Tag Archives: Knowledge

Women Participation in Higher Secondary Education in Bangladesh (Published)

Formal education is a fulcrum of sustainable development. Education allows individuals to develop within their community and country, and allows nations to compete and survive in the global economy. Education plays a critical role in fostering basic intellectual abilities, expanding further educational opportunities that are vital to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. Education is the nourishment of the mind with knowledge and as such it helps in the formation of an integrated personality of an individual. Education has a special significance in the context of a quasi-traditional or transitional society like Bangladesh. In this paper I shall try to delineate the picture of women participation in higher secondary education in Bangladesh. I shall also mention the necessity and factors responsible for women participation in higher education. From the analysis it is observed that there is a skyward trend for the female passed students that lead to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Keywords: Higher Education, Higher Secondary Education, Knowledge, Millennium Development Goals (MDGS), Women, Women Education

Health Education and its Relation with Health Knowledge among College Students in Kuwait (Published)

College is considered one of the important means for health education attainment. Thus, having a profound impact on student’s health, attitude, and behavior. In this study, we assesse and examine the relation of health education intervention with health knowledge and behavior, some these disruptive behaviors include smoking, drugs, injury, disease, individual abuse, stress, mental and emotional health among students of different colleges under PAAET (The Public Authority for Applied Education & training). These colleges are (college of Health Science’s, Nursing, Technological Studies, Basic Education, Business Studies). Besides these colleges, there are numbers of training institutes such as: (The higher Institute of Telecommunication and Navigation, Nursing institute, Secretarial and Office Administration Institute). We also want to inspect the relation between health education, health behavior, and attitude of college students regarding, their age, sex, and education level. Never the less, to elevate health knowledge of these students, in giving them a better healthy lifestyle for their coming future.

Keywords: Behavior, Health education, Knowledge, Students, attitude

Impact of Mentoring On Staff Retention through Knowledge Transfer: An Empirical Evaluation of Four Private Universities in the North Central Zone of Nigeria (Published)

This research study explored the impact of mentoring on staff retention through knowledge transfer with specific reference to selected private universities in Nigeria. Mentoring is a natural one-on-one, mutual, committed relationship formed between a mentor and mentee designed to promote personal development beyond any particular institutional goals. However, Knowledge transfer seeks to build, systematize, otherwise distributes knowledge and guarantees its accessibility for future users. In an organizational setting, the goal of employers is usually to decrease employee turnover, thereby decreasing training costs, recruitment costs and loss of talents and organizational knowledge. Employers can improve retention rates and decrease the associated costs of high turnover with the aid of mentoring and knowledge transfer. The material used for this investigation was sourced from both primary and secondary data such as text books, management journals and internet. A well-structured open ended questionnaire was the main tool for data gathering. The questionnaire was designed for all the selected employees of private universities in the North central zone of Nigeria. The data through which responses were given in the questionnaire was analyzed and interpreted with the use of   students‘t’ distribution test in the analysis of data. The findings indicate that mentoring improves staff retention in private universities in Nigeria and transfer of knowledge enhances staff mentoring and retention in Nigerian universities. The review of literature suggests that knowledge transfer and conceptualization of mentoring is required for staff retention in organizations. For effective staff retention and knowledge transfer, it was recommended that mentoring should be utterly deliberated and not forced on the participants ‘‘the mentors and the mentees’’ and privacy should be indispensable in this relationship. Conclusively, knowledge transfer encompasses a wide variety of activities to sustain mutually beneficial collaborations between mentors and the mentees, universities, and the public sector. It is all about the transfer of tangible and intellectual expertise, skills and learning between academic and the non-academic community.

Keywords: Knowledge, Mentoring, Retention, Staff, Staff Retention and Knowledge Transfer.

