This study is an empirical inquiry into the adoption and practice of metaphysical components such as leader mindfulness in management and its relationship with social realities such as employee work attitudes in African workplaces, specifically as it applies to Nigerian public agencies. As a cross sectional survey, data for the study was generated using structured questionnaire from two agencies located in Port Harcourt. A total of three hypotheses were postulated with analysis revealing significant correlations between leader mindfulness and the measures of employee work attitudes; Affective commitment, job involvement and job satisfaction; implying that the adoption and practice of leader mindfulness is a prerequisite for effectively attending to and addressing work-related issues and thus enhancing employee work attitudes. In conclusion, the findings of this study lend credence to its support for the adoption and practice of leader mindfulness in achieving a more sensitized and supportive work environment and thereby a more desirable expression of work attitudes from employees.
Job Satisfaction to Enhance a Commitment of Employees’ Organization at Dream Tour and Travel Company (Published)
A commitment of employees in an organization plays a very important role to bring the company successfull. Therefore, this research aims to analyze a job satisfaction to increase employee’s organization commitment at the Dream Tour and Travel Company. Variables are job satisfaction and organization commitment. Data was collected from 70 employees using organization commitment and job satisfaction scale, then analyzed by multiple regression analysis technique. The result of multiple regression analysis shows the value of significancy (p-value) was 0,000 at significant level p<0,05 means that job satisfaction can increase organization commitment. The categorization found out that job satisfaction and organization commitment were on medium level. The analysis reveals that job satisfaction can increase commitment organization. This paper may benefit staff of the company by encouraging more their jobs and may help them in their personal growth and development.
Motivational Factors Affecting the Staffs’ Job Satisfaction of the Public Organizations in Dong Nai Province (Published)
Nowadays, staffs’ job satisfaction is a key element of general satisfaction which gives employees energy to perform and continue his job adequately. Job satisfaction regulates the peace of mind, foster relaxation that leads to more enthusiasm and more innovative work. It gives the clear picture of completeness and accomplishment emanating from his work, a feeling which has nothing to do with money but a feeling of relief that the employee gets out of the work itself. The study results showed that there were 200 staffs related to the public organizations in Dong Nai province who interviewed and answered about 21 questions but 159 staffs processed. Data collected from July 2016 to November 2017 for the staffs of the public organizations in Dong Nai province. The paper had been analyzed KMO test, Cronbach’s Alpha and the result of KMO analysis which used for multiple regression analysis. Staffs’ responses of the public organizations measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale (Conventions: 1: Completely disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Normal; 4: Agree; 5: completely agree). Hard copy and online questionnaire distributed among 1.000 the staffs of the public organizations in Dong Nai province. In addition, the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results showed that there were five factors affecting the staffs’ job satisfaction of the public organizations in Dong Nai province with significance level 5 percent. The research results processed from SPSS 20.0 software
Training Of Human Resources and Job Satisfaction (Published)
This paper presents the results of a quantitative survey conducted in 278 primary school teachers (teachers and kindergarten teachers) in the prefecture of Ilias with the aim of exploring their views on the impact of training on job satisfaction. In addition, it was investigated whether these views differ according to gender, age, seniority, marital status, specifity (primary school teacher or kindergarten teacher), type of employment relationship (permanent, deputy) and service area (urban area, suburban area, rural area). Τhe research results showed that the majority of participants recognize the contribution of training to job satisfaction mainly indirectly. It is also worth mentioning that a great percentage of the respondents of the survey answer in a neutral way on several items of the questionnaire (neither agree nor disagree). These views appear to be statistically significantly different, on the basis of most predefined variables.
Labour Turnover and Productivity among Employees in Selected Brewing Firms in Southwestern Nigeria (Published)
The study identified the causes of labour turnover and its effect on productivity among employees in the brewing industry in Southwestern Nigeria. This was with a view to providing information for management policy makers on maintaining a constant workforce particularly of the skilled and exceptional workers for increased productivity. The method of data collection was questionnaire to elicit information on causes of labour turnover, and the resultant effects on employee’s productivity. Data were analysed using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics such as analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results underscored the significant effect of training and career development, job satisfaction and family ties on labour turnover. The study concluded that there was significant effect of labour turnover on employees’ productivity with R square = 0.076, P = 0000 which shows that 7.6% of the variation in employees’ productivity in the brewing industry in Southwestern Nigeria was due to labour turnover.
