Tag Archives: Nigeria

State Police and Police- Operational Efficiency: Footing For Strengthening National Security In Nigeria: – A Scrutiny of Ojo in Lagos State (Published)

The current insecurity in Nigeria which includes widespread killings, kidnappings, cultism and police brutality justifies the agitation for creation of state police in Nigeria. Hence, this paper assessed the creation of state police and police operational efficiency as footing for strengthening national security in Nigeria. The study applied theoretical and quantitative methods; information was sourced secondarily through content analysis of textbooks, journals and newspaper. The quantitative data was obtained through administration of 250 questionnaires to the residents of Ojo Local Government by applying simple random sampling and convince techniques. Findings showed that 66 %( 165) of the respondents were male while 34% (85) of the respondents were female, 79%(198) of the respondents strongly agreed that state police will resolve insecurity in Nigeria while 15%(37), strongly disagreed that creation of state police will resolve insecurity in Nigeria however 6%(15) of the respondents were neutral. The paper recommends creation of state police with strict judicial control and deployment of smart security technologies. This study will be of immense benefits to government at various levels, NGOs, the Nigeria Police Force and the researchers in the field of security and public administration.

Keywords: Efficiency, Lagos, Nigeria, Police, Police-operation, State

Effects of International Public Sector Accounting Standards on Financial Accountability in Nigeria Public Sector (Published)

The study examined the effect of International Public Sector Accounting Standards on financial accountability in the Nigerian public sector. Specifically, the study investigated the effect of International public sector accounting standards on the efficient management of public fund in the Nigerian public sectors and assessed the extent to which international public sector accounting standards enhance effective budget implementation in the Nigeria public sector. The population of the study comprises of all the staff in internal audit department, accounting department and finance department of the 18 Local Governments in Ondo State. Questionnaire was used to gather information from the selected respondents in the departments. The questionnaire was ranked using five-point Likert scale. The study employed Multiple Regression Analysis and Pearson’s Correlation Matrix to identify the effect of the effect of International Public Sector Accounting Standards on financial accountability in the Nigerian public sector. The study revealed that International Public Sector Accounting Standards has positive and significant effect on the efficient management of public funds in the Nigerian Public sector. The study recommended that the federal government should release fund to power the adoption IPSAS and made fund available for training of civil servants on International Public Sector Accounting Standards software.

Keywords: Accounting Standards, Financial Accountability, International, Nigeria, Public Sector

The Electronic Library Services and Its Patronage among Undergraduates in the Faculty of Health Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria (Published)

The role of Electronic Library Services in any academic institution, most especially in human life cannot be overemphasised in this 21st century as they are technological advancement which has increased the role of information as a result of social progress and vigorous development in science and technology. However, the new and emerging technology changed the traditional process of learning, teaching, research and the way education is managed. The pace of change brought by these new technologies has had a significant effect on the way people live, work and play in the world. The study seeks to determine what the use of these electronic library services in Osun State University will mean to the undergraduates in the faculty of Health Sciences in relation to their studies. The population of the study consists of all undergraduates in the faculty of Health Sciences of Osun State University, Osogbo. The faculty has a total number of 1369 undergraduates. A stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting 200 undergraduates in the aforementioned faculty. 144 total number of respondents was used for the study. Both sexes from the various departments were also included in the study. They were well analysed and used to prepare the tables.


Keywords: Electronic Library Services, Faculty of Health Sciences, Information, Nigeria, Osun State University

Leadership Behaviour Mutation for National Development (Published)

In recent times, ardent watchers and analysts of the Nigerian project have suggested that the country has endemic leadership issues with genetic foundations deeply rooted in Her DNA. Although this assertion has been sharply contested, the apparent malady in the current behaviours of persons in key leadership positions in the country seems to have assumed worrisome dimensions .The observed leadership behaviours have taken an impoverishing toll on the efforts at National Development. Thus, this work, in the bid to evolve persons with development –centric leadership behaviours, took an organic approach to attempt to resolve the underlying leadership malaise. This was done using metaphoric symbolisms and biological analogies to have an introspective view of aspects of molecular ecology. This dimension was adopted in order to explain how leadership behaviour mutation could counteract the prevailing leadership trend and provide actionable thoughts for the ultimate attainment of sustainable National Development.