Frequency of On-Job Training (Ojt) Of Administrative Staff Atmmust: A Human Resource Practice and Promotional Tool for Organizational Performance (Published)

Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) is one of the institutions that sponsors its administrative staff to a variety of trainings, including on-job training programs. The university’s Human Resource Development (HRD) policy of On-Job Training (OJT) aims at ensuring that staff can cope with the dynamics of a competitive higher education environment. Like most public universities, once trained, an employee would require to be placed in a job that requires the newly acquired knowledge and skills. However, in most organizations, non-placement of trained employees persists.  This phenomenon leads to high turnover as they leave to look for positions that suit their training elsewhere. Those employees that do not leave may under-perform due to a feeling of under-utilization or non-recognition.  This paper is an investigation into the frequency of OJT in the institution and how this relates to individuals’ current jobs as well as transformation to their future appointments and promotions. The study employed a case study design and targeted 149 administrative staff. Since the target population was small, census sampling approach was used thus it formed the sample size. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically while quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using percentages and frequency distribution techniques. The results revealed that most staff often attend OJT and indicated quite a number having received training while on their current job.

Keywords: Behaviour change., Knowledge, Non-placement, On Job Training, Performance, Skills

Chemistry Entrepreneurship: A Panacea for Chemistry Graduates Unemployment-The Nigerian Experience (Published)

This study sought to examine chemistry entrepreneurship as a panacea for chemistry graduates unemployment in Nigeria. The recent economy recession world-wide and particularly in Nigeria has necessitated the need to make a paradigm shift from consuming economy to producing economy. For any nation to attain the status of producing economy, its citizens must have acquired entrepreneurial skills in all sectors of the economy. Entrepreneurship is the capacity and willingness to develop, organize and manage a business venture along with any of its risks in order to make a profit. The notion to become an entrepreneur in Nigeria is fast gaining ground in the face of little or no government jobs. The labour market is gradually becoming more attractive to graduating students as they want to be self-employed and independent.In view of all these, there is the need to entrench entrepreneurship education into our school curricula at all levels of education, most especially the higher institutions. This being as it is, there is need for inclusion of chemistry entrepreneurship in the chemistry curriculum most especially for our higher education students.Chemistry entrepreneurship being offered as a course will equip the students with the knowledge and skills to convert innovations from researches in chemistry into marketable products for commercial gain. Many of the household materials being used on daily basis are the products of innovations from chemistry researches. Such household materials as soap, candle, cream, toothpaste, slippers, shoe polish, insecticides, herbicides among others are enough, if invested in, to make a chemistry graduate a wealth creator instead of a job seeker.In view of the above, the paper recommends that the Nigerian government should prioritise, generally the academic entrepreneurship and particularly chemistry entrepreneurship in all our higher institutions, as this will go a long way in arresting the spate of chemistry graduates unemployment and also strengthen the nose-diving economy in the country.

Keywords: Chemistry entrepreneurship, Innovations, Knowledge, Skills, Wealth Creation

Pre-Service Teachers’ Use of Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Teaching and Learning Mathematics at Basic Seven in Akatsi District, Ghana (Published)

 

The purpose of the study is to explore how pre-service teachers’ use   their Pedagogical Content Knowledge (teachers’ knowledge of content and students’ thinking process) to identify and diagnose students’ misconceptions in comparing, adding, multiplying and dividing fractions. Pre-service teachers were expected to identify students’ misconceptions, give reasons of students’ misconceptions, and ask specific questions to diagnose students’ thinking processes that lead to the misconceptions. A total of 72 pre-service teachers teaching Mathematics were purposively selected out of 320 students from the schools of practice. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. Data   collected were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and means. The study revealed that about 60% of the pre-service teachers could identify the students’ misconceptions but only 17% of them could articulate the reasons for students’ misconceptions clearly. Also about 58% of the   pre-service teachers asked probing questions instead of   specific questions to diagnose students’ misconceptions and only about 14% of them asked specific questions. It was concluded that most of the pre-service teachers were   able to identify students’ misconception but could not give   reasons for the students’ misconceptions. In addition, majority of the pre-service teachers could not ask specific questions to diagnose students’ misconceptions. It was recommended that teacher training institutions   integrate pedagogical content knowledge in to the curriculum to equip pre-service teachers with skills that would enable them to analyze students’ thinking processes.

