Tag Archives: Learning

Freedom in Life and Its Necessity of Education (Published)

Freedom to carry out the decisions of an individual or community to do his will. If a man can take all the decisions, actions and organizational does not his limit he has absolute freedom. But because the people living in the community cannot have absolute freedom. Absolute freedom of the individual to society, leads to the violation of other people’s freedom. Every community has a special rule. As a result rules define the liberties of people in the world. And the Freedom to teach peoples that people according to this rate, to organize your life.

Keywords: Freedom, Human, Law, Learning, Teaching

Learning Environment Analysis (Published)

The purpose of this research paper is to find out how a learning environment of higher educational institutes constitute a powerful learning environment. There exists a gap in the literature regarding powerful learning environment, hence, this paper aims to fill that gap. Some of the learning issues have been identified that exist in higher education system which are being affected by learning environments. Also, how higher education institutes are achieving its goals of social transformation have been discussed in detail. Furthermore, it aims to find out how organisations are involving learners in constructivist and collaborative ways to create a strong and powerful learning environment. This research paper proposes suggestions to improve the quality of the learning environment in higher educational institutes. There has also been a reflection on higher education scholarship of research and teaching.

Keywords: Environment Analysis, Higher Educational, Institute, Learning

Plan Implementation in Teaching-Learning Observations: Management Implications for Diagnostic Supervision of Secondary Schools in Calabar, Nigeria (Published)

Instructional leadership may affect much innovation only if plan implementation can be properly monitored for improved educational outcomes and expectations. Therefore, this study explored plan implementation in Teaching-Learning Observations (TLOs) and its implications for diagnostic supervision of secondary schools in Calabar, Nigeria. The justification of this study was to determine the power of prediction of instructional plan design and plan monitoring on qualitative teacher education programme for professionalism. A descriptive survey design study was adopted with two research hypotheses to guide the investigation. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 200 teachers out of 590 teachers. Data was collected using researcher designed questionnaire. Percentages, population t-test and multiple regression analysis were applied to statistically analyze data collected. Results obtained revealed that instructional plan implementation could determine the magnitude of teaching-learning observations in the secondary schools studied. It was concluded that proper plan design and plan monitoring were critical conditions which could guarantee better educational outcomes and professionalism. It was recommended that participatory effort should be encouraged among teachers to maintain critical path of quality instructional service delivery for the achievement of diagnostic supervision.

Keywords: Diagnostic, Learning, Plan, Supervision, Teaching

Contribution Of Information Communication Technology To Effective Teaching And Learning Of Agricultural Science In Some Selected Public And Private Secondary Schools In Ibadan North East Local Government In Oyo State (Published)

This study investigates contribution of information communication technology to effective teaching and learning of agricultural science in some selected public and private secondary schools in Ibadan North East Local Government in Oyo State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted and a total population of one hundred (100) students and twenty (20) teachers; fifty (50) students from Ten (10) of the public and private secondary schools respectively and Ten (10) teachers from Ten of the public and private schools were randomly selected for the study. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect information and a simple percentage and frequency count was used to analyses the collected data also the 4 point likert scale analysis was used to identify various contribution of ict to effective teaching and learning of agricultural science among both the teachers and students in the study area. The results of the findings showed that the use of computer technology in teaching and learning of agricultural science makes the subject more simple, understandable and improves the understanding of the students. It also revealed that students do not have adequate access to Information and Communication Technology ( ICT)  facilities in their schools except on their phones. Furthermore, the finding showed that majority of the private secondary schools are using computer technology effectively. In-service training on the use of computer technology and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) should be organized for the teachers and students in public secondary schools by the government.

Keywords: Agricultural Science, Ibadan, Information Communication Technology, Learning, Nigeria, Public and Private Secondary Schools, Teaching

Teaching English as a Foreign Language: The Case of Saudi Arabia (Published)

This paper aims to describe English language teaching as a foreign language in Saudi Arabia. It highlights the nature of the curriculum, teaching procedures and materials. The paper critically reviews the teaching methods, qualifications in addition to concepts related to culture and society.

Keywords: English, Learning, Method, Saudi Arabia, Teaching

Second Language Learning and Teaching: Literature Review (Published)

English nowadays is becoming a second language in many countries over the world. This paper tries to provide a description of the concept English language teaching and learning. The paper reviews different methodologies of teaching English in the education system.   

