Sustainable agriculture has remained a subject of debate in Nigeria for decades without tangible results. Between 2001 and 2007, agricultural sector accounted for 40 percent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) and 51 percent of job creation. However, in 2015 agriculture accounted for only 17.77% of Nigeria’s GDP (National Bureau of Statistics, 2015). These figures are indications that agriculture has not met the need of the country, and reveal the dwindling nature of the sector. The declining nature of agriculture calls for a new strategy that will support agricultural development in Nigeria. This paper aims to advance agripreneurship education in Nigerian Universities by attempting to develop a curriculum that will trigger agriprenuership taught classes in Universities in Nigeria in attempt to increase youth and farmers participation in agripreneurship and improve the agricultural sector in general.
Development of Short Story Text Reading Material Based on Character Education as a School Literacy Movement Material of Students Class IX SMP Tunas Pelita Binjai (Published)
This study aims to find out: (1) the preparation of short story text reading material based on character education as a school literacy movement material, (2) the feasibility of short story reading material based on character education as a school literacy movement, (3) the effectiveness of short story text reading material based on character education as school literacy movement material of students class IX SMP Tunas Pelita Binjai. This type of research is research and development based on Borg and Gall development model. The test subjects consisted of material experts, design experts, Indonesian language teachers, students of SMP Tunas Pelita Binjai. Data on product quality was collected through questionnaires and short story text writing tests. The results of this study indicated that: (1) material validation included content eligibility with an average of 91.25% in very good criteria, presentation eligibility with an average of 84.61% in very good criteria, language feasibility with an average of 84, 09% on very good criteria, (2) validation of design experts r` ih on average of 92,54% on very good criteria, (3) individual trials with an average of 85.83% with very good criteria, (4) small group trials with an average of 90.28% with very good criteria, and (5) limited field test with an average of 92.34% with very good criteria, (6) the effectiveness of reading material showed a percentage of posttest of 80% higher than the percentage of pretest of 69.37%. Thus, reading material for short stories based on character education as a school literacy movement developed is feasible and effective to be used as reading material in the school literacy movement.
Sustaining Quality African Education for Sustainable Growth and Development in Africa: The Nigerian Experience (Published)
The study was carried out to examine the role of African education on sustainable growth and development in Africa: a case study of Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted for the study. Seven hundred and twenty (720) participants were randomly sampled from the six geopolitical zones of the country. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested using simple regression analysis tested at 0.05 level of significance. A 30 item questionnaire titled “Sustaining Quality African Education for Sustainable Growth and Development Questionnaire” was constructed and administered by the researchers. The instrument was validated by experts in evaluation and psychological testing. The split half reliability method was used to determine the reliability of the instrument. The reliability index stood at 0.89. the statistical analysis of the hypotheses showed that there was a significant influence of African education for entrepreneurship skills on sustainable growth and development. Again the result of the second hypothesis indicated that there was a significant influence of African education for cultural values on sustainable growth and development. Based on the result, conclusion was drawn and recommendations were made on how to integrate the African indigenous education for sustainable development.
Skills and Emotional Intelligence: Study and Investigation of the International Organization of the OECD (Published)
Emotional Intelligence is directly linked to the professional development of teachers and the existence of positive results in the field of education. The purpose of this paper is to investigate, through qualitative content analysis, whether the skills associated with emotional intelligence are identified in the political texts of international organizations and in particular in that of the OECD. According to the survey results, emotional intelligence skills related to self-awareness, self-regulation, social awareness and interpersonal relationships management are present. For a better understanding of the issue, it would be helpful to explore these skills in other texts of international organizations, with a view to comparing and enriching relevant databases.
Despite widespread democratization in most countries and the struggle by the feminist movements for the integration of gender balancing in the national politics of countries over the world however, women who constitute about 50% of Nigeria population still remain systematically alienated from politics and decision, making process in the country. Poor systems of governance result in widespread discrimination related to sex, race, colour, religion and political opinion. This paper tries to points out the efficacy and the role of gender equality and participation in good governance which has a trickling down effect on development. The study adopted qualitative research and documentary method of data collection. Its revealed a positive correction between gender, good governance and development in Nigeria, hence the need for it and its application. Also, women who constitute about 50% of Nigeria population still remain systematically alienated from politics and decision, making process in the country. It recommended among others that government should engage the support of the mass media and partner with women’s movement NGOs and Civil society for vehement complaint against women subordination, discrimination and stigmatization in the society.