Keywords: Akatsi District, Ghana, Knowledge, Mathematics, Pedagogical Content, Pre-Service, Teaching and Learning

The Competency and Independency Auditors to Audit Quality at Auditors of Public Accountant in Palembang (Published)

This study aims to test the competency and independency of the Auditor on the Quality Audit Office Public Accountant Auditor Palembang. The study sample as many as 39 registered Public Accountants in Palembang, used multiple regression analysis. The results of calculations using SPSS, showed that:1) R2 of  0.499, illustrates that the quality of the audit, can be explained by the dependent variables amounted to 49.9%, while the remaining 51,1%, can be explained by other factors, which are not included in this study. ;2) Obtained value of F(7.309) Sig(0,000), means that there is a significant influence of dependent variables together to quality audit; 3) there are no significant effect from experience, knowledge, and non audit services on the quality of audit; 4) and there are  significant effect of long relationships with clients, pressure from clients, and review co-auditors on audit quality.

 

Keywords: Audit Quality, Experience, Knowledge, Non-audit services, long relationships with clients, pressure from clients, review co-auditor

Job Dissatisfaction: An Analysis of Skill and Knowledge Mismatch Of On-Job Trained Employees In Institutions Of Higher Learning (Published)

It is acknowledged that Human Resource Development (HRD) practices such as On Job Training (OJT) and Job Placement (JP) are linked to employee performance. However, research is yet to focus on how performance is affected by mismatch of new knowledge and skills acquired from OJT and those required to perform their allocated responsibilities, especially in public universities in Kenya. Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) devotes some of its budgetary allocation on OJT of administrative staff and any mismatch between knowledge and skills acquired and those demanded by administrative jobs can be counterproductive.  Thus a need exists to establish the relationship between OJT as HRD practice and JP of trained administrative staff. The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between on-job training and job placement of administrative staff at MMUST. This is aimed at finding out if the OJT programmes match the staff’s skills and knowledge. The study employed a case study design with target population of 149 administrative staff. Since the target population was small, it formed the sample therefore census sampling.  Data was collected using structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically and was presented verbatim according to the themes while quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using percentages and frequency distribution techniques. The results indicated that majority of the respondents acquired most of their knowledge and skills while in their current positions, with a few others had the knowledge and skills that matched with the positions they held. The study concludes that properly placed employees perform optimally while misplaced employees feel demotivated and tend to have a high turn-over rate. The study recommends that organizations should ensure that they hire competent and qualified administrative staff and also, enact policies on proper placement to ensure that employees who are misplaced have a chance to be properly placed to the right positions.

Keywords: Administrative staff, Job Dissatisfaction, Job Placement, Knowledge, Skills

Frequency of On-Job Training (OJT) Of Administrative Staff At MMUST: A Human Resource Practice and Promotional Tool for Organizational Performance (Published)

Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST) is one of the institutions that sponsors its administrative staff to a variety of trainings, including on-job training programs. The university’s Human Resource Development (HRD) policy of On-Job Training (OJT) aims at ensuring that staff can cope with the dynamics of a competitive higher education environment. Like most public universities, once trained, an employee would require to be placed in a job that requires the newly acquired knowledge and skills. However, in most organizations, non-placement of trained employees persists.  This phenomenon leads to high turnover as they leave to look for positions that suit their training elsewhere. Those employees that do not leave may under-perform due to a feeling of under-utilization or non-recognition.  This paper is an investigation into the frequency of OJT in the institution and how this relates to individuals’ current jobs as well as transformation to their future appointments and promotions. The study employed a case study design and targeted 149 administrative staff. Since the target population was small, census sampling approach was used thus it formed the sample size. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically while quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using percentages and frequency distribution techniques. The results revealed that most staff often attend OJT and indicated quite a number having received training while on their current job.

