Tag Archives: attitude

Teachers Attitude towards Improvisation, Its Effects on the Study of Science at the Junior High Schools in Aowin Municipality-Ghana (Published)

Teaching science requires science teachers to provide enough materials to enable students to learn by using all their senses. Therefore, where the schools are isolated or inaccessible, materials can be improvised to enhance science teaching and learning.  This paper seeks to investigate the attitudes of teachers towards improvisation and its effects on the study of science and to suggest recommendations for school administrators. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire. Data for the study were obtained by administering 120 questionnaires to 120 teachers. Ten public Junior High Schools were selected. 12 teachers were sampled randomly from each Junior School making a total of 120. 120 questionnaires were fully answered and returned. The data were analyzed using frequency counts and percentages.  .

Keywords: Achievement, Improvisation, Learning, Perception, Teaching, attitude

Effect of Behavioural Modification Therapy on Attitude of Youths towards Peace Building in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the effect of Behavioural Modification Therapy on youth’ attitude towards peace building in Maiduguri metropolis, Borno State-Nigeria. Three null hypotheses were raised and tested using t-test and one-way ANOVA. Quasi-experimental design was adopted where participants were exposed to Behavioural Modification  Therapy for a period of four weeks training. Twenty youths with poor attitude towards peace building were selected for the study in Maiduguri metropolis.Attitude of youths, towards peace building questionnaires (AYTPBQ) was used for the study. Its Cronbach Alpha reliability obtained was .891. The results revealed that there were no significant age, gender and religious differences on attitude of youths towards peace building in Maiduguri  metropolis.  Effect of Behavioural Modification Therapy on the attitude of youths towards building were found to be significant. That is Behavioural Modification Therapy brought about significant change in youth’s attitude   toward peace building. Based on the findings, it was concluded that Behavioural Modification Therapy would change youth’s attitude towards peace building. It was recommended that counsellors should engage youths in counselling to change their attitude, violence, thereby reducing their participation in violent activities. That is, youths involvement with violent groups will be minimized when there is effective counselling.

Keywords: Building and Youths, Peace, attitude

Appraisal Practices In Pre-Tertiary Institutions: Evidence from Appraisees (Published)

Performance appraisal is regarded as an important tool that enhances improvement in staff performance and institutional efficiency and productivity. It has consequently become a routine practice for administrators and authorities of institutions. The study set out to examine teachers’ knowledge on rationales for performance appraisal, their perception of the practice, their attitude towards its implementation and their concerns about it. The descriptive study employed a questionnaire as a data collection tool. The data was analysed descriptively and the results are presented in means and standard deviations. The results showed that the teachers had little knowledge on the objectives for conducting performance appraisal. Again, they held a negative perception about it and also had an unfavourable attitude towards it. The study also unveiled concerns that the participants had about performance appraisal, which need to be addressed to enhance its implementation. Recommendations have been proffered for policy and practice.    

Keywords: Appraisal Results., Challenges, Objectives, Perception, Performance Appraisal, attitude

“Hail University Students’ Attitudes Towards the Use of Electronic Communication to Enrich the Field Training Program and Solving Some of Its Problems (Published)

The study aimed to detect Hail University students’ attitudes towards use electronic communication to enrich the field training program and solving some of its Problems, at second semester (2016/2017). The intentional sample consisted of (35) students. To achieve the goals, researcher developed a questionnaire consisted of (33) items. The reliability and stability has been verified. The results showed the effectiveness of electronic communication used in solving some of the problems of field training program, and showed positive trends among respondents about the use of electronic communication in the field training program. Finally, in light of these finding some recommendations were stated

Keywords: E-mail, Field Training, WhatsApp, attitude

Influences of Emotional Intelligence and Self-Regulation on Attitude towards Unethical Work Behaviour among Academic Staff of Selected Tertiary Institutions in Nasarawa State (Published)

As custodian of knowledge and agents of change, the academics has a responsibility to demonstrate ethical behavior, maintain a professional working environment and provide services with a benevolent and caring attitude. In recent time, there has been an upsurge in the rate of unethical work behavior among academic staff which is becoming alarming. Despite all that is required of them with regard to ethics and discipline, a critical observation of the conduct of some academic staff in Nigeria has revealed a departure from this norm. Therefore, the study set out to examine the roles of emotional intelligence and self-regulation on attitude towards unethical work behavior among academic staff of Nigerian tertiary institutions. This study is an ex-post facto survey, with attitudes towards unethical behavior as a dependent variable and emotional intelligence and self-regulation as major independent variables. The study sample comprised two hundred and fifty members of academic staff randomly selected from the three selected tertiary institutions in Nasarawa State. The instrument of data collection for this study is questionnaire and were analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The study revealed that emotional intelligence, self-regulation, age, gender and educational qualification contribute significantly to variance in attitude towards unethical work behavior. Recommendation includes that proper orientation and refresher workshop should be enhanced to include value analysis, with regard to ethical principles that may be unclear to academic staff. The analysis should include basic explanations of professional ethics.

