The Correlation Between the Need for Achievement, Self-Esteem, Locus of Con¬trol, Habit in Studying, Parents’ Support and Learning Environment in the Class with Underachievement of Students at Senior High School in Medan, Indonesia (Published)
The objectives of this research are (1) to describe and to explain the correlation between the need for achievement, self–esteem, locus of control, habit in studying , parents’ support and learning environment in the class as their contribution to the underachievement students, (2) to find a set of variables from among those that are under study, that are most efficient in explaining of underachievement students. This study is descriptive correlational in nature. The study was undertaken in 8 (eight) general high schools in Medan that constituted the sample of the study. The research subjects are all underachievers that totaled to 114 students. The data were colleted through surveys using questionnaires, scales, inventories, and formats that are administered to student. The data obtained through surveys were analysed using a descriptive technique and multiple-regression with Stepwise. The results of analysis are drawn: (1) the underachievers were found to be low in need for achievement, self-esteem, tend to be internal in locus of control, have poor learning habit, low parental support, and poor learning environment in the class was found to be moderately strong with a multipe R of 0,544 (p≤0,05), with an effective contribution of 29,6%. (2) the most efficient set of independet variable in predicting of the underachievement students consisted of parental support, need for achievement, learning enviroment in class, and locus of control, wict could explain 27,40% of the variance in the underachievement students. Based on the conclusions drawn, some suggestions are proposed as folows: (1) through appropriate design of learning environments, in faciliting the inculcation of impedent learnes that are able not only to respond convergent question, but also have the habit to explore alterntive solutions, and even to reshape problems before attempting to solve them, with the full backing of appropriate school culture, (2) the existence of one or more factors other than those that are invetigated in this study that could explain of underachievers which should be further pursued
Boosting Achievement Using Individulised And Demonstration Strategies In Biology: How Do Male And Female Students Behave In Nigeria? (Published)
This study determined the effectiveness of demonstration, individualized and conventional methods and Gender on the achievement of Secondary School Two students in biology. The study employed a multi stage sampling techniques; in the first stage, three schools were randomly selected out of the twenty Secondary Schools in Abeokuta South Local Government of the state. At the second stage, sample sizes of sixty students were randomly selected from the list of students and their gender. In the same manner, thirty students were male while the female constitute the same number. The study which lasted six weeks made use of two valid and reliable instruments: Biology Achievement Test (BAT) and Operational guide for instruction (OGI) Stimulus instrument. Students were exposed to different methods (Demonstration and Individualized) while those in the control were not exposed to any treatment but were rather taught in the Convectional way. Data analysis involved the use of Analysis of Covariance, Descriptive Statistics and t-test.The result indicated that the demonstration method is a more potent method of improving achievement in biology. (F (1.167) = 42.838; P < 0.05), (F (1.167) = 486.287; P < 0.05), F (2.167) = 90.389; P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a significant difference in the academic achievement of male and female students when exposed to the two experimental methods and control, hence female students performed better than their male counterparts. Arising from these findings, demonstration method and individualized method where recommended for teachers use in biology classrooms.
The Mediating Effects Of Home Learning On Student Achievement In Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study In Primary Schools In Ghana (Published)
The home learning environment as mediated by parental education and income is an important determinant of child learning outcomes. As part of a longitudinal study on teaching effectiveness in Ghana, this paper examines the joint effects of multiple variables related to home learning environment that interconnect to impact on child academic performance in mathematics. A representative sample of 73 primary schools in Ghana was selected and written tests in mathematics were administered to all grade 6 students of the school sample both at the beginning and end of the school year 2013–2014. Data on student background factors were also collected. Our analytical techniques (i.e., multilevel modelling) take into account the hierarchical structure of schools (i.e., students nested within classes, and within schools). Controlling for the more basic student background factors, we find that the provision of learning resources at home, whiles ensuring that children are offered learning opportunities after school time were important. Implications of findings are drawn.
The Effect of Using Metacognitive Strategies for Achievement and the Trend toward Social Studies for Intermediate Schools Students in Saudi Arabia (Published)
This study aims at determining the effect of metacognitive strategies in achievement and trend towards social studies for students of intermediate schools in Hafer Al Batin City in Saudi Arabia. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the study uses sample consisting of (40) One-Grade male students selected by purposeful sampling In” tahfiidh al Quran School.” The sample of the study was divided into two groups such that the experimental group consisted of (20) students who studied using the traditional method. The results of the study showed statistically significant differences in the achievement and trend towards social studies. From the research findings, the study gives recommended actions that Hafer Al Batin City stakeholders should apply in order to achieve the best in their educational system
Effect of Instructional Resources on Student’s Achievement in Physics and Chemistry in Secondary Schools in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)
This study effect of instructional resources on student’s achievement in physics in secondary schools in Ebonyi State of Nigeria is a quasi-experimental design that deals with pre-test, post-test, non-equivalent, control group. Intact classes were used for the study. The participants for the study were drawn from four secondary schools in Ebonyi State. The schools were selected through simple random sampling. All the physics students of SS II in the selected sample schools were used for the study. Two schools out of the four schools were assigned to the treatment group while the remaining two were assigned to the control group. Two packages were developed by the researcher for control and treatment groups. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the work. One instrument was used for the study, i.e. physics achievement test (PAT). Mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while ANCOVA was used to test the null hypotheses. The following findings were made, physics students taught with instructional resources achieved higher and better than those taught without instructional resources. There is no gender bias in terms of students achievement in physics. Among other recommendations, both male and female students should be encouraged through counselling to see physics as one of the subjects needed for the country technological break through.