Keywords: Behaviour, Development, Leadership, Mutation, Nigeria

Patterns and Prevalence of Gambling Behaviour among Youths in South-West Nigeria: A Case Study of Youths in Oyo and Ekiti State (Published)

Gambling has become an activity that most Nigerian youths and adolescents engaged in, with accessibility due to available internet. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the patterns and prevalence of gambling behavior among youths in the South-West Nigeria. 320 participants were involved in the study. Four hypotheses were tested and result shows that there is a significant difference in the gambling behaviour of youth in Oyo and Ekiti State, Nigeria based on age (F(2,294) = 2.793, P(.009)<.05).also the research showed that there is a significant relationship between financial strain and gambling behaviour (r(297) = .561p<.05). Also, there is a significant relationship between personality and gambling. (r(297) = .275 p<.05). Furthermore, it was revealed that there is a relationship between depression and gambling behaviour. (r(297) = .321 p<.05). Findings were discussed in line with extant literature and recommendations were made.

Keywords: Behavior, Ekiti State, Gambling, Nigeria, Patterns, Youths

Learner Voice, Praxis for Democratic Schooling in Nigeria (Published)

Learner voice has emerged in literature in the 21st century as a means to inform educational change in both developed and developing countries, including Nigeria. It is a rights-based movement and the focus in this work is to help democratise school practices to foster engagement of the perspectives of learners, as partners with teachers, in decision-making involving the curriculum, policies and practices in the context. Analysis of the concept herein is underpinned by social constructivist epistemologies. Learner voice practice challenges didactic pedagogies prevalent within the Nigerian educational system. Rather, the notion regards the learner as a co-creator of knowledge of classroom programmes and partner in school reforms within the context.

Keywords: Democratic, Nigeria, School, engagement, learner voice

Analysis of Active Fire Protection Measures in Garki Model Market of the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria (Published)

Fire outbreak in market places is a recurring issue in Nigeria, and it is a leading causes of lives and properties loss in Nigerian markets. In order to curtail this problem, an evaluation of active fire protection measures in Garki model market of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria was conducted with the aim of generating guidelines that can reduce the spread of fire outbreaks in Nigerian markets. There are 1,430 sales points in Garki model market. Systematic sampling method was adopted for this study and it was applied at every 5th interval of sales points, in order to get the sample size; as a result of this, 287 sales points were selected. The primary research data were questionnaires administered to the sales people, and the direct observations of the current conditions of the market; likewise, 20 different focus group discussions were organised for the selected sales people. Also, interview questions were administered to the managing company of the market. Among the results are: fire protection devices in the market are not adequate; all the fire hose reels in the market are not in good condition; most of the sales people in the market do not know how to operate firefighting equipment because they do not respond to calls for training on how to use them. Among the recommended guidelines are: the adequacy and functionality of fire protection devices should be ensured by the government of Nigeria and the management authorities of markets in Nigeria; training for the sales people should be enforced by the management authorities of markets in Nigeria, in order to ensure that the sales people know how to operate firefighting equipment.