Effect of Gender and Age Disposition on Job Satisfaction in Universities in Rift Valley Region Kenya (Published)
The success of any company lies in the job satisfaction of its employees. Job satisfaction in universities is believed to have varying effects on workers in different dimensions. Age and gender are among other factors that job satisfaction would be rated on. This paper therefore brings this to light by analysing the gender and age aspects and how the disposition of each would affect job satisfaction of Management, Deans and lecturers in Universities. The study focused on chartered Universities in the Rift Valley Region (RVR) of Kenya. A mixed methods design, convergent parallel mixed methods in particular, which involved both quantitative and qualitative research methods, was adopted for the study. The study targeted the management, Deans and lecturers in the chartered public and private universities in the Rift Valley Region of Kenya. The management and deans were purposively sampled while lecturers were randomly selected. The sample size therefore constituted 8 members of the management, 121 deans and 363 lecturers who participated in the study. The findings indicate that gender and age differences are significantly related to job satisfaction.
Relationship between Category of University and Lecturers’ Job Satisfaction in Universities in Kenya (Published)
Lecturers’ job satisfaction is considered an all round unit of an institution’s human resource strategies. The category of University (public or private) in which the lecturers belong may have an effect on their levels of job satisfaction. This paper analyses the relationship between category of university and lecturers’ job satisfaction in Universities in Kenya. A mixed methods design was adopted for the study which targeted academic staff of chartered public and private universities in the Rift Valley Region of Kenya. The sampling method employed was census, and a total of eight chartered universities (six public and two private) participated in the study. The participating universities were labelled 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, in order to conceal their identities. Descriptive statistics, the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the independent-samples t-test was employed in the study. The study found out that chartered public universities’ staff were more satisfied compared to those in the private universities.
The Influence of School Leadership on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Performance in Private Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan (Published)
Educational institutions have a significant impact on the future of a nation thus the school leadership are inevitably charged with the role of motivating and supporting teachers to enthusiastically work towards the realization of school objectives (educational objectives). This paper examines the influence of school leadership on teachers’ job satisfaction and performance. The study employed a survey design that was performed in private schools in Yei town, South Sudan. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. Ten private schools were selected in the town from which 10 head teachers were considered for the study and a random sample of 100 teachers from each of the 10 schools. Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 12.0. Regression analysis was performed to establish the relationships among the variables. Leadership was found to influence teachers’ job satisfaction and performance in their respective private primary schools.
Organization usually sees an average worker as the source of quality and productivity gains. Any organization that does not put the welfare of its employee first such organization is endangering its performance and productivity. The study examines the relationship between job satisfaction and employees’ performance and the relationship between job satisfaction and employees’ commitment. The sample size used for the study was drawn from the staff of MTN Nigeria. A structured questionnaires were then used to elicit data from these staff. The chi-square was used to analyse the elicited data and the study findings revealed that job satisfaction has significance influence on both employee performance and employees’ commitment. Thus, the study recommends that organisations should intensify efforts in the area of non-financial rewards as a mean of influencing greater performance from the employees as well as getting the employees to be committed the organisation
Employee Job Satisfaction in Nigerian Tertiary Institution: A comparative study of Academic Staff in Public and Private Universities (Published)
The paper examines the difference that exists in the level of job satisfaction between academic staff in private and public tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Centred on detailed review of literature, the hypothesis formulated for research is whether academic staff in public universities are more satisfied with their jobs compared to academic staff in private universities. The variables with which job satisfaction was measured are recognition, pay and working condition. The sample of the study comprise 120 academic staff – 88 members of staff from a public university and 32 academic staff from a private university within Kwara state, Nigeria. Questionnaires were used as the instrument with which primary data was collected. Independent ‘’t’’ test was performed to obtain the difference in job satisfaction between both sectors of tertiary institution. Also, oral interviews were arbitrarily conducted with 8 academic staff from both universities. The findings of the research indicate that a significant difference in job satisfaction exists between academic staff in private and public universities in Nigeria. The result also showed the following: 1. Academic staff in private universities have better working conditions 2. Academic staff in public universities have better payment package 3. Academic staff in private universities are more recognised for their job. Recommendations were offered by researcher to cater for the short-falls identified from the dichotomy in job satisfaction from both sectors 1. private-public interaction 2.To enhance job satisfaction of academic staff in private universities, Government should formulate policies that will cater for other incentives, such as enjoyed by academic staff in public universities.
