Tag Archives: Ethics

Marketing and Advertising Ethical Stance toward Customers (Published)

Marketing ethics is a well-established area of marketing research. Following the marketing ethics is important and a key factor for a firm to survive and succeed.  Research has shown that it is critical to focus on the accuracy of promotional messages provided to the customers. Giving the customer inaccurate information is known as misleading advertisements. This action is unethical due to leading the customer to buy a product which the customer thinks like what has been sawed in the Ad. Unfortunately, unethical advertisements are not directed just towered adult, however, children involved too. Moreover, many studies state that there is a growing number of marketers who are attracting the customers to buy unneeded products by using psychological and emotional appeals. I believe these appeals are the driving force would excite quick responses from the customers.  This study aims to identify marketing ethics by reviewing past studies and discover some unethical practices in marketing.

Keywords: Advertising, Appeals., Customers, Deceptive Advertisements, Ethics, Marketing

Whistle Blowing Policy as a Mechanism for Energizing the ‘War against Corruption’ in Nigeria (Published)

Corruption in Nigeria, just like in many other countries in the world, is an existential problem. Apart from the billions of dollars lost annually to corruption in the public and private sectors, almost all the social, political, ethno-cultural and religious conflicts in Nigeria can be traced to corruption in one way or another. As a tool for fighting corruption, whistle blowing has proven to be effective in many parts of the world. Within the first six months, the Whistle Blowing Policy in Nigeria, officially launched by the Federal Ministry of Finance on December 22, 2016, attracted thousands of tips, some of which led to opening of over 3,000 investigations and the recovery of several billions of naira. However, while the Minister of Information of the Buhari administration, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, applauded the gains from the policy in different forums as evident of the progress being made in the ‘war against corruption’, controversy has continued to trail the conceptual, ethical and implementation frameworks of the policy so far. This paper is an attempt to examine the theoretical foundations of the policy as well as the current application of its provisions against the ultimate objective of fighting corruption in Nigeria. The Ethical Theory of Whistle Blowing, Universal Dignity Theory of Whistle Blowing and Framing Theory were used to structure the postulations of the study. The paper argues that the policy, which is still awaiting the backing of an enabling law at the time of this study, may need to be further tweaked to speak to the issues of ethics, protection of whistle blowers and impactful communication strategies, in order to serve as a potent energizer to the ‘war against corruption’ in Nigeria.

Keywords: Communication Strategies, Corruption, Ethics, Framing, Whistle Blower Protection, Whistle-Blowing

Auditing and Ethical Sensitivity: Resolving the Dilemma (Published)

In recent times corporate failures and accounting scandals have shaken the foundations of investor confidence. This has brought the transparency, integrity and accountability of corporations and capital markets under serious scrutiny. The public has been disquiet about the role professional auditors and audit firms played in these corporate scandals. The consequences for many of the players in the market for financial information have been enormous; reputations both of key individuals and organizations have been ruined, jobs lost, and pension funds have been eroded. The economic and social damage has been incalculable, and the implications far-reaching for corporate management, company directors, audit firms and the investing public. The accountant including the auditor played a major role in these events. The issues behind these failures may be complex but it is generally believed that a lack of ethical behaviours played a significant role in all these failures. This paper therefore attempts to address the role ethical sensitivity play with regards to auditing and tries to proffer resolutions where dilemmas exist. On the whole we concluded that auditors /accountant do face ethical dilemmas in the course of carrying out their professional duties. However it was recommended that auditor ought to have high ethical awareness while the firm and the profession monitor strict compliance with ethical and professional standards by the auditor.

Keywords: Auditing, Corporate failures, Dilemma, Ethical Sensitivity, Ethics, Integrity

The Status of the Human Embryo: An Analysis from the Christian and Islamic Viewpoints (Published)