Keywords: Fire, Guidelines, Nigeria, Protection, markets

Plankton Dynamics as Pollution Indicator in the Coastal Waters of Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

The dynamics of planktons in the coastal waters of Ondo State, Nigeria were investigated from April, 2014 to March, 2016. Samples were collected monthly using plankton net of 55 μm-mesh size, preserved in 4% formalin, examined with Olympus microscope and identified using standard guides. Zooplankton was more abundant in the environment in this study with NOI of 55.54% and 53.25% in the wet and dry seasons respectively. A total of twenty-three species of phytoplanktons belonging to two taxonomic groups were recorded. Diatom (65.22%) represented by five phyla consisting of Ochrophyta (7species), Heterokontophyta (6species) and Bacillariophyta (2species) while Dinoflagellates (34.78%) were represented by phylum Dinoflagellata (4species) and Myzozoa (4species). The zooplankton assemblage was composed of twenty-seven species including phylum Arthropoda (10), Rotifera (6), Chordata (3), Chaetognatha (2), Echinodermata (2), Ciliophora (1), Cnidarian (1), Granolereticulosa (1), and Mollusca (1). In wet-season, Fish-eggs (4.69%) (most abundant) Brachionus quadridentatus (3.79%); Coscinodiscus sp (3.67%); Biddulphia mobiliensis (3.31%) and Odonata nymph (3.01%) with Foraminifera (0.60%, the least) while the composition of the dry-season had a descending trend of Asterionellopsis sp (3.25%)>Cerataulina sp and Pseudo-nitzschia sp (3.02%)>Chaetognatha adult (2.86%)>Brachionus falcatus; Ceratium hirundinella sp and Coscinodiscus sp (2.70%)>Gyrodinium spp (2.62%) to Protoceratium reticulatum (0.48%). The Number of Individuals ranged from 26.25±6.86 (Dry-season) to 38.85±16.33 (Wet-Season) while Number of the most abundant species (Nmax) and average number of species (S) (which exhibited seasonal variation at P<0.05) ranged from 2.92±0.87 (Dry-Season) to 3.92±1.18 (Wet-Season) and from 18.10±3.14 (Dry-season) to 20.38±5.72 (Wet-Season) respectively. The Margalef’s Diversity Index and Shannon-Wiener Index which showed no seasonal variation ranged from 5.25±0.70 to 5.35±1.28 and 2.80±0.18 to 2.86±0.29 respectively, while Simpsons-Reciprocal Index ranged from 32.25±12.74 (Wet-Season) to 40.10±15.84 (Dry-season) and exhibited seasonal variation at P<0.05. The abundance and diversity of planktons in this study is an indicator of eutrophic ecosystem that is possibly unstressed.

Keywords: Abundance, Brackish-water; Planktons; Eutrophic; Diversity Index, Composition, Nigeria

Impact of Multinational Oil Companies (MNOC) On Economic Growth in Nigeria (1960-2010) (Published)

The activities of multinational oil companies in Nigeria have remained a source of controversy over the years. The study examined the impact of multinational oil companies in the economic growth of Nigeria (1960-2010). Hence, the specific objective is to ascertain the extent of economic growth impacted by the multinational oil companies in Nigeria. The study adopted a survey design. Data were obtained through secondary sources. The findings revealed that the extent of economic growth impacted by the multinational oil companies in Nigeria was significant based on the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression analysis result where the calculated F-statistics of 212.1293 is greater than the tabulated F-statistics of (5.35147). The study found that extent of oil contribution to economic growth in Nigeria was significant.

Keywords: Companies, MNOC, Multinational, Nigeria, economic growth, oil

Transportation System in Obàléndé Lagos, Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges (Published)

Challenges of transportation in Obàléndé  area of Lagos Nigeria can only be felt and experienced by its ever increasing commuters and the numerous vehicles plying the road facility. Though the status quo of transportation in that area cannot be outrightly written off, the prospect of keeping in view possible transport infrastructures into the transport system and executing it at the adequate locations in the said area is a feat that is worth researching into. This research looks into the actual transportation challenges faced by Nigerians in Obàléndé  area of Lagos, with every possible conceivable solutions that is practical. The data gathered for this research will be via literature review and structured interview. The interviews will be conducted using purposive sampling methods and the data analysis will be done using coding and content analysis. From the information obtained it is recommended

