Tag Archives: Education

The Relationship between Ma’rifat and the Theory of Knowledge and Its Implication in Education (Published)

This article elaborates the knowledge achieved through fana’ process in accordance with Sufi experts. Hierarchically, fana’ stimulates “emotion” and awareness of the Oneness of God involving the existence of ratio. Unfortunately sensory and rational potentials do not function individually and are free from the emotion. Thus, people’s awareness often changes and the system of knowledge transforms as the result of impelementing muj­âhadah through maqâmât and hâl mechanism. The purposed knowledge here is not the direct knowledge achieved at the end of journey such as ladunni knowledge. This is a holistic knowledge combining rational, empirical, and intuitive knowledges, a model introduced by Sufi community through the concept of Ma’rifat. This concept is relevant with the needs of education field today. Without this concept, education is only a meaningless process of knowledge transformation.

Keywords: Al Îmân, Education, Knowledge, Ma’rifat, Soul Cleansing

Selected Variables Influencing Undergraduate Students’ Attitude toward Educational Research Writing In University Of Port Hacourt, Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated selected variables influencing undergraduate students’ attitude toward educational research writing in Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt. Four research questions and three hypotheses tested at 0.05 alpha level guided the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. A sample of 561 final year undergraduate students was drawn from the population through stratified random sampling technique based on the six departments of the Faculty. The four instruments used for data collection were Research self-concept Scale (RSS); Research Anxiety Scale (RAS), Research Achievement Motivation Scale (RAMS) and Research Attitude Questionnaire (RAQ). These were validated by experts in Educational Psychology, measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficients of RSS, RAS, RAMS and RAQ were 0.72, 0.69, 0.81 and 0.76 respectively which were determined through Cronbach Alpha technique for internal consistency of the instruments. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test of independent sample means. The results revealed that self-concept, research anxiety and achievement motivation significantly influence attitude of undergraduate students toward educational research writing. Based on these results, recommendations were made including that school guidance counselors should endeavour to counsel students with low self-concept, low achievement motivation and high anxiety pertaining their academic progress especially in educational research writing.

Keywords: Achievement Motivation., Anxiety, Education, Research Writing, Self-Concept, attitude

Psychological and Educational Assessment of Children with Autism at Specialized Education Centers in Riyadh (Published)

The present study aims at identifying the assessment level of psychological and educational performance of children with autism disorder in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the extent of psychological and educational assessment according to dimensions of the psychological and educational assessment measurement prepared for this purpose. The study population consists of children with autism disorder in Saudi Arabia at the age category: (6-12) years. Sample of the study consists deliberately of children from autism centers in Riyadh, which are Prince Faisal’s Mother Centre, Alwaleed Center, Prince Nasser Center, and Riyadh Center. The study sample includes (74) autistic children. The study adopts an analytical descriptive method based on a field study. The tools utilized for data collection are a primary data questionnaire designed by the author and Scale of psychological and educational performance assessment for children with autism. The study resulted that the level of psychological and educational assessment of autistic children is little high. There are statistically significant differences in psychological and educational assessment at the following dimensions: cognitive, social, emotional, and receptive language in favor of 6-9-year children. There are statistically significant differences in psychological and educational assessment of children with autism due to gender. There is correlation between performance measurement of psychological and educational assessment with age, autism degree, and teacher’s experience years.

Keywords: Autism Disorder, Education, Educational Assessment, Psychology, children

Knowledge, Practice and Perception of Contraception by Literate Adolescents in Calabar, Nigeria (Published)

The current prevalence rate for contraceptive use in Nigeria is approximately 11%–13%. This rate is very low in view of the fact that sexual activity is high and there is also widespread awareness of the various contraceptive methods among Nigerian adolescents and youths. There is sufficient research evidence identifying the various factors that contribute to the low prevalence of modern contraceptive use in Nigeria, with the most common factors being religious adherence and myths about the side effects of modern contraceptives. This survey aims to ascertain the knowledge, practice and perception of contraception among literate adolescents in Calabar. This was a self-administered questionnaire -based study carried out in Calabar metropolis. The information was obtained at three different higher institutions in Calabar. Information collected include age, knowledge and use of contraceptives, source of information, and awareness of other methods of contraception and myths about contraception. A total of 1,596 female adolescents were recruited into this study. Their age range was 16 to 19years, with a mean age of 17.6years. The respondents have all attained basic secondary education and were all currently pursuing tertiary education and have all had sexual intercourse and have heard about contraception or family planning.  Of this number, 968(60.7%) have used Emergency contraceptive pills, 26.6% used male condom, 6.1% use CopperT (CuT), 1.9% use injectables, 1.1% use implants  while 3.6% have not used any method. They all however had one form of concern or the other about modern contraceptive methods. Adolescents and youths are undoubtedly the bedrock to propagate any programme irrespective of the field. Adolescents are therefore in dire need of information on reproductive health issues not only on contraception but also on other issues concerning their reproductive health. They should be assisted and given unhindered access to various methods of contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion.