Nigeria from colonial period through post colonial period has settled for federal system of government which allows for division of powers and jurisdictions among the levels of government that made up the federation. Overtime, there have been observable imperfections in the Nigerian federalism which have triggered protests, agitations and patriotic calls for restructuring of the system. On the basis of the foregoing, we commended as follows: that there should be devolution of more powers to the federating units in Nigeria; that fiscal federalism should be practiced to give room for resource control by the federating units and that the principles of federal character as enshrined in our national constitution should be observed in appointment and location of critical infrastructure across all sections of the country. This paper is a departure from this trend, orthodoxy is challenged by showing the nexus and interface between restructuring, social order, and development in Nigeria. Development is said to be a predictor that determines whether a country is progressing or not. A critical assessment of Nigeria’s development despite her abundance in human, natural and material resources reveals that the country is yet to achieve the desired expectations as clamored by her citizens. The objective of this study was to identify the challenges to development in Nigeria. In other to obtain data for the research, the work adopted qualitative research method through textual analysis. The findings of this study revealed that despite the country’s attempt to advance development, several challenges has posed a great threat to her progress. These setbacks range from imposition of politices on the citizens, lack of adequate human resources or capital to implement development plans/policies, corruption and lack of credible leadership among others. It recommended that accountability and transparency should be the country’s guiding philosophy in all her operations. Also once the identified limitations are tackled then development will be realized in the country.
National Security Challenges and Sustainable Development in Nigeria: A Critical Analysis of the Niger Delta Region (Published)
Nigeria has on daily basis experienced an upsurge of activities that threatens and endangers its national security. In recent times, the Nigerian nation suddenly metamorphosed into an abode of insecurity. The Niger Delta region which is the centre of Nigeria’s oil wealth has been the scene of protest, conflict and violence. Despite its abundant oil wealth, there has been unimaginable level of poverty, unemployment, inequality, poor infrastructure, lack of social amenities and negligible development in the region. In view of this scenario, the paper basically analyses and ascertains the impact of national security challenges on sustainable development in Nigeria with a particular focus on the Niger Delta region and the responses by successive governments in tackling them. Findings from the paper reveal among others that, the security challenges in Nigeria have long historical antecedence and the crises and conflicts in the Niger Delta region are the consequences of several years of exploitation, neglect and deliberate abandonment of the region which is the economic base of the nation, by successive governments and oil multinationals. The paper therefore concludes and recommends amongst others, the formulation and effective implementation of policies capable of addressing the root causes of insecurity in Nigeria and that more efforts should be made by the federal government and oil companies to improve the quality of human lives in the region and the nation at large. Qualitative and descriptive methods of data analysis were adopted for this study. The paper used secondary data in which conclusion and recommendations where derived.
Human Resource Development Meeting the Needs of the International Integration in Vientiane Capital of Laos (Published)
The objective of the study is to analyze the internal-external environment affecting the human resource development in order to meet the needs of international integration in Vientiane capital of Laos. Based research results, the researcher has the managerial implications for improving human resource quality for Vientiane capital of Laos. This is one of the first research paper to develop the measurement scale as well as the theoretical model illustrate the relationship between the internal-external environment and the human resource development. The official quantitative studied with a sample of 350 managers in Vientiane capital. The data collected from June 2017 to May 2018 in Vientiane capital and random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) which used for multilinear regression. The tested results have the internal-external environment affecting the human resource development with significance level 0.01 based on 344 samples (06 sample lacked information).
A Comparative Study of the Role of Men and Women in Cooperative Development in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria (Published)
The actualization of Cooperatives development is one of the most common traits of the emerging economies. Government at all levels in different occasions has adopted one developmental strategy or the other, all aimed to successfully install cooperative development. This study had the objective of assessing the role of men and women in cooperative development in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State in Nigeria. The study employed primary sources of data. The primary data were collected through questionnaires using descriptive statistics. The results of the study indicated that the male cooperators contribute more to cooperative development than their female counterparts. The study concludes that cooperative societies in Udi should be properly and effectively managed. It was also recommended that cooperative societies should endeavour to improve their management skills, balance gender inequality and enhance the personal welfare of members so as to facilitate cooperative development in Udi Local Government Area.