Keywords: Behaviour change., Knowledge, Non-placement, On Job Training, Performance, Skills

Transforming University Knowledge Production towards the Promotion of Inclusive Development in Nigeria (Published)

Nigeria has been seemingly inelastic to global changes in terms of joining the post-industrial revolution.   Renaissance of knowledge in Africa was identified as a potent factor for economic growth by World Bank (IBRD).  This factor could create opportunities to leap frogging in selected areas of economic growth and resolution of social problems in the region.  Hence, this study examined transforming university knowledge production towards the promotion of inclusive development in Nigeria.  This survey design study  provided a baseline information for supporting university knowledge-driven inclusive economic growth and equitable income distribution in order to promote inclusive development in the nation.  Secondary data from National Bureau of statistics and other data sources were obtained to answer three research questions raised in the study.  Using the simple descriptive statistics, results obtained revealed low capacity in university knowledge production which yielded a low Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and low knowledge Economy Index (KEI), but with high inclusive growth in Nigeria.  The market-driven inclusive growth resulted in not having specific targets such as employment generation and income distribution.  Therefore, it was recommended among others that government should create enhanced social and education environment. This will ensure sustained growth as well as equity/ fairness in income distribution towards the promotion of inclusive development.

Keywords: Development, Knowledge, Production, University, inclusive

Impact of an educational intervention of 40 hours training of breast feeding promoting on the knowledge and attitude of a sample of health professional staff: a study of a pre and post evaluation (Published)

Background: Health professionals have a crucial role in promotion, support and management of breastfeeding. To be effective in this effort, the clinician should focus on the issue from the preconception stage through pregnancy and delivery, and continue in subsequent infant care.  Aim of the study: to assess the effectiveness of the UNICEF/WHO 40-hour of breast feeding training through the assess breastfeeding knowledge and attitudes of the health profession staff before and after training course. Methodology: Pre-posttest study with an intervention of an educational training course were conducted in Karbala maternity Hospital, during the period from May till July, 2016.A total of 90 participants arrange to reply to the invitation, Self-administered questionnaires were designed which include general demographic information, items related to the knowledge and attitude regarding the breast feeding. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS program (version 20) Results were presented as the frequencies and percentage in tables and figures. Chi-square test was used to determine any association found between these demographic variables and knowledge and attitudes. P value < 0.05 considered as cut off value for significance. Results: The study revealed that the majority 48.9% of the participants achieved fair level score of knowledge regarding to breast feeding in pretest while the knowledge score improved as the majority 75.6% reported good knowledge in posttest.  There is improvement regarding the knowledge related to basic information, breast feeding problems management and hospital policies supporting breast feeding. This improvement was significant statistically regrading knowledge related to the basic information (sings of adequate breast feeding 77.8%, breast feeding with local anesthesia 82.2%, , breast feeding benefit 97.8% and contraindication to breast feeding84.4% with p<0.05. There is an  improvement in good attitude from pretest to posttest in each attitude questions except for Q 14 and Q 15 (Formula is as healthy for an infant as breast milk, Breast-feeding is more convenient. than formula-feeding) the attitude is slightly reversed in the posttest. Significant statistical association were reported regarding the effect of the course of breast feeding promotion training in certain aspects of attitude questions especially the breast feeding benefit aspect. Conclusions: UNICEF/WHO 40-hour of breast feeding training was effective tool to assess the   breast feeding knowledge and attitudes among health profession staff that provide maternity care.   

Keywords: Assess, Attitudes, Breast Feeding Training, Effectiveness, Health Profession Staff, Knowledge, Pre and Posttest.