EFFECT OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGY ON STUDENTS LEARNING EXPERIENCE AND ACHIEVEMENTS IN MATHEMATICS (Published)
The study investigated the effects of traditional instruction, cooperative learning jigsaw II and cooperative learning Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) Models on students’ learning experience and achievement in mathematics. The study analyzed differences in students’ scores on learning experience and differences in mathematics Achievement under the three mentioned experimental conditions. One hundred and Twenty SS II students selected from ten Senior Secondary Schools in Etche and Omuma Local Government Areas of Rivers State using the proportionate stratified random sampling technique constituted the sample for the study. Repeated measures ANOVA design was used for the study. Thirty intervention lessons (ten in each condition) were delivered during the six months intensive class lessons. Learning experience measure and Achievement test in mathematics were administered at the end of each phase. The results of the repeated Measure Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant differences between students scores on learning experience measure across three experimental conditions. Similarly the ANOVA results also reveal that there was a significant difference in achievement scores in favour of the cooperative learning conditions. Finally cooperative learning enabled learners to receive positive feedback from the process of thinking, enhances students’ academic achievement better than the traditional instruction and promotes group interactive learning experience. It is therefore recommended among others that to encourage teachers who want to implement cooperative learning in their regular classroom lessons, workshops should be organized where the benefits of cooperative learning strategy will be showcased.
This experimental study investigated the effects of group size on students’ mathematics achievement in small group settings. Two third year classes studying General Art were selected from two schools in the Central Region of Ghana for the study. The rational for the selection of these classes is that traditionally these have been classes whose students do not show interest in the study of mathematically based subjects and that they might not be very much different in mathematics performance. The two classes constituted the control and experimental groups respectively and consisted of 50 students in the control group and 47 in the experimental group. The experimental group was subdivided into 12 groups made up of groups of 3 members, groups of 4 members and groups of 5 members using stratified and simple random sampling. The students’ pre- and post-test scores served as the data for the study. The results showed that after approximately 12 weeks, students’ who were instructed using small group cooperative learning achieved a significantly higher scores on the achievement posttest then those taught by the conventional method of instruction. However, the study also revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the mean scores of the three subgroups of the experimental group. The study therefore support that, group size is less important in what the group actually does
The Effect of Conceptual Maps Strategy in Teaching Foundations Curriculum on the Achievement of Students of Afif Education College in Saudi Arabia (Published)
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of conceptual map strategy in teaching foundations curriculum on the achievement of the Afif Education College in Saudi Arabia. The sample of the study consisted of (56) One-Grade male students selected by purposeful sampling. The sample of the study was divided into two groups such that experimental group consisted of (28) students who studied using the traditional method. To achieve the purpose of the study, the researcher designed the teaching material in accordance to conceptual maps, and achievement test to measure the acquisition of students in the unit “knowledge base”. The results of the study showed statistically significant differences in the achievement and the total of achievement in favor of the experimental group that studied using the conceptual maps. The study recommended the inclusion of conceptual maps as an instructional strategy in education and that the university teachers should use conceptual maps in their daily lesson plans.
An attack on education is a grave and rising concern in the world and Nigeria in particular. It includes violations of multiple provisions of international humanitarian and human right law, including the rights to life and liberty, the right to education, the protection of civilian and properties during conflict, and the rights to freedom of expression and association, among others. This study focuses on Boko Haram insurgency: a peril to the achievement of Education for All in Nigeria. The study concentrates on the Northeast Nigeria with primary focus on Borno state. The study also x-rays the Boko Haram’s attack on education since 2012 till date and the effects of this attack on education and the possible solutions to halt further attacks.
This study identifies those to be involved in managing Nigerian tertiary educational institutions for national security. The significance is to enhance effective and efficient tertiary educational policy formulation, planning and implementation as well as global recognition and association. Document analysis, related literature review, research questions, hypotheses, validated and reliability-tested self-constructed questionnaire and visits were used. Of the 284 tertiary educational institutions in Nigeria, 10.21% thereof was randomly selected to evenly cover the six-geopolitical zones and the FCT-Abuja. The study identified nine groups of individuals to be involved in managing tertiary educational institutions for national security and found out that there is no significant difference between staff and students on the findings. It concludes that the identification is very necessary for tertiary educational goals achievement and national security hence, recommends their involvement in managing and security issues