IMPACT OF MICRO-CREDIT ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA – THE CASE OF ENUGU EAST LOCAL COUNCIL

Abstract

Poverty has remained a global phenomenon and has defied various attempts at curbing it especially in developing countries. The high and unacceptable number of people within its grip around the world gave it a pride of place as one of the major goals of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000. Poverty alleviation was a prime target of the MDGs and micro-credit was recognized as a veritable tool for tackling it. In this paper, we examined empirically the effect of micro-credit on poverty alleviation in Nigeria using some selected rural farm households in Enugu East Local Government of Nigeria. To achieve this, primary data were collected on the sources and access to micro credit; the incidence, depth and severity of poverty among the selected rural households. Appropriate descriptive and analytical tools were employed to process the data obtained. The results of the study show that poverty level is still high among the rural populace; but those that have access to micro-credit seems to have fared better than those who have no access to micro-credit. In other words, access to micro-credit has positive but not significant impact on poverty alleviation among the rural populace. The study recommends that government should intensify effort in its recent financial inclusion strategy to ensure that the rural populace has greater access to micro credits. Government should also ensure that interest rate on micro credits are affordable, the terms of the credits flexible and the conditions attached to the credit well liberalized

Keywords: Micro Credit, Poverty Alleviation, Rural Development, Rural Households

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 27-51 (Download PDF)

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