Keywords: English, Learning, Method, Teaching

Correlates of Dyscalculia and Learning Outcome in Mathematics among SSII Students in Obudu, Cross River State-Nigeria (Published)

Dyscalculia brings about different types of learning disorder which affects individuals (students) at various levels of learning. It enables the students, educators and guidance to determine inabilities, phobia, anxiety and develop compensatory mechanism for under developed areas. This paper deals with correlates of dyscalculia and learning outcome in Mathematics among SSII students in Obudu, C.R.S- Nigeria. Types of dyscalculia like; sequential, verbal, practognostic and operational dyscalculia are discussed. Tips on how to reduce dyscalculia are listed in the work. The survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 200 students was randomly drawn for the study. Data generated were subjected to statistical analysis using Pearson product moment correlation analysis at 0.05 level of significant. Results obtained show among others that dyscalculia significantly correlates with students learning in mathematics. Based on this it was recommended among others that students should engage in practice, extra-time, graphicalized their work and evaluate their work.

Keywords: Dyscalculia, Education, Learning, Mathematics, Nigeria, Students

Multicultural Education and Process of Teaching and Learning of Dance in Indonesia (Published)

The goal of this paper is to explore and offer a form of multicultural education through the teaching and learning of dance in Indonesia. The result of the study reveals that the teaching and learning of dance can form multicultural characters as well as humanized character like stated in previous research (Sutiyono, 2010). This formation of character is important along with the rising number of conflict and violence in Indonesia. On the rising violence and conflict, People often blame education which is believed that it fails to cope with the problem. Education fails in building multicultural generation. In the other hands,  Indonesia has potential cultures to be explored into countless heritage. This paper explores ideas on the potential of teaching and learning of dance to be used to build multicultural education in Indonesia.

Keywords: Learning, Teaching, arts, dance, multicultural education

Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning (Published)

Purpose: This research paper aims to examine the Impact of University Motivated Environment on Students Learning. Design/Methodology/Approach: Keeping in view the objectives the University Motivated Environment factors has been taken. The study sample of 300 students randomly selected from different departments of Albaha university. The use of the likert scale and a questionnaire containing 35 items related to the university motivated factors were used to measure the impact. Popular statistical T-test ANOVA was applied by using SPSS software highlighting more detailed findings of the study. Findings:  The results shows that students are not satisfied with the university motivated learning environment  because the services and support  provided by the university related to Library, Computer, Parking, Cafeteria, Bus, Air Conditioning, Sports, Lab equipments, Cleanliness, Light, Guidelines, Track Complaints,  Website, Internet Wi Fi environment, Training and placement, Update curriculum according to need of Industry, Scholarships, Sufficient number of staff to serve students, Recruiting staff according to the need of students, etc are not proper or given  which affect students learning environment. Statistical analysis shows that Hypotheses is accepted in all cases. Originality/value – The value of this research is that the university will improve the services from which students are not satisfied.

Keywords: Environment, Impact, Learning, Motivation, Students, University

The Impact of Learning Motivation Strategy on the Academic Achievement of the Southern Ghor District Students in English Language (Published)

This study aims at identifying the impact of learning motivation strategy on the academic achievement of the Southern Ghor District students in English language as well as the response of the Southern Ghor students to new and unfamiliar learning strategies and the identification of the Southern Ghor district teachers use of modern learning strategies. The population of the study was represented by the secondary stage students of the Southern Ghor district where a random sample of (50) students was chosen from that population. Of the most important results produced by the study was the existence of statistically significant effect of using learning motivation strategies on the academic achievement of the students. The study presented several recommendations most importantly holding educational training courses for the secondary stage teachers explaining the significance of learning motivation and ways of stimulating their students for learning through the available strategies which fit in the surrounding environment of their schools

Keywords: Academic Achievement, English Language, Learning, Motivation Strategy, Southern Ghor District, Students

A Review of Educational Assessment: Reliability, Validity and Relationship with Learning—the Case of Northern Ireland (Ni) Transfer Tests Policy and Practice (Published)

Northern Ireland 11+ transfer tests policy is a long-standing debatable issue. Presently, the transfer-tests are divided into two distinct test types and they are colloquially known as the AQE (the Association of Quality Education) as well as the GL (Granada Learning) tests which are non-statutory as the government removed the NI transfer tests in 2008. But, previously these tests were called 11+ exams in which all students took the same tests for grammar school admission. This study aims to evaluate the current NI transfer test policy in light of its reliability, validity, and relationship with learning. The analysis of NI transfer tests traces a number of complications and dilemmas such as unfaithful scoring and grading systems as they contain a lack of transparency. The tests policy also fosters a conflict between the sense of deprivation and advantage. The policy also bewilders a group of   pupils, and develops some negative effects on learning. In a word, there are little positive outcomes of these testing systems. Rather, a serious disastrous effect has been culminated in the absence of government care. Henceforth, an alternative transfer testing procedure is essential to be embedded in the NI education system which can fit well with all students in general.

