regression model coefficients some show negative effects. The models developed in quadratic shape factor are valid in predicting performance and their combined and interactions effects apparently providing information for controlling problems arising in manufacturing workers performance in industries in the South Eastern Nigeria and any other placeThis research work determines the degree of impact of some factors in their combined state and interactions effects on the performance of operatives (manufacturing workers) in manufacturing industries. Factors studied include: motivation, power, safety, maintenance, training, equipment and technology. Eighty-two manufacturing workers drawn from thirteen manufacturing Plastic Companies were used. Data were collected using work measurement technique (time studies) and questionnaire (tests studies). Software is used for the various analyses in the study. The software used was Minitab. Software tools used for various analyses in the study are: statistics, correlation, polynomial regression and response surface regression, while t – value, F- ratio, p – values, effect coefficient and variance of inflation factors (VIF) were used to test the hypotheses. Results from the various statistical analyses were presented, studied and interpreted. The results showed that the identified factors have impact on the performance of the manufacturing workers in the plastic manufacturing industries. The fall in performance of manufacturing workers in plastic industries is due to these cumulative effects of factors. The magnitude of these effects of the combined and interactions on performance are 42.57% ( 0.15), 43.67% ( 0.1) and 43.67% ( 0.05). The effect reduces as confidence interval increases above 90%. The correlation coefficients of the factors to performance are all showing positive linear effects while the regression model coefficients some show negative effects. The models developed in quadratic shape factor are valid in predicting performance and their combined and interactions effects apparently providing information for controlling problems arising in manufacturing workers performance in industries in the South Eastern Nigeria and any other place
Motivation and Teachers’ Performance in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State (Published)
This study investigated motivation and teachers’ performance in selected secondary schools in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design of an ex-post facto type. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were collected using a self-developed questionnaire tagged “Teachers’ motivation and performance in secondary schools”. The questionnaire was validated and the Cronbach’s alpha was 0.81 while the reliability was confirmed at 0.78 using a split-half correlation coefficient. Research questionnaires were administered to two hundred (200) teachers that were randomly selected from four major (4) administrative zones in LGA but only one hundred and eighty-seven (187) were adequately filled and used in the analysis. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regression statistical methods. The findings of this study reveal a significant positive relationship between teachers’ job performance and motivation in ensuring quality education in secondary schools (r = .567; p>.05). The study also indicated that reward system, professional training and development, work situational factors accounted for 10.4%, 29.1%, and 13.9% respectively of the variance in the motivation of teachers in public secondary schools. It was therefore concluded that the importance of motivation in the day-to-day performance of teachers cannot be overemphasized, especially when it comes to being rewarded for a job done and being happy on the job. It was recommended that for higher performance as well as for employees to have sense of belonging, Management must introduce Management By Objective (MBO) approach so that all staff will take part and be able to contribute meaningfully to the development of the organization.
The university education sector in Kenya has become very attractive due to changes in the environment. Quality has become an essential business strategy for all sectors and the implementation of quality management practices has become popular. In actual fact, quality management is an integrative management strategy aimed at the continuous improvement of universities performance. The purpose of this study is to establish the effects of quality management practices on performance of Kenyan universities. Deming’s theory of quality management provided a theoretical basis for the study. The study adopted explanatory survey research design. The target population was the employees of public and private universities from which 321 respondents were selected using stratified random sampling techniques. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics Pearson correlations and structural equation modelling. The study unveiled that employee involvement in the university activities, leadership commitment and continuous improvement and customer focus have a significant effect on the university performance. Top management should facilitate employees for any successful implementation of quality management practices. The study recommended that universities operating in Kenya should embrace quality management system to improve their performance.