The issue of when human life begins and the present state of scientific developments has made the status of an embryo a major controversial issue. Developments such as embryonic research, human cloning, genetic engineering, assisted reproduction techniques, pre-implantation diagnosis and genetic screening, among others have brought forth weighty questions on the status of the human embryo. This question of the status of the human embryo has been debated upon by many in the medical field, secular philosophy and by religious scholars. This article describes the nature of the embryo from religious point of view (Christianity and Islam), and further makes an analysis between the view points of these religions. The objective is to ethically examine the status of the embryo from the perspectives of Christians and Muslims. This involves an analysis of the ethical concerns of the two major religions to ascertain their position on such an existing contemporary ethical issue. While most people in the scientific community describe the embryo as none other than a human tissue, religious scholars view it as human or a potential human being which should be treated with the highest respect and dignity. This in a way has created an impasse which is somehow affecting scientific researches as well as religious thoughts. The paper is made relevant due to its quest to comparatively examine the take of religion -which shapes and continue to inform many minds -on modern scientific medical developments

Keywords: Christianity and Islam, Comparative Analysis, Ethics, Human embryo, Status

The Extent of Response to the Social Responsibility Accounting in Tourism Sector: A Case of Jordan (Published)

This study aims at identifying the extent to which the tourism sector in Jordan responds to the accounting for the social responsibility. In order to achieve the goals of the study, a questionnaire has been used to collect the necessary data from 50 participants who have been randomly selected from the field of accounting in the southern region hotels. The statistical results show that there is a clear response from the tourist hotels toward their social responsibility in human resource development on the one hand and toward the preservation of the environment on the other. The study concludes with a number of recommendations including: the need for continuous efforts to meet the social responsibilities, working to keep up with any new requirements, paying more attention to human resources in the surrounding communities, increasing attention to reserves, and providing more support to the community through having a role in creating some attractive tourist environment such as resorts and artificial lakes that will help in prolonging the period of stay of tourists which in turn will reflect positively on those hotels.

Keywords: CSR accounting, Environment, Ethics, Human resource, Tourist Hotels

The Status of the Human Embryo: An Analysis from the Christian and Islamic Viewpoints (Published)

The issue of when human life begins and the present state of scientific developments has made the status of an embryo a major controversial issue. Developments such as embryonic research, human cloning, genetic engineering, assisted reproduction techniques, pre-implantation diagnosis and genetic screening, among others have brought forth weighty questions on the status of the human embryo. This question of the status of the human embryo has been debated upon by many in the medical field, secular philosophy and by religious scholars. This article describes the nature of the embryo from religious point of view (Christianity and Islam), and further makes an analysis between the view points of these religions. The objective is to ethically examine the status of the embryo from the perspectives of Christians and Muslims. This involves an analysis of the ethical concerns of the two major religions to ascertain their position on such an existing contemporary ethical issue. While most people in the scientific community describe the embryo as none other than a human tissue, religious scholars view it as human or a potential human being which should be treated with the highest respect and dignity. This in a way has created an impasse which is somehow affecting scientific researches as well as religious thoughts. The paper is made relevant due to its quest to comparatively examine the take of religion -which shapes and continue to inform many minds -on modern scientific medical developments

Keywords: Christianity and Islam, Comparative Analysis, Ethics, Human embryo, Status

Regulatory Challenges in the Upgrading and Maintenance of Standards in Teachers’ Professionalism in Nigeria (Published)

The compliance with minimum regulatory standards in the practice of teaching is bound to promote a competent, dedicated and productive classroom teacher for character molding and qualitative education. In Nigeria, issues of professionalization of teaching have continued to suffer from setbacks resulting to poor remuneration, low self-esteem and quackery in the teaching profession. This scenario negates the promotion and achievement of functional educational system at all levels. This paper examined the challenges militating against the attainment of minimum regulatory standards in teaching despite its pioneering effort as the mother of all professions. It adopted the exporatory approach to examine the various trend analysis and used the institutional framework design through secondary literature and observation to justapose the structures of teaching with other professional bodies. Based on the challenges,it recommended the institutionalization of a professional body for the upgrading, coordination and enforcement of minimum regulations to benefit members in raising the status of the teaching profession to meet global competiveness.

