Tag Archives: Higher Education

Does Mind Mapping Enhance Learning (Published)

In a setting whereby, students of the English Department at the College of Basic Education are exposed to course materials across a number of courses, in a language other than their mother tongue, requiring them to read, comprehend and analyse, note taking gets extremely complicated. The current study focuses on such a complex dilemma, with its objective to find out whether mind mapping may successfully be used by our students in order to overcome their linguistic problems. For the purpose, fifty third/fourth year English language students were used as the study’s sample. The students were divided into two groups and trained to use two different note taking techniques. Later they were given a 10 MSCs, each followed by subjective response question: know, remember, guess. In addition, students were asked to write about their experience to obtain qualitative data. Findings of the study suggest a higher level of performance when the students learn their study material using MM as opposed to SNT. More positive attitudes in favour of MM were also elicited from their selection between the three responses (Know, Remember & Guess)

Keywords: Attitudes, EFL, Higher Education, Long-Term Memory, Mind Map (MM), Performance, Short-Term Memory, Standard Note Technique (SNT)

The 4.0 Industrial Revolution Affecting Higher Education Organizations’ Operation in Vietnam (Published)

The 4.0 industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) will affect almost every sector of the economy, but the degree of impact varies. The most influential are labor-intensive industries such as apparel and electronics. These are industries with hundreds or even thousands of workers, so there will be challenges when automation is increasing. In addition, a higher education organization’s success is influenced by factors’ operating in it’s internal and external environment; a higher education organization can increase it’s success by adopting strategies which manipulate these factors to it’s advantage. A successful higher education organization will not only understand existing factors but also forecast change, so that it can take advantage of change within the environments in which it operates. The study results showed that there were 150 persons who are the managers of higher education organization in Vietnam who interviewed and answered about 13 questions. Data collected from March 2016 to March 2017 for higher education organizations in Vietnam. The paper had been analyzed KMO test, Cronbach’s Alpha and the result of KMO analysis which used for multiple regression analysis. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale (Conventions: 1: Completely disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Normal; 4: Agree; 5: completely agree). Hard copy and online questionnaire distributed among 1.000 managers of higher education organization in Vietnam. In addition, the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results showed that there were three factors, which included of factors following human resource quality (X1), macro environment change (X2), technology capabilities (X3) with significance level 5 percent. In addition, all of three components affecting the higher education organizations’ operation in Vietnam with significance level 5 percent. The research results processed from SPSS 20.0 software.   

Keywords: High Tech, Higher Education, Industry 4.0, Internet, Organization

The 4.0 Industrial Revolution Affecting Higher Education Organizations’ Operation in Vietnam (Published)

The 4.0 industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) will affect almost every sector of the economy, but the degree of impact varies. The most influential are labor-intensive industries such as apparel and electronics. These are industries with hundreds or even thousands of workers, so there will be challenges when automation is increasing. In addition, a higher education organization’s success is influenced by factors’ operating in it’s internal and external environment; a higher education organization can increase it’s success by adopting strategies which manipulate these factors to it’s advantage. A successful higher education organization will not only understand existing factors but also forecast change, so that it can take advantage of change within the environments in which it operates. The study results showed that there were 150 persons who are the managers of higher education organization in Vietnam who interviewed and answered about 13 questions. Data collected from March 2016 to March 2017 for higher education organizations in Vietnam. The paper had been analyzed KMO test, Cronbach’s Alpha and the result of KMO analysis which used for multiple regression analysis. Managers’ responses measured through an adapted questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale (Conventions: 1: Completely disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Normal; 4: Agree; 5: completely agree). Hard copy and online questionnaire distributed among 1.000 managers of higher education organization in Vietnam. In addition, the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results showed that there were three factors, which included of factors following human resource quality (X1), macro environment change (X2), technology capabilities (X3) with significance level 5 percent. In addition, all of three components affecting the higher education organizations’ operation in Vietnam with significance level 5 percent. The research results processed from SPSS 20.0 software.   

Keywords: High Tech, Higher Education, Industry 4.0, Internet, Organization

An Investigation into the Factors That Impede Scientific Research in Higher Education in Libya: Time to Act (Published)

Higher education and scientific research hold a key role in promoting development and rapid transformation for countries like Libya which is facing rapid changes and unstable political situation. There is a dire need in the Libyan educational system for a complete re-examination of research policy and planning in order to work towards improving its quality to meet the country’s needs. Given the current crisis in most Libyan universities, this study aims to investigate the factors that impede scientific research in Sabratha University. It also seeks to propose ways to improve research quality in the university. The findings of the study indicate that the lack of strategic plan for research is preventing the university from functioning and preserving its role in society. It also indicates that the lack of resources, fund and proper infrastructure are the main factors that influence scientific research.  

