This paper examined the implications of land tenure system on farm layout and management practices in a rural economy. In addition to the synthesis of the existing literature, key informant interview (KII), Focus Group Discussions (FGD), personal observations and questionnaire administrationwere used in data collection.Simple statistical tools wereused to analyze theland tenure features, farm layout and farm management practices. The results revealed that 58% of farmers have use rightto land, 25% have right to trade offtheir land, 17% use family land and 50% have right to lease their land. Sun shade and storage barn were observed farm facilities with foot part used for layout. About 70% practice mixed cropping while 30% practice mono-cropping with no significant long term investment on farming due to existing tenure system. The paper recommends a review of the existing land tenure to accommodate land right to encourage long term investment to ensure sustainable agriculture.
Modern School Management and Its Impact on the Academic Achievement of the Students of the Basic Stage in Jordanian Public Schools (Published)
The study aimed to identify the modern school administration and its impact on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in the Jordanian government schools. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. Directorate of Education Jerash, While the sample of the study consisted of (20) students from Jerash Elementary School for Boys. The study found that there is a statistically significant effect of the modern school administration on the academic achievement of the students of the basic stage in Jordanian public schools. Modern administration in the various directorates of education affiliated to the Jordanian Ministry of Education.
The Preferred Crisis Management Strategies among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria and the Need for Guidance and Counselling Intervention (Published)
The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty-two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.
The study sought to analyse the effect of road asset management (RAM) on performance of road agencies in Kenya. The study was guided by stakeholder theory and it posited a conceptual framework in which road assets management was the independent variable, road agency performance the dependent variable. A correlation survey design was employed to find out the relationships between the study variables.A purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study and data was collected using structured questionnaire. Results showed that RAM was a positive and significant predictor of road agency performance in Kenya and it accounted for 81.7% of variance in performance of the road agencies in Kenya.The study concluded that RAM contribute significantly to road agency performance and recommends that RAM should be integrated in the policies of road agencies in Kenya in order to realize better condition of roads in Kenya in the long run.
The Role of Village Consultative Board (BPD) in the Management of Village Funds in Limbong Village, Dolok Merawan Subdistrict, Serdang Bedagai Regency, Indonesia (Published)
The village fund in its management is carried out in an orderly manner, abiding by the provisions of the legislation, efficient, economical, effective, transparent, and accountable by paying attention to the sense of justice and propriety and prioritizing the interests of the local community, listed in Government Regulation number 22 of 2015 concerning Village Funds. Supervision of Village Fund Management by BPD in Limbong Village is done by monitoring all income and expenditure of village cash, to support the monitoring, BPD Limbong Village, Dolok Merawan District asks for Village Finance Report, both income and expenditure but in doing the monitoring are still many members Some of the BPD who do not understand what to do even know nothing about thevVillage fund.
Organization and Management of Early Childhood Education Program: An Evaluation on Subur Sejahtera Kindergarten, Kendari, Indonesia (Published)
The objective of this research is to describe the implementation of early childhood education program (ECEP) at Kindergarten of Subur Sejahtera Kendari, Indonesia. This research uses qualitative method, with Context, Input, Process and Product (CIPP) model evaluation design adopted from Daniel Stufflebeam (2003). The results of the study indicate that: (1) the context component covering the legal basis of the program has been fulfilled; (2) the input components that include human resources in the form of teachers and staff have been fulfilled, with appropriate academic qualifications, and adequate facilities and infrastructures; (3) the learning process implementation component has shown sufficient circumstances in accordance with those required in the national curriculum; and (4) product components covering output and outcomes are in good category. Thus, it can be concluded that the implementation of ECEP at Subur Sejahtera Kindergarten, Indonesia is in accordance with national standards of early childhood education. The suggestions that can be put forward are: (1) the competence of the kindergarten teachers still need to be improved; (2) the quality of teaching and learning process need to be improved; and (3) the teaching and learning process need to be managed more effectively by taking into account the developmental aspects required in accordance with national standards of education.
