Tag Archives: English Language

The Influence of Reading Comprehension on Reading Fluency (Published)

This paper presents an argument regarding whether Arabic language is useful in supporting the learning process of English language in Saudi Arabian classes. The paper address the literature review in the area regarding languages as supportive tools in learning English. Finally, the paper conclude that Arabic language is of extreme importance and act as a supportive tool for learning English language. Arabic language is very important for the process of learning English especially for English beginners.

Keywords: Arabic, Education, English Language, Saudi Arabia

Wrong Usage as Threat to English Language in Nigeria (Published)

: English is a second language in Nigeria because it is non-indigenous, it was introduced by British Colonialists and Missionaries into the country. The roles and functions English language has assumed since its introduction into the country are outlined. Since Nigeria functions in virtually all spheres of life in English language, a variety known, internationally acceptable and intelligible exists as the Standard Nigerian English. What is really of concern is the increasing deviations noticeable in the speech and writings of Nigerians from the grammar of English. The error laden English spoken by many people in the country may well be replacing the Standard Nigerian English if the situation is not checked. The root causes of the problem are pointed out recommendations are made towards curbing the negative trend.

Keywords: English Language, Errors, Grammar, Mother tongue, Second Language, Standard Nigerian English, varieties of English

Does Arabic Language Act As a Supportive Tool for Learning English in Saudi Arabian Classes (Published)

This paper presents an argument regarding whether Arabic language is useful in supporting the learning process of English language in Saudi Arabian classes. The paper address the literature review in the area regarding languages as supportive tools in learning English. Finally, the paper conclude that Arabic language is of extreme importance and act as a supportive tool for learning English language. Arabic language is very important for the process of learning English especially for English beginners.


Keywords: Arabic, Education, English Language, Saudi Arabia

The Impact of Learning Motivation Strategy on the Academic Achievement of the Southern Ghor District Students in English Language (Published)

This study aims at identifying the impact of learning motivation strategy on the academic achievement of the Southern Ghor District students in English language as well as the response of the Southern Ghor students to new and unfamiliar learning strategies and the identification of the Southern Ghor district teachers use of modern learning strategies. The population of the study was represented by the secondary stage students of the Southern Ghor district where a random sample of (50) students was chosen from that population. Of the most important results produced by the study was the existence of statistically significant effect of using learning motivation strategies on the academic achievement of the students. The study presented several recommendations most importantly holding educational training courses for the secondary stage teachers explaining the significance of learning motivation and ways of stimulating their students for learning through the available strategies which fit in the surrounding environment of their schools

Keywords: Academic Achievement, English Language, Learning, Motivation Strategy, Southern Ghor District, Students

Developing The English Teacher’s Expertise to Implement the New Nigerian National Curriculum (Published)

This paper is written to assist the English Language teacher trainers in Nigeria universities and the Secondary school English teachers to come to term with the reality on ground with reference to the New Senior Secondary School English Language Curriculum. It is a position paper resulting from the experience of the writer as a resource person in the nation – wide curriculum sensitization workshop of the Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), the makers of the Curriculum. For five years (2011-2015) the writer handled the “Humanities” aspect of the teachers’ workshop in the Western Zone of the nation (Lagos, Oyo, Ondo, Ogun, Ekiti and Oshun). While this is not another workshop paper, nor a summary of the three years’ workshop, it certainly contains the major highlights of the new curriculum presented from the point of view of a researcher with clear emphasis on what the roles of the English teacher should be as against what it used to be.

Keywords: Curriculum Teachers, Development, English Language, professionalism

Methods Followed By the Southern Ghor District Teachers to Increase the Motivation among Secondary Stage Student in English Language (Published)

This study aims at identifying the methods followed by the Southern Ghor District teachers to increase the motivation among secondary stage students in English language, as well as identifying the most modern methods that can be followed to provoke the students’ motivation in this sensitive phase of the student’s age. The present study also focused on the importance of learning motivation and the factors that influence this motivation. The researcher has chosen the study sample from the English language teachers in the southern Ghor District, specifically the secondary stage teachers who have long experience in teaching this age group for no less than two successive years. The study produced a number of significant results and recommendations, and most importantly the presence of disparity in the rates of using the methods of provoking motivation by the secondary stage students and that there are no statistically significant difference in using those methods due to the variables of the study sample (gender, experience, academic degree). The researcher also recommends the necessity of activating the role of the governmental entities through the Ministry of Education in supporting teachers to increase the motivation of their students by the provision of the required material and tools, in addition to holding training courses and workshops for teachers to raise their efficiency is increasing the learning motivation of the students through the available material and tools at schools.