Keywords: Learning, Reliability, transfer test policy, validity

The Mediating Effects Of Home Learning On Student Achievement In Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study In Primary Schools In Ghana (Published)

The home learning environment as mediated by parental education and income is an important determinant of child learning outcomes. As part of a longitudinal study on teaching effectiveness in Ghana, this paper examines the joint effects of multiple variables related to  home learning environment that interconnect to impact on child academic performance in mathematics. A representative sample of 73 primary schools in Ghana was selected and written tests in mathematics were administered to all grade 6 students of the school sample both at the beginning and end of the school year 2013–2014. Data on student background factors were also collected. Our analytical techniques (i.e., multilevel modelling) take into account the hierarchical structure of schools (i.e., students nested within classes, and within schools). Controlling for the more basic student background factors, we find that the provision of learning resources at home, whiles ensuring that children are offered learning opportunities after school time were important.  Implications of findings are drawn.

Keywords: Achievement, Environment, Home, Learning, Student

Teachers’ Perceptions of the Usage of Calculators in the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics at the Junior High School Level in Ghana (Published)

Educational technology is recognized as an essential component of the instructional process and thus, uses of calculators have been recommended to be introduced in Junior High Schools in Ghana. However, teachers’ attitudes towards the use of calculators have not been established. The purpose of the study was to investigate teachers’ perceptions towards the use of calculators in mathematics instruction in JHS in Ghana. Descriptive research design was used and data were collected from mathematics teachers using questionnaires. The results indicated that teachers have positive perceptions towards the use of calculators for mathematics learning. The finding is helpful to curriculum developers and they can integrate the use of calculators in mathematics teaching and learning in JHS in Ghana.

Keywords: Calculator, Education, Learning, Mathematics, School, Teachers

Preponderance of ICT in Fine Art (Visual Art) Teaching And Learning In Nigeria (Published)

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a force that has changed many aspects of human endeavours. The impact of ICT on various fields of human endeavour such as medicine, tourism, business, law, banking, engineering and architecture over two or three decades has been enormous. But when one looks at the field of education, there seems to have been an uncanny lack of influence of ICT and far less change than other fields have experienced. In other words, though ICT has begun to have presence in education, its impact has not been as extensive as in other fields (Collins, 2002). Education is a social oriented activity, and quality education has traditionally been associated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Garrison and Anderson (2003) opine that the application of ICTs in the teaching-learning process can enhance the quality of education in several ways such as increasing learner motivation and engagement, facilitating the acquisition of basic skills, and enhancing teacher training. Since Fine Art is one of the major subjects being offered at all levels of education; that is the primary, secondary and tertiary institutions, its relevance and sustenance in the 21st century requires the adequate application of ICTs like video tapes, television and multimedia computer software that combine text, sound and colorful moving images which can be used to provide challenging and authentic content that will not only engage the student in the learning process but as well make learning concrete.

Keywords: Fine (Visual) Art, ICT, Learning, Preponderance, Teaching

Teacher as Mediator in the EFL Classroom: A Role to Promote Students’ Level of Interaction, Activeness, and Learning (Published)

Versus to old, traditional approaches and methods of teaching a language, recent and new approaches of teaching and learning a foreign language have focused on providing a learner-centred environment in which learners can have more control over their learning process and more autonomy on how to accomplish tasks and activities. This article highlights the position and role of the teacher as a mediator and the types of responsibilities he/she should take to successfully play this role and guarantee an interactive and interesting learning to the students.