In modern customs management, the application of risk management (RM) is considered to be important. The customs risk management can identify the key areas of potential high risk of smuggling, trade fraud, tax evasion and budget deficits so that customs administrations can take effective preventive measures. At the same time, it will create favorable conditions for enterprises to obey customs law. The objective of this study is to find out various factors affecting the customs risk management (CRM) in Dong Nai province. Data surveyed 200 managers of enterprises related to Dong Nai customs. The surveying time is from 9/2017 to 3/2018. Data processed by SPSS 20.0 and method used by the multiple linear regression analysis. The research results showed there are three key factors that affecting the customs risk management (CRM) in Dong Nai province with level significance 5 percent.
The purpose of research is to analyze the problems of women’s cooperatives in Sampang. Benefits of this study are consistent with Nawacita President Jokowi is to realize economic independence by moving the strategic sectors of the domestic economy. The methodology used in this research is qualitative descriptive. Data collection techniques in this study is the observation and interviews. The research subject is women’s cooperatives (members, administrators). The type of data in this study, there are two primary data and secondary data. Primary data were obtained from observations and interviews, while the secondary data obtained from the documentation, literature and the literature of the relevant agencies. In this study the validity or correctness of the information and the stabilization achieved by using triangulation is done by comparing the information of members of Women`s cooperative ( Kopwan) with the position (status) are different. The study population was women’s cooperatives in Sampang with purposive sampling election. From the research findings, Kopwan very weak performance from the aspect of technological mastery (the market), access to market information and sources of capital .Moreover, human resource capacity is still low. The conclusion of this study is the need to strengthen management, capital support and appropriate technology. There was also need for the availability of raw materials and human resources (HR) is concerned to improve the performance of SMEs and Kopwan on Madura.
The Elements of Effective School Administration in Jordanian Public Schools and Their Effect on Student Achievement (Published)
The objective of this study is to identify the effect of effective school management in the Jordanian public schools on the achievement of the students. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive method in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. (9) students. The study found that there is an impact of the effective school management elements in Jordanian public schools on the achievement of students’ studies. The researcher recommended the need to provide workshops and training courses for managers The service is provided in Jordanian public schools for effective school administration.
Human Resources and Strategic Management for Sustainable Development in Nigeria: Akwa Ibom State Experience (Published)
Human resource and strategic management is one of the most important requirements for the sustenance of an economy, whether at micro or macro levels. It is a must for any society, country or even enterprise that wishes to survive under complex challenges of a dynamic as well as globalized world. The objective of this study was to examine human resources and strategic management for sustainable development in Nigeria drawing specifically from Akwa Ibom State experience. The study adopted a historical and descriptive research drawing data mostly from secondary sources. The study revealed that Akwa Ibom state government is committed to training its workforce in the critical areas of need such as science, technology and engineering as a core area for sustainable development. The study further revealed that where human resources capital are not strategically managed, it would stalled any meaningful development in the state. The study therefore recommended that the training and retraining of workforce in the state should be focus mostly on the critical areas of science, technology and engineering as against the present emphasis on general administration. Also, the workforce so train should be strategically managed to enhance sustainable development in the state.
Academic Records Management in Ghanaian Basic Schools: A Study of Basic Schools in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro in the Greater Accra Region (Published)
The study examined the academic records management practices in Basic Schools in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro in the Greater Accra Region. Adopting the quantity approach to research, the study employed the descriptive survey design which involved the administration of closed-ended questionnaire to 20 head, 20 assistant head teachers and 213 teachers from 20 randomly selected Basic schools in the Ashiedu Keteke Sub-Metro. The study revealed that academic records of basic schools included admission register, attendance register, log book, visitors book, cumulative record folder, students report sheet/card, school timetable, staff attendance register, staff movement book, scheme of work, lesson plan and notes, store ledger/inventory book, and school syllabus. The absence of national policy on records management and the lack of guidelines for academic records management in schools appeared to be the major challenges hindering effective academic records management in basic schools in the sub-Metro. Based on the findings, it was recommended that there should be a national policy on academic records management. In addition, qualified record managers or professional archivists should be employed to manage academic records in Basic Schools.