Keywords: Code, Education, Ethics, Membership, Profession, Quality, Regulation, Standard, Teacher

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF IN-VITRO FERTILIZATION FROM THE CHRISTIAN AND ISLAMIC POINT OF VIEW (Published)

The act of procreation exists vehemently for all people in their quest to producing and this idea (procreation) is common to all humans whether religious or impious. However, most couples have this dream of bringing forth children of their own shattered. Childlessness is often stigmatized and leads to profound social suffering for couples especially women in the developing nations. So, in the wake of infertility, many individuals may seek assistance elsewhere (scientific means) and very common is by the use of In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). The birth of Louise Joy Brown in 1978; the world’s first successful In-Vitro Fertilization with the expertise and assistance of Drs. Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edward was the start of a revolution in infertility treatment. What was then an innovative scientific advancement now has become a routine medical treatment. Beside these help that is being brought to humanity by these advances in biomedical technologies, the adverse effects of them should not be overlooked. In line with this, the article has examined the technique involving In-Vitro Fertilization as well as some ethical concerns from the Christian and Islamic points of view.

Keywords: Christianity and Islam, Ethics, In-Vitro Fertilization, Infertility, Procreation

AN ASSESSMENT OF PERCEPTIONS AND KNOWLEDGE OF HEALTH CARE ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AMONG HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS IN THE KUMASI METROPOLIS (Published)

Ethical theories and principles in health care are the foundations of ethical analysis. This is because they have become the viewpoints from which guidance can be obtained along the pathway to a decision. Each theory emphasizes different points such as predicting the outcome and following one’s duties to others in order to reach an ethically correct decision. However, in order for an ethical principle to be useful, the theory must be directed towards a common set of goals. Health care ethical principles are the common goals that all health practitioners try to achieve in order to be successful. These goals include beneficence, non-malficence (least harm), respect for autonomy and justice. In addition, are other related principles like; confidentiality, informed consent and truth telling. The objective of the paper finds whether or not health care practitioners in Kumasi are aware and knowledgeable of the use of the ethical principles which their profession confer on them. The research employed the use of questionnaires and interviews to obtain views from 220 respondents from the Kumasi metropolis (Ghana). Respondents gave diverse opinions in respect of their knowledge about these basic principles. The research identifies that many health care practitioners in the Kumasi metropolis attach little or no attention to the implementation of ethical principles. Several recommendations are made in reposting the challenges faced in the implementation of ethical principles. It is to be understood that ethical theories and principles bring significant characteristics to the decision-making process. This therefore makes a research into ethical and moral responsibilities among health care practitioners exclusively relevant.

Keywords: Ethical Principles, Ethics, Health Care, Knowledge, Perception, Well-being

THE INFLUENCE OF BUSAYRI AND HIS BURDAH ON THE ‘ULAMA’ AND SOCIAL ETHICS IN YORUBALAND (Review Completed - Accepted)

Sharaf din Busayri whose panegyric poem is the subject of this paper held in high esteem for his hall mark spiritual desire. The paper is not intended to present all his lines, rather the aim is to call attention to some areas in his poem. The paper begins with an introduction.  Sketchy biographical information about the family background and youth of al-Busayri is provided. His literary activities as well as the reason surrounding the production of al-Burdah are carefully discussed. Selected areas of influence are adequately examined. We have discovered that in spite of medical breakthrough in diagnosing some diseases, many other ailments are curable through spiritual exercises as the case of our author, Busayri. We noted that Muslims in Yoruba land name their children and living areas after the poet in an attempt to perpetuate his work, and to immortalize his memory. Verses from the work are still recited as charms in Yoruba land in particular and Nigeria in general as well as in some other parts of the Muslim world.

Keywords: Burdah, Ethics, Influence, Social, ‘Ulama’

RE-EMPHASIZING ETHICS OF TEACHING PROFESSION IN NIGERIA COLLEGES OF EDUCATION (Review Completed - Accepted)

Teaching profession is a noble profession in which its mistakes can either lead to development or destruction of a nation. Teaching with its own ethical peculiarity; it is a human activity which begins from the parent’s involvement in guiding and directing the child towards attainment of some defined experiences. Teacher therefore is seen at the centre of character formation of the child; hence, the role of teacher in school is very germane. Ethics of teaching profession therefore is moral value, standard that a teacher demonstrates in his/her teaching to inculcate in a child the quality of a good citizen. In the light of this, the study therefore examined teaching professionalism, ethic of teaching profession, the need for ethics in teaching profession were also highlighted. The paper employed methods of philosophical analysis to examine certain ethical issues for codes of behaviour expected of a College of Education teacher. Finally, recommendations were made to ensure strict adherence to ethics of teaching profession in Colleges of Education

Keywords: Adherence, Ethics, Re-emphasizing, Teaching Profession

Impact of HR recruitment process on Jordanian universities effectiveness. (Published)

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of HR recruitment process on achieving effectiveness for Jordanian Universities.