Keywords: Higher Education, Influencing Factors, Scientific Research

Revisiting Student Satisfaction through Servqual: Private Tertiary Education Perspective (Published)

The objective of the study is to explore the relationship between the SERVQUAL dimensions of service quality and student satisfaction. Factor analysis, multiple regression, t-test, and ANOVA were employed to analyze data. A sample size of 119 was gathered from four private universities in Dhaka and respondents were students. Finally, 117 were found suitable for analysis. The study reveals that responsiveness, assurance, empathy, and student quality have significant influence on student satisfaction. Among these, assurance illustrated the strongest influence on student satisfaction followed by empathy and student quality. These findings can be valuable inputs for academic leaders to enhance student satisfaction. In this endeavor, student quality is being incorporated as an additional dimension of SERVQUAL. This realistic contribution may modify academic leaders to think in a progressive way in assessing student satisfaction in future. Finally, the study discloses that overall service quality has a positive significant influence on student satisfaction.

Keywords: Higher Education, Service Quality, Student Quality., Student Satisfaction

This Is Why They Leave You: Workplace Bullying and Insight to Junior Faculty Departure (Published)

Workplace bullying may be an understudied area in higher education, yet the most vulnerable population, junior faculty members, receive even less attention.  Based on a data collection in late 2016/early 2017, this data analysis of 257 graduate students and junior faculty from nine countries considered the question, what is the frequency of workplace bullying for junior faculty and graduate students? A second research question was, does workplace bullying influence career decisions for junior faculty and graduate students.  Findings showed that close to 63% of respondents faced workplace bullying.  Many of their comments revealed shock and dismay that administration turned a blind eye to bullying behaviors. Further, close to 80% of the respondents stated that the organization did not take action when learning about bullying, and 32% considered leaving the higher education sector.  For further consideration, this study included the open-ended comments of junior faculty as they reflected on workplace bullying and how it had an impact on their career trajectory.

Keywords: Higher Education, Workplace bullying, junior faculty

Women Participation in Higher Secondary Education in Bangladesh (Published)

Formal education is a fulcrum of sustainable development. Education allows individuals to develop within their community and country, and allows nations to compete and survive in the global economy. Education plays a critical role in fostering basic intellectual abilities, expanding further educational opportunities that are vital to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. Education is the nourishment of the mind with knowledge and as such it helps in the formation of an integrated personality of an individual. Education has a special significance in the context of a quasi-traditional or transitional society like Bangladesh. In this paper I shall try to delineate the picture of women participation in higher secondary education in Bangladesh. I shall also mention the necessity and factors responsible for women participation in higher education. From the analysis it is observed that there is a skyward trend for the female passed students that lead to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Keywords: Higher Education, Higher Secondary Education, Knowledge, Millennium Development Goals (MDGS), Women, Women Education

Factors Affecting Research Engagement of Foreign Language Teachers in China (Published)

The purpose of the study was to investigate factors which influenced faculty participation in innovation and scientific research. 462 English language teachers from common colleges in China were asked to report the factors hindering their research engagement via a questionnaire, and 20 of them were interviewed face to face. The finding revealed that by addressing the 7 major hindering factors of teachers’ research engagement i.e. lack of research opportunities, lack of motivation, lack of research knowledge and skills, conventional conception of research, time constraint, lack of effective management system and insufficient material and supplies, teachers’ research and innovation in higher education can be enhanced. 

Keywords: Factor analysis, Higher Education, Teachers’ research engagement

Down the Road to “Bahrain 2030”Internship Programs and Graduates’ Employability (Published)

This paper aims at identifying how the higher education internship programs affect meeting the demands of labor market in Bahrain and contribute to the employability of graduates. A designed survey was developed and distributed among a sample of the Bahraini higher education graduates, the analysis of which showed that the Internship Programs adopted by the different Bahraini higher education institutes contribute to meeting the demands of the labor market in Bahrain. Quantitative data was supported by qualitative information gathered through structured interviews with officials in charge of the internship programs in some of the higher education institutes to help explain the quantitative results. The study recommended the sustainment of the coordination and integration between the higher education from one side and the labor market from the other, to develop academic and internship programs that are compatible with the skills required by the labor market. Moreover, the study recommended a periodical evaluation for the higher education institutes to assure the provided internship programs are aligned with the labor market’s objectives and strategies, in addition to the contribution such programs have to the Kingdom’s development aimed by its 2030 vision.