Knowledge and Application of Reflective Practice: A Tool for Meaningful Nursing Practice among Nurses in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital Cross River State Nigeria (Published)

Background: Knowledge and professional competence depend on deeper understanding of issues to develop informed judgment and skill. Purpose This descriptive study was designed to evaluate the knowledge and application of reflective practice among nurses in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria. Methods: The theory of Human Caring, the Model of Structured Reflection, two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Two hundred and thirty eight (238) professional nurses were used as study sample. Data were obtained using self-administered questionnaires; collated data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 for inferential and non inferential statistics. Hypothesis was tested for significance at 0.05 level using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Results: Findings revealed that majority of nurses have knowledge of reflective practice based on task (41.3%) and time (32.1%) awareness 64.2% engaged in reflective practice employed. use discussion approach only. The use of reflective journals was found to be very poor among the nurses. Conclusions: The study concludes that knowledge of reflective practice provides a basic strategy for meaningful practice that facilitates professional development and promotes quality patient care based on best practice guiding principle. It was recommended that nurses be encouraged to keep reflective dairy to provide insight into clinical issues for better understanding that results in meaningful practice.

Keywords: Application, Knowledge, Nurses, Reflective, meaningful practice

Comparative Assessment of Cocoa Farmers’ Knowledge and Attitude to Trainings on Good Cultural Management Practices (CMP) in Ogun and Ondo States, Nigeria (Published)

Nigeria is one of the leading cocoa producing countries in West Africa. However, since the discovery of crude oil there has been a decline in cocoa production which resulted in Nigeria losing its leading position as the foremost cocoa exporter to Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana. To revitalize the cocoa production in Nigeria series of efforts are put in place including training of farmers on improved Cultural Management Practices (CMP). This study therefore compared cocoa farmers’ knowledge and attitude to trainings on good cultural management practices in Ogun and Ondo States, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling techniques were used to select 320 cocoa farmers in the study areas. Data obtained were analysed with both descriptive and inferential statistics. Result of the study showed that the mean age of the respondents was 52.8 years with 83.4% of the respondents married and 75.9% of the respondents had primary education. Most (82.8%) of the respondents were male while few (17.2%) were female in cocoa production. Most (83.40%) of the respondents harvested about 10kg/ha from their cocoa farms. The average income generated from cocoa was 44,237/kg. Cocoa farmers always got information from Cocoa Certification Agencies (59.4%), cocoa farmers association (54.4%) and radio/television (50.9%). Most (92.5%) of the respondents had wealth of knowledge in selecting suitable site for cocoa production and minimum tillage practices (98.4%). The result further revealed that majority (65.3%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they would spend more money to participate in future CMP trainings and that the training is beneficial (84.1%) hence, satisfied with it (86.2%). All the respondents affirmed that CMP training is an eye opener to a better cocoa farming practices (100%). Also, almost all the respondents (99.4%) reported that they select suitable land for cocoa production, construct nursery bed, select improved seeds variety, and slash weeds underneath cocoa trees. Above ninety percent of cocoa farmers apply fertilizer at rate of 375kg/ha, spray prescribed insecticides and fungicides, and harvest ripe cocoa pods with sharp cutlasses. Major constraints to cocoa production and CMP in the study areas are poor feeder roads (100%), irregular supply of agro-inputs (90.0%), and instability in government policy (88.4%). Result of linear regression showed a significant relationship between socio-economic and cultural management practices at p < 0.05 level of significance. However, result of the t-test analysis indicated that significant difference did not exist in the cocoa cultural management practices in Ogun and Ondo States (t = 2.42, p = 0.06). The study concludes that majority of the cocoa farmers carried out Cultural Management Practices to obtain good yield, and has positive attitude towards CMP trainings as it is highly beneficial to their cocoa farming.

Keywords: Cocoa, Cultural Management Practices, Farmers, Knowledge, Trainings, attitude

HIV/Aids Knowledge and Accessibility to HIV Information among Women in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was to determine HIV/AIDS knowledge and accessibility to HIV information among women in Obudu Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. A total of 402 women were recruited using multi-stage random sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was designed to generate data from the respondents. Data collected were entered and analysed using SPSS (version 20.0) and results were presented in tables and charts. Chi-square was used to test for association between variables at 5% level of significance. Findings from this study revealed most study participants (25.6%) were within the age bracket of 35-39 years, (91.8%) Christians, (71.9%) married and (43.3%) had undergone secondary education. Most respondents were civil servants (32.6%), traders/business women (15.7%), farmers (9.7%) and 20.3% were low income earners. Respondents exhibited high knowledge level of HIV/AIDS as the media (39.1%), health workers (18.7%) and HIV/AIDS campaigns (15.0%) were their major sources of information. About 54.5% respondents reported that they currently have access to HIV/AIDS information and other reproductive health services with primary health centers (21.4%) and hospitals as their top source of information centers. Intensifying HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns and improving access to reproductive health services are core strategies in averting HIV morbidity and mortality among women domiciling in semi-urban and remote settings.

