Tag Archives: attitude

Interventions by Government and Non-Governmental Organizations towards Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the Attitude Portrayed By the Pokot Community on Repressing FGM (Published)

In the efforts to terminate Female Genital Mutilation globally, in the recent years some religious authorities have openly opposed the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, at least the most radical operations. The paper aims at identifying some of the interventions by the government and non- governmental organizations undertaken to reduce the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya. It also seeks to examine the attitude of the West Pokot Community towards the measures taken by these organizations in stopping FGM. Focus was made in Sook Division of West Pokot County which was selected randomly out of the four locations in the District. A descriptive cross-sectional, qualitative research design was used due to the nature of the study as it inquired about people’s attitudes and feelings on FGM practice and interventions against it. The study considered 63 participants for interviews, all above 18 years; 9 key informants and 54 members of 7 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with between 6-10 participants. Interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The study revealed divided opinions about Female Genital Mutilation among the Pokot. Most of the community members seem to be in favour of the practice, while others are against it. Government and the World Vision Organization are intervening against the practice in the region and most participants seem to have negative perception on the anti FGM measures laid down by the Government and the Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs). To help the community understand and change these cultural practices, there is need to involve other stake holders concerned with the FGM, these include the girls, parents, old women, men, traditional circumcisers with whom the government and Non- governmental organizations should work with.

Keywords: Community, Female Genital Mutilation, Government, Non-governmental Organization, attitude

Socio-cultural Attitudes of Igbomina Tribe toward Marriage and Abortion in Osun and Kwara States of Nigeria (Published)

Abortion has been a social menace and its assessment depended on one’s socio-legal views. Past scholars had concluded that abortion is either a felony or homicide; there is no known empirical study on socio-cultural implications of abortion to marriage in Igbomina tribe in Nigeria. Questionnaire was administered to 1036 respondents, 108 in-depth interviews were conducted and 156 Focus Group Discussions were held. Most (99.8%) respondents were not involved in abortion because 81.2% described induced abortion as a taboo. Majority (78.3%) respondents have seen more than forty women who died from miscarriage in traditional shrines and 59.7% passed through one-miscarriage or pregnancy complications but denied access to abortion. Any form of abortion resulted in marriage divorce, banned from eating natural foods, married outside the clan or total debarred from entry the land. The study found that only positive counseling, informational and educative services could bring about attitudinal change.


Keywords: Abortion, Igbomina tribe, Marriage, Socio-cultural, attitude

Health Education and its Relation with Health Knowledge among College Students in Kuwait (Published)

College is considered one of the important means for health education attainment. Thus, having a profound impact on student’s health, attitude, and behavior. In this study, we assesse and examine the relation of health education intervention with health knowledge and behavior, some these disruptive behaviors include smoking, drugs, injury, disease, individual abuse, stress, mental and emotional health among students of different colleges under PAAET (The Public Authority for Applied Education & training). These colleges are (college of Health Science’s, Nursing, Technological Studies, Basic Education, Business Studies). Besides these colleges, there are numbers of training institutes such as: (The higher Institute of Telecommunication and Navigation, Nursing institute, Secretarial and Office Administration Institute). We also want to inspect the relation between health education, health behavior, and attitude of college students regarding, their age, sex, and education level. Never the less, to elevate health knowledge of these students, in giving them a better healthy lifestyle for their coming future.