Keywords: English Language, Motivation, Southern Ghor District, Student, Teachers

Language in Education: Barriers and Bridges (Published)

This article explores the implementation of Ghana’s local language in education policy; how it has been received and practiced in public basic schools, and the major challenges and implications. Through the study, the author highlights critical issues within local education practices that suggest a mismatch between education language policy and classroom practice. It is suggested that one of the primary reasons for the poor performance in schools lies in the oral orientation to classroom practices at the foundation stage at the expense of literate ways of thinking and reasoning and that an emphasis on literacy in the mother tongue at the foundation stage may help to shift the focus on student academic development where it belongs.

Keywords: English Language, Implementation, Language policy, Literacy, Mother tongue

An Investigation into Undergraduates’ Errors in the Use of the Indefinite Article at Omar Al-Mukhtar University (Published)

The purpose of this study was to examine  the use of English articles as well the errors made by the students at Omar Al-Mukhtar University. The research objectives consists of : To identify the types and sources of errors made by Libyan EFL Undergraduates at Omar Al-Mukhtar University in the use of the indefinite article during their written composition, To determine the major types of errors in which larger numbers of errors have been committed by the students in their written composition.  Based on previous studies,  A qualitative method of data collection represented by an essay-writing composition is implemented in this study. Moreover, they were asked to write essay writing composition of the following topics “Discuss The Problems You Face In Learning English Language?” The results provide of this study, reporting the information collected from Compositions and  analyzed by  using descriptive statistical percentages in terms of errors numbers and percentages of errors occurrences under their major types, which enabled the researchers to put these in an order of their occurrences. In other words, data were organized using categories given to each of these errors. Regarding the length of compositions, a total of (2194) English words were written by the students across their university levels. Freshmen wrote a total of (1193) words which represents (54.37%) whereas sophomores wrote (1001) words which represents (40.62%). These research also suggest that there is a significant and negative impact of  the use of English Articles. Since majority of students agreed that the English Articles are important, and  we should look at the importance of English language as well as how students improve their proficiency in English articles  towards mastering the use of English language.

Keywords: Articles, English Language, Grammar, Language Acquisition, Morpheme, communication, writing

Domestication of the English Language in Nigeria: An Examination of Morpho-Syntactic Trends in Nigerian English (Nge) (Published)

This paper examines certain developmental patterns Nigerian English (NgE) demonstrates in recent times, particularly at the linguistic levels  of morphology and syntax. While studying these current trends, a sociolinguistic approach, as enunciated and popularized by Labov (1966), is adopted. The first part of the work provides an overview of the place of NgE as one of the World Englishes, today, while the second part which is the core of the work is an examination of the nature of foray the typology has made on the construction and use of English by Nigerians of a broad social spectrum. The study reveals that the uniqueness of NgE is considerably realized in such linguistic features as conversion, acronym, composition, redundancy, coinage and reduplication. It is, as well, observed that some NgE forms exhibit the same morphological and syntactic patterns as those of Standard English (SE) while some exhibit significant variations.

Keywords: Domestication, English Language, Examination NgE, Nigeria

Problematic Co-Existence of English Language and Nigerian Pidgin (Published)

The English language is the language of formal education in Nigeria. For some time now, students’ performance in the language at public examinations has been very unsatisfactory to the stakeholders in education. A linguistic problem is one crucial contributing factor. The research methodology combines two data gathering instruments: the questionnaire and examination of respondents’ written essay. The paper discovers that Nigerian pidgin is a linguistic force to reckon with as its co-existence with the all important English language requires a clinical attention by all: especially; the government, curriculum developers and teachers. Those who formulate policy on education would need to plan for the Nigerian pidgin, not only in order to arrest the ever sliding performance of students in English language, but also to improve it.

Keywords: English Language, Formal education, Nigerian pidgin, Students performance, co-existence, linguistic problem

English: The International Language of Science and Technology (Published)

This paper observed the dominant role of English as International language of science and technology. Various factors that facilitated the dominance of the language in science and technology were observed. The most technologically advanced nations of the world were also observed with various languages used in each of the countries. The paper also observed the language of instruction and research in the fifty most technologically advanced universities in the world. The paper concluded by projecting that English language shall attain the status of the world language in the next fifty years.