Keywords: Accessibility, HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Obudu LGA, Women

Electronic Knowledge of Customers and Employees of Jordanian Banks and Its Impact on the Quality of Banking Service: Banks of Jerash City-A Case Study (Published)

This study aims to highlight the impact of electronic knowledge in the customers of Jordanian banks on the quality of banking services, accuracy, speed of achievement and the extent of their contribution to improve banking services among workers in these banks. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was developed and distributed to the study sample which consists of (161) employees working in Jerash banks, and this sample is the total community of the study; the census method was used to represent the community properly. Moreover, the sample was intentionally selected from seven private banks in this city, and data and information were collected by making interviews, and a questionnaire distributed to achieve the objectives of this study. The study achieved its objectives through hypotheses that were tested by several statistical methods, and to know its moral significance, as well as to reach the most important field results that represent the contribution that came out of this study. The study concludes the following: There is an interest in the subject of electronic knowledge in terms of concepts, elements, and advantages through accumulation of knowledge in the Arab administrative library. There is no clear agreement about the rankings (elements) of electronicor electronic knowledge. The level of using the electronicknowledge in the customers of banks is low. The level of relative importance of sub-variants of the dependent variable was high (quality of banking service) There is a significant moral correlation between sub-variables of the independent variable (electronicknowledge) and quality of banking services. There are few studies that joined electronicknowledge with quality banking service. Most of the study’s hypotheses were achieved. The study concluded some important recommendations, including: Promote awareness among customers about the electronic field and increase conviction of the importance of electronicknowledge in terms of saving time, fast achievement, reduce costs and accuracy of work. Facilitating procedures and various means of technology and software for the banks in order to ensure that electronic uses to keep up with global banks that deal and compete with them. Applying quality standards in the banks, and focus on the use of information technology in all branches and divisions.

Keywords: (IT), Banks’, Electronic Knowledge, Knowledge, Sector of Electronic Banking Service.

Improving Language Proficiency and General Knowledge: A Case for Free Voluntary Reading (Published)

Free voluntary reading is just as its name states. It is free reading; free in the sense that students chooses what material they want to read, choose to read or not to read and to report in class on the reading they have done or not. It is purely reading with no strings attached. This is a strategy voiced by Stephen Krashen and quite a good number of language educators have decided it is worth a short. Research reports support the assertion that those who read more do better in a wide variety of tests. They become better users of language and have a wider horizon of life. They are also reported to have a greater general knowledge. It is in view of these that this paper recommends FVR as a probable solution to the lamentably poor standard of English in schools and the general poor academic outcomes.

Keywords: Academic Outcome, Education, Knowledge, Language, Reading, Student

Demographic Differences in the Knowledge of Breast Cancer among Women in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)

