Tag Archives: children

School Exclusion: To Exclude Or Not To Exclude? A Critical Consideration of a Range of Perennial Issues (Published)

This paper reviews the notion of school exclusion. The use of narrative, biographical research has been employed to find out the feelings of children who has been excluded from school. Moreover, alternative perspectives were gained as I interviewed staff at the school about the exclusion process. Issues such as why an exclusion may be beneficial and why on the other hand it may not be of benefit will be considered. Logistical issues such as childcare and the holistic wellbeing of students and practitioners will be addressed.

Keywords: Childcare, Range of Perennial Issues, School Exclusion, Student, children

Vision and Mission of Preschool Intervention Programmes For Special Needs Children in Rivers State (Published)

Pre-school growth requires environmental stimulation that is indispensable for the realization of the child’s inherent potential in the case of a child who has a disability such stimulation is even more important and necessary. This fact is amply demonstrated not only in literature but also in everyday experience. Many researchers have found that training plays significant role in many functions in which maturation of the child is of primary importance. This paper supplies some of the environmental nurture (which are both affective and cognitive) believed to lay the foundation for more formal learning at primary, secondary and higher level of education. It discusses the rationale and the need for intervention programmes for handicapped children. The paper deal specifically with the role of nursery education strategies involving professionals, parents and children in the areas of motor training and timing of intervention. It ended with provision of a number of helpful recommendations

 

Keywords: Preschool Intervention Programmes, Rivers State, Special Needs, Vision and Mission, children

Vision and Mission of Preschool Intervention Programmes For Special Needs Children in Rivers State (Published)

Pre-school growth requires environmental stimulation that is indispensable for the realization of the child’s inherent potential in the case of a child who has a disability such stimulation is even more important and necessary. This fact is amply demonstrated not only in literature but also in everyday experience. Many researchers have found that training plays significant role in many functions in which maturation of the child is of primary importance. This paper supplies some of the environmental nurture (which are both affective and cognitive) believed to lay the foundation for more formal learning at primary, secondary and higher level of education. It discusses the rationale and the need for intervention programmes for handicapped children. The paper deal specifically with the role of nursery education strategies involving professionals, parents and children in the areas of motor training and timing of intervention. It ended with provision of a number of helpful recommendations

Keywords: Preschool Intervention Programmes, Rivers State, Special Needs, Vision and Mission, children

Oral Literature as a Spring-Board for Value Inculcation to Children (Published)

It has been observed that societal ills and vices abound in every nooks and crannies of this country and all over the world. The rate at which the youths are involved in immoral behaviour is a thing of concern to everyone. Many people are of the opinion that the disregard for and loss of our rich indigenous cultural values that encourage morality and good behaviour which the children and youths of the past were known for are responsible for these ugly situations in the country today. Many children and youths do not speak their indigenous language (mother tongue) neither do they understand the culture and traditions of their people. This is not surprising as culture and tradition go hand in hand with language. This paper supports that the only way out is for us to return to our cultural tradition which the people of the past used in entertaining and educating their children and youths. The paper is of the view that oral literature (folktale), when used to lay solid foundation in upbringing and education of the youths, will go a long way in inculcating moral values to them. The paper also advises that parents and teachers should serve as the mirror or model through which the children imitate and imbibe the societal values and aid in curbing immoral behaviour in the society. It also aims proffering a teaching model by which Igbo folktale can serve as a tool for inculcating core values to children and youths.

Keywords: Culture, Oral literature, Tradition, children, folktales, value inculcation

Amenability of Psychologically Traumatised Nigerian Youths to Counselling (Published)

The study investigated the level of trauma experienced by Nigeria children and adolescents.  It also examined the challenges being faced by the teaming population of youths that have been traumatized.  The study identified the various traumatic situations prevailing in Nigeria.  Also, it examined the availability and responsiveness of these youths to available Counselling and adequacy of Counselling.  The traumatic experience of youths seems to be accountable for most of the insurgency, terrorism and restiveness pervading entire Nigeria.  This is because there are occurrences such as kidnapping examination malpractices child trafficking bomb explosion, political offences, economic fraud, religious crisis, ritual killings, abduction drunkenness, armed robbery and so on.  All these seem to have defiled all weapons of sanitation in Nigeria. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used for the study after consulting the entire Nigeria population.  Based on the above discovery Nigeria government should consult the genealogy of harmful traumatic occurrences affecting the youths in Nigeria to be able to nip it in the bud.  Curriculum planners should identify incorporate trauma provoking situations into the school curriculum to be taught.  Counsellors and care givers should be trained on how to reduce and counsel traumatized youths.  Trauma centres to provide hospice services should be established by State and Federal Government. The study could be of benefit to school children parents teachers examination bodies counsellors, curriculum planners, religious leaders, school administrators and law enforcement agents.   They would learn, teach, counsel and ameliorate traumatic and trauma provoking situations.

Keywords: Adolescents, Counselling, Therapy, Trauma, Youths, children

The Journey as Structural and Instrumental Technique in Nigerian Children’s Fiction (Published)

One unique feature of Nigerian children’s literature is the exploitation of the framework of journey to establish the relationship between the physical journey and the journey of life. Thus, the major characters in most books for children are always on a journey. This is very significant, as it helps the child brave up for the unpredictability of life, especially at this time when his mind is still impressionistic. Through textual analysis of select Nigerian children’s fiction, this paper reveals that the journey as used in these children’s books does not only serve structural purposes but also didactic and instructional.