Keywords: Bahrain 2030 Vision., Graduate Attributes, Higher Education, Internship Programs, Labor market

The Practical and Theoretical Underpinning of Inclusion for College Students amidst Diverse Intersectionality (Published)

American higher education is facing another major transition with escalating costs, an influx of diverse students, and an over all question about the return on investment for higher education.  Within these complexities, this essay will consider the practical history and theoretical underpinning which inform the experience for students with complex intersectionality.  After reflecting on the higher education legal issues and Duboisian theory, the essay will provide recommendations for students and higher education personnel

Keywords: Higher Education, intersectionality, race

The Degree of Commitment of the Higher Education Institutions in Jordan to the Strategic Planning Standards (Published)

The main purpose of the present study is to identify the importance of strategic planning, the strategic planning standards and the obstacles against the commitment to strategic planning in the higher education institutions. Thereafter, to shed light on the degree of commitment of the higher education institutions in Jordan to the strategic planning standards. The study has produced a cluster of results and recommendations, the most significant of which is that the higher education institutions in Jordan are highly committed to the strategic planning standards. The researcher also recommends conducting more spaced out studies on all the educational institutions in Jordan to specify the best strategies used in those institutions to be generalized on the rest of the educational institutions.

Keywords: Degree of Commitment, Higher Education, Institution, Jordan, Strategic Planning

Students’ Life Goals, Their Awareness Category and Cognizance on the Benefits of Higher Education (Published)

This study aims to determine the level of participants’ perception on the different life goals. This paper would like to  investigate  also the level of participants’ awareness on the benefits of higher education,  and the most dominant category of  their  awareness  are also be looked  into in this  paper.  The descriptive design of research was utilized in this investigative work. The survey checklist form was administered to the students who are enrolled in the first semester of the academic year 2015-2016 in one of the private colleges in Muscat, Oman. The findings of the study declared that the participants’ goals in life like career, pleasure, and public service are reasonably important while their family is important only at some extent. Furthermore, knowledge on the benefits of higher education is at a reasonable extent and they are aware that they could develop their skills through higher education. It is also learned that mastery is the most dominant category of their awareness level and followed by experience category. This finding leads the researchers to conclude that these group of participants had a liberal perception.   It is delightfully found that they are judiciously aware on what higher education could contribute to their life as they continue to grow in the field of their forthcoming professions. Moreover, the category of their awareness level when wisely utilized coupled with their experiences could pave the way and lead them towards their brighter future.

Keywords: Awareness Category, Benefits, Higher Education, Life Goals

Graduate Employment Type In Relation To Areas of Specialisation: A Case Study of a Selected Higher Learning Institution in Botswana (Published)

The purpose of this paper was to determine whether graduates of a selected higher learning institution (HLI) in Botswana got jobs in their areas of specialisation. The issue of graduates who are not employed in their field of specialisation has gained prominence in national debates world over. The mismatch between graduate employment types in relation to graduates’ fields of specialisation has created a dichotomy which has generated growing interest for governments, ministries of education, regulatory authorities, institutions of higher learning, industry, students, and parents at large. With a bigger chunk of the national fiscus in Botswana going to funding education, the dichotomy has turned into an issue of national interest. The study employed the case study research design while the research approach was quantitative. Survey strategy was used for data collection. This study’s target population was all former full time students at the selected HLI in Botswana who graduated between 2007 and 2014. Since the study was a quantitative one, convenient sampling procedure was adopted. The sample size adopted for this study was 250. The study revealed that across gender, more graduates were employed in their fields of expertise when compared to those employed in fields they did not specialise in. Gender-wise, there were more female graduates employed in areas of expertise when compared to male graduates.