Keywords: Behavior, Health education, Knowledge, Students, attitude

Cooperative Learning Method and Junior Secondary Students’ Attitude towards Socially Acceptable Behaviours in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This exploration was a quasi-experimental study which was aimed to investigate the effect of Cooperative Learning Method (CLM)  on the Junior Secondary School (JSS) Students’ Attitude towards Socially Acceptable Behaviours in Port Harcourt Local Government Area(LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. A sample of 240 JSS II students constituted the sample of this study. A validated 10-item instrument titled Students’ Attitudes Towards Socially Acceptable Behaviour Scale (SATSABS) was used for data collection. The reliability of SATSABS was found to be r = 0.76. One research question and one hypothesis guided the study. The experimental group was taught using the cooperative learning method whereas the control group was taught using the lecture method. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question whereas analysis of covariance was used to test the hypothesis at .05 alpha level. The findings showed that students who were taught using cooperative learning method improved in learning more than their counterparts who were taught using lecture method. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in attitude towards socially acceptable behaviours between students taught with CLM and those taught with Lecture Method in favour of CLM. It was recommended among others that teachers should endeavour to adopt CLM in their teaching of students in the junior secondary schools as this has been proven to improve their attitude towards socially acceptable behaviours.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, attitude, junior secondary students’, socially acceptable behaviours

Social studies teachers and students attitudes toward cooperative learning method in junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt (Published)

The study investigated social studies teachers and students attitudes toward Cooperative Learning Method (CLM) in Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) in Port Harcourt Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 240 JSS II students with an average age of 12 years and 11 social studies teachers participated in the study.  Two validated 10-item instruments, Students Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (SATCLMS) and Teachers Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (TATCLMS) were used for data collection. The test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the instruments to obtain reliability indices of 0.78 and 0.86 for SATCLMS and TATCLMS respectively. Two research questions guided the exploration. Percentages and frequency were used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study were that both teachers and students had positive attitudes towards CLM, however, teachers had more positive attitudes toward CLM than the students. It was recommended among others that teachers of social studies should adopt the CLM in their instructions in the classroom so as to impact on the attitudes of the students.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, Social Studies, Student, Teacher, attitude, junior secondary school

Cooperative Learning Method and Junior Secondary Students’ Attitude towards Citizenship Education in Social Studies in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

The study explored the effect of cooperative learning method on the Junior secondary students’ attitude towards citizenship education in social Studies Port Harcourt local Government area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was adopted. A total of 240 students participated in the study. There were 120 students in the experimental and control groups respectively. A validated 10-item instrument titled Students Attitude towards Citizenship Education Scale (SATCES) was used for data collection. In order to establish the reliability of the instrument used in this research work, the test- retest method was used to obtain r = 0.82 as the reliability index of SATCES. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Line graph, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions whereas paired sample t-test and ANCOVA were used to test the hypotheses at .05 alpha level. The findings were that cooperative learning method significantly influenced students attitudes towards citizenship education, there was a significant main effect of treatment on the students’ attitude towards citizenship education. The study recommended among others that teachers of social studies should always adopt CLM in the teaching of the subject for the enhancement of the attitudes of the students.

Keywords: Citizenship Education, Cooperative learning method, Social Studies, attitude, junior secondary students’

Socio-Cultural and Environmental Determinants of Youth Gambling: Evidence from Ghana (Published)

The gambling behaviour of the youth is among the least explored research areas in Ghana. Most previous study focused on youth and employment, youth and development, youth and politics, youth empowerment, youth and education, youth and HIV/AIDS and more recently youth and agriculture. The big question is how much do we know about youth and problem gambling as Ghanaians? This study deployed social learning theory and social conflict theory by Albert Bandura and Karl Max respectively as the underpinning philosophies to assess youth gambling attitude in Ghana in order to fill this knowledge gap. A cross sectional descriptive survey approach was adopted for this study. Stratified sampling technique was used to select 200 youth from all the nine sub metro within Kumasi metropolis. Structured questionnaire was the main instrument used in gathering primary data. Data were analyzed with Predictive Analytic Software (PASW) for windows. The results were presented using regression, correlation, ANOVA and percentages. The study revealed that all the factors outlined to predict youth gambling behaviour were significant (R2 = 0.822, ANOVA < 0.05). Furtherance, 1% change in familial factors will bring 70.7% (0.8412) in youth attitude towards gambling. Moreover, 1% change in social factors will bring 22.9% (0.4792) change in youth attitude towards gambling. Also, a unit change in cultural and demographic factors will bring 4.7% (0.2192) change in youth attitude towards gambling. Finally, a unite change in environmental factor will bring 2% (0.1422) change in youth attitude towards gambling. It is recommended that future studies should consider factors such as cognitive and economic factors to determine youth gambling behaviour.