Business Continuity Management: Definitions, Drivers, Practices, Key processes and Effectiveness (Published)
This paper sheds light on the concept for business continuity management, its definitions, key processes and effectiveness. The paper gives also a clear understanding of the BCM drivers, practices
The Researching of the Industry 4.0 Affecting the Efficiency of the Logistics Management in Vietnam (Published)
In Vietnam, the industrial revolution 4.0 (Industry 4.0) is on the onset and will affect all socio-economic sectors, while completely transforming the current production and management system. Industry 4.0 can give the Vietnamese economy a rare opportunity to break through and Vietnam is actively preparing for this opportunity, especially the logistics management. Besides, the growth of IT poses opportunities and challenges for logistics. As internet retailing increases, the companies are accepting orders from their clientele across the borders. The competences of staff and staff skills have been found to influence the efficiency of logistics performance in different industries. It is nowadays crucial to understand the importance of logistics both in the levels of the individual firm and the total economy. The study results had 200 the managers of enterprises who interviewed and answered about 13 questions. Data collected from July 2016 to December 2017 and analyzed KMO test, Cronbach’s Alpha and the result of KMO analysis which used for multiple regression analysis. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. The results showed that there were three factors, which included of factors following human resource (HR), economic environment (EE), information technology (IT) with significance level 5 percent. In addition, all of three components affecting the efficiency of the logistics management with significance level 5 percent. The research results processed from SPSS 20.0 software.
The Impact of Communication Gap in the Management of Primary Schools in Anaocha L.G.A of Anambra State (Published)
The study investigates the impact of communication gap in the Management of primary schools in Anaocha local government area of Anambra state, with the purpose of finding out its causes, impact and strategies. The study employed descriptive survey research design. The population used for this study is 685 teachers from 50 public primary schools in Anaocha L.G.A of Anambra State. Using the simple random sampling technique, 150 teachers were drawn from the 50 public primary schools in Anaocha L.G.A. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire validated by three experts, which contained 15 items based on the three research questions formulated for the study. Meanwhile, it was subjected to reliability testing using spearman’s formula, in which 0.82 was obtained as the reliability index (very high). Data collected was analysed using mean. Findings revealed the impact of communication gap in the management of public primary school as inaction, while misinterpretations, bad work relationship, lack of knowledge are identified as the causes. It was observed that when handbook of information for teachers is been provided, there will be an effective communication in the school as it will let them know the various activities in the school. To this end, the researchers recommended that head-teachers should use appropriate media for communication and manage barriers to effective communication adequately as it will help them in improving communication in school. Implications and suggestion for further studies were also made.
Efficacy of A Nurse-Led Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) in the Management of Bipolar Disorders,in Selected Hospitals, Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
Bipolar disorder is a common and often disabling major mental illness. It account for a high proportion of idiopathic psychotic illnesses. Antipsychotic, mood-stabilizing and antidepressant drugs are very effective in managing many prominent and distressing symptoms of these illnesses, but as many as one-third of medically treated patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder relapses after hospitalization, this calls for the use of an adjunctive psychosocial treatments like solution focused Brief therapy. This is a pre-test, post-test and control design structure in 2 x 2 factorial paradigm. Subjects were randomly selected and divided into experimental and control groups. The patients were administered with General Behaviour Inventory (GBI) a 73 item questionnaire (Depue et al, 1985). Three Hypotheses were set and tested and analysis was carried out using student “t” test at 0.05 level of significance. The subjects exposed to the brief solution focused therapy performed better than the control. The patient with Dysthymic disorder performed better when exposed to solution focused brief therapy. The patients with Bipolar were found to improve better when exposed to the therapy. The improvement was shown in the differences observed in the means of the statistical analysis. Women exposed to solution-focused therapy improved better than their men counterparts. It was concluded that adjunctive psychological management by psychiatric nurses should be offered simultaneously with the pharmacological management.