Effect of Cross-Functional Information Sharing On Supply Chain Agility of Cosmetics Manufacturing Firms in the County Government of Nairobi, Kenya (Published)
Supply Chain Agility is widely regarded as a critical element that affects firms’ competitiveness at the strategic level. This is because firms with Supply Chain Agility have better performance in responding to unforeseen events. The purpose of this study, was to assess the effect of Cross Functional Information Sharing on Supply Chain Agility of Cosmetics Manufacturing firms in the County Government of Nairobi. Cross Functional Information Sharing is generally considered an enabler of a firm’s Supply Chain Agility. Information Sharing has significant effects on the performance of Cosmetics Manufacturing Firms. These trends have led to expanding the scale of procurement and reducing operating and purchase costs in order to improve the responsiveness of the supply chain. Relational View theory, Resource Based View Theory and Stategy, Structure and Performance Theory was adopted in the study. Cross-sectional survey research design was used in the study. The target population of the study was 714 employees working in the Cosmetic Manufacturing Firms in the County Government of Nairobi, Kenya. A sample of 256 was selected from the target population using a Multi Stage Sampling Technique. Both descriptive and inferential statistics was used to analyse the collected data. The results indicates that there is a positive and statistically significant correlation between Cross Functional Information Sharing and Supply Chain Agility (r=.582, p < 0.01). This is a clear indication that any effort to improve the communications channels making it more informative will lead to an increase in supply chain agility. Therefore the study concludes that Cross functional information sharing is a pertinent factor as it affects the Supply Chain Agility of Firms. With the growing technological advances and the emergence of the global information infrastructure, firms should possess the suitable competitive inter-organisational informational systems to enable them to achieve the rapid and effective response to the customer needs and changing expectations
Empirical Investigation of Assessment of Influence of Reward System on Health Worker Job Performance (Published)
This study is examines the influence of reward on worker job performance using health sector as a reference. It is a research based on primary data collected using a structured questionnaire. The influence of reward system on worker performance was analyzed using Ordinary Least Square Regression Analysis Method. The study revealed that there is a positive relationship between reward and worker performance. The study recommended that (1) the employer of labour need to constantly review the reward packages to their employee and allow it to reflect their contribution to the organization. (2) The economic situation of Nigeria has changed drastically in recent time such that cost of living has shut up drastically, employer is expected to pay a reward that reflect changes in economic situation in Nigeria (3) With the present global economic trend, most employers of labour need to realize that for their organizations to compete favourably, employee performance is a key factor and their wellbeing must be of paramount important to them.
Roadmap to Strategic Planning: Definitions, Practices, and Relationship with Performance (Published)
The need for strategic planning is, today, more critical than ever before. Strategic planning enables the organization to form strategy, make decisions, assign resources, and manage programs safely, effectively, and efficiently. Accordingly, this paper will explain the main concepts and definitions related to strategic planning, generally, its practices and relationship with performance
Performance of Goats Fed Bovine Rumen Content and Wheat Offal as Supplement to Groundnut Haulms (Published)
The experiment was conducted out to determine the performance of goats fed bovine rumen content-wheat offal as supplement to groundnut haulms. Four (4) goats with average weight of 16.63kg were used for the study. The animals were weighed and randomly assigned to four (4) dietary treatments in a 4*4 Latin square design (LSD) with 4 periods. . The experimental diets were A= 100% rumen content (control), B=75% rumen content + 25%wheat offal, C= 50% rumen content + 50% wheat offal and D=25% rumen content + 75% wheat offal. Groundnut haulms were fed ad-libitum as the basal diet. Results showed variation (P<0.05) in the dry matter intake and Feacal output (g/day) among all the treatments. The digestibility of Crude Protein (CP) and Organic matter (OM) were not influenced (P>0.05) by supplementation with rumen content-wheat offal. There were significant (P<0.05) differences in Dry matter, Ether extract, Crude Fibre and dry matter digestibility between the treatments. Urinary nitrogen was higher for treatment B, there were no variations (P>0.05) between and there was a significant (P<0.05) difference Nitrogen intake, feacal nitrogen and nitrogen retained among the treatment groups. In conclusion, for better performance in the live weight gain of goats, treatment D=25% rumen content and 75% wheat offal with groundnut haulms diet should be taken into cognisance.