Impact of Working Environment and Training & Development on Organization Performance through Mediating Role of Employee Engagement and Job Satisfaction (Published)
In today’s challenging and competitive environment organizations and institutes are making continuous effort to improve the performances of their employees. To investigate this notion this study has used a deductive approach with a cross-sectional research design & self-completion survey instrument. This approach has been used to collect data from 300 respondents. Structure Equation Modeling (SEM) technique has been used for analysis and result generation. Employee engagement and job satisfaction are found to act as mediator between working environment, training & development and organization performance. Working environment, training & development, employee engagement and job satisfaction appear to be effective ways in developing a strong relationship with organization performance. The present study could facilitate and provide a guidelines to consider implementation of practical applications regarding enhancing the employee engagement. This study suggests that employee engagement and satisfaction play the mediating role between working environment, training & development and organization performance
Over the last few years, corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become an essential issue for academics as well as for businesses in a similar way. These days, many organizations deem CSR as a primary corporate tactic for attaining a long-lasting competitive advantage. Also, organizations are benefited through CSR practices by satisfying their various stakeholders including employees. Hence, this study makes an effort to discover the impact of CSR on employee’s job satisfaction in MNCs, Bangladesh. Four dimensions of Carroll’s (1979) CSR such as economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic responsibilities of CSR are considered as the IV’s and employee job satisfaction as the DV of this study. Stakeholder theory has been used as a theoretical framework to provide guidance to this study. A structured questionnaire with 7 points Likert scale was used to collect the primary data by conducting the survey. The sample size was 120 and the respondents were selected on a convenient basis from MNCs, Chittagong city. Data were analysed using SPSS software (version: 17). The result of the study showed that philanthropic, ethical and legal responsibility of CSR significantly and positively influenced employee job satisfaction where economic CSR was showing the negative relationship with employee job satisfaction. In general, employee job satisfaction is positively affiliated with organisation’s CSR practices in Bangladesh’s MNCs.
Job Satisfaction as Correlates of Career Commitment of Librarians In Selected Universities In Ekiti And Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
The study was designed to investigate the correlation between job satisfaction and career commitment of librarians in six selected university libraries in Ekiti and Ondo States, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research method and utilized questionnaire to generate data for the study. Total enumeration technique was used to cover a study population of fifty four (54) librarians working in the six universities selected in Ekiti and Ondo state, Nigeria. Three research questions were presented for the study, and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and regression. The study revealed that there is a significant relationship between job satisfaction and career commitment of the librarians working in universities in Ekiti and Ondo State, Nigeria. Also, there was a significant difference between career commitment of librarians working in private universities and those working in public universities in Ekiti and Ondo State, Nigeria. The study recommended that the university administrators should make available all the necessary equipments to facilitate librarians’ duties and improve their job performance and also provide conducive working environment for them. The university manage should organize training on the job to improve their performance and librarians should be well remunerated and recognised. All these will make them to be satisfied with their job and be highly committed to their career.
Influence of Recognition, Rewards, Remuneration, Compensation and Benefits on the Lecturers’ Job Satisfaction in Kenyan Universities (Published)
To have in place quality staff that can make meaningful contribution, certain supportive incentives and measures are necessary. This paper examines the influence of such supportive incentives on the lecturers’ job satisfaction in Kenyan Universities. A study that targeted 2,773 members of university management and lecturers in the chartered public and private universities within Rift Valley Region of Kenya was undertaken. The study used a sample of 605 participants and employed convergent parallel mixed methods design. Purposive sampling was also used to select information-rich cases. Questionnaires, interview and document analysis guides were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent-samples t-test, One-way ANOVA and regression coefficients, with the use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20 were used. The study identified job satisfaction elements like fair promotions, assignment of additional responsibility as a result of outstanding work, among others. However, potential sources of job dissatisfaction included: lack of competitive rates; lack of adequacy of pay commensurate to work done; dissatisfaction with salary, among others. The author recommends that universities should work towards raising the level of job satisfaction through supportive incentives.