Keywords: Cultural and Environmental factors, Gambling, Ghana, Social, Youth, attitude

Perception and Attitude of University of Cape Coast Students on Homosexuality (Published)

Homosexuality has received a great deal of attention in public and current scholarly research especially after the United States of America has unanimously legalized  in the the whole country. In view of this, the research purported to find out the perception and attitude of University of Cape Coast students on homosexuality. A survey research design was used with structured questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. The research was conducted at the University of Cape Coast; participants were randomly sampled. Four hundred students from Level 300 in the College of Education Studies were used.The findings of the research revealed that University of Cape Coast students frown on homosexuality. Students do not want homosexuals to be their leaders or hold positions in the university. In their opinion homosexuals should not be taken as role models; they rather had sympathy and care for the homosexuals about negative treatment meted out to them. Students have the attitude of giving help to the homosexuals when the need arises but they are disgusted about homosexuality. Students would feel uncomfortable if their roommates were to be homosexuals and would not want homosexuals to be allowed to adopt children. It was also discovered that there was no gender difference in the perception and attitude of the students on homosexuality. In the light of these findings, these recommendations were made; that University of Cape Coast should be clear on rules and regulations regarding homosexuality as the students’ handbook which serves as a guide to students is silent about it. That there should be public education on homosexuality. That the Counselling Centre should be on the alert to assist homosexuals and those who might be traumatized because of the activities of the homosexuals.

Keywords: Behaviour and Practice., Gay, Heterosexual, Lesbian, Perception, attitude, homosexual.

ICT Adoption Attitude of Lecturers (Published)

With ex post facto research method, this study investigated the attitude of lecturers towards the adoption of Information and Communication Technology, abbreviated as ICT, in teaching and research in federal and state-owned universities in Nigeria. Four research questions and null hypotheses were respectively, answered and tested. A stratified sample of 400 lecturers (251 males and 149 females) was randomly drawn from one federal university and one state university. A factor analyzed 55 items instrument with high construct validity and three-factor loadings was used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument, using the Cronbach alpha method, showed reliability coefficients of 0.67, 0.62, and 0.51 for attitude, competence, and accessibility factor loadings, respectively. Data analysis was done with the use of independent samples t-test and One-way ANOVA for testing the hypotheses. Results revealed that gender and area of specialization have no significant difference in the attitude of lecturers’ towards ICT adoption in teaching and research. On years of experience, moderately and less experienced lecturers are more competent in the use of ICTs than their highly experienced counterparts. ICT facilities are significantly more accessible the Federal university (University of Port Harcourt) than the State university (Rivers State University of Science and Technology). University management should motivate and encourage lecturers to participate in ICT training programs, lecturers especially highly experienced should be well motivated to develop their ICT competence.

Keywords: Area of specialization, Federal Universities, Gender, ICT, ICT competence, Information and Communication Technology, Lecturers, State universities, Years of experience, and ICT access; Adoption of ICT, attitude

Comparative Assessment of Cocoa Farmers’ Knowledge and Attitude to Trainings on Good Cultural Management Practices (CMP) in Ogun and Ondo States, Nigeria (Published)