Keywords: Adolescents, Contraception, Education, Literature, Myth, Nigeria

The Regent Business Schools New Entrepreneurial Centre: Towards Transforming South Africa’s Past and Reformulating the Present (Published)

The paper looks at entrepreneurship in terms of its importance to South Africa. In this regard it discusses the importance of initiatives like the Regent Business Schools proposed new Entrepreneurial Centre which will be opened in the latter part of 2016. A brief historical perspective is undertaken in this regard, in order to firstly situate the thrust, importance and necessity of the entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial dynamic, as it relates to a democratic South Africa. This is undertaken within the context of development and leadership in South Africa. The importance of entrepreneurship cannot be under estimated, in terms of development and economic growth in South Africa for purposes of stimulating much needed small business development and, the empowerment of the masses of people neglected by the administrative government systems by both, the apartheid and democratic government, post 1994. In undertaking the discussion in this paper, the issues towards transforming South Africa’s past and transforming the present assumes significance, in terms of the transformation agenda of the state. In addition the paper very briefly discusses development theories, and calls for a reformulation of these theories in order, to engineer sustained and coordinated development within developing countries. The paper outlines the strategic plan for the Regent Business Schools Centre for Entrepreneurship and its modalities for engagement for purposes of consolidating this important and necessary initiative. By the same token, the paper discusses very briefly the problems that higher education confronts in respect to access into higher education in South Africa and, therefore, posits that entrepreneurial training and development can assist in solving some problems that the country confronts, in terms of access to higher education and entrepreneurial development.    

Keywords: Business, Economy, Education, Entrepreneurship, Reformulating, Transforming

Social Welfare Analysis of Gender Inequality in Education and Employment in Urban and Rural Nigeria (Published)

This study analyzes the social welfare effect of gender inequality in human capital development (education and employment) across rural and urban Nigeria. Using Nigeria most recent data set on labour force survey by NBS, which captures labour force participation by gender, gender unemployment by educational level and sector, gender schooling ratio, gender population growth rate and economic active participation by gender this study investigated how differently, gender inequality in education and employment affects women across rural and urban regions. To unravel this, we adopted Shorrock and Alkinson Generalized Lorenz approach to welfare dominance and inequality decomposition. We ranked gender inequality on education and employment by rural and urban. The study found that female unemployment by educational level is predominant in the urban sectors compared to the rural sectors. Also gender inequality is higher in labour force participation when compared with education in Nigeria.

Keywords: : Human Capital, Education, Employment, Gender Inequality, Sectoral dominance (Rural and Urban)

Bahal Temple as an Outdoor Learning Medium for Religious Tolerance (Published)

The purpose of this research is to find a medium of outdoors learning. In practice, this study employs a qualitative approach with the method of observation, interviews, literature review and documentation. Bahal Temple I, II and III can be utilized as a medium of learning. The existence of Bahal temple as a medium of outdoor learning hasn’t been used as an instrument in teaching and learning process between teachers and students. This is due to lack of knowledge of the teachers or education provider institutions such as the Department of Education in Indonesia. Bahal temple I, II and III can be used as a medium of learning because it has educational values, namely: tolerance, religious values, the value of art and architecture, historical value, the value of diversity, and recreational value.

Keywords: Bahal Temple, Education, Outdoor Learning Medium, religious tolerance

The Impact of Gender Discrimination on National Development (Published)

The paper argues that gender discrimination is as old as creation. Over the years women were made to belief that their rightful place was in the home front as housewives producers and minders of children. The paper focuses on cultural, societal and religious practices, in our traditional society that prevent women from contributing their quota to both the community and the nation at large. In this modern world where women have assumed prominent roles in the economic, political, and social developments in different societies, there is a clarion call for both the government and other men of the country to be supportive of their female counterparts as this will enable them to exhibit their potentials for the benefit of the development of our nation. The paper concludes that there should be mass literacy campaign towards women education. Education shapes the life of women by equipping them with knowledge, skills, right attitudes and values to participate effectively and also contribute meaningfully to national development.