Keywords: Academic Staff, Emotional Intelligence, Unethical Work Behavior, attitude, self-regulation

Health Education and Its Relation with Health Knowledge among College Students in Kuwait (Published)

College is considered one of the important means for health education attainment. Thus, having a profound impact on student’s health, attitude, and behavior. In this study, we assesse and examine the relation of health education intervention with health knowledge and behavior, some these disruptive behaviors include smoking, drugs, injury, disease, individual abuse, stress, mental and emotional health among students of different colleges under PAAET (The Public Authority for Applied Education & training). These colleges are (college of Health Science’s, Nursing, Technological Studies, Basic Education, Business Studies). Besides these colleges, there are numbers of training institutes such as: (The higher Institute of Telecommunication and Navigation, Nursing institute, Secretarial and Office Administration Institute). We also want to inspect the relation between health education, health behavior, and attitude of college students regarding, their age, sex, and education level. Never the less, to elevate health knowledge of these students, in giving them a better healthy lifestyle for their coming future.

Keywords: Behavior, Health education, Knowledge, Students, attitude

Finding the Nexus between Students’ Profiles and Attitude towards ESP: The Case of Vietnamese Medical Students Purposes (Published)

The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between students’ profile and their attitude in learning English as a foreign language. The respondents were 82 second year undergraduate students studying medicine at Thaibinh University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Vietnam. The research instrument is a Likert questionnaire including two parts: Bio Data and Attitude towards ESP. The study was basically a quantitative research utilizing the descriptive-correlational method and SPSS software to describe and investigate the relationship between students’ select profile variables and their attitude towards English for Specific Purposes (ESP). The findings from this study illustrated that there is a significant relationship between Thaibinh medical students’ attitude towards ESP and their mothers’ education, number of years of studying English, grades in EGP (English for General Purposes) and ESP and native language. Findings also revealed that the profile variables not related to the students’ attitude towards ESP are fathers’ educational attainment and sex.

Keywords: ESP, Medical Student, Relationship, attitude, profile

Selected Variables Influencing Undergraduate Students’ Attitude toward Educational Research Writing In University Of Port Hacourt, Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated selected variables influencing undergraduate students’ attitude toward educational research writing in Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt. Four research questions and three hypotheses tested at 0.05 alpha level guided the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. A sample of 561 final year undergraduate students was drawn from the population through stratified random sampling technique based on the six departments of the Faculty. The four instruments used for data collection were Research self-concept Scale (RSS); Research Anxiety Scale (RAS), Research Achievement Motivation Scale (RAMS) and Research Attitude Questionnaire (RAQ). These were validated by experts in Educational Psychology, measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficients of RSS, RAS, RAMS and RAQ were 0.72, 0.69, 0.81 and 0.76 respectively which were determined through Cronbach Alpha technique for internal consistency of the instruments. Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test of independent sample means. The results revealed that self-concept, research anxiety and achievement motivation significantly influence attitude of undergraduate students toward educational research writing. Based on these results, recommendations were made including that school guidance counselors should endeavour to counsel students with low self-concept, low achievement motivation and high anxiety pertaining their academic progress especially in educational research writing.

Keywords: Achievement Motivation., Anxiety, Education, Research Writing, Self-Concept, attitude

An Evaluation of EFL Students’ Attitudes toward English Language Learning In Terms of Several Variables (Published)

The present study sheds light on the attitudes of Al-Balqa Applied University students towards learning English as a foreign language. The study also investigated the effect of  the learners’ gender and field of study on the attitudes they hold. The random sample of 176 students consisted of 68 (38.6%) males and 108 (61.4%) females. 67 (38.1%) of the respondents were majoring in the scientific faculties, and 109 (61.9%) were enrolled in the different faculties of humanities. The descriptive and inferential statistics revealed that the sample students held positive attitudes towards learning English. Gender was found to be an effective variable since females proved to be more positive in their attitudes. No differences were assigned to the students’ academic field of study.