Stakeholder Role in Safety Culture and Safety Performance of Construction: A Conceptual Model (Published)
Project management in the Saudi Arabian construction industry is an activity complicated by the current widespread lack of a mature organisational safety culture, which results in a high incidence of serious and fatal accidents, making it difficult to deliver project objectives. This article addresses this major problem. This research is therefore an attempt to verify the causal relationships and interactions between stakeholder involvement, safety culture, and safety performance in the construction industry, thus providing a better understanding, in turn, may improve safety. To achieve this objective, a conceptual model was developed to enable empirical research via responses to a questionnaire will distribute to construction organisations. The model provided in this study is a systematic approach to assess the safety culture of construction organisations and to guide them in self-assessments. The research contributes to the literature pertaining to assessments of stakeholder involvement and safety culture. Furthermore, it offers a valuable tool to government bodies and regulatory agencies for assessing their efforts in improving safety culture
The Influence of Innovativeness on the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Eldoret Town, Kenya (Published)
The study investigated the influence of entrepreneurial intensity on performance of small and medium enterprises in Eldoret town, Kenya. Based on the study this paper examines how innovativeness influences the performance of SMEs in Eldoret town. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. It targeted all the SMEs in Eldoret town. Systematic sampling technique was adopted to select a sample of 100 SME owners/managers to be involved in the study. The collected data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics was presented in form of percentages, frequencies, pie charts and graphs. Pearson correlation was employed to test the hypotheses of the study. The findings showed that innovativeness as a dimension of entrepreneurial intensity had strong positive correlation with the performance of SMEs in Eldoret town. Therefore, it was recommended that the government should play a role in offering short courses to induct the business owners and expose them to advanced techniques in innovation.
Civil Service anywhere in the world plays a very significant role in transforming government policies and programmes into reality. In most developing countries in general and Nigeria in particular the performance of Civil Service in discharging its duties is quite below expectation even after many reforms and restructuring had been carried out. The work identified and discussed what needs to be done for optimum performance of the Civil Service in Nigeria. It examined human and environmental factors that hindered Nigeria Civil Service from realization of its intended goals. The work is of the view that the attainment of optimum performance by the Civil Service in Nigeria is predicated upon the level of commitment and fidelity by the leading operator of the service. The work relied on secondary source and observation to gather the data that were used in this work. The work recommended among others that for Nigerian Civil Service to attain optimum performance there must be vigorous and sustained campaign to make propriety the prime mood of the nation’s culture.
The Influence of School Leadership on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Performance in Private Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan (Published)
Educational institutions have a significant impact on the future of a nation thus the school leadership are inevitably charged with the role of motivating and supporting teachers to enthusiastically work towards the realization of school objectives (educational objectives). This paper examines the influence of school leadership on teachers’ job satisfaction and performance. The study employed a survey design that was performed in private schools in Yei town, South Sudan. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. Ten private schools were selected in the town from which 10 head teachers were considered for the study and a random sample of 100 teachers from each of the 10 schools. Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 12.0. Regression analysis was performed to establish the relationships among the variables. Leadership was found to influence teachers’ job satisfaction and performance in their respective private primary schools.
The Influence of Job Stressor to Performance of Nurses in Pirngadi General Hospital of Medan – Indonesia (Published)
This study was conducted to examined the influence of job stressors to performance of nurses who work in Hospital. Participants were 150 nurses working at hospital. Nurse job stressors were measured using six indicators of job stressors, namely: intrinsic condition of employment, role in the organization, career development, labor relations, organizational structure and climate, and the interface work / home, while the performance of nurse is measured using five indicators, namely: nursing assessment, nursing diagnosis, nursing planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential, hypothesis testing is done with path analysis, to test the suitability of the model used goodness of fit test. Our Findings showed that work stressor have significant influence to performance of nurses.