Keywords: Classroom, Learning, Students, Teacher

Striving To Become an Entrepreneurial University to Bridge the Gap between Knowing and Doing: A Study on Al-Zaytoonah Universiy of Jordan (Published)

In the age of technology and knowledge communities, labor and capital are no longer considered the main production factors. Knowledge and human capital are becoming exceedingly important in strengthening the economic growth and development. Universities are one of the leading resources for knowledge generation. Research is considered one of the pillars universities rely on promoting its faculty, renewing its license or even gaining international accreditation. With all published researches, a gap between this knowledge and practicing it is becoming increasingly noticeable. This gap is called the Knowing-Doing-Gap. To reduce this gap, researchers and universities worked on setting a framework to ensure that part of the knowledge generated is applied and practiced in the market. Such universities are called “Entrepreneurial Universities”. This paper explores the definition of entrepreneurial universities and the conditions for becoming an entrepreneurial university (on both macro and micro levels). Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the steps taken by Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan striving to become an entrepreneurial university through bridging the gap between knowledge and application. The paper answers the following question: “What steps is Al-Zaytoonah taking to address the knowing-doing-gap?”

Keywords: Entrepreneurial University, Jordan, Knowing Doing Gap, Knowledge, Learning, economic growth

Striving To Become an Entrepreneurial University to Bridge the Gap between Knowing and Doing: A Study on Al-Zaytoonah Universiy of Jordan (Published)

In the age of technology and knowledge communities, labor and capital are no longer considered the main production factors. Knowledge and human capital are becoming exceedingly important in strengthening the economic growth and development. Universities are one of the leading resources for knowledge generation. Research is considered one of the pillars universities rely on promoting its faculty, renewing its license or even gaining international accreditation. With all published researches, a gap between this knowledge and practicing it is becoming increasingly noticeable. This gap is called the Knowing-Doing-Gap. To reduce this gap, researchers and universities worked on setting a framework to ensure that part of the knowledge generated is applied and practiced in the market. Such universities are called “Entrepreneurial Universities”. This paper explores the definition of entrepreneurial universities and the conditions for becoming an entrepreneurial university (on both macro and micro levels). Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the steps taken by Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan striving to become an entrepreneurial university through bridging the gap between knowledge and application. The paper answers the following question: “What steps is Al-Zaytoonah taking to address the knowing-doing-gap?”

Keywords: Entrepreneurial University, Jordan, Knowing Doing Gap, Knowledge, Learning, economic growth

The Difficulties of Learning English As Perceived By a Group of International Students: A Case Study (Published)

This study investigated the challenges of learning English encountered by a group of international students while learning in an intensive English program at a large Midwestern American university. One tenet underpinning this study is that social learning plays a crucial role in L2 learning because it enables learners to be actively engaged in the language learning process. Twenty students (9 graduate and 11 undergraduate), were chosen randomly from the intensive English program to take part in this study. Their ages ranged between 19-26 years, and they came from different countries, including Saudi Arabia, China, Pakistan, India, Jordan, Ghana, Nigeria and Algeria. The study used information gathered by means of the qualitative research method of interviewing. The findings of the study showed that social interaction is one of the major difficulties confronting international students learning English. Difficulties in terms of oral production, comprehension, pronunciation and using the correct lexicon.

Keywords: Education, English, International student, Language, Learning

Utilization of Matlab as a Technological Tool for Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Schools (Published)

The focus of this paper is to describe the use of MATLAB as a technological tool for the teaching and learning of mathematics in schools. Application of this software in the teaching of some difficult topics like vectors and matrices, distance between two points on a co-ordinate plane, graphs of sine, 3D bar, simultaneous and quadratic equations were demonstrated using the MATLAB. Some recommendations were made on how MATLAB can be applied to enhance in the pedagogical process.

Keywords: Learning, Mathematics, Matlab., Teaching, Technological Tool

Examination of The Readability Level Of Some Approved Science Textbooks in Use in Junior Secondary Schools in Ebonyi State Of Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to examine the readability level of some approved Science textbooks in use in Junior Secondary Schools in Ebonyi State of Nigeria. The sample of the study consisted of three (3) approved Science textbooks, 21 Junior Secondary Schools randomly selected from the 3 Education zones of the State. The instrument used for data collection is Science Textbook Readability Text (CSTRT). The data were interpreted using a standard guideline for calculation and readability level by Harrison (1980). The results of the findings showed that the approved Science textbooks were very readable. Based on the findings, conclusion were drawn and it was recommended that Science textbooks should be revised periodically to enrich the readability of the textbooks

Keywords: Examination, Learning, Readability Level, Science Textbook, Teaching

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