Keywords: Higher Education, Human Resource Development Council (HRDC), graduate employability, graduates

The Evil that Men Do in Academics: Understanding Plagiarism and Its Extenuating Circumstances (Published)

This study was premised to explore the causes of plagiarism and its extenuating circumstances in Higher Educational Institutions in Ghana. The study focused on Tertiary Students in the Kumasi and Sunyani Metropolis and Municipality respectively, 200 students were selected deploying a cluster sampling technique. The underpinning research paradigm was a cross sectional descriptive survey. Questionnaires were the main instrument used in eliciting primary data for the study. Secondary data were obtained from academic journals databases including EBSCO, and Google Scholar. The analyses were presented using Means, Standard Deviations, Unweighted Means, Relative Important Index (RII), Frequencies and Percentages. The study discovered the causes of student’s plagiarism as follows; poor writing skills, to obtain better marks, poor understanding of plagiarism, cost of quality education materials, Pressure from family and friends to offer help. The plagiarism extenuating factors were also discovered as follows; educate students on writing methods, assign different questions to different individuals, give tests quizzes or assignments more, assigning more in-class activities, not allowing students make up tests, rotate curriculum and trust building. It is recommended that deploying plagiarism detective software under covert study will help understand the causal factors better in order to inoculate student’s plagiarism effectively. 

Keywords: Causes, Extenuating Circumstance, Ghana, Higher Education, Plagiarism

Graduate Employment Type In Relation To Areas of Specialization: A Case Study of a Selected Higher Learning Institution in Botswana (Published)

The purpose of this paper was to determine whether graduates of a selected higher learning institution (HLI) in Botswana got jobs in their areas o specialisation. The issue of graduates who are not employed in their field of specialization has gained prominence in national debates world over. The mismatch between graduate employment types in relation to graduates’ fields of specialization has created a dichotomy which has generated growing interest for governments, ministries of education, regulatory authorities, and institutions of higher learning, industry, students, and parents at large. With a bigger chunk of the national fiscus in Botswana going to funding education, the dichotomy has turned into an issue of national interest. The study employed the case study research design while the research approach was quantitative. Survey strategy was used for data collection. This study’s target population was all former full time students at the selected HLI in Botswana who graduated between 2007 and 2014. Since the study was a quantitative one, convenient sampling procedure was adopted. The sample size adopted for this study was 250. The study revealed that across gender, more graduates were employed in their fields of expertise when compared to those employed in fields they did not specialize in. Gender-wise, there were more female graduates employed in areas of expertise when compared to male graduates.

Keywords: Higher Education, Human Resource Development Council (HRDC), graduate employability, graduates

Instructional Leadership In Higher Education: How Does It Work? (Published)

Instructional leadership is in a separate place from the other forms as it has a key role in the effective teaching and learning processes together with the changing social structure and idea. The roles of the faculty members in the higher education institutions are one of the important factors for the success within the institution. In this study it is aimed to determine the opinions related to the instructional leadership of the faculty members working in higher education institutions. Within the scope of the study, thirteen faculty members were interviewed. The data of the study was obtained through qualitative research method. In addition, the study was carried out with phenomenological method which is one of the qualitative research methods and in the study semi-structured interview technique was utilized.  As a result of the study, it was understood that the faculty members’ opinions about the instructional leadership are based more generally on some ideas such as attributing importance on using visual materials and method variety in their courses, trying to participate in the national and international activities in order to obtain a professional development, keeping in touch with their colleagues for raising the students’ success level and being a role model for students through their behavior and attitudes.

Keywords: Faculty members, Higher Education, Instructional Leadership

The Perceptions of Distance Education Personnel of the Relationship between Work Conditions and Their Job Satisfaction in Kenya’s Christian Higher Education (Published)

The study originally based on a doctoral exploration, sought to establish the relationships among spirituality, working conditions and job satisfaction of extension studies personnel in Kenya’s Christian higher education. The study employed a mixed method approach to answer the questions raised by the researcher. This paper thus reports the findings on one of the research questions: What are the perceptions of administrators and faculty of extension studies of the impact of work conditions on their job satisfaction? Data was collected using a survey instrument comprised of the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) and the Job Descriptive Index (JDI), from 146 administrators and faculty of extension studies from 6 selected Christian universities in Kenya. Statistical tests were carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), including ANOVA/Kruskall Wallis, and Tukey HSD/Mann-Whiteny U applying a Benferroni adjustment to the p value. In regard to demographic profiles, work conditions, and job satisfaction, the findings of this study indicated significant differences between faculty personnel and administrators’ perceptions of their global job satisfaction, and work itself. Work evaluation mean scores were based on level of education, job rank, level of work involvement, and monthly salary. Moreover, there were significant difference between faculty and administrative responsibilities in regard to satisfaction through work itself and satisfaction through promotion opportunities. Faculty without administrative responsibilities reported higher scores of satisfaction in the two scales.