Keywords: Culture, Development, Education, Women, Yoruba

Parental Variables and Expectations towards Public and Private Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the attitude of parent and their expectations towards public and private secondary schools and factors affecting the choice of secondary schools for their wards. Three null hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The research design was a survey. The sample size was 1,000 parents, drawn through stratified random sampling technique. The bases for stratification were Senatorial Districts. Data collection was done through structured questionnaire. Data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The findings showed significant differences among parents who had children in public and private secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Based on these findings, it was recommended that the state government should support incentives that will transform the school plant into most conducive environment for academic activities. Similarly, proprietors of private schools should recruit professionally trained teachers for effective teaching and learning activities

Keywords: Education, Gender, Parental Variables Exceptions, Private, public

Labor Market and Development: UNESCO Research Data on Human Resource Training (Published)

The Sustainable Development Goals Program was adopted by the United Nations in September 2015 and is an evolution of the Millennium Development Goals Program (2000-2015). Its main axes are economy, society and the environment, with an emphasis on education and training for professionals, which are considered to be fundamental foundations of economic and social development. UNESCO is called upon to play an important role in implementing the Agenda, as it has both the right experience and extensive diplomatic networks. To this end, it has drafted official texts on the achievement of the Agenda 2030 objectives. Its recent text, “Third World Report on Adult Learning and Adult Education” (GRALE III), presents the results of an international research involving 139 UNESCO member countries on the impact of Learning and Adult Education on Health, Prosperity, Employment and the Labor Market, Social, Political and Community Life. This study, through the qualitative analysis of the above-mentioned text, reflects and investigates the impact of education on the labor market and the development of human resources. The thematic analysis shows that the development of the labor market and human resources is linked to the type of education and skills provided by population group, financing, strategies and policy-making.

Keywords: Education, Labor market, Policy, Skills, UNESCO

An Analysis Of Character Education Values In Non-Fiction Novel “Habibie Dan Ainun” Created By Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie And Its Advantages As Literature Reading For Senior High School In Medan, Indonesia (Published)

This study aims to determine the character education values in the novel Habibie dan Ainun by Bacharudin Jusuf Habibie and its advantages as a literature reading material in senior high school. Based on the research results that were conducted, there are 18 values of character education based on the National Education System. The character education values include: character values relating to God, character values relating to self is honest, disciplined, independent, creative, curiosity, love reading, responsible, and hard working. Character values relating to others, character values relating to environment includes: tolerance, and love of the homeland.

Keywords: Education, Literature, character values, novel

Assessment of Teacher Competence in Pedagogical Knowledge in the Implementation of Secondary School Curriculum in North Rift Region, Kenya (Published)

The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers’ competence in pedagogical knowledge in teaching in secondary schools in the north rift region of Kenya. The study used descriptive survey design and a mixed methods research. Simple random sampling and stratified sampling was used to select the sample.  Data instruments were structured and unstructured questionnaires, observation schedule and semi-structured interviews. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings of the study revealed that a majority of teachers did not use learner centred methods for example demonstration, enquiry and discussion. It was concluded that a significant number of teachers were not competent in pedagogical knowledge for the implementation of the secondary school curriculum. The study recommended revision of teacher education curriculum and the recruitment of more teachers to relieve on workload to enable them prepare effectively for the implementation of the secondary school curriculum

Keywords: Curriculum, Education, Kenya, Pedagogy, Teacher Competence

The Roles Of Islamic Education Towards Islamic Art And Culture (Published)

This study deals with the roles of Islamic education againts the development of Islamic art and culture. In order to achive the objective of the study, library research method was used and all the data taken from the books, journals, articles, and previous research. After analyzing and describing the discussion in details, the finding showed that the roles of Islamic education towards Islamic art and culture development are; firstly, Islamic art and culture is regarded as the process of awareness that Islamic art and culture are values sources such as; mind, kindness, creativity, and artwork. Secondly, Islamic art and culture is knwon as process of humanity and humanism. Thirdly, Islamic art and culture is regarded as the spirit of struggle and renewal agiants Islam. The students are expcted to have both intelligent and spiritual competency through art and culture found in Al-Qur’an and Sunnah. Islamic education and culture always come together to establish the human beings’ civilization.