Keywords: Fiction, Journey, Life, Literature, Nigeria, Relationship, children

Appraisal of Cultural Vices Affecting Women and Children Human Rights in Nigeria (Published)

The crux of this paper aimed at defining the concept culture and Human Rights, and to large extend analysis the various cultural factors under mining the smooth thriving of women and children rights currently, the cultural factors are, widowhood rites, female genital mutilation, early/forceful marriage, bride price, son preference/female infanticide, levirate marriage, ritual killing, wife beating, inheritance of wife, woman in purdah, on the part of the children are twins killing, child  witchcraft ,child labour, street begging, child trafficking and finally possible solutions to ameliorate such cultural barriers by way of recommendation and conclusion

Keywords: Child Labour, Culture, Human Right, Nigeria, Women, children

APPRAISAL OF CULTURAL VICES AFFECTING WOMEN AND CHILDREN HUMAN RIGHTS IN NIGERIA (Published)

The crux of this paper aimed at defining the concept culture and Human Rights, and to large extend analysis the various cultural factors under mining the smooth thriving of women and children rights currently, the cultural factors are, widowhood rites, female genital mutilation, early/forceful marriage, bride price, son preference/female infanticide, levirate marriage, ritual killing, wife beating, inheritance of wife, woman in purdah, on the part of the children are twins killing, child witchcraft ,child labour, street begging, child trafficking and finally possible solutions to ameliorate such cultural barriers by way of recommendation and conclusion.

Keywords: Cultural Vices, Human Rights Nigeria, Women, children

ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN WITH RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE AT MOI TEACHING AND REFERRAL HOSPITAL (MTRH), ELDORET, KENYA (Published)

This study sought to determine the echocardiographic profile of paediatric patients with RHD at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya. It employed a cross sectional study carried out between October 2009 and October 2010 in the general peadiatric wards, paediatric outpatient clinic and cardiology clinic at the MTRH. The study subjects were children with RHD aged 3 to 15 years, in total, Eighty four children (28 boys and 56 girls) with RHD were enrolled. Consecutive sampling was done. Data was collected in a structured questionnaire and analyzed using Genstat discovery. From the study findings, most new patients presented in NYHA class 3 and 4. Mitral regurgitation alone was the commonest lesion, followed by mitral regurgitation + aortic regurgitation. New patients had echocardiographic evidence of severe valvular disease and complication implying late presentation. Since most of the new patients had severe disease at diagnosis, emphasis should be put on early detection and primary prevention

Keywords: Echocardiographic, children, paediatric, profile

EFFECT OF MARITAL INSTABILITY ON CHILDREN IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS (Published)

Marriage instability has hindered the growth and progress of many homes and children in Nigeria. Many factors could be responsible for this disappointing situation. The study therefore focused on identifying effects of marital instability on children in Abeokuta Metropolis. A descriptive research method was adopted for the study. The total numbers of two hundred and fifty one (251) respondents were selected from Abeokuta Metropolis using stratified and systematic sampling technique with the use questionnaires to collect information from respondents who participated in the study. The data collected were carefully analysed using percentages supported by chi-square to represent the raw data in a meaningful manner. it was discovered that children of divorced/separated are prone to drug addiction, armed robbery, commercial sex workers and other forms of criminal activity, not only that they also tend to go wayward, naughty, unruly and rebellious. The study also established that children who grow up in a single parent family are more likely to be used for trafficking, rituals and house helps than the children who grow up in an intact family. It is therefore recommended that family counselling be emphasized by the stakeholders (government, religious leaders, and counsellors to minimise instability in the family and effort should be intensified to discourage marital discord

Keywords: Marital Instability; Divorce, Marriage, Metropolis, Separated, children, family

Children Use of Gestures to Communicate In Second Language (Review Completed - Accepted)

This article is an attempt to investigate whether the gestures used by children effect their communication in English. This study explored how children communicate in the second language by using gestures. It determines whether children’s nonverbal behaviors or gestures are positive in communicating in the second language when the children are tired too. This study was done with two boys: namely; Mohammad and Abolfazl, with the age of 7 and 5 respectively, they are learning English language at their home. They are brothers and they are the researcher nephews. They have been taught English for more than 6 months. Of course, it should be mentioned that they can, to some extent, speak English. The researcher has used different pictorial and visual instruments to teach them to talk and communicate in English language, but most of the times, they made use of their gestures to say their purposes. The researcher made use of a kind of video recording at the times of reading the books, watching the films ,and having the snacks and meals. The result shows that the actions accompanied with gestures are more meaningful and communicative, and they learning are fostered and they are more motivated. So it will indicate that children use of gestures to communicate in English is one of the best ways to be used even for the time that they cannot remember the words or when they are too tired to talk

Keywords: Communicate, Fostered, Gestures, Videotaped, children

Parents’ Ethnic Socialization Practices in Shaping Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem of Children in Malaysia (Published)

Parents’ Ethnic Socialization practices play important role in shaping their children’s ethnic identity and is also important for other developmental and behavioral outcomes such as self-esteem, and academic achievement. The present study examined the role of parents’ ethnic socialization practices in shaping ethnic identity and self-esteem of children. A total of 342 children (ages ranging from 10-14 years old) participated in the present study. The modified version of Multi group Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM), The Familial Ethnic Socialization Measure (FESM) and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) were used in this study. The results showed that: i) parents’ ethnic socialization practices were strong predictor of ethnic identity development and self-esteem of the children; iii) the children with a greater ethnic identity exploration exhibited higher self-esteem. The results of this study showed the implications for parents’ ethnic socialization practices in successful multi ethnic families for better child development outcomes.

Keywords: Ethnic Identity development, Parents’ Ethnic Socialization Practices, children, self-esteem

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