Keywords: English, Field of study, Foreign Language, Gender, attitude

Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitude towards Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) As a Pedagogical Tool in Teacher Education (Published)

The study investigated pre-service teachers’ attitude towards application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a pedagogical tool in teacher education. A sample of 365 of pre-service teachers of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria was used for the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in carrying out the study. A 4-point type of questionnaire titled “Pre-service Teachers’ Attitude towards ICT Application Scale (PSTAICTAS)” was used to generate data. It had reliability coefficient (r) of .76 determined using Pearson’s product moments correlation coefficient formula. The data generated was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research question while the hypothesis was tested using t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that pre-service teachers had positive attitude towards ICT as a pedagogical tool irrespective of their gender. Based on the findings, it was recommended that educators in teacher training institutions should apply ICT tools in their lecture delivery to enable pre-service teachers benefit from it.

Keywords: ICT, Pedagogical Tool, Pre-Service Teachers, Teacher Education, attitude

Consumer Attitude toward Fumigation Services In Aba, Abia State (Published)

The study assessed the attitude of consumers toward fumigation services in Aba. Survey method was adopted with a target population of 66,920 landlords of residential buildings in Aba metropolis, as derived from the current National Population Census Enumeration Areas (Field Survey). The population comprised landlords of Aba North (9,560), Aba South (38,240) and Osisioma (19,120) Local Government Areas. Stratified, convenience and judgmental sampling procedures were used.The sample size of 398 was determined using Yamane (1967) formula (Eboh, 2009). Applying Bowley’s proportional allocation statistical technique, the sample size for each category was estimated; Aba North (57), Aba South (227) and Osisioma (114). One hypothesis and a research question guided the study. Primary and secondary sources of data were accessed. The primary data were collected   through the researcher’s self-designed questionnaire titled “Consumer Self-Assessment Questionnaire(CSAQ)”.In the questionnaire, the  five point Likert Scale was used to measure the direction of attitude (favour or disfavour) of the respondents and the extent of their feeling( intensity of attitude) toward fumigation services, where Very Favourable(VF),Favourable(F),Neutral(N), Unfavourable(U),Very Unfavourable(VU) denote the values;5,4,3,2,1 respectively. In-depth interviews were held with the respondents. Attitudes of consumers were inferred from what they said and indicated on the questionnaire. Pilot survey was conducted. The instrument was validated by experts’ opinions. Using Cronbach’s Alpha technique, the reliability coefficient of 0.961 was determined, reflecting high degree of internal consistency of the research instrument (Gliem, et al, 2003). At 0.05 level of significance and 18 degrees of freedom, the hypothesis was tested using one way ANOVA technique and Minitab software package. The study revealed that the extent of consumers’ attitude, at zero percent intensity, was non-significant to favour fumigation services in Aba metropolis.

Keywords: Consumer, Fumigation, Services Marketing, Vertebrates and Pest Control., attitude

Influence of School Location on Students Attitude towards Mathematics and Basic Science (Published)

The study investigated “influence of school location on student’s attitude towards mathematics and basic science”. It adopted survey design. One research question and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. One hundred and sixty six (166) students formed the sample of this study, two (2) validated and reliable instruments namely Mathematics and Basic Science Achievement Test (MBSAT) and Students Location Test (SLT) were used to collect data for this study. Analysis of the data results showed that; there was no significant difference in the mean performance scores between urban and rural school students with positive attitude towards mathematics and basic science using the independent t-test analysis. Based on these findings, some suggestions and recommendations were made on the need for students to develop positive attitude towards the study of mathematics and basic science despites a student location. This is because attitude is a good predictor of academic performance particularly in mathematics and basic science.