Keywords: English Language, Science, Technology

Students’ Mathematics And English Language Mock Examination As Predictors To School Certificate Performance In Physics. (Published)

This study was an ex-post-facto survey, which investigated students’ mathematics and English language (mock) achievement as predictors to school certificate performance in Physics, using two hundred and fifty (250) students randomly selected from public secondary schools in Rivers State. The data was analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-test inferential statistics. In order to predict the performance of students on physics based on their performances in Mock examinations on mathematics and English language, the multiple regression analysis (R2) was used. Results showed that there was a significant relationship between the performance of students in English language Mock examination and their performance in physics. There was also a significant relationship between students’ performance in mathematics mock examination and their performance in physics (SSCE). Although there exist positive dependence of performance of physics (SSCE) on their collective performances in. mock examinations on mathematics and English language, the predictor variable Y1=38. 79 EM+0.17Mm where the partial multiple regression coefficients are 38.79 and 0.17 respectively. Based on these findings, it was recommended that learners of physics should be involved in acquisition of knowledge in mathematics and English language, if their performance in physics should improve.

Keywords: English Language, Mock Examination, Performance, School Certificate, Students’ Mathematics, physics

English: The International Language of Science and Technology (Published)

This paper observed the dominant role of English as International language of science and technology. Various factors that facilitated the dominance of the language in science and technology were observed. The most technologically advanced nations of the world were also observed with various languages used in each of the countries. The paper also observed the language of instruction and research in the fifty most technologically advanced universities in the world. The paper concluded by projecting that English language shall attain the status of the world language in the next fifty years.

Keywords: English Language, Science, Technology


Coinciding with the globalization the importance of the English language has increased, a question came up regarding the accounting explanation language and doesit affect thestudent’s understandability. So, in order to improve the accounting students performance and understandability of the accounting courses, this research have been done on 100 accounting and finance students at Ahila University to measure the effect of studying in native or non-native languages on student’s performance and how that will affect the student’s understanding of the accounting courses. The research found that Accounting students understand better when they were taught by their native language and that will improve their grades. In addition, the study find that the Level of student’s English language proficiency affect their performance in Accounting courses as long as all accounting courses are English books. Improving accounting students has been an important issue and to improve their understandability the result of this study should be taken into consideration. As instructors should explain the accounting course materials by student’s native language to have a better and more educated accountants to be able to understand accounting concepts better and meet the labor market requirements

Keywords: Accounting Education, English Language, Students performance


It is generally assumed that Self-assessment plays a profound role in autonomous language learning und accordingly leads to learner independency. It encourages learners to prospect their own language learning processes and provides them with feedback of their learning progress. Self-assessment also raises the awareness of learners’ individual needs among both students and teachers alike and will therefore contribute to the development of the whole learning process. The purpose of the current study is to explore and compare – through self-assessment – the level of perceived difficulty of the overall foreign language learning and language skills among Sudanese students enrolled at the English and German language Departments respectively, at the University of Khartoum in Sudan. A representative sample composed of 221 students from the two departments have been asked to self-evaluate and rate the overall language difficulty and areas of difficulty in language skills, as well as their own language proficiency.The results indicate that German language is relatively rated as a difficult language in comparison to the English language and that German Grammar was also rated as more difficult. However, Students rated that pronunciation and spelling of German language as easier than in English Language. Concerning the language skills, reading and speaking skills reported as more difficult in German, whereas writing and listening tend to be easier than in English. Finally, students’ academic achievements have been self-reported.

Keywords: English Language, German Language, Learning Difficulties, Self-assessment


In the scope of teaching English as a foreign language, and more specifically teaching speaking, this study reflects the attitudes and anticipations English language teachers-to-be have towards the “Conversation Course” provided by the College of Basic Education in Kuwait. The study is based on the analysis of 106 questionnaires distributed to first year college students registered in the conversation class at the time of the study. In addition, 28 students were interviewed to observe vividly their expectations from the conversation course. Both, the questionnaire and the interviews, aimed at knowing how the students perceived the conversation class at the end of the semester. The study shows that the majority of students feel that they have benefited from the conversation class in different domains; yet, many required a clearer outline of the course. Between their fondness for the conversation course and confusion of its aims, English language students understand their need for the course, and perhaps an extra advanced one too.