Keywords: BRT, Challenges, LAGBUD, Lagos, Nigeria, Obàléndé, Prospects, Transportation

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Local Clay from Ebonyi State, Nigeria as a Substitute for Bentonite in Drilling Fluids (Published)

The present consumption of bentonite in the drilling operations in Nigeria alone is over 50 thousand tons per year and it is imported from abroad This trend is expected to continue as drilling activities keep increasing. The large consumption and the high importation cost of this material led to an attempt to find a local substitute.  This work focuses on the possibility of utilization of local clay as a basic material for drilling fluids. This research evaluates, by means of simple but relevant laboratory tests, the properties of clay deposit from ishiagu-ivo local government area of Ebonyi state, southeastern Nigeria and compared with imported bentonite. The results were analyzed using statistical and graphical methods.Water-based mud was formulated from the local clay and the properties were determined and compared with those of imported bentonite. The results obtained showed that there were significant differences in the formulated drilling fluid’s rheological properties and the pH when compared with that of imported bentonite. When beneficiated with soda ash ( CO₃) and PacR at a concentration of 5.0g and 50g respectively to 350mL of the local mud, the mud pH  increased from 5.65 to 10.60 while the apparent viscosity, yield point and plastic viscosity increased from 4.50, 4.00, 3.00 to 11.10, 10.00 and 7.00 respectively. With the addition of barite (BaS ) (10g) to 350mL of the formulated drilling fluid, the density increased from 8.80lb/gal to 9.15lb/gal. Therefore, at considerable concentration, the ishiagu-ivo clay exhibits good rheological properties that could compete favourably with that of imported bentonite when beneficiated with soda ash ( CO₃), potassium chloride and Pac R. This goes to show that a quality drilling fluid could be formulated from ishiagu-ivo clay that could meet the API specification.

Keywords: Bentonite, Ebonyi State, Nigeria, drilling fluids, local clay

Exploring the different vernacular architecture in Nigeria (Published)

This paper focuses on vernacular architecture and the various vernacular architecture in existence in Nigeria. Nigeria as a country is heterogeneous in both its socio-cultural structure and ideological perspective because of its ethnic diversity. This study therefore examines the vernacular architecture of Nigeria with focus on the three major ethnic groups which are the Hausa’s in the Northern Nigeria having Hausa Vernacular Architecture, the Yoruba’s in the South-Western Nigeria having Yoruba Vernacular Architecture and the Igbo’s in the South-Eastern Nigeria having Igbo Vernacular Architecture with focus on their culture, region and identity in order to have a proper perspective on the vernacular architecture of Nigeria. The vernacular architecture of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria are reflected through their culture, region and identity. Ethnic groups with similar culture, region and identity share similar architectural characteristics as it relates to their building layout, size of family, space organization, openings and fenestration, decorations used, roofing type adopted as well as  the nature of Building materials used. As such, this paper suggest the classification of the vernacular architecture in Nigeria be considered from the cultural, regional and identity aspect due to the environmental, cultural and historical background in which vernacular architecture exist.

Keywords: Architecture, Culture, Nigeria, Traditional, Vernacular

Influence of Institutional Variables on Employability Skills Acquisition among Business Education Students in Tertiary Institutions In Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study determined the influence of institutional variables on employability skills acquisition among Business Education students in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. Survey research design was employed in carrying out the study. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire which was validated by two Vocational Educators and an expert in Measurement and Evaluation. A reliability estimate of .80, .81 and .87 was achieved for the research variables using Cronbach Alpha Statistical Analysis, after a trial test was conducted using 20 final year Business Education students in University of Uyo who did not form part of the main study sample. The questionnaire was administered to 400 final year Business Education students using stratified and accidental sampling techniques. Data analysis was done, while two (2) hypotheses were formulated and tested for significance using Simple Linear Regression Statistical Technique. Analyzed data were presented in form of tables and the results revealed that there is significant influence of classroom climate and instructional method on employability skills acquisition among Business Education Students. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that the teacher should always utilize practical method of instruction that can help the students concretize what they learn and apply it in real life situation as learnt.