Keywords: Basic Science, MBSAT, Mathematics, School Location, Students, attitude

Analysis of the Attitude of College Students towards Mobile Phone Usage in Nigeria (Published)

This study was conducted to investigate the attitudes of college students toward mobile phone usage in Nigeria. Six hundred and forty randomly selected 300- and 400- level students of the University of Ibadan, Oyo State and the Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro, Ogun State were involved in the study. The study was conducted in a classroom environment during the schools’ continuous assessment (CA) week. After information was collected from the students, their test scores were obtained from their faculties. The test scores were compared to the scores obtained from the questionnaires. It was realized that the academic discipline of the college students as well as their area of residence do not make them perceive or use their mobile phones differently. Also, gender was found to be an important determinant of mobile phone usage among the students. In addition, no significant relationship was established between the mobile phone usage and their academic performance. It was then recommended that operational involvement and practical prevention programs, which would discourage mobile phone addiction in students, should be developed and configured in all cell phones. Also, management of colleges must constantly inform and reorient their students about the negative and positive effects of their mobile phone uses. In addition, authorities of the schools as well as policy makers must formulate rules for students to concentrate on their lectures totally without fiddling with their mobile phones during lectures

Keywords: Gender, Mobile Phone, Mobile Phone Addiction, Residence and Academic Performance., attitude

Interventions by Government and Non-Governmental Organizations towards Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the Attitude Portrayed By the Pokot Community on Repressing FGM (Published)

In the efforts to terminate Female Genital Mutilation globally, in the recent years some religious authorities have openly opposed the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, at least the most radical operations. The paper aims at identifying some of the interventions by the government and non- governmental organizations undertaken to reduce the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya. It also seeks to examine the attitude of the West Pokot Community towards the measures taken by these organizations in stopping FGM. Focus was made in Sook Division of West Pokot County which was selected randomly out of the four locations in the District. A descriptive cross-sectional, qualitative research design was used due to the nature of the study as it inquired about people’s attitudes and feelings on FGM practice and interventions against it. The study considered 63 participants for interviews, all above 18 years; 9 key informants and 54 members of 7 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with between 6-10 participants. Interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The study revealed divided opinions about Female Genital Mutilation among the Pokot. Most of the community members seem to be in favour of the practice, while others are against it. Government and the World Vision Organization are intervening against the practice in the region and most participants seem to have negative perception on the anti FGM measures laid down by the Government and the Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs). To help the community understand and change these cultural practices, there is need to involve other stake holders concerned with the FGM, these include the girls, parents, old women, men, traditional circumcisers with whom the government and Non- governmental organizations should work with.

Keywords: Community, Female Genital Mutilation, Government, Non-governmental Organization, attitude

Bangladeshi College Students’ Attitude towards English Language Learning (Published)

This paper is an exploration of Bangladeshi college students’ attitude towards English language learning. Learners’ attitude towards any language can be either positive or negative. Students with positive attitudes put more efforts into the job of learning a foreign language and therefore learn it better, faster and easier than those with negative attitudes towards the same language. Therewith, gender could be one of the factors influencing students’ attitudes towards ESL / EFL learning. The present piece of research was undertaken on 50 Bangladeshi college (higher secondary) students with a view to finding their behavioral and emotional attitudes towards English language learning and the study came up with a finding that the students hold positive attitude and there is no statistically significant difference in attitudes between males and females. In this research a questionnaire survey on participants’ behavioral and emotional attitudes was carried out and the colleted data were put in SPSS and thereafter the statistical results were interpreted. A Mann-Whitney U Test was performed to get the result of the difference of attitude on the basis of gender. The findings are expected to add significance to the body of research done in the relevant area and help teachers and syllabus designers re-set the pedagogical principles of English language learning and teaching at college level in Bangladesh in particular.

Keywords: EFL Learner., ESL/ EFL learning, Gender, attitude

Interventions by Government and Non-Governmental Organizations towards Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the Attitude Portrayed By the Pokot Community on Repressing FGM (Published)

In the efforts to terminate Female Genital Mutilation globally, in the recent years some religious authorities have openly opposed the continued practice of Female Genital Mutilation, at least the most radical operations. The paper aims at identifying some of the interventions by the government and non- governmental organizations undertaken to reduce the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya. It also seeks to examine the attitude of the West Pokot Community towards the measures taken by these organizations in stopping FGM. Focus was made in Sook Division of West Pokot County which was selected randomly out of the four locations in the District. A descriptive cross-sectional, qualitative research design was used due to the nature of the study as it inquired about people’s attitudes and feelings on FGM practice and interventions against it. The study considered 63 participants for interviews, all above 18 years; 9 key informants and 54 members of 7 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with between 6-10 participants. Interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The study revealed divided opinions about Female Genital Mutilation among the Pokot. Most of the community members seem to be in favour of the practice, while others are against it. Government and the World Vision Organization are intervening against the practice in the region and most participants seem to have negative perception on the anti FGM measures laid down by the Government and the Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs). To help the community understand and change these cultural practices, there is need to involve other stake holders concerned with the FGM, these include the girls, parents, old women, men, traditional circumcisers with whom the government and Non- governmental organizations should work with.