Keywords: EFL, English Language, Four Skills, Speaking, Teaching Methods


This study aimed to determine the banks’ employees in Tulkarm district attitudes towards the importance of English language at banks’ work and answered the following main question:What is the role of the English language in banks work as viewed by Tulkarm banks’ employees?The study also examined the following null hypothesis :There are no significant differences at (α≤0.05) in Tulkarm banks employees attitudes towards the importance of English language at bank work due to :language of study, age , experience, university of study , level of English , and level of education variables.From the previous survey for the importance of mastering English in banks’ environments ,through which we may find an urgent need for English for dealing with foreign customers, understanding new electronic administration requirements, and dealing with English documents and endorsements and getting use of some foreign experience in developing banks’ work, we can interfere the following:
1- There is high awareness for the need of English at bank’s environment among banks of Tulkarm district employees.
2- There is a distinctive motivation among employees of Tulkarm district banks towards spending time learning English through courses or workshops.
According to the results and findings of the studies and the statistical analysis of the questionnaire, the researchers recommend the following:
1- Banks’ administrations should give high importance for English Language fluency as an important criterion for choosing bank employees in various fields of work.
2- There should be English courses sponsored by banks’ administration to be given to employees to enhance their ability to use English with others fluently.
3- A system of reinforcement for taking these courses and developing English use ability should be accredited and considered as an urgent requirement for the bank.

Keywords: Bank employee, Commercial Banks, English Language


This paper is on human resource management and effective curriculum implementation in senior secondary schools in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. It is a survey research which employed a descriptive design. The study sampled 113 teachers drawn from 1045 English language teachers using stratified random sampling which include the principals, vice principals and deans of studies in Ebonyi State. Questionnaire was used as the instrument. A trial test was carried out and ascertained the validity and reliability of the instrument and a value of 0.89 was obtained from the test. Responses from all the questionnaire indicated that adequate human resources such as teachers language laboratory operators and school administers, motivation of teachers and school location can improve English language curriculum implementation in senior secondary schools in Ebonyi State. The hypothesis indicated that there is no significant difference in the opinion of teachers in the urban and rural areas. Some of the recommendations given were that the government should embark on recruitment of qualified English language teachers, workshops be organized for teachers and allow them attend other workshops organized outside their schools. Wages of secondary school teachers should be reviewed and that teachers should show more commitment in discharging their duties.

Keywords: Curriculum, English Language, Human Resource Management, Implementation, Motivation, Teacher


In the context of English language programs and the evaluation of such programs, this study analyzes the usefulness of the program taught to English-teachers-to-be students in the English Department, College of Basic Education in Kuwait. Based on the calculation of grades obtained in the initial placement test and a replica test conducted four years later, the change in the students’ language proficiency was measured. The paper reviews the results of the 50 participant students in both tests in five main testing categories based on the four language skills. The findings reveal very little improvement in language proficiency, which also seems to be very weak initially for an English teacher. This finding implies a major problem with the current program. Finally, a number of recommendations for program and student improvement for the College of Basic Education, and English programs in other colleges and universities, are considered.

Keywords: Curriculum Design, English Language, Evaluating Language Skills, Evaluation of Program, Higher Education, Testing Language Programs


This study was a survey of the availability and the use of educational technologies in the training of teachers of English in Moi University. The objectives of this study were to: identify the availability of the needed educational technologies, factors leading to ineffective use, the extent to which they are acquired and used in the training of teachers of English.This study was based on two theories namely: Technology Acceptance Model (The User Acceptance of Information Technology) and the Behaviourist theory based on the Audio- Visual Method.  Technology acceptance model holds the principles that acceptance of technology is based on its relative advantage, compatibility, ease of use, triability and observability.  The Behaviourists theory is based on the Audio- visual method which considers learning as a reinforced behaviour.  It advocated that the more the common sense used to perceive information the better the retention of information.A descriptive survey research design was adopted.  This was utilized to collect detailed descriptions of existing modern educational technologies with intent of employing data to justify current conditions and practices. The study population included fourth year student teacher trainees of English education, four lecturers of English and Literature education, Head of the department of curriculum instruction and educational media and the senior media technician.Non probability sampling mainly purposive was used to sample all the respondents.  Questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data.  The results were analyzed using Descriptive statistics, which involved the use of frequencies and percentages. The findings of this study were: the University had few modern and old educational technologies required for the training of teachers of English, that effective training was limited by shortage of training materials, shortage of time, shortage of funds, limited  motivation, inadequate space, lack of collaboration between  the University and K. I. E in the recommendation of teaching resources, few number of lecturers compared to large number of students and finally the University was slow in implementing the policies in the strategic plan for the year 2005 to 2015.


Keywords: English Language, Information Technologies, Kenya's Universities, Teachers, Training

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