Nigeria is one of the leading cocoa producing countries in West Africa. However, since the discovery of crude oil there has been a decline in cocoa production which resulted in Nigeria losing its leading position as the foremost cocoa exporter to Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana. To revitalize the cocoa production in Nigeria series of efforts are put in place including training of farmers on improved Cultural Management Practices (CMP). This study therefore compared cocoa farmers’ knowledge and attitude to trainings on good cultural management practices in Ogun and Ondo States, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling techniques were used to select 320 cocoa farmers in the study areas. Data obtained were analysed with both descriptive and inferential statistics. Result of the study showed that the mean age of the respondents was 52.8 years with 83.4% of the respondents married and 75.9% of the respondents had primary education. Most (82.8%) of the respondents were male while few (17.2%) were female in cocoa production. Most (83.40%) of the respondents harvested about 10kg/ha from their cocoa farms. The average income generated from cocoa was 44,237/kg. Cocoa farmers always got information from Cocoa Certification Agencies (59.4%), cocoa farmers association (54.4%) and radio/television (50.9%). Most (92.5%) of the respondents had wealth of knowledge in selecting suitable site for cocoa production and minimum tillage practices (98.4%). The result further revealed that majority (65.3%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they would spend more money to participate in future CMP trainings and that the training is beneficial (84.1%) hence, satisfied with it (86.2%). All the respondents affirmed that CMP training is an eye opener to a better cocoa farming practices (100%). Also, almost all the respondents (99.4%) reported that they select suitable land for cocoa production, construct nursery bed, select improved seeds variety, and slash weeds underneath cocoa trees. Above ninety percent of cocoa farmers apply fertilizer at rate of 375kg/ha, spray prescribed insecticides and fungicides, and harvest ripe cocoa pods with sharp cutlasses. Major constraints to cocoa production and CMP in the study areas are poor feeder roads (100%), irregular supply of agro-inputs (90.0%), and instability in government policy (88.4%). Result of linear regression showed a significant relationship between socio-economic and cultural management practices at p < 0.05 level of significance. However, result of the t-test analysis indicated that significant difference did not exist in the cocoa cultural management practices in Ogun and Ondo States (t = 2.42, p = 0.06). The study concludes that majority of the cocoa farmers carried out Cultural Management Practices to obtain good yield, and has positive attitude towards CMP trainings as it is highly beneficial to their cocoa farming.

Keywords: Cocoa, Cultural Management Practices, Farmers, Knowledge, Trainings, attitude

Attitude of Botho University Sports Management Students towards the Sports Management Programme: A Critical Analysis and Reflection (Published)

The narrative on attitudes of students and how these attitudes shape and define how students behave in a learning situation has been a subject of heightened discussion in many academic fora. Studies show that how people react or respond to something is more often than not motivated by their attitude towards it. Literature is also abound with information related to attitudes of students towards sport and physical activity but very little if any of such literature captures issues of attitudes of university students towards Sports Management. This study therefore examined the attitudes of Botho University (BU) Sports Management students towards their sport management programme and causative factors to such attitudes. All students (N = 33) in the department of Sports Management were selected to participate in the study. A structured questionnaire that employed a 5-point Likert scale was used for data collection. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 22. Results of the study showed that Sports Management students had very positive attitudes towards their programme and this was due to among others, state of the art resources they used for learning, a conducive learning environment at the university with technology that supports learning.

Keywords: Botho University, Programme, Sports Management, Students, attitude

Perceptions Towards Attitude of Rural Leaders Towards Some Agricultural Technologies in Malaysia Paddy Farming (Published)

Paddy is the primary staple food crop. In Malaysia there are 0.3 million paddy farmers in Malaysia. The farm sizes of 65% of general paddy farmers are underneath one hectare.As the rural leaders play a function in important programs in agricultural extension. However, The study was conducted to determine the attitude of rural leaders towards Some Agricultural Technologies In Malaysia Paddy Farming,and explore the relationship between the selected characteristics of the respondents. Data were collected through personal interview from 260 randomly selected in MADA area.District during April to June 2015. A five point Likert scale was used to determine the attitude of rural leaders.The majority (57.7%) of the respondents had a moderate level of attitude. The correlation analysis between socio- demographic characteristics and attitude statements show that there is a positive and significant relationship between variable occupation attitudinal statements, and a negative relationship was also found to exist between the paddy income and the respondent’s  attitude at 0.05 level of significance.