Keywords: Community, Female Genital Mutilation, Government, Non-governmental Organization, attitude

Socio-cultural Attitudes of Igbomina Tribe toward Marriage and Abortion in Osun and Kwara States of Nigeria (Published)

Abortion has been a social menace and its assessment depended on one’s socio-legal views. Past scholars had concluded that abortion is either a felony or homicide; there is no known empirical study on socio-cultural implications of abortion to marriage in Igbomina tribe in Nigeria. Questionnaire was administered to 1036 respondents, 108 in-depth interviews were conducted and 156 Focus Group Discussions were held. Most (99.8%) respondents were not involved in abortion because 81.2% described induced abortion as a taboo. Majority (78.3%) respondents have seen more than forty women who died from miscarriage in traditional shrines and 59.7% passed through one-miscarriage or pregnancy complications but denied access to abortion. Any form of abortion resulted in marriage divorce, banned from eating natural foods, married outside the clan or total debarred from entry the land. The study found that only positive counseling, informational and educative services could bring about attitudinal change.

 

Keywords: Abortion, Igbomina tribe, Marriage, Socio-cultural, attitude

Health Education and its Relation with Health Knowledge among College Students in Kuwait (Published)

College is considered one of the important means for health education attainment. Thus, having a profound impact on student’s health, attitude, and behavior. In this study, we assesse and examine the relation of health education intervention with health knowledge and behavior, some these disruptive behaviors include smoking, drugs, injury, disease, individual abuse, stress, mental and emotional health among students of different colleges under PAAET (The Public Authority for Applied Education & training). These colleges are (college of Health Science’s, Nursing, Technological Studies, Basic Education, Business Studies). Besides these colleges, there are numbers of training institutes such as: (The higher Institute of Telecommunication and Navigation, Nursing institute, Secretarial and Office Administration Institute). We also want to inspect the relation between health education, health behavior, and attitude of college students regarding, their age, sex, and education level. Never the less, to elevate health knowledge of these students, in giving them a better healthy lifestyle for their coming future.

Keywords: Behavior, Health education, Knowledge, Students, attitude

Cooperative Learning Method and Junior Secondary Students’ Attitude towards Socially Acceptable Behaviours in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This exploration was a quasi-experimental study which was aimed to investigate the effect of Cooperative Learning Method (CLM)  on the Junior Secondary School (JSS) Students’ Attitude towards Socially Acceptable Behaviours in Port Harcourt Local Government Area(LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. A sample of 240 JSS II students constituted the sample of this study. A validated 10-item instrument titled Students’ Attitudes Towards Socially Acceptable Behaviour Scale (SATSABS) was used for data collection. The reliability of SATSABS was found to be r = 0.76. One research question and one hypothesis guided the study. The experimental group was taught using the cooperative learning method whereas the control group was taught using the lecture method. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question whereas analysis of covariance was used to test the hypothesis at .05 alpha level. The findings showed that students who were taught using cooperative learning method improved in learning more than their counterparts who were taught using lecture method. Furthermore, there was a significant difference in attitude towards socially acceptable behaviours between students taught with CLM and those taught with Lecture Method in favour of CLM. It was recommended among others that teachers should endeavour to adopt CLM in their teaching of students in the junior secondary schools as this has been proven to improve their attitude towards socially acceptable behaviours.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, attitude, junior secondary students’, socially acceptable behaviours

Social studies teachers and students attitudes toward cooperative learning method in junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt (Published)

The study investigated social studies teachers and students attitudes toward Cooperative Learning Method (CLM) in Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) in Port Harcourt Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 240 JSS II students with an average age of 12 years and 11 social studies teachers participated in the study.  Two validated 10-item instruments, Students Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (SATCLMS) and Teachers Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (TATCLMS) were used for data collection. The test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the instruments to obtain reliability indices of 0.78 and 0.86 for SATCLMS and TATCLMS respectively. Two research questions guided the exploration. Percentages and frequency were used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study were that both teachers and students had positive attitudes towards CLM, however, teachers had more positive attitudes toward CLM than the students. It was recommended among others that teachers of social studies should adopt the CLM in their instructions in the classroom so as to impact on the attitudes of the students.

Keywords: Cooperative learning method, Social Studies, Student, Teacher, attitude, junior secondary school

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