Keywords: Art, Character, Culture, Education, Islamic, Values

The Influence of Education and Training on Employee Working Productivity at PT. Nusantara IV Kebun Marjandi (Published)

The Influence of Education and Training on Employee working productivity at PT. Nusantara IV Kebun Marjandi  is a study with a sample of 30 people who are determined randomly. The problems in this research are: Do education and training have a significant effect on work productivity? And the research purposes: 1. to find out the effect of education on the work productivity of the employees, 2. to find out how the effect of training on the employees’ work productivity. The research hypothesis: 1. Education affects the work productivity of the employees, 2. The training has a significant effect on the work productivity of the employees, 3. Education and training have significant effect on the work productivity of the employees. Multiple regression technique is used to analyze the data. From the research results, it is found that education and training have a significant effect on the work productivity of the employees. Work productivity is 68% explained by education and training, while the remaining 32% is explained by other factors which are not included in the model.

Keywords: Education, Employee, Pt. Nusantara IV Kebun Marjandi, Training, Working Productivity

The Relationship between Types of Misconceptions and Achievement in Genetics among Senior Secondary School Biology Students in Jos North LGA of Plateau State (Published)

This research work was aimed at finding out the relationship between types of misconceptions and achievement in genetics among senior secondary schools biology students’ in Jos-North Local Government Area of Plateau State. Correlation research as well as survey research designs were employed for this study. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The research was analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation while the hypothesis was analyzed using Pearson’s r. The population of the study consisted of randomly selected biology teachers and students’ of Government Senior Secondary Schools in the area of study. Thus, a total of two hundred and ten (210) respondents’ were used. Two hundred students and ten teachers drown from ten schools served as sample for the study. Three instruments were used for data collection. Achievement Test in Genetics (ATG), Questionnaire on Types of Misconceptions (QTM) and Biology Teachers’ Questionnaire on Students’ Causes of Misconceptions in Genetics. Major findings from this research work revealed that, there is poor trend of students’ academic achievement in genetics test, students’ held vary form of misconceptions in genetics concepts and the most prevalent misconception found among the students’ was the vernacular misconception, abstractness (AC), was the major reason for students’ causes of misconceptions, and there is perfect negative relationship between students types of misconceptions and their achievement. Recommendations were made based on these findings. Some of these recommendations are; effective and evidence-informed pedagogic practices are clearly needed by all teachers, and students, to identify, overcome and eliminate misconceptions in the acquisition of accurate scientific knowledge, to promote effective and meaningful learning, teachers’ need to identify the causes of such misconceptions and find ways to rectify them. The Government on her part should brace up to her responsibility of providing adequate teaching aids and instructional materials to all her schools, which must be equally use by the biology teachers to stimulate students in learning genetics.

Keywords: Biology Students, Education, Genetics, Nigeria, Senior Secondary School, Types of Misconceptions

Issues and Options for Using Multimedia to Improve Pre-Service Mathematics Teacher Education in Ghana (Published)

It is well documented that the overly theoretical coursework in conventional mathematics teacher education programs does not effectively challenge pre-service mathematics teachers’ preconceived ideas about the teaching of mathematics. In addition, field experiences provided for pre-service teachers have been shown to have inherent limitations. Consequently, several mathematics educators have drawn attention to the need to engage pre-service mathematics teachers in experiences that present actual teaching practices and make it possible for them to study or critique those practices reflectively. In the developed countries like the US there appears to be a growing interest in the potential of multimedia systems to bring this type of reflective and critical thinking about the teaching of mathematics. In the developing countries such as Ghana, very little of such efforts, if any, is being done to improve mathematics teacher education. This paper looks at the potential of these multimedia environments to improve education of prospective mathematics teachers in Ghana. It focuses on how multimedia programs fit into contemporary theories of teacher learning and supports this with a discussion of empirical research efforts at using multimedia programs to facilitate education of prospective mathematics teachers. Implications for pre-service mathematics teacher education in Ghana are also presented.