Management Training and Development: A Leadership Strategy to Performance Management and Job Satisfaction in Kenyan Universities (Published)
Kenya’s university lecturers are generally highly educated. Their capacity to carry out their mandate effectively and their recognition as essential assets to society and world – class institutions depend on their training, experience, commitment and quality of their productivity (Republic of Kenya, 2007). Specific mechanisms ought to be put in place to address the lecturers’ wellbeing, to ensure their motivation, retention and productivity. The author of this paper opines that university management is tasked with the responsibility of facilitating their staff training and development in order to bridge any existing gaps or shortcomings and sharpen their skills. The rationale for training in the work context being to better hone the abilities or skills of the individual and satisfy the short and long term manpower requirements of the organisation. This paper thus focuses on management training and development as a strategic tool to performance management and job satisfaction among Kenyan universities. The study employed convergent parallel mixed methods design with census, random and systematic sampling techniques to select the respondents. Purposive sampling was also used to select information-rich cases. A target population of 2,773 members of university management and lecturers in the chartered public and private universities with their main campuses in Rift Valley Region of Kenya was considered from which a sample of 605 participants was obtained. Questionnaires, interview and document analysis guides were used for data collection. Qualitative data was thematically analysed while quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, independent-samples t-test, One-way ANOVA and regression coefficients, with the use of the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. The study found that training and development exhibited the strong association with lecturers’ job satisfaction and performance management in the selected Kenyan Universities. For attainment of higher levels of job satisfaction and performance, the study recommended enhancement of training and development programmes in the Universities.
Exploring the Relationship between HR Practices and Organizational Commitment in Egyptian Organizations: The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction (Published)
Organizational commitment is regarded as the strongest motivator for all employees` positive outcomes. HR practices aim at directing the organization towards positive individual and organizational outcomes. HR practices influence organizational performance through satisfying employees` needs, which is argued to generate favourable HRM outcomes such as, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Despite the concern with studying the positive impact of HR practices, few studies have explained the reasons behind these outcomes. The present study aims at exploring the impact of HR practices on employees` organizational commitment. The study investigates whether job satisfaction mediates the relationship between HR practice and organizational commitment. The study was conducted at the three public foreign trade companies in Egypt. Questionnaires were used for data collection (N=362). Findings provide evidence that job satisfaction mediates the relationship between HR practices and organizational commitment. HR practices and organizational commitment were found to affect the three types of commitment (affective, continuance, and commitment). Also, the study provides evidence that demographic factors cause differences in employees` perceptions of HR practices, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.
Burnout and the Job Satisfaction of Extension Studies Personnel in Kenya’s Christian Higher Education (Published)
This paper is an excerpt of my dissertation whose purpose was to explore the relationships among spirituality, work conditions, and job satisfaction of extension studies personnel in Kenya’s Christian higher education. The study employed a mixed method approach to answer questions on the perceptions of administrators and faculty of extension studies of the impact of spirituality and work conditions on their job satisfaction. This paper therefore sought to establish the extent to which those perceptions are impacted by the personnel’s sense of burnout? Further the author relates the burnout effect of administrators and faculty workers to job satisfaction based on a number of burnout sub scales, among them; Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization and Personal Accomplishment. Data was collected, using a survey instrument, from 146 administrators and faculty of extension studies from 6 selected Christian universities in Kenya. Statistical tests carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), included ANOVA/Kruskall Wallis, Tukey HSD/Mann-Whiteny U, t test, univariate, and regression analysis. The findings from descriptive statistics indicated that extension studies personnel had somewhat high levels of emotional burnout and depersonalization. However, they had scored high on personal accomplishment at their work. Administration faculty had higher mean ranks of burnout (U = 672.00, z = -2.48, p < .017, r = -.26) compared to their counterparts who had no administrative duties. However, the effect size was small. The results also indicated that global job satisfaction was more significantly and negatively correlated to emotional exhaustion (r2 = .13) than to depersonalization (r2 = .04), but was positively correlated to personal accomplishment (r2 = .08). Similarly, work satisfaction was more significantly and negatively related to emotional exhaustion (r2 = .10) than to depersonalization (r2 = .08), but was positively correlated to personal accomplishment (r2 = .03). Satisfaction with salary, coworkers, and supervisors were all significantly and negatively related to emotional exhaustion (r2 = .07, r2 = .09, and r2 = .04 respectively). These findings are important for both personnel and stakeholders of higher education institutions’ in burnout prevention and enhancement of job satisfaction.