Keywords: Business Education, Cross River State, Employability Skills, Institutional variables, Nigeria

Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards in Nigeria: A Conceptual Appraisal (Published)

A recent reality of globalization is the harmonization of accounting standards. Accounting is said to be the language of business; if this assertion holds true, then the move by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to harmonise accounting standards used in the preparation of financial statements across the world is a move in the right direction. This study examined the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria with particular emphasis on the prospects and challenges of IFRS adoption in Nigeria. The major objective of the study was to identify the benefits and challenges of adopting International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria. The descriptive research design was used in the investigation that led to the production of this paper. Data were initially collected through review of existing literature and thereafter through questionnaire administration and personal interviews. Tables and percentages were used in summarizing data obtained. Based on the results of the study, it was found that adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria will help Nigeria and Nigerian corporations, among other benefits, secure access to global capital markets. Thus, the study concluded that Nigeria will benefit to a significant extent from the adoption of IFRS. One of the recommendations made was that Government at all levels, financial regulatory agencies, professional accountancy bodies, private and public companies and institutions, and accountancy firms should fast-track IFRS education in order to boost the acquisition of IFRS knowledge and competences.

Keywords: Adoption, Appraisal, Financial, International, Nigeria, reporting standards

Credit Expansion and Commercial Banks Soundness in Nigeria: An Application of Multi -Dimensional Analysis (Published)

This study examined the effects of credit expansion on commercial banks soundness in Nigeria. The objective was to ascertain the relationship between credit expansion and commercial banks soundness in Nigeria. Time series data was collected from Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and stock exchange factbook. Ordinary least square method was used as data analysis method. Model I had capital adequacy indicator was modeled as the function of bank credit to manufacturing sector, communication and transport, mining and quarrying, agricultural sector and credit to small and medium scale enterprises while model II modeled capital adequacy indicator as the function of credit to private sector, net domestic credits, medium term credits, short term credits and long term credits. From the findings, Model I found that the independent variables explained 77 percent variations on capital adequacy ratio. The beta coefficient found that all the independent variables have positive effects on bank capital adequacy except credit to manufacturing sector.  Model II found that the independent variables can explain 81 percent variations on capital adequacy while the beta coefficient found that all the independent variables have positive effects except medium term credit. The study concludes that credit expansion significantly relates to commercial banks soundness in Nigeria. We therefore, recommended for a well-articulated credit policies that will strengthen commercial banks soundness in Nigeria.

Keywords: Commercial Banks, Credit Expansion, Multi-dimensional Analysis, Nigeria

Domestic Macroeconomic Drivers of Industrialization in Nigeria: Status and Prospects from the Manufacturing Sub-Sector (Published)

While most advanced economies are in the process of industrializing their economies, plots by successive governments to transform the economy Nigerian, from a commodity-driven to an industrialized one, has not yielded much fruits despite several industrial policies and reforms. Based on the United Nations/World Bank success yardsticks with theoretical framework rooted on the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis and the endogenous growth model, this study utilized K-class estimation procedure on Nigeria’s time series between 1990 and 2016. The result obtained indicates that infrastructural development, institutional framework, bank credit,foreign direct investment, electricity, stable exchange rate, low inflation and economic diversification are key drivers of industrialization. The findings also confirm that except the Nigerian economy achieves improved infrastructure delivery and institutional framework as well as stable domestic and currency prices, the efforts towards economic diversification agenda may be counterproductive. It is therefore expedient that Nigeria focuses on building strong macroeconomic fundamental that would accentuate its take-off to industrialization.