Development of Speed Reading Teaching Materials Based On Anticipation Guide Strategy in Observation Result Report Text in Students Class X Mas Sinar Islami Bingai (Published)
This study aims to know the results of the development of learning materials to read quickly based on anticipation guide strategy on observation report text in student class X MAS Sinar Islami Bingai. The research method used is research and development (R & D) method proposed by Sugiyono refers to Borg & Gall model. The test subjects consisted of 3 students with individual trials, 9 students with small group trials, and 30 students with limited field trials. Data collection techniques used were observation, interviews, questionnaires and reading tests. The results showed that: (1) material expert validation including content feasibility with an average of 85.15% on very good criteria, presentation feasibility with an average of 90.38% on very good criteria, and language aspect with an average of 89 , 42% on very good criteria, (2) design expert validation with an average of 82.41% on very good criteria, module size aspect with an average score of 87.5%, cover design with an average score of 85.71% and module design with an average score of 80.55%. (3) teacher responses with an average of 91.91% on very good criteria, (4) individualized trials with an average of 76.85% on good criteria, (5) small group trials with an average of 81.56 % on very good criteria, and (6) limited field tests with an average of 87.54% on very good criteria. The result of student speed reading test before using module equal to 60,67, while the result of speed reading test of observation result text of student after using module increased by 90,33. The difference is 29,66 from before to after. This proves that the teaching materials to read quickly an observation result report text developed can improve student learning outcomes by using learning methods based on anticipation guide strategy. The implication of this research is to give a practical contribution especially in the implementation of learning for teachers as additional teaching materials and as a means to assist and facilitate the students in comprehending the material to read observation results report text so that it can be applied to their life.
Domestic Tourism: Untapped Opportunities for Sāmoa (With Special Reference to Accommodation Providers) (Published)
Tourism is both a key contributor to the economy of Sāmoa and the leading source of foreign exchange. The seasonal nature of tourism is particularly detrimental to the accommodation sector. In many countries, the development of domestic tourism is actively promoted as it plays a vital part in tourism sustainability. Sāmoa however, like many other countries appear to be overlooking the potentials of domestic tourism in their development and tourism strategies. The present study uses secondary data and case studies to examine the advantages and opportunities created by domestic tourism. Secondary data found that the key areas of focus highlighted in the Strategy for the Development of Sāmoa SDS) 2005-2007, 2008-2012, Sāmoa Tourism Development Plan (STDP) 2009-2013, Sāmoa Tourism Sector Plan (STSP) 2014-2019, and Sāmoa Tourism Strategic Marketing Plan (STSMP) 2014-2019, indicate that domestic tourism development is not a key focus of tourism development. Using Talanoa research method (TRM), primary data was collected from 20 stakeholders in the tourism industry. Using Thematic Analysis, it was found that there were a mixture of views for and against the development of domestic tourism in Sāmoa.
Sustainable development and good living condition in the modern world are determined by people who possess more than normal reasoning abilities. The present Nigerian socio-political, economic and technological dilemma therefore results from the redundancy of mind paved by gross deficiency in logic and critical thinking competencies. This deficiency broadly stems from Nigerian poor educational system which has neglected acquisition of reflective and critical reasoning skills in theoretical and practical terms. This hampers critical competence, and results to irrational judgments, biased policies and dishonest governance. Consequently, problem solving and critical competence in various sectors of Nigerian existence have remained a mirage resulting to unsustainable development. This paper analytically investigates the meaning, cradle, essence, relevance and state of logic and critical thinking in Nigerian higher education and existence. The research finds that logic and critical thinking has been negligently relegated to one of those optional General Studies’ courses rarely needed to make up the required credit load. As such, not every department of education in Nigeria offers logic and critical thinking. This is coupled with the fact that in some Nigerian Higher Institutions, logic and critical thinking is managed by unqualified staff. The paper as well finds that knowledge of logic and critical thinking is indispensable in the daily human expressions, decisions, right choices and actions. For deficiency in reasoning skills paves way for errors, deceptions, violence and false democracy. The paper concludes that for Nigeria to initiate and sustain true democracy and development, logic and critical thinking should be centrally paramount in her education system because of its quality of impacting critical reasoning skills and competency in the students and citizenry.