The Relationship between Spirituality and Job Satisfaction of Distance Education Personnel in Kenya’s Christian Higher Education Institutions (Published)
This paper is an excerpt of a dissertation research whose purpose was to explore the relation of spirituality, work conditions and the job satisfaction of extensions study personnel in Kenya’s Christian higher education institutions. The paper however focuses on the relationship between spirituality, work conditions and job satisfaction. A mixed method approach to the study was employed. The perceptions of administrators and faculty of extension studies on the impact of spirituality and work conditions on their job satisfaction are sought. The study used the quantitative paradigm. Data was collected, using a survey instrument, from 146 administrators and faculty of extension studies from six selected Christian universities in Kenya. The causal-comparative design was applied and data were analyzed using the SPSS version 19. Overall, this study found that faculty members reported higher satisfaction with work itself compared to administrators (U = 792.50, z = -3.09, p < .01, r = -.31). Global job satisfaction scores were positively and significantly correlated to awareness of God scores (r = .28). There were differences in spirituality and job satisfaction related to some demographic factors such as gender, level of education, and years of as a Christian. Women had higher scores in awareness of God (U =1148.50, z = -3.41, p < .05, r = -.21) and integration of spirituality with work (U = 948.50, z = -2.21, p < .01, r = -.32) than men. Those with undergraduate level of education had higher scores in their emotional instability in their relationship with God (t = 2.254, p < .05, r = -21) compared to those with graduate level of education. Those who were Christians for less than 35 years had higher scores in their instability in their relationship with God (scores (U = 1098.00, z = -2.79, p < .01, r = -.26). Moreover, faculty and administrators reported differences in some aspects of spirituality. In relation to level of work involvement, faculty members reported higher grandiosity scores (U = 929.50, z = -2.42, p < .017, r = -.24) than administrators. In relation to job rank, administrators reported higher scores in the disappointment with God subscale (U = 1033.00, z = -2.595, p < .01, r = -.24) than faculty members. Findings of the study are useful to faculty members, administrators and Christian higher education leaders in Kenya for enhancing the spirituality and job satisfaction of distance education personnel.
Marital Stress and Extraversion Personality as Predicators of Job Satisfaction among Married Women Teachers in Nsukka, Nigeria (Published)
The paper investigated marital stress and extraversion personality as predictors of job satisfaction among married women teachers in Nsukka, Nigeria. Two hundred married women teachers participated in the study. Three inventories including marital stress inventory (MSI), BFI sub-scale on extraversion personality and Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire (MSQ) were used for collection of data. Multiple regression analysis was employed to analyse the data. Two null hypotheses were tested: 1. Marital stress will not significantly predict job satisfaction was upheld (t = 0.037, p > 0.05) and 2. Extraversion personality will not significantly predict job satisfaction among married women teachers was rejected (t = 5.027, p < 0.05). Findings, implications, suggestion for further research and recommendations were made. Such recommendations are that government should imitate programmes like orientation and counselling sections that will encourage teachers to work on their personality dispositions to enable them achieve greater satisfaction, motivation and productivity in their workplace
The Perceptions of Distance Education Personnel of the Relationship between Work Conditions and Their Job Satisfaction in Kenya’s Christian Higher Education (Published)
The study originally based on a doctoral exploration, sought to establish the relationships among spirituality, working conditions and job satisfaction of extension studies personnel in Kenya’s Christian higher education. The study employed a mixed method approach to answer the questions raised by the researcher. This paper thus reports the findings on one of the research questions: What are the perceptions of administrators and faculty of extension studies of the impact of work conditions on their job satisfaction? Data was collected using a survey instrument comprised of the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) and the Job Descriptive Index (JDI), from 146 administrators and faculty of extension studies from 6 selected Christian universities in Kenya. Statistical tests were carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), including ANOVA/Kruskall Wallis, and Tukey HSD/Mann-Whiteny U applying a Benferroni adjustment to the p value. In regard to demographic profiles, work conditions, and job satisfaction, the findings of this study indicated significant differences between faculty personnel and administrators’ perceptions of their global job satisfaction, and work itself. Work evaluation mean scores were based on level of education, job rank, level of work involvement, and monthly salary. Moreover, there were significant difference between faculty and administrative responsibilities in regard to satisfaction through work itself and satisfaction through promotion opportunities. Faculty without administrative responsibilities reported higher scores of satisfaction in the two scales.