The Teacher and Teaching with Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Science Subjects and the Contribution of Guidance and Counselors Therein (Published)
The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.
Stakeholder Role in Safety Culture and Safety Performance of Construction: A Conceptual Model (Published)
Project management in the Saudi Arabian construction industry is an activity complicated by the current widespread lack of a mature organisational safety culture, which results in a high incidence of serious and fatal accidents, making it difficult to deliver project objectives. This article addresses this major problem. This research is therefore an attempt to verify the causal relationships and interactions between stakeholder involvement, safety culture, and safety performance in the construction industry, thus providing a better understanding, in turn, may improve safety. To achieve this objective, a conceptual model was developed to enable empirical research via responses to a questionnaire will distribute to construction organisations. The model provided in this study is a systematic approach to assess the safety culture of construction organisations and to guide them in self-assessments. The research contributes to the literature pertaining to assessments of stakeholder involvement and safety culture. Furthermore, it offers a valuable tool to government bodies and regulatory agencies for assessing their efforts in improving safety culture
Internal – External Factors Affecting the Human Resource Management of Small and Medium Enterprises in Dong Nai Province (Published)
In Vietnam, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) now are accounting for about 98% of the total number of businesses operating in the country in which the medium-sized enterprises account for only 2.2%, small business strategy and remaining 29.6% and 68.2 % is super small. But in fact, SMEs play a very important role in the national economy. SMEs are the main source of employment and income generation for laborers, helping to mobilize social resources for development investment, poverty reduction… Every year, SMEs create over one million new employees. Employing up to 51% of social workers and contributing more than 40% of GDP to the country. In addition, the research results showed that there were 250 SMEs managers who interviewed and answered about 23 questions. The Data collected from 12/06/2016 to 15/05/2017 in Dong Nai province. The researcher had analyzed Cronbach’s alpha, KMO test, the result of KMO analysis used for multiple regression analysis. The research results were processed from SPSS 20.0 software. The parameters of the model estimated by Least – Squares Method tested for the model assumption with 5% significance level. Finally, the researchers have recommendations improving the human resource management at small and medium enterprises in Dong Nai province.
The Recommendations Enhancing The Effectiveness Of Credit Risk Management For Commercial Banks In Ho Chi Minh City (Published)
In Vietnam, the commercial banks are in virtually the country and have been subject to a great deal of regulations. One of the regulations is the minimum capital commercial banks must keep absorbing loss if unexpected things happen. Besides, the credit risk is one of the most significant risks that banks face, considering that granting credit is one of the main sources of income in commercial banks. Therefore, the management of the risk related to that credit affects the profitability of the banks. The aim of the research is to provide readers with accurate information regarding factors affecting the credit risk management of commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City and the researcher has the recommendations enhancing the effectiveness of credit risk management for commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City. The study results showed that there were 250 managers of commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City who interviewed and answered about 19 questions. Data collected from June 2016 to December 2016 for commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City. The paper had been analyzed KMO test, Cronbach’s Alpha and the result of KMO analysis which used for multiple regression analysis. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale (Conventions: 1: Completely disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Normal; 4: Agree; 5: completely agree). Hard copy and online questionnaire distributed among 1.000 managers of commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City. In addition, the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results showed that there were five factors, which included of factors following human resources (X1), macro environment (X2), customer (X3), technology capabilities (X4) and financial capabilities (X5) with significance level 5 percent. In addition, all of five components affecting the management of the credit risk at commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City with significance level 5 percent. The research results processed from SPSS 20.0 software.
This research aims, firstly, to initiate the reader by the concept of social responsibility of firms. Our paper provides some historical background and perspective. In addition, it provides a brief discussion of the evolving understandings of CSR and some of the long-established, traditional arguments that have been made both for and against the idea of business assuming any responsibility to society beyond profit-seeking and maximizing its own financial well-being. Finally, the goal is also to discuss the empirical aspect of CSR policies.