Keywords: Diversification, Gross Domestic Product, Industrialization, Macroeconomy, Manufacturing, Nigeria

Management of Teachers’ Psychosocial Needs and Their Job Performance in Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the relationship between management of lecturers’ psychosocial needs and job performance in universities in South-South, Nigeria. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a correlational research design. The population of the study comprised all the 9999 lecturers in all the 0000 universities in South-South zone of Nigeria. The sample of the study comprised 999 lecturers. The simple random sampling technique was used to arrive at the sample. Two instruments titled Management of Lecturers’ Psychosocial Needs Scale (MLPNS) and Job Performance Scale (JPS) were used for data collection. Face and content validities were ensured by experts. Cronbach alpha statistics was used to compute the reliability coefficients of MLPNS and JPS to be 0.87 and 0.72 respectively. Simple and multiple regression were used to answer the research questions while t-test and ANOVA associated with simple and multiple regression were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level.   

Keywords: Job Performance, Nigeria, Teachers’ Psychosocial, Universities

Effects of International Marketing Environments on Entrepreneurship Development (Published)

Entrepreneurs all over the world seeks ways of introducing their products to international markets, unfortunately the international marketing environment pose a lot of opportunities and threats to foreign entrants. The cultural environment and political and technological environment has a lot to do in entrepreneurial success in global markets. This study employed the descriptive research design and questionnaires were used as instruments for gathering the much needed data. Findings revealed that the technological advancement has less significant impact on business transactions of international entrepreneurs which could be traceable to the fact that not all entrepreneurs are technological inclined to transact businesses. Furthermore, the political systems and governmental regulations on business dealings have a lot to do with entrepreneurial success in the international markets. The study recommends the establishment of a supportive governmental framework to serve as a platform for the willing entrepreneurs to succeed in the international market.

Keywords: Comparative Advantage, Entrepreneurship, International, Market, Nigeria

Domestic Debt and the Performance of Nigerian Economy (1990 -2018): Investigating the Nexus (Published)

The study evaluated the relationship between domestic debt and the performance of Nigerian economy;for the period (1990-2018). Secondary data were used and collectedfrom Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin. The study used Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and was employed as the dependent variable to measure the performance of the Nigerian economy; whereas, Development Stock, Treasury Bill and Interest rate were also employed as the independent variables.Hypotheses were formulated and tested using time series econometrics Models.  The result revealed that the variables do not have unit roots. There is also a long-run equilibrium relationship between domestic debt and Gross Domestic Product. The result confirmed that about 72% short-run adjustment speed from long-run disequilibrium. Domestic debthad a causal relationship with Gross Domestic Product. The coefficient of determination indicated that about 64% of the variations of the performance of Nigerian economy can be explained by changes in domestic debt variables. The study concluded that domestic debt had a causal relationship with performance of the Nigerian economy.Thus, the study recommended that Government and policy makers should maintain a debt bank deposit ratio below 35 percent and resort to increase the tax revenue to finance its projects. Government should divest itself of all projects which the private sector can handle including refining crude oil (petroleum product) and transportation. Government should maintain a proper balance between short term and long term debt instruments in such a way that long term instruments dominate the debt market.

Keywords: Domestic debt, Economics Performance, Investigating the Nexus, Nigeria

Corporate Social Responsibility in Nigeria: A Critical Review of the Literature (Published)

The paper reviews existing literature on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to ascertain the level of corporate social responsibility activities that will enhance the performance/profitability of businesses in Nigeria. It revealed that the success of an organization depends on the extent to which the organization is capable of managing its relationship with key groups, such as financial and stakeholders, but also customers, employees, and even communities or societies. Stakeholders must be considered in the decision making process of the organization. CSR is a concept that includes many different activities and actions which businesses have to involve themselves in for the purpose growth sustainability and growth of businesses. Businesses that voluntarily participates in local community development, such as providing the community with donations, assisting them with projects and sharing some of its profit with the community, helps to increase the business profitability in the long-run.


Keywords: CSR, Literature, Nigeria, Organisation, Performance