Keywords: Agricultural Technologies, Paddy Farming, Rural Leaders, attitude

Evaluation of Team Composition Activities amongst Health Workers in Nigeria Using Logistic Regression Analysis (Published)

This study evaluated team composition activities amongst health workers in Nigeria using Delta State University Teaching Hospital as a case. The objectives of this study were to determine the contribution of demographic variables on the likelihood of knowledge of team in health care, to ascertain the impact of demographic variables on the likelihood of knowledge of inter-professional team composition activities and to determine the attitude competence that contributes significantly to the likelihood of knowledge of team amongst health workers in Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara. The source of data used was primary source of data collection with the aid of questionnaire administered to 204 health workers at Delta State University Teaching Hospital Oghara. The statistical tools employed in this study include; the logistic regression analysis, percentage distribution, bar chart and pie chart analysis.  The findings of this study revealed that 57.8% of the respondents have knowledge of team for health care, while 44.1% of the respondents have knowledge of Inter-professional team composition for healthcare. The result of the Nagelkerke R Square showed that the logistic model explained the likelihood of knowledge of team for healthcare strongly than the likelihood of knowledge of inter-professional team composition for healthcare. This result implies that majority of the workers have knowledge of team than knowledge of inter-professional team composition.  Also, it was found that the attitude competencies that contributed significantly to the logistic model for likelihood of knowledge of team for health care were facilitation of participation and judgement attitude. The result further revealed that the attitude competencies identified to enhance effective healthcare were cooperative attitude, encouraging others and positive attitude.

Keywords: Competence, Healthcare, Likelihood, attitude

Review of Factors Affecting Second Language Learning (Published)

This paper is a review of the extent socio-psychological factors can affect second language learning. Socio-psychological factors, like motivations, attitude and stereotyping and neurological factors play an important role in the process of learning a second or foreign language. However, scholarly views differ on how much effect these factors have on second language learning. This paper illustrates the different views towards these socio-psychological factors and their neurological correlations.

Keywords: Motivation, attitude, neurological factors., second/foreign language learning, socio-psychological factors, stereotyping


The purpose of this study was to explore perception of teachers on their attitude toward the teaching of essay writing in Onueke Education zone of Ebonyi State. Three research questions and a null hypothesis guided the work. Questionnaire was used as the instrument. A trial test was carried out and tested for reliability and a value of 0.75 was obtained from the test. The instrument was further subjected to face validation. Language teachers – English, Igbo and French totaling 374 drawn from 59 secondary schools served as the population and out of this number, 120 language teachers – 60 males and 60 females were selected using simple random sampling technique. All the responses on the three research questions indicated that although essay writing is very important in the intellectual development of students, yet most teachers’ exhibit non-challant attitude in teaching essay writing. These poor attitudes were discovered to be as a result of the complex nature of essay writing, high students/teacher population and non-motivation of teachers. The hypothesis showed that significance difference does not exist in the perception of both male and female language teachers. It was suggested that teachers should offer selfless services and take the teaching of essay writing very seriously using better instructional strategy. Also the government should motivate the teachers and employ more teachers to lessen the burden of language teachers.

Keywords: Essay, Organization, Perception, attitude, writing


Motivation is the driving force that puts a person in action to achieve his/her goal. Motivation determines the direction of the action. The present study attempts to interpret what important factors affect the motivation of Saudi students in English. The study also looks at the relationship between English language learning motivation of Saudi students and their achievement in English. The data were collected from preparatory year programme, Najran university students. The quantitative approach has been used for data. The major finding of the study is that students don’t want to be looked down upon as ignorant. It has been found that students prefer to learn English due to its international hype and they want to look like English people because they are very impressed by the western culture. The findings also reveal that there is a positive correlation between Saudi students’ motivation and their achievement in English. The study shows interesting effects of motivational factors in learning English.