The Role of Sponsors in the Development of Infrastructure in Public Primary Schools in Kenya (Published)
Sponsors have a great influence in the management of public schools in Kenya. This is why they were given the mandate in the Education Act prior to the free primary education of 2003 to oversee the general management of the schools they sponsored. The study sought to establish the influence of sponsors on the management of public primary schools in Wareng Sub-County in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. Informed by the study, this paper examines the influence of sponsors in the development of infrastructure in public primary schools in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and was guided by the Systems theoretical approach. The target population comprised all schools, head teachers, all chairpersons, sponsors’ representatives and one District Quality Assurance Standards Officer in the Sub-County. A sample size of 115 respondents was selected, which comprised 38 head teachers, 38 chairpersons, 38 sponsor representatives and one officer from the District Education Officer’s office. The participants were sampled using quota, purposive and simple random sampling techniques. Since the research was both quantitative and qualitative questionnaires, interviews and observation schedules were used to collect data. Data was analysed using descriptive statistical techniques, specifically frequencies and percentages. The results of the study revealed that sponsors no longer participate in their initial role of developing and funding public primary schools. It emerged the introduction of free primary education has brought confusion over the role of sponsors with those of the head teacher. It was, therefore, recommended that the Ministry of Education needs to review the policy on sponsoring of schools, especially on the rules and rights of sponsors.
This research presents the software approach to the design of self-tilting wheelbarrow. A total of Ninety Five (95) variables were used to form the basis of the computer input. A compact and clear flowchart was presented from which the written command using ‘If’ statement is formed. The output from the printed computer interface shows an accurate, compact, fast and easy design which of course could be easily modified, adapted or manipulated for further design and interchangeability
Development of Exposition Text Writing Teaching Material Based on Reciprocal Teaching Method for Students Class X Sma Negeri 1 Kisaran (Published)
This study aims to know the results of the development of exposition text writing teaching material based on reciprocal teaching method in students class X SMA Negeri 1 Kisaran. The research method used is research and development (R & D) method proposed by Sugiyono refers to Borg & Gall model. The trial subjects consisted of 3 students with individual trials, 9 students with small group trials, and 36 students with limited field trials. Data collection techniques used are observation, interview, questionnaire and expository writing test. The results show that: (1) material expert validation includes content feasibility with an average of 83.59% on very good criteria, presentation feasibility with an average of 87.5% on very good criteria, and language aspects with an average of 86,53% on very good criteria, (2) validation of design experts with an average of 94.16% on very good criteria, (3) teacher response with an average of 92.64% on very good criteria, (4) individual testing with an average of 78.47% on good criteria, (5) small group trial with an average of 84.72% on very good criteria, and (6) limited field trial with an average of 88.02% on very good criteria. The result of the writing test of the expository text of the students before using the module is 70, while the learning result of the writing test of expository text after the students using the module increased by 84.72. The difference is 14.72 from before to after. This proves that the teaching material to write exposition texts developed can improve student learning outcomes by using reciprocal method. The implication of this research is to give a practical contribution especially in the implementation of learning for teachers as additional teaching materials and as a means to assist and facilitate students in understanding the material of exposition texts thus they can be applied to their respective lives.
Development of Writing Teaching Material of Negotiation Text Based on Experience of Students Class X Man 2 Model Padangsidimpuan (Published)
This study aims to find out about the results of development of teaching materials of negotiation text based on experience of students class X MAN 2 Model Padangsidimpuan. The teaching materials developed is modular. The research method used is research and development method of Research and Development (R & D) referenced on Borg & Gall model which proposed by Wina Sanjaya. The result of the research showed that: (1) validation of material experts include the feasibility of the content with an average of 93.75% on very good criteria, the feasibility of presentation with an average of 92.04% on very good criteria, and the evaluation of the language aspect with the average of 92.70% on very good criteria, (2) design expert validation with an average of 84,16% on either criterion, (3) teacher responses with an average of 87.25% on very good criteria, (4) individual testing with an average of 78.23% on either criterion, (5) small group trials with an average of 84.70% on good criteria , and (6) limited field tests with an average of 90.14% on very good criteria. The result of the test is to write the negotiation text of the student before using the module amounts to 70,12, while the result of the test of writing negotiation text of the student after using the module increased by 80,31. The difference is 10,19 from before to after using module. This proves that teaching materials to write negotiation text developed can improve student learning outcomes by using experiential learning.