Breast cancer is the most common of all cancers and is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide, a condition that may be predicated upon by lack of knowledge about fundamental regimen necessary for cancer prevention. The study was therefore designed to determine demographic differences in the knowledge of breast cancer among women in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The sample of the study comprised 1,845 women drawn through the multistage sampling procedure. A 40-item questionnaire was used to elicit information on knowledge symptoms, risk factors, prevention methods and treatment options of cancer. Descriptive statistic of percentage was used to answer the research question and inferential statistic of chi-square was used to test the entire hypotheses formulated for the study at an alpha level of 0.05. Knowledge of breast cancer was found to be on the average (48.72%); differed by age with younger women (35-44years 56.43%) reporting higher knowledge of breast cancer than the older ones (45-54 years 46.03%); women with post-secondary education (67.66%) had higher knowledge than those with secondary (60.16%), primary (49.03%) and non-formal education (39.01%); urban women (55.61%) were more knowledgeable than rural women (47.81%). Chi-square analysis indicated that significant association existed between level of education and knowledge of breast cancer. However, no significant association was found between age and location of residence. It was concluded that breast cancer knowledge of women in Ebonyi State is on the average and associated significantly with education, but not with age and location of residence of the women. Consequently, it is recommended that breast cancer education should be used to improve the women’s knowledge of the disease, especially for those with non-formal education, older women and those in the rural areas through interventions by government and non-governmental agencies and through curriculum revision for schools

Keywords: Age, Breast cancer, Education, Knowledge, Location, Risk Factors, Women

Striving To Become an Entrepreneurial University to Bridge the Gap between Knowing and Doing: A Study on Al-Zaytoonah Universiy of Jordan (Published)

In the age of technology and knowledge communities, labor and capital are no longer considered the main production factors. Knowledge and human capital are becoming exceedingly important in strengthening the economic growth and development. Universities are one of the leading resources for knowledge generation. Research is considered one of the pillars universities rely on promoting its faculty, renewing its license or even gaining international accreditation. With all published researches, a gap between this knowledge and practicing it is becoming increasingly noticeable. This gap is called the Knowing-Doing-Gap. To reduce this gap, researchers and universities worked on setting a framework to ensure that part of the knowledge generated is applied and practiced in the market. Such universities are called “Entrepreneurial Universities”. This paper explores the definition of entrepreneurial universities and the conditions for becoming an entrepreneurial university (on both macro and micro levels). Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the steps taken by Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan striving to become an entrepreneurial university through bridging the gap between knowledge and application. The paper answers the following question: “What steps is Al-Zaytoonah taking to address the knowing-doing-gap?”

Keywords: Entrepreneurial University, Jordan, Knowing Doing Gap, Knowledge, Learning, economic growth

Striving To Become an Entrepreneurial University to Bridge the Gap between Knowing and Doing: A Study on Al-Zaytoonah Universiy of Jordan (Published)

In the age of technology and knowledge communities, labor and capital are no longer considered the main production factors. Knowledge and human capital are becoming exceedingly important in strengthening the economic growth and development. Universities are one of the leading resources for knowledge generation. Research is considered one of the pillars universities rely on promoting its faculty, renewing its license or even gaining international accreditation. With all published researches, a gap between this knowledge and practicing it is becoming increasingly noticeable. This gap is called the Knowing-Doing-Gap. To reduce this gap, researchers and universities worked on setting a framework to ensure that part of the knowledge generated is applied and practiced in the market. Such universities are called “Entrepreneurial Universities”. This paper explores the definition of entrepreneurial universities and the conditions for becoming an entrepreneurial university (on both macro and micro levels). Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the steps taken by Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan striving to become an entrepreneurial university through bridging the gap between knowledge and application. The paper answers the following question: “What steps is Al-Zaytoonah taking to address the knowing-doing-gap?”

Keywords: Entrepreneurial University, Jordan, Knowing Doing Gap, Knowledge, Learning, economic growth

Transferring Culture Abroad-The Case of Vestas Control Systems (Published)

The study focuses on culture and knowledge transfer abroad. Specifically, the paper explores how Vestas Control system transferred its organizational culture to its Chinese subsidiary. As boundaries within and between companies and countries break down due to competitive pressure of globalisation, business activities and organisations are becoming more and more multinational in their operations. This has resulted in many firms establishing subsidiaries outside their home base. In this regard, managers and employees may find themselves operating in different nations, belonging to many teams and among different cultures. Semi-structured interviews were used to obtain data, and analysed using a hermeneutic approach. The study discovered that, power distance, Vestas safety culture and Teamwork had influenced the transfer of Vestas organizational culture to China

Keywords: Culture, Knowledge, Transfer, Vestas

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