The variables of this study consisted of independent variable (HR recruitment process) and dependent variable (Jordanian universities. effectiveness).

The study employed the statistical analytical descriptive approach based on the literature review approach and field work to test the study hypothesis.

The population of this study Consisted of HR managers and heads of HR departments in Jordanians universities

A sample of40 heads and managers of HR in Jordanian universities was randomly selected.

The study used a questionnaire as a tool to collect data and to measure study sample individuals attitudes toward the impact of recruitment process on Jordanian universities effectiveness.

The findings of the study indicates that there is an impact of individuals attitudes toward HR recruitment process on Jordanian universities effectiveness in the following order, HR recruitment strategy, HR recruitment resources, HR recruitment strategy obstacles, HR recruitment ethics and HR recruitment sources evaluation.

The findings also, indicate that there is a positive correlation with statistical significant at significant level ( 0.05≥α ) among study sample individuals attitudes toward all dimensions of independent variable and dependent variable.

Although the findings indicate that there is impact of every independent variable dimension on dependent variable.

The study recommended that Jordanian universities have to pay more attention to HR recruitment ethics and diversify their external HR recruitment resources in order to reach justice and equality for the applicants and to increase effectiveness through recruitment of qualified applicants.

 

Keywords: Effectiveness Internal & External Sources, Ethics, Evaluation, HR Recruitment, Obstacles, Strategy

Marketing Mix – An Area of Unethical Practices? (Published)

In this paper we intend to develop the concept of ethic in marketing so the first section is concerned with presentation of the components of marketing and how each of them can subject of unethical practices. We try also to discuss some relevant issues related to the same. In the second section we focus on empirical study in order to show that many unethical marketing practices may be occurred especially which are related to pricing and advertizing practices.

Keywords: Advertizing, Ethics, Marketing, Marketing Mix, Pricing, Unethical Practices

National Security and Journalism Practice: Emerging Considerations for Nigerian Journalists (Published)

National security has in recent times become a planetary concern with the security beat even more daunting for journalists. This has therefore necessitated the need to streamline the ethical issues involved in covering national security with a view to averting the disclosure of information that may create bedlam, cause damage and endanger national security. The nature of study was thematic and this necessitated focus group discussions among select journalists and officials of some law enforcement agencies in Nigeria. Discussions however revealed that most journalistic reports tend to blur the line of distinction between the right to know and the need to know. This was equally found to be borne out of a marketing concern by newspaper proprietors to have headlines that will sell their papers. Conversely, it was also found that some government officials, in the guise of national security, overtly classify information bits that ought not to be classified. Drawing from the foregoing, it was recommended that journalists should develop checklists that will ensure that national security reports must predominantly be devoid of technical and location details that are capable of putting lives and programmes in jeopardy. It was further recommended that news reports on national security must be truthful, accurate and must also be backed by a compelling need to reveal it in an ethical manner in contradistinction to wanton disregard.

Keywords: Ethics, Information, Journalists, National, Security

The Current Ethical Challenges in The Nigerian Commercial Banking Sector (Review Completed - Accepted)

Ethics and morals are seen as personal view points. No minding the viewpoint, south ethical and moral values are very relevant in the banking industry. Ethics consist of certain rules and standards of conduct recognised as binding in a professional body, association or organisation, which is binding in the members. This paper discusses the relevant functions of commercial banks, and the ethical challenges in the performance of these functions. It evaluates the current ethical challenges in the banking industry, discusses the roles various regulatory agencies, have to play, in the adherence to ethical values, and advances solutions that will combat the aforementioned ethical and unethical challenges for the commercial banks to survive, ethical and moral values must be respected and adhered to, and sanctions meted out to erring individuals, that disobey the rules. This paper is descriptive in nature as it examines, the ethical issues, challenges and recommendations involved in ethical practices by commercial bankers in Nigeria. It proffers far reaching solutions to these ethical/unprofessional challenges in the commercial banking sector in Nigeria

Keywords: BOFIA Act, Balance Sheet, CIBN, Commercial Bank, Engineering, Ethics, Poaching, Round Training, Unethical Activities

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