Development of Drama Text Teaching Material Based on Character Education in Student Class Viii Smp Negeri 1 Batang Kuis (Published)
This study aims to produce drama text writing teaching material absed on character education on students class VIII SMP Negeri 1 Batang Kuis. The research method used is research development method of Research and Development (R & D) which refers to Borg and Gall model. The stages of development are preliminary study stage, initial product development and product trial. Product development through validation of material experts and design experts. The results of material expert validation include the feasibility of the content with an average of 85.15% with very good category, the feasibility of presentation with an average of 83.65% with very good category, and the language assessment with an average of 80.76% with very good category. Expert material design validation results with an average of 79.58% with good category. Product trials were conducted in three stages: individual trials, small group trials and limited field trials. Individual trials with an average of 84.72 with very good category, small group trials with an average of 86.80 with excellent category and unlimited field trials with an average of 91.60 with excellent category. The effectiveness of teaching materials obtained through student learning outcomes during pretest and postes. The average score during pretest is 68.31 and post-test is 80. This proves that teaching material for drama text based on character education is feasible, easy and effective to be used in learning in students class VIII SMP. This study implies improving student learning outcomes in writing drama text using teaching material based on character education.
Development of Discussion Textual Teaching Materials Based on the Finding on Students Class Viii Smp Negeri 4 Medan (Published)
This study aims to find out about the results of the development of discussion textual writing teaching material based on the finding in the seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 4 Medan. The research method used is research and development research and development (R & D) proposed by Vienna Sanjaya refers to Borg & Gall model. The trial subjects consisted of 3 students with individual trials, 9 students with small group trials, and 32 students with limited field trials. Technique of data collection used observation, interviews, questionnaires, and test of writing text. The results showed that: (1) material expert validation includes content feasibility with an average of 89.84% on very good criteria, presentation feasibility with an average of 88.46% on very good criteria, and language assessment with an average of 90.38% on very good criteria, (2) validation of design experts with an average of 92.08% on very good criteria, (3) teacher response with an average of 89.17% on very good criteria, (4) individual testing with an average of 76.39% on good criteria, (5) small group trials with an average of 81.94% on very good criteria, and (6) limited field tests with an average of 92.77% on very good criteria. The result of discussion textual writing test before using the module is 70,87%, while the result of the test of writing discussion text of the student after using the module increased by 80,09%. The difference is 9.22%. from before to after using the module. This proves that teaching materials to write discussion texts developed can improve student learning outcomes by using discovery-based learning.
Understanding Rural-Urban Migration from the Perspectives of Migrants in Agbogbloshie, Ghana (Published)
About half of the urban growth in Africa is accounted for by migrants from rural areas yet we fail to understand migration from the perspectives of the migrants. This paper seeks to understand rural urban migration from the perspective of migrants and how this can inform rural development planning. A mixed research design was adopted to explore the decision making process around migration. In-depth interviews were held with migrants in Agbogbloshie and their families in Yendi where they have come from. The paper found that while rural-urban migration will persist for a long time because of the deprivation in rural areas, migrants have plans to return home. Planning would need to shift from the conventional approaches of general rural development towards a good understanding of rural development problems unique to certain areas.
The Effect of Using Short Stories on the Development of 5th Graders’ Reading Comprehension Skills in Hebron District (Published)
The study aims at investigating the effect of using short stories on the development of 5th graders’ reading comprehension skills. The study was applied on a purposeful sample of 5th grade students in a governmental school in Hebron District in the academic year 2016/2017. The sample included (87) students at The Korean Palestinian Basic School for Boys in Hebron District. Students were assigned to experimental group and control group, the experimental group was taught by using the short stories technique, while the control group was taught by the ordinary method (English for Palestine). The researchers prepared a reading test. Content validity and reliability were established for the instrument. It was 0.8 for the test. The experiment lasted one month, a pre-test and post-test were performed using the reading skills’ test to measure the effect of using short stories technique. The means and standard deviations (ANCOVA) test were used in the study. The findings of the study showed that there were statistically significant differences in students’ reading skills due to the method of teaching in favor of the experimental group. This study recommended that training programs could be offered to train teachers on using the short stories technique. Students need to be provided with opportunities to practice using it. Based on those findings, the study recommended the necessity of implementing modern methods of teaching short stories for better outcomes in students’ reading skills, and more studies should be conducted on different variables and subjects were recommended.