Keywords: Arab Students, Motivation, Preparatory Year, SLA, attitude


To achieve the objectives of education it requires motivated and satisfied teachers in most institutions, however, in Kenya teachers have always expressed lack of motivation and satisfaction in their jobs. This manifests that there is low morale in teaching profession and underperformance could be evident. This study set out to investigate on the factors influencing teacher job satisfaction levels amongst teachers Lang’ata District. People do not develop their potential if their esteem is low when one feels unappreciated at their work they are unlikely to be creative. Scholars have observed that teachers lack motivation at their work place leads to poor performance in their duties as teachers which consequently affects students’ performance especially in the national examinations. However despite these observations, it is not clear which factors account for teachers’ motivation and job satisfaction in Kenya. This study therefore, investigated the factors which influence motivation and job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in order to enhance performance and consequently raise academic standards.
Job satisfaction is considered a key cause for teacher shortage, according to educational policy makers in

Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Public Secondary Schools, Working conditions, attitude


This study did a comparative analysis of the attitude of students towards Science and Art courses. Also, a comparison of the attitude of male and female students towards Arts and Science courses was done. The population consisted of all the students of senior secondary schools from the six south-western states of Nigeria. The sample consisted of 1440 students selected using stratified sampling technique. The instrument used was the Science-Oriented Attitudinal Scale (SOAS) adopted from Omirin (1999). The instrument was already validated by the author, with the item validity coefficients ranging between 0.31 and 0.57, and a reliability coefficient of 0.89. Two null hypotheses were generated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that there was a significant difference between the attitude of students towards Science and Art courses. The result further showed that the attitude of male and female students towards Science and Art courses are not different. Based on the results of this study, some recommendations were made. It was recommended that teachers should be encouraged to instill positive attitudes in students towards both Science and Art courses. Attitude and interest of students should be used as one of the yardsticks for admission into schools

Keywords: Art courses, Attitudinal scale, Interest, Performance, Positive attitude, Science courses, attitude


Just like any other aspect of health education and promotion, the attitude of the community to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) will largely determine how they can benefit from it. This cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the attitude towards Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation among secondary school students in our community. The population for the study was the students in Senior Secondary School I and II in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Four hundred (400) students were purposively drawn from four secondary schools in the area and served copies of a validated questionnaire while 372 properly filled ones were returned, giving a response rate of 93%. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS17.0). The findings revealed that 98.8% exhibited positive attitude towards learning CPR among others. It was concluded that this can form a strong basis to introduce the teaching of CPR in their school curriculum so as to prepare them to be effective bystanders in situations of emergency needing CPR.

Keywords: CPR, Nigeria, attitude, secondary school students


This study examined theadolescents’ knowledge and attitude towards regular healthcare as a way of improving HIV/STDs testing and treatment among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria. This study employed the descriptive research design type. Two hundred and twenty participants selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling technique were used for the study. One main instrument was used in collecting data. Data was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and T-test. Results showed a significant relationship between students’ knowledge and attitude to regular healthcare on the testing and treatment of HIV/STDs (r = .167, N= 220, P < .05). Also, a significant difference in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 3.065, DF = 218, P < .05) while no significant difference was found in the attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 1.096, df = 218, P < .05) of regular healthcare as a factor in the testing and treatment of HIV/ STDs among private and public secondary schools’ students. A gender difference in attitude(t-cal = 2.310, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05) toward regular healthcare was observed but not in knowledge (t-cal = .528, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05). Also, no significant differences were found in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.323, DF = 218, P > .05 level) and attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.259, DF = 218, P > .05) towards HIV/STDs Testing and Treatment of single parenting and intact home (both parents) respondents.On the basis of the findings, it was established that while the majority of secondary students had heard about HIV/STDs, their knowledge was inadequate. Thus, schools have a role to play in facilitating the access of young people to necessary reproductive health services and to link education and services so that students may bridge knowledge and attitudes with action

Keywords: Adolescents, HIV/STD, Knowledge, Nigeria, Oyo State, attitude, regular healthcare, secondary school students

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