Occurance of Climate Change and its Effects on the Fishing Activities in the Coastal Region of Ondo State Nigeria

Abstract

This paper establishes the occurrence of climate change and its effects on the day to day activities of the artisanal fisherfolks in the coastal region of Ondo State, Nigeria. The current knowledge of the artisanal fisherfolks on climate change was also assessed. Data for climate variables in the study area were got from Explore Satellite and reanalyzed. Extractions of all meteorological variables of interest were done using Linux / Ferret. This model was used to establish the fact that climate change has occurred in the coastal region of Ondo State, Nigeria. Kruskal Wallis test was also used, to assess the current knowledge of the artisanal fisherfolks on climate change. There was a noticeable cycle of annual rainfall amount but the steepness of such cycles increased beginning from 1979. Between 1902 and 1910 were years below average temperature followed by above average temperature distribution between in 2003 and 2009. This confirmed the fact that climate change has occurred in the coastal region of Ondo state, Nigeria. It was observed that the fisherfolks in the study area had various inadvertent and intentional adaptation strategies adopted for maximum fish production/catch.

Keywords: Climate Change, Effects, Fishing Activities and Coastal Region, Occurrence

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 1-13 (Download PDF)

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