Keywords: Christian Universities, Distance Education Personnel, Higher Education, Job Satisfaction, Work Conditions

Expanding Private Higher Educational Institutions in Africa: Implications for Good Governance (Published)

The conventional wisdom is that the proliferation of and concomitant increase in access to, tertiary education is central to bridging poverty gap in developing country and fast-tracking development. Scholars have also proposed the existence of a nexus between such educational advancements and good governance, especially in terms of the multiplier effect on political education, public participation and public accountability. The proposed paper assessed the conventional wisdom on the nexus between education, development and democracy in Africa drawing key insights from cross-sectional data obtained from national universities in the sub-region. The paper challenged the orthodoxy dominant within the international development community that increase in tertiary education is directly related to improved development and good governance. Although the number of universities have grown over the decade, the paper is keen to show that aside from increasing enrollment and improving access (to the neglect of quality) the preponderance of privately-owned universities, many of them with constricted visions on the open knowledge production and ideals that universities are supposed to represent and pursue, is problematic; indeed, as the paper argues, the political economy that drive their establishment and proliferation does not automatically translate into improved access due to skyrocketing school fees and sundry charges in a continent with a record of about 70% poverty ratio. Furthermore, the peculiar teaching curriculum and authoritarian management styles of the growing number of private universities have the potential to blunt the political and civic consciousness of their students and, in the final analysis, deepen the festering governance crisis in the country.

Keywords: Africa, Education Funding, Governance Crisis, Higher Education, Nigeria, Public Financial Management

Conflict Resolution in Higher Education Institutions: The Case of Ghanaian Public Universities (Published)

The paper reports preliminary findings from an ongoing research analyzing the purported resolution of promotion-related conflicts in Ghanaian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The purpose of the study was to examine how promotion-related conflicts in HEIs are being resolved. It sought to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the processes and procedures with the view to recommend ways of improving the resolution of promotion-related conflicts in Ghanaian HEIs. The data is drawn from questionnaires administered to two hundred and forty (240) randomly sampled Faculty members, while 18 senior administrators were also purposively sampled for semi-structured interviews. Promotion policy documents were also analyzed. The data reported in this paper highlights that Ghanaian Universities have processes and procedures for conflict resolution, although the quality of the procedures may be debated. It further suggests that ‘process’ is a critical factor in resolving promotion-related conflicts in HEIs.

Keywords: Conflict Resolution, Faculty, Higher Education, Process, Promotion, conflicts.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LEARNING STYLES OF ACCOUNTING, STATISTICS AND ENGINEERING STUDENTS AND ITS IMPLICATION TO TEACHING IN THE HIGHER INSTITUTION (Published)

Tertiary Students’ studying statistics usually process statistical information in different ways depending on their programme of study. Teaching methodologies for transmitting statistical information to students also vary considerably depending on the type of programme being taught, a trade-off between the two must be sought for, it is therefore necessary to determine what is most likely to trigger each student’s concentration, and how to maintain it. The study examined the distribution of learning styles of accounting, statistics and engineering students among the four learning styles and its implication to teaching in higher institutions. Data for the study was collected using Solomon and Felder’s ILS questionnaire. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents; the responses from each person’s questionnaire were entered into Felder’s self-scoring web based instrument. The output was further analyzed via SPSS version 17. The results showed that there were remarkable differences in the distribution of the programme of study to the learning styles. Majority of the students belonged to the active, visual, sensing and sequential learners. There was sufficient evidence to believe that differences existed among the active-reflective learners and program of study. The multiple comparisons method gave pair-wise significance among the active-reflective group of learners. The pair business and statistics was pair-wise significant (P = 0.016 < 0.05), the pair Business and Engineering learners was not significant (p = 0.197 > 0.05) finally, the pair Engineering-Statistics Learners was highly significant (p = 0.004< 0.05). For statistics to have practical relevance and provide the various categories of students with the opportunity to understand how the concepts can be applied in the world of work. It is highly recommended to lecturers to conduct need assessments to find the learning styles of their students and structure their teaching methods to satisfy the needs of the students.

Keywords: Higher Education, Teaching Methods, learning styles, statistics

  • Our Journal Publishing Partners