Keywords: Education, Ghana, Mathematics, Multimedia, Pre-Service, Teacher

English Expressions in Ghana’s Parliament (Published)

This paper takes a look at the English language spoken on the floor of parliament by Ghanaian parliamentarians. It attempts to ascertain the English features of Ghanaian parliamentarians and whether the identified features can be described as Ghanaian English. The study was guided by the syntactic features given as typical of WAVE (Bokamba, 1991) and the grammatical description of African Englishes (Schmied, 1991) and a careful reading of the Hansard which is the daily official report of parliamentary proceeding. It is revealed that the English spoken by Ghanaian parliamentarians has identifiable Ghanaian features that can support the claim that their English is typically Ghanaian.

Keywords: Education, English, Ghana, Language, Parliament

Principals’ Administrative Skills and Proper Conduct Of Examination among Students in Uyo Education Zone of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was carried out to examine principals’ administrative skills and proper conduct of examination in Uyo Education Zone of Akwa Ibom State.  In order to achieve this purpose, three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The ex-post facto research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised 86 principals and 2838 teachers in secondary schools in Uyo Education Zone of Akwa Ibom State.  The sample of this study comprised 878 respondents   comprising 26 principals and 852 teachers representing 30% of the population of principals and teachers. Multi-stage sampling technique was used for this selection. The two instruments namely “Principals’ Administrative Skills Questionnaire for Teachers (PASQT)”and “Examination Misconduct Questionnaire for Principals (EMQP)” were used for data collection.  R-value and R2 value of simple linear regression were used for answering the research question while the F-ratio was used for testing the hypotheses. Each of the hypotheses was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that principals’ communication skills, school plant management skills as well as supervisory skills relate to proper conduct of examination among senior secondary school students. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Principals should be exposed to effective communication through seminars, workshops and conferences such that they can communicate to both staff and students in a way that they will understand what is expected of them, as well as the consequences of their involvement in examination misconduct among others.

Keywords: Administrative Skills, Education, Examinations, Principals, Students

Knowledge and Utilization of Prostate Cancer Screening Services among Male Civil Servants in Iseyin Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Cancer related morbidity and mortality continues to pose grave health challenge to men globally with increasing prevalence especially in developing countries. Presently prostate cancer has been reported to have a prevalence level of 11% in Nigeria which is considered alarming. Developing strategies to forestall increasing incidence and prevalence are vital to reducing the deleterious effects prostate cancer on health and national developmental efforts. Research oriented strategies are considered potent measures to achieving this goal thus making research into factors associated with prostate cancer an important endeavour. It is against this background that this study was designed to examine knowledge and utilization of prostate cancer screening services among civil servants in Iseyin LGA of Oyo State, Nigeria. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study and data were collected using a self developed and validated questionnaire with a reliability of 0.86 Cronbach alpha. Collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Findings showed that respondents have low level of knowledge and low utilization level of prostate cancer screening services. Findings also identified cost, accessibility, work schedule and some fads like negative effect on sexual activities as perceived factors militating against the utilization of prostate cancer screening services. Addressing the identified issues using education as a tool among others were recommended.

Keywords: Barrier, Education, Knowledge, Prostate Cancer, Screening, Utilization

Knowledge and Utilization of Prostate Cancer Screening Services among Male Civil Servants in Iseyin Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Cancer related morbidity and mortality continues to pose grave health challenge to men globally with increasing prevalence especially in developing countries. Presently prostate cancer has been reported to have a prevalence level of 11% in Nigeria which is considered alarming. Developing strategies to forestall increasing incidence and prevalence are vital to reducing the deleterious effects prostate cancer on health and national developmental efforts. Research oriented strategies are considered potent measures to achieving this goal thus making research into factors associated with prostate cancer an important endeavour. It is against this background that this study was designed to examine knowledge and utilization of prostate cancer screening services among civil servants in Iseyin LGA of Oyo State, Nigeria. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study and data were collected using a self developed and validated questionnaire with a reliability of 0.86 Cronbach alpha. Collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentages. Findings showed that respondents have low level of knowledge and low utilization level of prostate cancer screening services. Findings also identified cost, accessibility, work schedule and some fads like negative effect on sexual activities as perceived factors militating against the utilization of prostate cancer screening services. Addressing the identified issues using education as a tool among others were recommended.

Keywords: Barrier, Education, Knowledge, Prostate Cancer, Screening, Utilization

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